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Fundamentals of Philosophy,9780130308962
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Fundamentals of Philosophy

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780130308962

ISBN10:
013030896X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $70.40
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Summary

For freshman/sophomore-level courses in Introduction to Philosophy. An accessible reader/text for beginning students of philosophy, this volume offers a broad scope of diverse classic and contemporary selections with a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. The readings are grouped around major philosophic themes: logic, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of art, and social and political philosophy. It also offers a selection of readings from Eastern philosophy.

Table of Contents

Part 1 What is Philosophy? 1(26)
The Activity of Philosophy
2(8)
Philosophy's History
10(8)
Philosophy and the Examined Life
18(9)
In Defense of Philosophy
20(7)
Socrates
Part 2 Thinking About Thinking (Logic) 27(54)
The Life of Reason
28(7)
Argument Forms
35(15)
Inductive Arguments and Scientific Reasoning
50(10)
Strategies for Philosophical Arguments
60(21)
Are You a Critical Thinker?
77(4)
Thomas A. Shipka
Part 3 What is Real? (Metaphysics) 81(68)
Introduction to Metaphysics
82(12)
Materialism
94(19)
First Principle of Materialism
104(9)
Epicurus
Idealism
113(15)
Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
116(12)
George Berkeley
The Mind-Body Problem
128(12)
Materialism and Personal Identity
132(8)
Richard Taylor
Metaphysics and Language
140(9)
Philosophical Investigations
144(5)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Part 4 How Do We Know? (Epistemology) 149(66)
Introduction to Epistemology
150(7)
Appearance and Reality
157(15)
The Visible and the Invisible
162(10)
Plato
The Quest for Certainty
172(14)
Meditations
175(11)
Rene Descartes
Trust Your Senses
186(8)
Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding
190(4)
David Hume
A Compromise
194(11)
Two Sources of Knowledge
200(5)
Immanuel Kant
The Challenges of Postmodernism
205(10)
Part 5 What Ought We to Do? (Ethics) 215(62)
Introduction to Ethical Reasoning
216(8)
The Need for Morality
224(16)
Leviathan
230(10)
Thomas Hobbes
The Morality of Self-Realization
240(14)
Nicomachean Ethics
246(8)
Aristotle
Morality Depends on the Consequences
254(13)
Utilitarianism
262(5)
John Stuart Mill
Morality Depends on Motives
267(10)
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals
271(6)
Immanuel Kant
Part 6 Philosophy of Religion 277(60)
Introduction to Philosophy and Religion
278(6)
Religion and Life's Meaning
284(10)
A Confession
287(7)
Leo Tolstoy
Arguments for God's Existence: The Ontological Argument
294(12)
Proslogion
297(9)
St. Anselm
Arguments for God's Existence: The Cosmological Arguments
306(22)
The Five Ways
309(9)
St. Thomas Aquinas
Natural Theology
318(10)
William Paley
The Problem of Evil
328(9)
The Vale of Soul-Making Theodicy
331(6)
John Hick
Part 7 Philosophy of Art (Esthetics) 337(42)
Introduction to the Philosophy of Art
338(10)
The Value of Art
348(9)
The Esthetic Attitude
349(8)
H. Gene Blocker
Art as Ideal
357(11)
The Naked and the Nude
358(10)
Kenneth Clark
Esthetics and Ideology
368(11)
``The Politics of Representation: The Role of the Gaze in Pornography''
369(10)
Jennifer Jeffers
Part 8 Social and Political Philosophy 379(52)
Social and Political Philosophy
380(9)
The Libertarian View of the State
389(13)
The State and the State of Nature
394(8)
John Locke
The Individual and the State
402(9)
On Liberty
404(7)
John Stuart Mill
Individual Happiness and Social Responsibility
411(10)
Happiness and Justice in ``Liberal'' Society: Autonomy as Political Integration
412(9)
M. Andrew Holowchak
Minority Group Rights
421(10)
Minority Groups and the State
422(9)
Elizabeth Smith
H. Gene Blocker
Part 9 Eastern Thought 431(46)
Philosophy East and West
432(6)
Eastern Thought: Theories of Human Nature
438(18)
The Book of Mencius
446(3)
Mencius
The Nature of Man is Evil
449(3)
Xun Zi
Man's Nature is Neither Good Nor Evil
452(4)
Dong Zhongshu
Eastern Thought: The Individual and the Collective
456(21)
The Path of Yoga
465(7)
The Tao Te Ching
472(5)
Lao Tzu
Glossary of Terms 477(10)
Index 487


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