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Freewomen and Supermen adds to the comparatively recent body of research which has sought to re-evaluate the literature and culture of the 'long' Edwardian period (1900-1914). It singles out the editors of two of the most important magazines for the history of modernism, Dora Marsden, editor of the Freewoman (later renamed the New Freewoman and then the Egoist) and A.R. Orage, editor of the New Age. Together with other editors such as Emma Goldman in America, Marsden, and Orage fostered an optimistic, colourful, aube-de-siecle culture to rival the fin-de-siecle culture of the preceding decade. Their magazines were interdisciplinary in approach, with articles on literature and philosophy appearing alongside discussions of such matters as anarchism, eugenics, suffragism, suburban architecture, vegetarianism, and the 'intermediate sex'. Anne Fernihough argues that the often extreme positions adopted amongst 1900s radicals on both sides of the Atlantic were a response to a period of political turmoil and startling demographic and technological change. Their radicalism impacted in its turn on a wide range of literary forms, contents and theories, and continued to so beyond the First World War and into the 'high modernist' period. The book discusses both British and American writers across different genres, including Henry James, Dorothy Richardson, Upton Sinclair, Rebecca West, James Joyce, D. H. Lawrence, May Sinclair, Virginia Woolf, T. E. Hulme, Ezra Pound, Theodore Dreiser, Katherine Mansfield, Robert Tressell, and Gertrude Stein. Other cultural figures discussed include the sexologists Otto Weininger and Edward Carpenter, and the diet-reformer, Horace Fletcher. The film and television industries have often capitalised on a nostalgic vision of the Edwardian, but Freewomen and Supermen emphasises the more embattled aspects of Edwardian culture such as anarchism, suffragism, eugenics and food-reform, and shows how Edwardian radical thought was to play a crucial role in the development of literary modernism.
Anne Fernihough, University Lecturer in the Faculty of English, University of Cambridge, and Fellow of Girton College
Anne Fernihough is University Lecturer in the Faculty of English, University of Cambridge, and Fellow of Girton College. Her first book, D.H. Lawrence: Aesthetics and Ideology, was published by OUP in 1993, and she was the editor of The Cambridge Companion to D. H. Lawrence (2001). She has published widely on late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century literature. She has a strong interest in aesthetics and in the history of literary criticism as well as in questions of gender.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Superbeings in suburbia: anarchism and the rejection of realism 2. Mind over the masses: the emergence of stream-of-consciousness writing: 3. Freewomen and supermen in the modernist novel 4. Eugene and hygiene: early modernist poetics 5. Sex in superworld 6. Transcending the flesh: vegetarianism, diet-reform and pure living Postscript Back down to earth