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Foundations for Mental Health and Community Counseling : An Introduction to the Profession,9780131178007
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Foundations for Mental Health and Community Counseling : An Introduction to the Profession

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780131178007

ISBN10:
0131178008
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/5/2006
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $95.40
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Summary

Foundations for Community and Mental Health Counseling: An Introduction to the Professionintroduces readers to the exciting profession of mental health counseling. Learn from the authorrs"s vast experiences in behavioral health, professional associations, and counselor education. Examine the historical and theoretical foundations of mental health and community counseling. Learn about the education, licensure, and certification process of mental health and professional counselors and their work settings and professional practice. Consider contemporary trends in the profession, such as managed care and community mental health. Referenced throughout the book is the recently issued 2005 ACA Code of Ethics.

Table of Contents

Part 1: THEORETICAL AND HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS
1(88)
What Is a Licensed Mental Health or Professional Counselor?
2(18)
What Is a Counselor? Enter a Land of Confusion!
5(1)
What It Means to Be a Mental Health, Community, or Licensed Professional Counselor: Some Helpful Definitions
6(2)
Relevant Professional Organizations
8(4)
Other Specialties Within the Counseling Profession
12(3)
Addictions Counseling
12(1)
Career Counseling
13(1)
Gerontological Counseling
13(1)
Marriage and Family Counseling
13(1)
Rehabilitation Counseling
14(1)
School Counseling
14(1)
Mental Health Counseling and the Allied Mental Health Professions
15(1)
Conclusion: The Process of Consolidating Professional Identity
16(2)
Discussion Questions
18(1)
Suggested Activities
18(2)
The Counseling Profession in Historical Perspective
20(18)
Early Views and Treatment of Mental Health and Illness
22(1)
The Emergence of Psychiatry
23(1)
Roots of the Counseling-Related Professions
24(2)
Movement Toward the Professionalization of Counseling
26(4)
The Private Practice of Psychology
27(1)
The Child Guidance Movement
27(1)
Carl Rogers and Nondirective Counseling
27(1)
Marriage and Family Counseling
28(1)
Rapid Expansion of Assessment and Increased Sophistication of Vocational Counseling
28(1)
Post-World War II and the Veterans Administration
29(1)
The Influence of Professional Organizations
30(1)
The Professionalization and Expansion of Mental Health Counseling
31(3)
Problems in the Mental Health System
31(1)
Increased Effectiveness of Psychopharmacological Interventions
31(1)
Innovations in Counseling Theories and Techniques
32(1)
Limited Availability and Access to Community-Based Services
32(1)
The Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963
32(1)
Emergence of Mental Health Counseling
33(1)
Licensure of Mental Health and Professional Counselors
34(1)
The Consolidation of the Mental Health Counseling Profession
34(1)
Conclusion
35(2)
Discussion Questions
37(1)
Suggested Activities
37(1)
Theoretical Foundations for Mental Health and Community Counselors
38(22)
Theory and Personal Characteristics of the Counselor
40(3)
Self-Schema
40(1)
Worldview
41(1)
Interpersonal Style
42(1)
Process of Change: The Transtheoretical Model
43(1)
The Role of Theory in Counseling
44(2)
Foundational Theories for Mental Health and Community Counselors
46(11)
Theories of Human Development
46(2)
Ecological Perspective
48(3)
Theories of Mental Health and the Prevention of Mental Illness
51(3)
Approaches to Mental Health Promotion
54(1)
Prevention in the Context of Promoting Mental Health
55(2)
Conclusion: The Comprehensive Mental Health Counseling Model
57(1)
Discussion Questions
58(1)
Suggested Activities
58(2)
Traditional and Contemporary Theories of Counseling
60(29)
Traditional Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
62(18)
Psychoanalysis
62(5)
Individual Psychology (Adlerian Therapy)
67(2)
Behavior Therapy
69(4)
Cognitive Approaches
73(3)
Humanistic Therapies and Existential Theory
76(2)
Family Therapy
78(2)
Contemporary Trends in Counseling Theories
80(7)
Pluralism
80(1)
Postmodernism
81(2)
Spirituality in Counseling
83(1)
Biologicalization of Psychopathology and Human Behavior
84(1)
The Contemporary Economic Context
84(1)
Technological Advances
85(2)
Conclusion
87(1)
Discussion Questions
88(1)
Suggested Activities
88(1)
Part 2: THE CREDENTIALING AND PRACTICE OF MENTAL HEALTH AND COMMUNITY COUNSELING
89(112)
Education, Licensure, and Certification
90(18)
Academic Preparation of Mental Health and Community Counselors
92(3)
The CACREP Model of Training for Mental Health and Community Counselors
92(3)
Standards for Mental Health and Community Counselors Programs
95(5)
The Credentialing of Mental Health and Community Counselors
100(3)
Contemporary Issues
103(2)
Licensure for All 50 States
103(1)
CACREP Specializations and State Licensure
103(1)
Licensure and the Lack of Professional Unity
104(1)
Portability of Licenses
105(1)
Conclusion
105(1)
Discussion Questions
106(1)
Suggested Activities
107(1)
Employment Settings: Where Mental Health and Community Counselors Work and What They Do
108(30)
Application of Comprehensive Mental Health Counseling Model
109(1)
Stages of Helping
110(17)
Establishing the Relationship
110(2)
Problem Identification, Assessment, and Goal Setting
112(7)
Planning of Strategy and Its Implementation
119(8)
The Traditional Continuum of Mental Health Care and Expanded Settings of Professional Practice
127(2)
Mental Health and Community Counselors on the Job
129(7)
Agency/Community Mental Health Centers
129(1)
Private Practice
130(1)
Substance Abuse Treatment Program
131(1)
Small College Counseling Center
132(1)
University Health Service
133(2)
Secondary School Setting
135(1)
Conclusion
136(1)
Discussion Questions
137(1)
Suggested Activities
137(1)
Appraisal and Research in the Practice of Mental Health and Community Counseling
138(22)
Appraisal
140(10)
The Uses of Tests
140(1)
Key Concepts and Principles in Appraisal
141(2)
Categories of Appraisal Techniques
143(5)
Ethical Practice in Appraisal
148(2)
Research and Program Evaluation
150(7)
Key Concepts and Principles in Research
151(1)
Specific Models of Research Design
152(4)
Program Evaluation
156(1)
Ethical Practice in Research
157(1)
Conclusion
158(1)
Discussion Questions
158(1)
Suggested Activities
159(1)
Professional Practice in Multicultural Contexts
160(24)
Diversity and Multiculturalism in America
162(1)
Multiculturalism as the Fourth Force in Counseling
163(1)
Key Definitions and Concepts
164(2)
Barriers to Effective Multicultural Counseling
166(5)
Cultural Encapsulation
166(1)
Misapplication of Traditional Theories and Techniques
167(1)
Systemic Barriers Within Counseling Delivery Systems
168(1)
Language Barriers and Miscommunication
169(1)
Mistrust
170(1)
Foundational Principles in Multicultural Counseling
171(5)
Activation of Schemas and Confirmatory Bias
171(1)
Between- Versus Within-Group Differences
172(1)
Racial/Cultural Identity Development
173(1)
Acculturation
174(1)
Multiple Identities
175(1)
The Culturally Competent Counselor
176(5)
Conclusion
181(1)
Discussion Questions
182(1)
Suggested Activities
183(1)
Ethical and Legal Issues
184(17)
The Significance of Ethical Codes and the Law
186(1)
The Relationship Between the Law and Codes of Ethics
187(2)
Foundational Principles of Ethical Codes
189(1)
Codes of Ethics
190(1)
The Role of the ACA Ethics Committee and the Investigation of Alleged Violations
191(1)
Specific Ethical and Legal Issues
192(7)
Competence and Scope of Practice
192(1)
Informed Consent: Client's Rights and Responsibilities
193(1)
Confidentiality and Privileged Communication
194(2)
Protection of Clients and Others From Harm
196(2)
Professional Boundaries and Dual Relationships
198(1)
Conclusion
199(1)
Discussion Questions
200(1)
Suggested Activities
200(1)
Part 3: CONTEMPORARY ISSUES AND TRENDS
201(47)
Managed Care and Third-Party Reimbursement
202(14)
Managed Care in Context
204(2)
Financial Risk and the Rise of Insurance Companies
204(1)
The Push Toward Managed Care
205(1)
What Is Managed Care?
206(5)
Procedures for Reducing Utilization
207(2)
Procedures for Controlling Price per Unit
209(2)
Impact on the Practice of Mental Health Counseling
211(2)
Surviving in the Era of Managed Health Counseling
213(1)
Discussion Questions
214(1)
Suggested Activities
215(1)
The Changing Face of Community Mental Health
216(22)
Community Mental Health in the United States
218(2)
A Model of Mental Health Delivery Systems
220(2)
Assessment of the Needs and Wants of Service Recipients
220(1)
Mission
220(1)
Goals
220(1)
Programs
221(1)
Working Knowledge, Skills, and Resource Supports
222(1)
Environmental Supports: Technology and Facility
222(1)
Program Evaluation
222(1)
Funding Programs Through Grants
222(2)
Contemporary Trends in Community Mental Health
224(3)
The Post-Deinstitutionalization Era
224(1)
Least Restrictive Treatment
224(1)
Assertive Community Treatment Programs
225(1)
Consumer Movement and Self-Help
225(2)
Specific Issues in Community Mental Health
227(9)
Community Mental Health and the Homeles
227(2)
Community Mental Health and the Chronic Mentally Ill
229(1)
Community Mental Health and the Dual-Diagnosed Client
230(2)
Community Mental Health and Corrections
232(2)
Community Mental Health and AIDS/HIV
234(2)
Conclusion
236(1)
Discussion Questions
236(1)
Suggested Activities
237(1)
The Future of Mental Health and Community Counseling
238(10)
Current Factors Influencing the Profession
239(3)
Professional Credentialing
240(1)
Political and Economic Climate
240(1)
New Models and Delivery Systems
241(1)
Strengths of the Contemporary Mental Health Counseling Profession
242(1)
The Struggles of the Contemporary Mental Health Counseling Profession
243(1)
The Mental Health Counseling Model: Bringing Coherence and Direction to the Profession
244(2)
Conclusion
246(1)
Discussion Questions
246(1)
Suggested Activities
247(1)
Appendix A: National Professional Associations 248(1)
Appendix B: Licensure Boards 249(7)
References 256(13)
Index 269


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