The 2001 Media Edition: Introducing the Interactive CDRom 

vii  
Preface 

ix  

Introduction: Waves and Phasors 


1  (32) 

Dimensions, Units, and Notation 


4  (1) 

The Nature of Electromagnetism 


5  (7) 

The Gravitational Force: A Useful Analogue 


6  (1) 


7  (2) 


9  (2) 

Static and Dynamic Fields 


11  (1) 


12  (7) 

Sinusoidal Wave in a Lossless Medium 


14  (3) 

Sinusoidal Wave in a Lossy Medium 


17  (2) 

The Electromagnetic Spectrum 


19  (3) 

Review of Complex Numbers 


22  (2) 


24  (9) 


29  (4) 


33  (67) 


35  (4) 


36  (1) 


37  (2) 


39  (4) 

TransmissionLine Equations 


43  (1) 

Wave Propagation on a Transmission Line 


44  (3) 

The Lossless Transmission Line 


47  (8) 

Voltage Reflection Coefficient 


48  (3) 


51  (4) 

Input Impedance of the Lossless Line 


55  (3) 

Special Cases of the Lossless Line 


58  (6) 


58  (2) 


60  (1) 

Application of ShortCircuit and OpenCircuit Measurements 


60  (2) 


62  (1) 


62  (1) 

Matched Transmission Line: Z8L = Z0 


62  (2) 

Power Flow on a Lossless Transmission Line 


64  (2) 


64  (1) 


65  (1) 


66  (14) 


66  (5) 


71  (2) 

SWR, Voltage Maxima and Minima 


73  (1) 

Impedance to Admittance Transformations 


74  (6) 


80  (4) 

Transients on Transmission Lines 


84  (16) 


84  (4) 


88  (4) 


92  (8) 


100  (38) 

Basic Laws of Vector Algebra 


101  (7) 


102  (1) 

Vector Addition and Subtraction 


103  (1) 

Position and Distance Vectors 


103  (1) 


104  (3) 

Scalar and Vector Triple Products 


107  (1) 

Orthogonal Coordinate Systems 


108  (7) 


109  (1) 


109  (4) 


113  (2) 

Transformations between Coordinate Systems 


115  (5) 

Cartesian to Cylindrical Transformations 


115  (2) 

Cartesian to Spherical Transformations 


117  (2) 

Cylindrical to Spherical Transformations 


119  (1) 

Distance between Two Points 


119  (1) 

Gradient of a Scalar Field 


120  (3) 

Gradient Operator in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates 


121  (1) 

Properties of the Gradient Operator 


122  (1) 

Divergence of a Vector Field 


123  (4) 


125  (1) 


125  (2) 


127  (3) 

Vector Identities Involving the Curl 


128  (1) 


129  (1) 


130  (8) 


132  (6) 


138  (48) 


139  (1) 

Charge and Current Distributions 


140  (3) 


140  (2) 


142  (1) 


143  (5) 

Electric Field due to Multiple Point Charges 


144  (1) 

Electric Field due to a Charge Distribution 


145  (3) 


148  (3) 

Electric Scalar Potential 


151  (5) 

Electric Potential as a Function of Electric Field 


151  (2) 

Electric Potential due to Point Charges 


153  (1) 

Electric Potential due to Continuous Distributions 


153  

Electric Field as a Function of Electric Potential 


147  (8) 


155  (1) 

Electrical Properties of Materials 


156  (1) 


157  (4) 


158  (2) 


160  (1) 


161  (2) 

Electric Boundary Conditions 


163  (5) 

DielectricConductor Boundary 


166  (1) 

ConductorConductor Boundary 


167  (1) 


168  (4) 

Electrostatic Potential Energy 


172  (1) 


173  (13) 


176  (10) 


186  (43) 

Magnetic Forces and Torques 


187  (8) 

Magnetic Force on a CurrentCarrying Conductor 


189  (3) 

Magnetic Torque on a CurrentCarrying Loop 


192  (3) 


195  (5) 

Magnetic Field due to Surface and Volume Current Distributions 


196  (3) 

Magnetic Field of a Magnetic Dipole 


199  (1) 

Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors 


200  (1) 

Maxwell's Magnetostatic Equations 


201  (5) 

Gauss's Law for Magnetism 


201  (1) 


202  (4) 

Vector Magnetic Potential 


206  (2) 

Magnetic Properties of Materials 


208  (5) 

Orbital and Spin Magnetic Moments 


208  (1) 


209  (1) 

Magnetic Hysteresis of Ferromagnetic Materials 


210  (3) 

Magnetic Boundary Conditions 


213  (1) 


214  (5) 

Magnetic Field in a Solenoid 


215  (1) 


216  (2) 


218  (1) 


219  (10) 


221  (8) 

Maxwell's Equations for TimeVarying Fields 


229  (31) 


231  (2) 

Stationary Loop in a TimeVarying Magnetic Field 


233  (4) 


237  (1) 

Moving Conductor in a Static Magnetic Field 


238  (3) 

The Electromagnetic Generator 


241  (2) 

Moving Conductor in a TimeVarying Magnetic Field 


243  (1) 


244  (2) 

Boundary Conditions for Electromagnetics 


246  (1) 

ChargeCurrent Continuity Relation 


247  (2) 

FreeCharge Dissipation in a Conductor 


249  (1) 

Electromagnetic Potentials 


250  (10) 


250  (1) 


251  (4) 


255  (5) 


260  (32) 


262  (2) 


263  (1) 

Wave Equations for a ChargeFree Medium 


263  (1) 

PlaneWave Propagation in Lossless Media 


264  (5) 


264  (4) 

General Relation between E and H 


268  (1) 


269  (7) 


270  (1) 


271  (2) 


273  (3) 

PlaneWave Propagation in Lossy Media 


276  (4) 


278  (1) 


278  (2) 

Current Flow in a Good Conductor 


280  (3) 

Electromagnetic Power Density 


283  (9) 

Plane Wave in a Lossless Medium 


284  (1) 

Plane Wave in a Lossy Medium 


285  (1) 

Decibel Scale for Power Ratios 


286  (2) 


288  (4) 

Wave Reflection and Transmission, and Geometric Optics 


292  (48) 

Wave Reflection and Transmission at Normal Incidence 


294  (9) 

Boundary between Lossless Media 


294  (3) 

TransmissionLine Analogue 


297  (1) 

Power Flow in Lossless Media 


298  (3) 

Boundary between Lossy Media 


301  (2) 


303  (3) 


306  (2) 

Wave Reflection and Transmission at Oblique Incidence 


308  (8) 

Perpendicular Polarization 


309  (4) 


313  (2) 


315  (1) 

Reflectivity and Transmissivity 


316  (3) 


319  (1) 


320  (4) 

Images Formed by Plane Mirrors 


321  (1) 

Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors 


322  (2) 

Images Formed by Spherical Lenses 


324  (16) 


332  (8) 


340  (50) 


343  (5) 


345  (1) 


346  (2) 

Antenna Radiation Characteristics 


348  (7) 


349  (2) 


351  (1) 


351  (3) 


354  (1) 


354  (1) 


355  (4) 

Directivity of λ/2 Dipole 


357  (1) 

Radiation Resistance of λ/2 Dipole 


357  (1) 

QuarterWave Monopole Antenna 


358  (1) 

Dipole of Arbitrary Length 


359  (1) 

Effective Area of a Receiving Antenna 


360  (3) 

Friis Transmission Formula 


363  (2) 

Radiation by LargeAperture Antennas 


365  (3) 

Rectangular Aperture with Uniform Aperture Distribution 


368  (3) 


369  (1) 

Directivity and Effective Area 


370  (1) 


371  (7) 

NElement Array with Uniform Phase Distribution 


378  (2) 

Electronic Scanning of Arrays 


380  (10) 

UniformAmplitude Excitation 


382  (1) 


382  (4) 


386  (4) 

Satellite Communication Systems and Radar Sensors 


390  (21) 

Satellite Communication Systems 


391  (2) 


393  (3) 

CommunicationLink Power Budget 


396  (2) 


398  (1) 


399  (3) 

Basic Operation of a Radar System 


399  (1) 


400  (1) 

Range and Angular Resolutions 


401  (1) 


402  (2) 


404  (2) 


406  (5) 


410  (1) 
Appendix A Symbols, Quantities, and Units 

411  (2) 
Appendix B Material Constants of Some Common Materials 

413  (2) 
Appendix C Mathematical Formulas 

415  (2) 
Appendix D Answers to OddNumbered Problems 

417  (6) 
Bibliography 

423  (2) 
Index 

425  