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Thematically introduces students to the major philosophic thinkers. Fundamentals of Philosophyoffers a broad scope of classic and contemporary selections from the world's major thinkers via a narrative format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified manner for students. Its readings are grouped around nine major themes/chapters, and are organized as a debate on one central issue. This approach helps students understand the argumentative style of philosophy, and learn how philosophic issues and solutions they encounter can be applied to their everyday life. A better teaching and learning experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience-for you and your students. Here's how: Personalize Learning- MySearchLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking "Questions for Discussion" and a "Glossary of Terms" help students study. Engage Students "Biographies" and "Recent Developments" stimulate student interest and understanding of philosophy's contemporary applications. Support Instructors MySearchLab and an Instructor's Manual to accompany the text are available. Note:MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit:www.mysearchlab.comor you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205879306 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205879304.
Table of Contents
|What Is Philosophy?||p. 1|
|The Activity of Philosophy||p. 1|
|Philosophy's History||p. 8|
|Philosophy and the Examined Life||p. 15|
|Socrates: In Defense of Philosophy||p. 17|
|Thinking About Thinking (Logic)||p. 26|
|The Life of Reason||p. 26|
|Argument Forms||p. 33|
|Induction and the Philosophy of Science||p. 46|
|Strategies for Philosophical Arguments||p. 57|
|What Is Real? (Metaphysics)||p. 74|
|Introduction to Metaphysics||p. 74|
|Plato: The Immortality of the Soul||p. 88|
|Plato: The Divided Line||p. 92|
|Epicurus: First Principle of Materialism||p. 108|
|George Berkeley: Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous||p. 120|
|The Mind-Body Problem and Personal Identity||p. 132|
|Alfred C. Lent Surviving in a Different Body||p. 141|
|Freedom and Determinism: The Metaphysics of Human Agency||p. 153|
|Peter van Inwagen: The Moral Argument for Freedom||p. 160|
|How Do We Know? (Epistemology)||p. 165|
|Introduction to Epistemology||p. 165|
|René Descartes: The Quest for Certainty||p. 171|
|René Descartes: Meditations||p. 174|
|David Hume: Trust Your Senses||p. 187|
|David Hume: Of the Origin of Ideas||p. 190|
|David Hume: Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding||p. 197|
|Immanuel Kant: A Compromise||p. 201|
|Immanuel Kant: Two Sources of Knowledge||p. 211|
|Knowledge and Human Practices: The Pragmatist Tradition||p. 218|
|William James: What Pragmatism Means||p. 221|
|Nathaniel Goldberg: Where Does Knowledge Come From? Quine, Davidson, and Traditional Epistemology||p. 225|
|What Ought We to Do? (Ethics)||p. 239|
|Introduction to Ethical Reasoning||p. 239|
|Moral Skepticism||p. 246|
|J. L Mackie: The Argument from Relativity||p. 254|
|Morality and Metaphysics||p. 261|
|Matthew Carey Jordan: God and Morality||p. 265|
|Eudaemonism: The Morality of Self-Realization||p. 278|
|Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics||p. 281|
|Utilitarianism: Morality Depends on the Consequences||p. 289|
|John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism||p. 295|
|Deontology: Morality Depends on the Motives||p. 301|
|Immanuel Kant: Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Ethics||p. 304|
|Philosophy of Religion||p. 316|
|Introduction to Philosophy of Religion||p. 316|
|Religion and Life's Meaning||p. 322|
|Leo Tolstoy: A Confession||p. 325|
|A Priori Arguments for God's Existence||p. 331|
|St Anselm: Proslogion||p. 334|
|A Posteriori Arguments for God's Existence: Aquinas' Five Ways||p. 348|
|St. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways||p. 350|
|The Problem of Evil||p. 361|
|James Petrik: Inscrutable Evil and an Infinite God||p. 366|
|Philosophy of Art (Esthetics)||p. 379|
|Introduction to the Philosophy of Art||p. 379|
|The Value of Art||p. 388|
|H. Gene Blocker. The Esthetic Attitude||p. 389|
|Art as Ideal||p. 397|
|Kenneth Clark The Naked and the Nude||p. 398|
|Esthetics and Ideology||p. 408|
|Jennifer Jeffers: The Politics of Representation||p. 409|
|Social and Political Philosophy||p. 422|
|Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy||p. 422|
|The Liberal, Secular State||p. 430|
|John Locke: A Letter Concerning Toleration||p. 435|
|The Individual and the State||p. 442|
|John Stuart Mill: On Liberty||p. 444|
|Human Rights||p. 451|
|H. Gene Blocker. Human Rights||p. 452|
|Individual Happiness and Social Responsibility||p. 463|
|M. Andrew Holowchak: Happiness and Justice in "Liberal" Society. Autonomy as Political Integration||p. 464|
|Eastern Thought||p. 475|
|Philosophy East and West||p. 475|
|Confucian Theories of Human Nature||p. 481|
|Mencius: The Book of Mencius||p. 485|
|Xun Zi: The Nature of Man Is Evil||p. 490|
|Dong Zhongshu: Human Nature Is Both Good and Evil||p. 495|
|Hindu Debate on Monism||p. 497|
|Buddhist Theory of Emptiness||p. 505|
|Nagarjuna: Seventy Verses on Emptiness||p. 507|
|Nagarjuna: How Phenomena Are Empty of Inherent Existence||p. 511|
|Glossary of Terms||p. 519|
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