Fuelling War: Natural Resources and Armed Conflicts

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2006-03-06
  • Publisher: Routledge
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A generous endowment of natural resources should favor rapid economic and social development. The experience of countries like Angola and Iraq, however, suggests that resource wealth often proves a curse rather than a blessing. Billions of dollars from resource exploitation benefit repressive regimes and rebel groups, at a massive cost for local populations. ThisAdelphi Paperanalyzes the economic and political vulnerability of resource-dependent countries; assesses how resources influence the likelihood and course of conflicts; and discusses current initiatives to improve resource governance in the interest of peace. It concludes that long-term stability in resource-exporting regions will depend on their developmental outcomes, and calls for a broad reform agenda prioritizing the basic needs and security of local populations.

Author Biography

Philippe Le Billon is Assistant Professor at the University of British Columbia with the Department of Geography and the Liu Institute for Global Issues.

Table of Contents

Glossaryp. 5
Introductionp. 7
The resource cursep. 11
Iraq and the resource cursep. 14
The collapse of economic growthp. 16
Governance failurep. 20
Resources, governance failure and identity in Nigeriap. 24
Conflicts and violencep. 25
Resources and armed conflictsp. 29
War and resource accessibilityp. 31
Resources and types of armed conflictsp. 37
Influencing the course of armed conflictsp. 43
Implications for conflict prevention and terminationp. 51
Addressing the resource cursep. 51
Ending resource warsp. 57
Increasing corporate responsibilityp. 69
Regulating conflict diamondsp. 74
Conclusionp. 81
Notesp. 85
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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