# Fundamentals of Physics, 9th Edition, Volume 1, Chapters 1-20, 9th Edition

**by**David Halliday (Univ. of Pittsburgh); Robert Resnick (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute); Jearl Walker (Cleveland State Univ.)

### 9780470547892

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## Summary

## Table of Contents

**1 MEASUREMENT.**

1-1 What Is Physics?

1-2 Measuring Things**.**

1-3 The International System of Units**.**

1-4 Changing Units**.**

1-5 Length**.**

1-6 Time**.**

1-7 Mass**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

PROBLEMS**.**

**2 MOTION ALONG A STRAIGHT LINE.**

2-1 What Is Physics?

2-2 Motion**.**

2-3 Position and Displacement**.**

2-4 Average Velocity and Average Speed**.**

2-5 Instantaneous Velocity and Speed**.**

2-6 Acceleration**.**

2-7 Constant Acceleration: A Special Case**.**

2-8 Another Look at Constant Acceleration**.**

2-9 Free-Fall Acceleration**.**

2-10 Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**3 VECTORS.**

3-1 What Is Physics?

3-2 Vectors and Scalars**.**

3-3 Adding Vectors Geometrically**.**

3-4 Components of Vectors**.**

3-5 Unit Vectors**.**

3-6 Adding Vectors by Components**.**

3-7 Vectors and the Laws of Physics**.**

3-8 Multiplying Vectors**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**4 MOTION IN TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS.**

4-1 What Is Physics?

4-2 Position and Displacement**.**

4-3 Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity**.**

4-4 Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration**.**

4-5 Projectile Motion**.**

4-6 Projectile Motion Analyzed**.**

4-7 Uniform Circular Motion**.**

4-8 Relative Motion in One Dimension**.**

4-9 Relative Motion in Two Dimensions**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**5 FORCE AND MOTION—I.**

5-1 What Is Physics?

5-2 Newtonian Mechanics**.**

5-3 Newton’s First Law**.**

5-4 Force**.**

5-5 Mass**.**

5-6 Newton’s Second Law**.**

5-7 Some Particular Forces**.**

5-8 Newton’s Third Law**.**

5-9 Applying Newton’s Laws**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**6 FORCE AND MOTION—II.**

6-1 What Is Physics?

6-2 Friction**.**

6-3 Properties of Friction**.**

6-4 The Drag Force and Terminal Speed**.**

6-5 Uniform Circular Motion**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**7 KINETIC ENERGY AND WORK.**

7-1 What Is Physics?

7-2 What Is Energy?

7-3 Kinetic Energy**.**

7-4 Work**.**

7-5 Work and Kinetic Energy**.**

7-6 Work Done by the Gravitational Force**.**

7-7 Work Done by a Spring Force**.**

7-8 Work Done by a General Variable Force**.**

7-9 Power**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**8 POTENTIAL ENERGY AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY.**

8-1 What Is Physics?

8-2 Work and Potential Energy**.**

8-3 Path Independence of Conservative Forces**.**

8-4 Determining Potential Energy Values**.**

8-5 Conservation of Mechanical Energy**.**

8-6 Reading a Potential Energy Curve**.**

8-7 Work Done on a System by an External Force**.**

8-8 Conservation of Energy**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**9 CENTER OF MASS AND LINEAR MOMENTUM.**

9-1 What Is Physics?

9-2 The Center of Mass**.**

9-3 Newton’s Second Law for a System of Particles**.**

9-4 Linear Momentum**.**

9-5 The Linear Momentum of a System of Particles**.**

9-6 Collision and Impulse**.**

9-7 Conservation of Linear Momentum**.**

9-8 Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions**.**

9-9 Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension**.**

9-10 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension**.**

9-11 Collisions in Two Dimensions**.**

9-12 Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**10 ROTATION.**

10-1 What Is Physics?

10-2 The Rotational Variables**.**

10-3 Are Angular Quantities Vectors?

10-4 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration**.**

10-5 Relating the Linear and Angular Variables**.**

10-6 Kinetic Energy of Rotation**.**

10-7 Calculating the Rotational Inertia**.**

10-8 Torque**.**

10-9 Newton’s Second Law for Rotation**.**

10-10 Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**11 ROLLING, TORQUE, AND ANGULAR MOMENTUM.**

11-1 What Is Physics?

11-2 Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined**.**

11-3 The Kinetic Energy of Rolling**.**

11-4 The Forces of Rolling**.**

11-5 The Yo-Yo**.**

11-6 Torque Revisited**.**

11-7 Angular Momentum**.**

11-8 Newton’s Second Law in Angular Form**.**

11-9 The Angular Momentum of a System of Particles**.**

11-10 The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Fixed Axis**.**

11-11 Conservation of Angular Momentum**.**

11-12 Precession of a Gyroscope**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**12 EQUILIBRIUM AND ELASTICITY.**

12-1 What Is Physics?

12-2 Equilibrium**.**

12-3 The Requirements of Equilibrium**.**

12-4 The Center of Gravity**.**

12-5 Some Examples of Static Equilibrium**.**

12-6 Indeterminate Structures**.**

12-7 Elasticity**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**13 GRAVITATION.**

13-1 What Is Physics?

13-2 Newton’s Law of Gravitation**.**

13-3 Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition**.**

13-4 Gravitation Near Earth’s Surface**.**

13-5 Gravitation Inside Earth**.**

13-6 Gravitational Potential Energy**.**

13-7 Planets and Satellites: Kepler’s Laws**.**

13-8 Satellites: Orbits and Energy**.**

13-9 Einstein and Gravitation**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**14 FLUIDS.**

14-1 What Is Physics?

14-2 What Is a Fluid?

14-3 Density and Pressure**.**

14-4 Fluids at Rest**.**

14-5 Measuring Pressure**.**

14-6 Pascal’s Principle**.**

14-7 Archimedes’ Principle**.**

14-8 Ideal Fluids in Motion**.**

14-9 The Equation of Continuity**.**

14-10 Bernoulli’s Equation**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**15 OSCILLATIONS.**

15-1 What Is Physics?

15-2 Simple Harmonic Motion**.**

15-3 The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion**.**

15-4 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion**.**

15-5 An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator**.**

15-6 Pendulums**.**

15-7 Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion**.**

15-8 Damped Simple Harmonic Motion**.**

15-9 Forced Oscillations and Resonance**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**16 WAVES—I.**

16-1 What Is Physics?

16-2 Types of Waves**.**

16-3 Transverse and Longitudinal Waves**.**

16-4 Wavelength and Frequency**.**

16-5 The Speed of a Traveling Wave**.**

16-6 Wave Speed on a Stretched String**.**

16-7 Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String**.**

16-8 The Wave Equation**.**

16-9 The Principle of Superposition for Waves**.**

16-10 Interference of Waves**.**

16-11 Phasors**.**

16-12 Standing Waves**.**

16-13 Standing Waves and Resonance**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**17 WAVES—II.**

17-1 What Is Physics?

17-2 Sound Waves**.**

17-3 The Speed of Sound**.**

17-4 Traveling Sound Waves**.**

17-5 Interference**.**

17-6 Intensity and Sound Level**.**

17-7 Sources of Musical Sound**.**

17-8 Beats**.**

17-9 The Doppler Effect**.**

17-10 Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**18 TEMPERATURE, HEAT, AND THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS.**

18-1 What Is Physics?

18-2 Temperature**.**

18-3 The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics**.**

18-4 Measuring Temperature**.**

18-5 The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales**.**

18-6 Thermal Expansion**.**

18-7 Temperature and Heat**.**

18-8 The Absorption of Heat by Solids and Liquids**.**

18-9 A Closer Look at Heat and Work**.**

18-10 The First Law of Thermodynamics**.**

18-11 Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamics**.**

18-12 Heat Transfer Mechanisms**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**19 THE KINETIC THEORY OF GASES.**

19-1 What Is Physics?

19-2 Avogadro’s Number**.**

19-3 Ideal Gases**.**

19-4 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed**.**

19-5 Translational Kinetic Energy**.**

19-6 Mean Free Path**.**

19-7 The Distribution of Molecular Speeds**.**

19-8 The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas**.**

19-9 Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats**.**

19-10 A Hint of Quantum Theory**.**

19-11 The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**20 ENTROPY AND THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS.**

20-1 What Is Physics?

20-2 Irreversible Processes and Entropy**.**

20-3 Change in Entropy**.**

20-4 The Second Law of Thermodynamics**.**

20-5 Entropy in the Real World: Engines**.**

20-6 Entropy in the Real World: Refrigerators**.**

20-7 The Efficiencies of Real Engines**.**

20-8 A Statistical View of Entropy**.**

REVIEW & SUMMARY.

QUESTIONS.

PROBLEMS**.**

**APPENDICES.**

A The International System of Units (SI)**.**

B Some Fundamental Constants of Physics**.**

C Some Astronomical Data**.**

D Conversion Factors**.**

E Mathematical Formulas**.**

F Properties of the Elements**.**

G Periodic Table of the Elements**.**

ANSWERS to Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems**.**

INDEX**.**