9781848720718

Fundamentals of Cognition 2nd Edition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781848720718

  • ISBN10:

    1848720718

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 1/19/2012
  • Publisher: Psychology Pres

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Summary

Is it possible to learn something new without being aware of it? How do our memories work? How do we decide what choices to make? 㬬 Fundamentals of Cognition, 2ndeditionis a basic, reader-friendly introduction to the key cognitive processes that allow us to make sense of the world around us. Whether we are aware of their workings or not, our abilities in attention, perception, learning, memory, language, problem solving, thinking and reasoning are all necessary in enabling us to cope with everyday life. Understanding these processes through the study of cognitive psychology is therefore essential for understanding human behaviour. 㬬 This new edition has been extensively updated and revised, with particular emphasis on making it even more accessible for introductory students. Several new textbook features, including 'In the Real World'" text boxes, case studies and research activities, help students to fully engage with the material. The book includes comprehensive coverage of all the key topics in cognition and offers a perfect balance between the classic experiments and cutting-edge research and theoretical developments. Traditional approaches in cognition are combined with cutting-edge cognitive neuroscience and a focus on cognitive neuropsychology to create a thorough, up-to-date evaluation of the field. 㬬 Written with introductory-level students in mind, it can be read easily by those with no previous knowledge of cognitive psychology. However, it also includes directions for more detailed and advanced study. This excellent overview will be essential reading for all students in cognitive psychology and related areas such as clinical psychology. 㬬 This edition is accompanied by a rich array of online multimedia materials, which will be made available to qualifying adopters and their students completely free of charge.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introduction to Cognitive Psychologyp. 2
Introductionp. 3
History of cognitive psychologyp. 6
Contemporary cognitive psychologyp. 12
Structure of the bookp. 27
Perceptionp. 30
Introductionp. 31
Perceptual organizationp. 32
Pattern recognitionp. 35
Visual object recognitionp. 41
Face recognitionp. 48
Visual imagery and visual perceptionp. 53
Perception and actionp. 62
In sight but out of mindp. 66
Does perception require conscious awareness?p. 71
Auditory perceptionp. 75
Attention and Consciousnessp. 82
Introductionp. 83
Selective auditory attentionp. 84
Selective visual attentionp. 87
Disorders of visual attentionp. 94
Visual searchp. 96
Multitaskingp. 102
Consciousnessp. 107
Short-Term and Working Memoryp. 118
Introductionp. 119
Short-term memoryp. 120
Working memoryp. 127
Working memory capacityp. 136
Learning and Long-Term Memoryp. 142
Introductionp. 143
Levels of processingp. 144
Implicit learningp. 148
Long-term memory systemsp. 154
Amnesiap. 163
Forgettingp. 169
Misrememberingp. 176
Everyday Memoryp. 180
Introductionp. 181
Autobiographical memoryp. 183
Eyewitness testimonyp. 192
Prospective memoryp. 199
Memory expertisep. 205
General Knowledgep. 214
Introductionp. 215
Concept organization in semantic memoryp. 220
Organization of conceptsp. 225
Using conceptsp. 232
Schemasp. 235
Understanding Languagep. 242
Introductionp. 243
Reading: Basic processesp. 246
Speech perception: Basic processesp. 254
Understanding sentencesp. 258
Understanding discoursep. 265
Language Productionp. 276
Introductionp. 277
Speech production: Communicationp. 279
Stages of speech productionp. 288
Writingp. 297
. Problem Solvingp. 308
Introductionp. 309
How useful is past experience?p. 312
Does insight exist?p. 315
Problem-solving strategiesp. 322
Hypothesis testing and sciencep. 328
Expertisep. 333
Judgment, Decision Making, and Reasoningp. 342
Introductionp. 343
Judgmentp. 344
Decision makingp. 357
Complex decision makingp. 364
Deductive reasoningp. 367
Informal reasoningp. 377
Are humans rational?p. 381
Cognition and Emotionp. 384
Introductionp. 385
How does cognition influence emotion?p. 387
Emotion regulationp. 393
Effects of emotion on cognitionp. 396
Anxiety and cognitive biasesp. 407
Appendixp. 414
Glossaryp. 417
Referencesp. 425
Author indexp. 469
Subject indexp. 483
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