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Providing an up-to-date synthesis of the history of an extraordinary nation--one that has been shrouded in myths, many of its own making--France and Its Empire Since 1870 seeks both to understand these myths and to uncover the complicated and often contradictory realities that underpin them. It situates modern French history in transnational and global contexts and also integrates the themes of imperialism and immigration into the traditional narrative.
Authors Alice L. Conklin, Sarah Fishman, and Robert Zaretsky begin with the premise that while France and the U.S. are sister republics, they also exhibit profound differences that are as compelling as their apparent similarities. The authors frame the book around the contested emergence of the French Republic--a form of government that finally appears to have a permanent status in France--but whose birth pangs were much more protracted than those of the American Republic. Presenting a lively and coherent narrative of the major developments in France's tumultuous history since 1870, the authors organize the chapters around the country's many turning points and confrontations. They also offer detailed analyses of politics, society, and culture, considering the diverse viewpoints of men and women from every background including the working class and the bourgeoisie, immigrants, Catholics, Jews and Muslims, Bretons and Algerians, rebellious youth, and gays and lesbians.
Alice L. Conklin is Professor of History at the Ohio State University.
Sarah Fishman is Professor of History and Associate Dean for undergraduate studies in the College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Houston.
Robert Zaretsky is Professor of French History at the University of Houston.
Table of Contents
Illustrations and Maps Preface About the Authors Map of the French Empire in 1939 Map of the Francophone World in 2006
Chapter 1: The Embattled Republican Tradition, 1792-1870
France's Old Regime Causes of the French Revolution The Birth of a Republic (1789-1793) France's First Republic (1793-1804) Napoleon's Empire (1804-1815) Legacies of the 1789 Revolution The Bourbons Restored (1815-1830) 1830 Revolution to July Monarchy (1830-1848) 1848 Revolution and the Second Republic (1848-1852) Napoleon III and the Second Empire (1852-1870) Society and Economy Under the Second Empire Napoleon III and the City of Paris A Failed Liberalization The Empire and Europe
Chapter 2: L'Année Terrible, 1870-71
The Franco-Prussian War The Fall of the Empire From One Siege to Another The Paris Commune The Fall of the Commune May 1871
Chapter 3: The Return of the Republic, 1871-1885
The Early Republic Constitutional Laws and Crisis The Republic Triumphant The Republic and Women's Rights Cult of the Public The Republic Founds a New Empire The Republic and the Provinces The Working Class
Chapter 4: The Imperial Republic, 1885-1894
Demographic and Economic Upheavals Boulanger's Rise and Fall Cultural Transformations Church vs. Republic? Fears of Degeneracy Civilizing Overseas The Labor Movement and Socialism
Chapter 5: The Republic Divided, 1894-1914
The Dreyfus Affair The "Affair" The Dénouement The Public Intellectual State and Church Go Their Separate Ways New Crises News of Cycles, Cycles of News A Dangerous Diplomacy Preparing for War
Chapter 6: The Republic at War, 1914-1919
1914: Mass Mobilization Taking the Offensive 1915-1916 The Soldier's War 31 The Civilian's War: Occupied Zones and the Homefront Private Life, Censorship, and Consent 1917: Breaking Point Revolution? 1918-1919: War's End Making Peace
Chapter 7: The Deceptive Peace, 1919-1929
1919: Fears of Revolution and a Shift to the Right Foreign Policy in the 1920s Domestic Politics: Realignment on the Left The Center-Right: Radicals and Conservatives Economic Modernization Women's Roles: The Advent of Modernity? France and its Empire A New Cosmopolitanism? Challenges to the Republic Calls for Renewal
Chapter 8: The Republic in Peril, 1929-1939
Depression 1932-1934: Radicals in Power The Riots of February 6, 1934 1934-1936: Conservatives in Power and Radicalization of the Right The Formation of the Popular Front The Road to Victory May-August 1936: Reform Economic and Foreign Policy Division and Failure The Politicization of Intellectuals Republican Reaction: 1938 War-Ready? The Path to War
Chapter 9: The Dark Years, 1939-1945
From Phony War to the Battle of France Exodus and Armistice Vichy: Revenge of the Minorities Collaboration The National Revolution Daily Life in France under the Occupation Anti-Semitism Vichy and the Empire Resistance Turning Point: 1942 Civil War: Resistance, Liberation, and the Purge Turning the Page: The Myth of the Gaullist Resistance
Chapter 10: Reconstruction at Home and Overseas, 1945-1958
The Provisional Government in Charge The New Political Landscape The Birth of the Fourth Republic and the French Union Politics as Usual? The Evolution of the Fourth Republic The Great Divide Between Intellectuals Launching an Economic Miracle Welfare, Repopulation, and Immigration Women's Lives and Changing Gender Norms Reimagining Europe: Franco-German Cooperation The Fourth Republic Refuses Decolonization The Algerian Quagmire
Chapter 11: De Gaulle Founds a New Republic, 1958-1969
The Republic Transformed The Algerian War From Empire to Neo-Colony The Politics of Grandeur Marrying the Century The Affluent Society Explosion: May 1968 Youth, Intellectuals, and Culture under the Fifth Republic
Chapter 12: A New France in a New Europe, 1969-1981
Reconfiguration on the Right Old and New Left Foreign Policy Economic Policy The Secularization of French Society Making France More Egalitarian: The Reform of Education Media and the Free Market of Ideas The Politics of Memory: De Gaulle's Resistance Myth Questioned The Revival of Feminism Sexual Minorities Demand Rights Immigrants' Place in the Nation
Chapter 13: The Republic of the Center, 1981-1995
Socialism's Last Hurrah Regionalism Culture from Above Culture from Below Immigration and Frenchness The Reinvention of "La Pause" Foreign Policy Odd Bedfellows: The Evolution of Cohabitation Mitterrand's Second Term The Furor Over the Foulard The Paradoxes of Parity A Second Act for the Socialists France and the World The Autumn of the Patriarch
Chapter 14: France since 1995
From "Social Fracture" to "Social Demand" A Nation in Search of a Definition The Left(s) Strike Back Abroad at Home Intellectuals: The Reason for the Clerks? The Republic in Danger Freedom Fries France Today