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Fundamentals of Physics, Volume 1 (Chapters 1 - 20), 8th Edition

by ; ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780470044735

ISBN10:
047004473X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Wiley
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Summary

This 8th edition of Fundamentals of Physics includes hundreds of items about curious effects in the everyday world, written in the spirit of Jearl Walker's The Flying Circus of Physics. The original edition of The Flying Circus of Physics-in print for over 30 years in 10 languages-is a cult classic among physics students, physics instructors, and the general public.

Table of Contents

Measurementp. 1
What Is Physics?p. 2
Measuring Thingsp. 2
The International System of Unitsp. 2
Changing Unitsp. 3
Lengthp. 4
Timep. 5
Massp. 7
Review & Summaryp. 8
Problemsp. 8
Motion Along a Straight Linep. 13
What Is Physics?p. 14
Motionp. 14
Position and Displacementp. 14
Average Velocity and Average Speedp. 15
Instantaneous Velocity and Speedp. 17
Accelerationp. 19
Constant Acceleration: A Special Casep. 21
Another Look at Constant Accelerationp. 24
Free-Fall Accelerationp. 24
Graphical Integration in Motion Analysisp. 27
Review & Summaryp. 28
Questionsp. 29
Problemsp. 30
Vectorp. 38
What Is Physics?p. 39
Vectors and Scalarsp. 39
Adding Vectors Geometricallyp. 39
Components of Vectorsp. 40
Unit Vectorsp. 44
Adding Vectors by Componentsp. 45
Vectors and the Laws of Physicsp. 48
Multiplying Vectorsp. 48
Review & Summaryp. 52
Questionsp. 52
Problemsp. 53
Motion in Two and Three Dimensionsp. 58
What Is Physics?p. 59
Position and Displacementp. 59
Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocityp. 61
Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Accelerationp. 63
Projectile Motionp. 65
Projectile Motion Analyzedp. 66
Uniform Circular Motionp. 70
Relative Motion in One Dimensionp. 72
Relative Motion in Two Dimensionsp. 73
Review & Summaryp. 75
Questionsp. 76
Problemsp. 77
Force and Motion - Ip. 87
What Is Physics?p. 88
Newtonian Mechanicsp. 88
Newton's First Lawp. 88
Forcep. 89
Massp. 90
Newton's Second Lawp. 91
Some Particular Forcesp. 94
Newton's Third Lawp. 99
Applying Newton's Lawsp. 99
Review & Summaryp. 105
Questionsp. 106
Problemsp. 108
Force and Motion - IIp. 116
What Is Physics?p. 117
Frictionp. 117
Properties of Frictionp. 118
The Drag Force and Terminal Speedp. 122
Uniform Circular Motionp. 124
Review & Summaryp. 129
Questionsp. 130
Problemsp. 131
Kinetic Energy and Workp. 140
What Is Physics?p. 141
What Is Energy?p. 141
Kinetic Energyp. 141
Workp. 142
Work and Kinetic Energyp. 143
Work Done by the Gravitational Forcep. 146
Work Done by a Spring Forcep. 149
Work Done by a General Variable Forcep. 152
Powerp. 155
Review & Summaryp. 157
Questionsp. 158
Problemsp. 159
Potential Energy and Conservation of Energyp. 166
What Is Physics?p. 167
Work and Potential Energyp. 167
Path Independence of Conservative Forcesp. 168
Determining Potential Energy Valuesp. 170
Conservation of Mechanical Energyp. 173
Reading a Potential Energy Curvep. 175
Work Done on a System by an External Forcep. 179
Conservation of Energyp. 182
Review & Summaryp. 186
Questionsp. 187
Problemsp. 189
Center of Mass and Linear Momentump. 201
What Is Physics?p. 202
The Center of Massp. 202
Newton's Second Law for a System of Particlesp. 206
Linear Momentump. 209
The Linear Momentum of a System of Particlesp. 210
Collision and Impulsep. 210
Conservation of Linear Momentump. 214
Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisionsp. 217
Inelastic Collisions in One Dimensionp. 218
Elastic Collisions in One Dimensionp. 221
Collisions in Two Dimensionsp. 224
Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocketp. 224
Review & Summaryp. 226
Questionsp. 228
Problemsp. 229
Rotationp. 241
What Is Physics?p. 242
The Rotational Variablesp. 242
Are Angular Quantities Vectors?p. 246
Rotation with Constant Angular Accelerationp. 247
Relating the Linear and Angular Variablesp. 249
Kinetic Energy of Rotationp. 252
Calculating the Rotational Inertiap. 253
Torquep. 256
Newton's Second Law for Rotationp. 257
Work and Rotational Kinetic Energyp. 260
Review & Summaryp. 263
Questionsp. 265
Problemsp. 266
Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentump. 275
What Is Physics?p. 276
Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combinedp. 276
The Kinetic Energy of Rollingp. 277
The Forces of Rollingp. 278
The Yo-Yop. 281
Torque Revisitedp. 281
Angular Momentump. 283
Newton's Second Law in Angular Formp. 285
The Angular Momentum of a System of Particlesp. 287
The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Fixed Axisp. 287
Conservation of Angular Momentump. 290
Precession of a Gyroscopep. 293
Review & Summaryp. 295
Questionsp. 296
Problemsp. 297
Equilibrium and Elasticityp. 305
What Is Physics?p. 306
Equilibriump. 306
The Requirements of Equilibriump. 307
The Center of Gravityp. 308
Some Examples of Static Equilibriump. 310
Indeterminate Structuresp. 314
Elasticityp. 315
Review & Summaryp. 319
Questionsp. 319
Problemsp. 321
Gravitationp. 330
What Is Physics?p. 331
Newton's Law of Gravitationp. 331
Gravitation and the Principle of Superpositionp. 333
Gravitation Near Earth's Surfacep. 335
Gravitation Inside Earthp. 337
Gravitation Potential Energyp. 338
Planets and Satellites: Kepler's Lawsp. 342
Satellites: Orbits and Energyp. 345
Einstein and Gravitationp. 347
Review & Summaryp. 349
Questionsp. 350
Problemsp. 351
Fluidsp. 359
What Is Physics?p. 360
What Is a Fluid?p. 360
Density and Pressurep. 360
Fluids at Restp. 362
Measuring Pressurep. 365
Pascal's Principlep. 366
Archimedes' Principlep. 367
Ideal Fluids in Motionp. 370
The Equation of Continuityp. 371
Bernoulli's Equationp. 373
Review & Summaryp. 377
Questionsp. 378
Problemsp. 379
Oscillationsp. 386
What Is Physics?p. 387
Simple Harmonic Motionp. 387
The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motionp. 390
Energy in Simple Harmonic Motionp. 392
An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillatorp. 394
Pendulumsp. 395
Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motionp. 399
Damped Simple Harmonic Motionp. 400
Forced Oscillations and Resonancep. 402
Review & Summaryp. 403
Questionsp. 403
Problemsp. 405
Waves-Ip. 413
What Is Physics?p. 414
Types of Wavesp. 414
Transverse and Longitudinal Wavesp. 414
Wavelength and Frequencyp. 416
The Speed of a Traveling Wavep. 418
Wave Speed on a Stretched Stringp. 412
Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a Stringp. 423
The Wave Equationp. 425
The Principle of Superposition for Wavesp. 426
Interference of Wavesp. 427
Phasorsp. 429
Standing Wavesp. 431
Standing Waves and Resonancep. 433
Review & Summaryp. 436
Questionsp. 436
Problemsp. 438
Waves-IIp. 445
What Is Physics?p. 446
Sound Wavesp. 446
The Speed of Soundp. 446
Traveling Sound Wavesp. 449
Interferencep. 451
Intensity and Sound Levelp. 453
Sources of Musical Soundp. 457
Beatsp. 459
The Doppler Effectp. 460
Supersonic Speeds, Shock Wavesp. 464
Review & Summaryp. 465
Questionsp. 466
Problemsp. 467
Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 476
What Is Physics?p. 477
Temperaturep. 477
The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamicsp. 477
Measuring Temperaturep. 478
The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scalesp. 478
Thermal Expansionp. 482
Temperature and Heatp. 484
The Absorption of Heat by Solids and Liquidsp. 485
A Closer Look at Heat and Workp. 488
The First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 490
Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 491
Heat Transfer Mechanismsp. 493
Review & Summaryp. 497
Questionsp. 498
Problemsp. 500
The Kinetic Theory of Gasesp. 507
What Is Physics?p. 508
Avogadro's Numberp. 508
Ideal Gasesp. 509
Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speedp. 512
Translational Kinetic Energyp. 514
Mean Free Pathp. 515
The Distribution of Molecular Speedsp. 517
The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gasp. 520
Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heatsp. 523
A Hint of Quantum Theoryp. 525
The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gasp. 526
Review & Summaryp. 529
Questionsp. 530
Problemsp. 531
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 536
What Is Physics?p. 537
Irreversible Processes and Entropyp. 537
Change in Entropyp. 538
The Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 542
Entropy in the Real World: Enginesp. 543
Entropy in the Real World: Refrigeratorsp. 548
The Efficiencies of Real Enginesp. 549
A Statistical View of Entropyp. 550
Review & Summaryp. 554
Questionsp. 555
Problemsp. 555
Appendicesp. A-1
The International System of Units (SI)p. A-1
Some Fundamental Constants of Physicsp. A-3
Some Astronomical Datap. A-4
Conversion Factorsp. A-5
Mathematical Formulasp. A-9
Properties of the Elementsp. A-12
Periodic Table of the Elementsp. A-15
Answers to Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problemsp. AN-1
Indexp. I-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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