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Foundations of Music Technology explores the core concepts of music technology and its uses as a mechanism to facilitate musicianship in a way that is accessible to all students--from the musician with limited technology skills to the technology expert with little knowledge in music notation. The text uses a free, customized software application for Mac or PC in order to demonstrate fundamental concepts of music technology germane to all professional applications like recording, synthesis, digital notation, MIDI, automating effects, acoustics, and more. With the concepts grasped using this "software-independent" approach, students can then transfer those learned skills over to the software of their choice.
V.J. Manzo (PhD Temple University, M.M. New York University) is Assistant Professor of Music Technology and Cognition at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI). He is a composer and guitarist with research interests in theory and composition, artificial intelligence, interactive music systems, and music cognition. V.J. is the Oxford University Press author of the books MAX/MSP/Jitter for Music on developing software-based interactive music systems and coauthor of Interactive Composition: Strategies Using Ableton Live and Max for Live. For more information, visit his website vjmanzo.com.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Introduction The FMT Software Acknowledgments
1. Properties of Sound
Overview What is Sound? Frequencies Timbre The Harmonic Series and Timbre Our Hearing Range Spectrogram Analysis Combining Timbres Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
Overview Before We Begin The Signal Path Microphones Keeping a Uniform Signal Impedence Cables XLR Cables Balanced and Unbalanced Signals Balanced ¼-inch Tip, Ring, and Sleeve (TRS) Cables Unbalanced Tip and Sleeve (TS) Cables Other Cables Mixers Audio Interfaces Higher Sampling Rates Compressed Audio Bit Depth and Sampling Rate Audio Interface I/Os Digital Audio Workstations Speakers and Amplifiers Microphone Types and Basic Placement Microphone Placement Panning Other Microphones and Techniques Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
Overview Basic Setup The Live Browser Max for Live Plug-Ins Device Browser Other Menus Places Adding Book Content Working in Live Arrangement View MIDI and Audio Tracks MIDI MIDI Pitch Editor MIDI Velocity Editor Loops Adding Tracks Inserting A New MIDI Clip Recording with a MIDI keyboard or the Computer MIDI Keyboard Changing Tempo Exporting rendered audio Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
Overview The Hearing Process Room Acoustics Resonance Sound Systems Phase Cancellation Psychoacoustics Loudness Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
Overview Gain and Distortion Tone Shaping Controls in Effects Gate Compression Effects and Performance Output Gains in Effects Limiting EQ Delay Reverb Chorus Flanger Effects Chain Effects in DAWs Automation Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
10. Sequencing and Performing with Audio
Overview Session View Recording and Editing Clips Recording Audio Audio Channels Adding Effects Key and MIDI Mapping Record to the Arrangement View Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
11. Technology in Performance
Overview Old Venues with a New Twist A Little History: Electroacoustic Music Interacting with Music Through Technology Film, Television, Video Games, Multimedia, and the Studio Interactive Music Interactive Music Systems Further Possibilities Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
12. Technology in Education
Overview Technology-based Musical Instruments Interactive Music Systems Adaptive Instruments Mapping Controls to Musical Concepts Educational Considerations Interactive Music System Design and Implementations Informal Music Learning through Technology Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
13. Technology in Composition
Overview Algorithmic Composition Early American Algorithmic Composition: David Cope Algorithmic Cycle Rule-Based Algorithmic Composition Data-driven Algorithmic Composition Issues of Authorship Algorithmic Composition Methods Software and Tools Pre-composed Loop and Pattern Software Sound Manipulation Composer of Algorithms and Algorithmic Composition Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms
14. Introduction to Music Programming
Overview Introduction: Programming Languages Introduction to Max The Max Window Help Patchers Arguments Separating Items in a Message Numbers: integers and floating points Aligning Commenting Inspector Generating Music The RAT Patch: Creating Random Atonal Trash Synthesizing MIDI numbers Adding Timing Slider Patch Rat Patch 2 MIDI Input Chapter Summary Key Concepts Key Terms