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Foundations of Sport And Exercise Psychology,9780736064675
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Foundations of Sport And Exercise Psychology

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780736064675

ISBN10:
0736064672
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/28/2007
Publisher(s):
Human Kinetics

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Summary

Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition, the new edition of the best-selling sport and exercise psychology book on the market, continues to provide a thorough introduction to the key concepts in the field. Written by internationally respected authors, it provides students and new practitioners with a comprehensive view of sport and exercise psychology, bridges the gap between research and practice, conveys principles of professional practice, and captures the excitement of the world of sport and exercise.A supreme effort has been made to meet the increasing needs of professors, practitioners, and students. To further improve the total learning experience, the new edition features-an online study guide that provides an interactive learning experience for students;-thoroughly updated material that reflects the latest research and practice in the field to keep students aware of recent findings and hot topics in the field; and-more contemporary practical examples, case studies, and anecdotes to help students understand various theories and concepts. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition,allows students to gain an understanding of the field while learning how to apply sport and exercise knowledge. The book contains seven parts that may be studied in any sequence. Part Iintroduces students to the field, detailing its history, current status, and the various roles of sport and exercise psychologists. Part IIfocuses on personal factors that affect performance and psychological development in sport, physical education, and exercise settings. In part III, the authors focus on two major classes of situational factors that influence behavior: competition and cooperation, and feedback and reinforcement. Part IVfocuses on group interaction and processes, while part V discusses how psychological techniques may be used to help people perform more effectively. Part VIaddresses the various roles psychological factors play in health and exercise. The final section, part VII, deals with main topics of psychological development and well-being that are important to both society and sport and exercise psychology, including children's psychological development through sport participation, aggression in sport, and moral development and good sporting behavior in sport and physical activity contexts.Includes an online study guide! To assist students using the text, Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition,has a companion online student study guide. Completely integrated with the text, the study guide allows students to experience content through multiple dimensions. Students will receive free access to the study guide with the purchase of a new text or it may be purchased as a separate component. The online study guide is a trend-setting addition that will allow the subject of sport psychology to come alive to its users. The study guide is written to work directly with the text; mentions of the study guide appear in each chapter to encourage readers to take advantage of the study guide's learning tools. This online study guide features more than 90 individual and small-group learning activities that may be printed and handed in or e-mailed to instructors for assessment. These activities require students to-use actual sport and exercise psychology instruments to assess their skills,-determine how to respond to real-life scenarios (with short answers or essays),-review and design research studies and experiments, search the Internet for relevant information, and apply and test their -understanding of sport and exercise psychology princip

Table of Contents

To the Instructor
To the Student
Acknowledgments
Beginning Your Journey
Welcome to Sport and Exercise Psychology
Defining Sport and Exercise Psychology
Specializing in Sport Psychology
Distinguishing Between Two Specialties
Reviewing the History of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Focusing on Sport and Exercise Psychology Around the World
Bridging Science and Practice
Choosing From Many Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations
Understanding Present and Future Trends
Learning About Participants
Personality and Sport
Defining Personality
Understanding Personality Structure
Studying Personality from Five Viewpoints
Measuring Personality
Using Psychological Measures
Focusing on Personality Research
Examining Cognitive Strategies and Success
Identifying Your Role in Understanding Personality
Motivation
Defining Motivation
Reviewing Three Approaches to Motivation
Building Motivation With Five Guidelines
Developing a Realistic View of Motivation
Understanding Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
Identifying Four Theories of Achievement Motivation
Developing Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
Using Achievement Motivation in Professional Practice
Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety
Defining Arousal and Anxiety
Measuring Arousal and Anxiety
Defining Stress and Understanding the Stress Process
Identifying Sources of Stress and Anxiety
Connecting Arousal and Anxiety to Performance
Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice
Understanding Sport and Exercise Environments
Competition and Cooperation
Defining Competition and Cooperation
Viewing Competition As a Process
Reviewing Studies of Competition and Cooperation
Determining Whether Competition Is Good or Bad
Enhancing Cooperation
Feedback, Reinforcement, and Intrinsic Motivation
Principles of Reinforcement
Approaches to Influencing Behavior
Guidelines for Using Positive Reinforcement
Guidelines to Using Punishment
Behavior Modification in Sport
Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards
Cognitive Evaluation Theory
How Extrinsic Rewards Affect Intrinsic Motivation in Sport
Strategies for Increasing Intrinsic Motivation
Flow-A Special Case of Intrinsic Motivation
Focusing on Group Processes
Group and Team Dynamics
Recognizing the Difference Between Groups and Teams
Identifying Three Theories of Group Development
Understanding Group Structure
Creating an Effective Team Climate
Maximizing Individual Performance in Team Sports
Group Cohesion
Definition of Cohesion
Conceptual Model of Cohesion
Tools for Measuring Cohesion
Relationship Between Cohesion and Performance
Other Factors Associated With Cohesion
Strategies for Enhancing Cohesion
Guidelines for Building Team Cohesion
Leadership
Definition of Leadership
Approaches to Studying Leadership
Sport-Oriented Interactional Approaches to Leadership
Research on the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership
Four Components of Effective Leadership
Communication
Understanding the Communication Process
Sending Messages Effectively
Receiving Messages Effectively
Recognizing Breakdowns in Communication
Improving Communication
Dealing With Confrontation
Delivering Constructive Criticism
Improving Performance
Introduction to Psychological Skills Training
What Psychological Skills Training Entails
Why PST Is Important
Why Sport and Exercise Participants Neglect PST
Myths About PST
PST Knowledge Base
PST Effectiveness
Three Phases of PST Programs
Self-Regulation: The Ultimate Goal of PST
Who Should Conduct PST Programs
When to Implement a PST Program
PST Program Development
Common Problems in Implementing PST Programs
Arousal Regulation
Increasing Self-Awareness of Arousal
Using Anxiety Reduction Techniques
Exploring the Matching Hypothesis
Coping With Adversity
Using Arousal-Inducing Techniques
Imagery
What Imagery Is
Evidence of Imagery's Effectiveness
Imagery in Sport: Where, What, When, and Why
Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Imagery
How Imagery Works
Uses of Imagery
Keys to Effective Imagery
How to Develop an Imagery Training Program
When to Use Imagery
Self-Confidence
Defining Self-Confidence
Understanding How Expectations Influence Performance
Examining Self-Efficacy Theory
Assessing Self-Confidence
Building Self-Confidence
Goal Setting
Definition of Goals
Effectiveness of Goal Setting
Principles of Goal Setting
Development of Group Goals
Design of a Goal-Setting System
Common Problems in Goal Setting
Concentration
Defining Concentration
Explaining Attentional Focus: Three Processes
Connecting Concentration to Optimal Performance
Identifying Types of Attentional Focus
Recognizing Attentional Problems
Using Self-Talk to Enhance Concentration
Assessing Attentional Skills
Improving Concentration
Enhancing Health and Well-Being
Exercise and Psychological Well-Being
Reducing Anxiety and Depression With Exercise
Enhancing Mood With Exercise
Understanding Exercise's Effect on Psychological Well-Being
Changing Personality and Cognitive Functioning With Exercise
Enhancing Quality of Life With Exercise
Examining the Runner's High
Using Exercise As an Adjunct to Therapy
Exercise Behavior and Adherence
Reasons to Exercise
Reasons for Not Exercising
Problem of Exercise Adherence
Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior
Determinants of Exercise Adherence
Settings for Exercise Interventions
Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
Guidelines for Improving Exercise Adherence
Athletic Injuries and Psychology
Psychological Factors in Athletic Injuries
How Injuries Happen
Relationship Between Stress and Injury
Psychological Reactions to Exercise and Athletic Injuries
Role of Sport Psychology in Injury Rehabilitation
Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors
Eating Disorders
Substance Abuse
Addiction to Exercise
Compulsive Gambling: An Odds-On Favorite for Trouble
Burnout and Overtraining
Definitions of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
Frequency of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
Models of Burnout
Factors Leading to Athlete Overtraining and Burnout
Symptoms of Overtraining and Burnout
Ways to Measure Burnout
Burnout in Sport Professionals
Treatment and Prevention of Burnout
Facilitating Psychological Development Through Sport
Children and Sport Psychology
Importance of Studying the Psychology of Young Athletes
Children's Reasons for Participation and Nonparticipation
Role of Friends in Youth Sport
Stress and Burnout in Children's Competitive Sport
Effective Coaching Practices for Young Athletes
Role of Parents
Aggression in Sport
Defining Aggression
Understanding the Causes of Aggression
Examining Aggression in Sport: Special Considerations
Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice
Character Development and Good Sporting Behavior
Defining Character, Fair Play, and Good Sporting Behavior
Developing Character and Good Sporting Behavior: Three Approaches
Examining Moral Development Research
Understanding Connection Between Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior
Studying Connection Between Character Development and Physical Activity
Guiding Practice in Character Development
Continuing Your Journey
References
Index
About the Authors
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


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