Measurement | p. 1 |

What Is Physics? | p. 2 |

Measuring Things | p. 2 |

The International System of Units | p. 2 |

Changing Units | p. 3 |

Length | p. 4 |

Time | p. 5 |

Mass | p. 7 |

Review & Summary | p. 8 |

Problems | p. 8 |

Motion Along a Straight Line | p. 13 |

What Is Physics? | p. 14 |

Motion | p. 14 |

Position and Displacement | p. 14 |

Average Velocity and Average Speed | p. 15 |

Instantaneous Velocity and Speed | p. 17 |

Acceleration | p. 19 |

Constant Acceleration: A Special Case | p. 21 |

Another Look at Constant Acceleration | p. 24 |

Free-Fall Acceleration | p. 24 |

Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis | p. 27 |

Review & Summary | p. 28 |

Questions | p. 29 |

Problems | p. 30 |

Vector | p. 38 |

What Is Physics? | p. 39 |

Vectors and Scalars | p. 39 |

Adding Vectors Geometrically | p. 39 |

Components of Vectors | p. 40 |

Unit Vectors | p. 44 |

Adding Vectors by Components | p. 45 |

Vectors and the Laws of Physics | p. 48 |

Multiplying Vectors | p. 48 |

Review & Summary | p. 52 |

Questions | p. 52 |

Problems | p. 53 |

Motion in Two and Three Dimensions | p. 58 |

What Is Physics? | p. 59 |

Position and Displacement | p. 59 |

Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity | p. 61 |

Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration | p. 63 |

Projectile Motion | p. 65 |

Projectile Motion Analyzed | p. 66 |

Uniform Circular Motion | p. 70 |

Relative Motion in One Dimension | p. 72 |

Relative Motion in Two Dimensions | p. 73 |

Review & Summary | p. 75 |

Questions | p. 76 |

Problems | p. 77 |

Force and Motion - I | p. 87 |

What Is Physics? | p. 88 |

Newtonian Mechanics | p. 88 |

Newton's First Law | p. 88 |

Force | p. 89 |

Mass | p. 90 |

Newton's Second Law | p. 91 |

Some Particular Forces | p. 94 |

Newton's Third Law | p. 99 |

Applying Newton's Laws | p. 99 |

Review & Summary | p. 105 |

Questions | p. 106 |

Problems | p. 108 |

Force and Motion - II | p. 116 |

What Is Physics? | p. 117 |

Friction | p. 117 |

Properties of Friction | p. 118 |

The Drag Force and Terminal Speed | p. 122 |

Uniform Circular Motion | p. 124 |

Review & Summary | p. 129 |

Questions | p. 130 |

Problems | p. 131 |

Kinetic Energy and Work | p. 140 |

What Is Physics? | p. 141 |

What Is Energy? | p. 141 |

Kinetic Energy | p. 141 |

Work | p. 142 |

Work and Kinetic Energy | p. 143 |

Work Done by the Gravitational Force | p. 146 |

Work Done by a Spring Force | p. 149 |

Work Done by a General Variable Force | p. 152 |

Power | p. 155 |

Review & Summary | p. 157 |

Questions | p. 158 |

Problems | p. 159 |

Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy | p. 166 |

What Is Physics? | p. 167 |

Work and Potential Energy | p. 167 |

Path Independence of Conservative Forces | p. 168 |

Determining Potential Energy Values | p. 170 |

Conservation of Mechanical Energy | p. 173 |

Reading a Potential Energy Curve | p. 175 |

Work Done on a System by an External Force | p. 179 |

Conservation of Energy | p. 182 |

Review & Summary | p. 186 |

Questions | p. 187 |

Problems | p. 189 |

Center of Mass and Linear Momentum | p. 201 |

What Is Physics? | p. 202 |

The Center of Mass | p. 202 |

Newton's Second Law for a System of Particles | p. 206 |

Linear Momentum | p. 209 |

The Linear Momentum of a System of Particles | p. 210 |

Collision and Impulse | p. 210 |

Conservation of Linear Momentum | p. 214 |

Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions | p. 217 |

Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension | p. 218 |

Elastic Collisions in One Dimension | p. 221 |

Collisions in Two Dimensions | p. 224 |

Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket | p. 224 |

Review & Summary | p. 226 |

Questions | p. 228 |

Problems | p. 229 |

Rotation | p. 241 |

What Is Physics? | p. 242 |

The Rotational Variables | p. 242 |

Are Angular Quantities Vectors? | p. 246 |

Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration | p. 247 |

Relating the Linear and Angular Variables | p. 249 |

Kinetic Energy of Rotation | p. 252 |

Calculating the Rotational Inertia | p. 253 |

Torque | p. 256 |

Newton's Second Law for Rotation | p. 257 |

Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy | p. 260 |

Review & Summary | p. 263 |

Questions | p. 265 |

Problems | p. 266 |

Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum | p. 275 |

What Is Physics? | p. 276 |

Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined | p. 276 |

The Kinetic Energy of Rolling | p. 277 |

The Forces of Rolling | p. 278 |

The Yo-Yo | p. 281 |

Torque Revisited | p. 281 |

Angular Momentum | p. 283 |

Newton's Second Law in Angular Form | p. 285 |

The Angular Momentum of a System of Particles | p. 287 |

The Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body Rotating About a Fixed Axis | p. 287 |

Conservation of Angular Momentum | p. 290 |

Precession of a Gyroscope | p. 293 |

Review & Summary | p. 295 |

Questions | p. 296 |

Problems | p. 297 |

Equilibrium and Elasticity | p. 305 |

What Is Physics? | p. 306 |

Equilibrium | p. 306 |

The Requirements of Equilibrium | p. 307 |

The Center of Gravity | p. 308 |

Some Examples of Static Equilibrium | p. 310 |

Indeterminate Structures | p. 314 |

Elasticity | p. 315 |

Review & Summary | p. 319 |

Questions | p. 319 |

Problems | p. 321 |

Gravitation | p. 330 |

What Is Physics? | p. 331 |

Newton's Law of Gravitation | p. 331 |

Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition | p. 333 |

Gravitation Near Earth's Surface | p. 335 |

Gravitation Inside Earth | p. 337 |

Gravitation Potential Energy | p. 338 |

Planets and Satellites: Kepler's Laws | p. 342 |

Satellites: Orbits and Energy | p. 345 |

Einstein and Gravitation | p. 347 |

Review & Summary | p. 349 |

Questions | p. 350 |

Problems | p. 351 |

Fluids | p. 359 |

What Is Physics? | p. 360 |

What Is a Fluid? | p. 360 |

Density and Pressure | p. 360 |

Fluids at Rest | p. 362 |

Measuring Pressure | p. 365 |

Pascal's Principle | p. 366 |

Archimedes' Principle | p. 367 |

Ideal Fluids in Motion | p. 370 |

The Equation of Continuity | p. 371 |

Bernoulli's Equation | p. 373 |

Review & Summary | p. 377 |

Questions | p. 378 |

Problems | p. 379 |

Oscillations | p. 386 |

What Is Physics? | p. 387 |

Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 387 |

The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 390 |

Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 392 |

An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator | p. 394 |

Pendulums | p. 395 |

Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion | p. 399 |

Damped Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 400 |

Forced Oscillations and Resonance | p. 402 |

Review & Summary | p. 403 |

Questions | p. 403 |

Problems | p. 405 |

Waves-I | p. 413 |

What Is Physics? | p. 414 |

Types of Waves | p. 414 |

Transverse and Longitudinal Waves | p. 414 |

Wavelength and Frequency | p. 416 |

The Speed of a Traveling Wave | p. 418 |

Wave Speed on a Stretched String | p. 412 |

Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String | p. 423 |

The Wave Equation | p. 425 |

The Principle of Superposition for Waves | p. 426 |

Interference of Waves | p. 427 |

Phasors | p. 429 |

Standing Waves | p. 431 |

Standing Waves and Resonance | p. 433 |

Review & Summary | p. 436 |

Questions | p. 436 |

Problems | p. 438 |

Waves-II | p. 445 |

What Is Physics? | p. 446 |

Sound Waves | p. 446 |

The Speed of Sound | p. 446 |

Traveling Sound Waves | p. 449 |

Interference | p. 451 |

Intensity and Sound Level | p. 453 |

Sources of Musical Sound | p. 457 |

Beats | p. 459 |

The Doppler Effect | p. 460 |

Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves | p. 464 |

Review & Summary | p. 465 |

Questions | p. 466 |

Problems | p. 467 |

Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 476 |

What Is Physics? | p. 477 |

Temperature | p. 477 |

The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | p. 477 |

Measuring Temperature | p. 478 |

The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales | p. 478 |

Thermal Expansion | p. 482 |

Temperature and Heat | p. 484 |

The Absorption of Heat by Solids and Liquids | p. 485 |

A Closer Look at Heat and Work | p. 488 |

The First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 490 |

Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 491 |

Heat Transfer Mechanisms | p. 493 |

Review & Summary | p. 497 |

Questions | p. 498 |

Problems | p. 500 |

The Kinetic Theory of Gases | p. 507 |

What Is Physics? | p. 508 |

Avogadro's Number | p. 508 |

Ideal Gases | p. 509 |

Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed | p. 512 |

Translational Kinetic Energy | p. 514 |

Mean Free Path | p. 515 |

The Distribution of Molecular Speeds | p. 517 |

The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas | p. 520 |

Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats | p. 523 |

A Hint of Quantum Theory | p. 525 |

The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas | p. 526 |

Review & Summary | p. 529 |

Questions | p. 530 |

Problems | p. 531 |

Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | p. 536 |

What Is Physics? | p. 537 |

Irreversible Processes and Entropy | p. 537 |

Change in Entropy | p. 538 |

The Second Law of Thermodynamics | p. 542 |

Entropy in the Real World: Engines | p. 543 |

Entropy in the Real World: Refrigerators | p. 548 |

The Efficiencies of Real Engines | p. 549 |

A Statistical View of Entropy | p. 550 |

Review & Summary | p. 554 |

Questions | p. 555 |

Problems | p. 555 |

Appendices | p. A-1 |

The International System of Units (SI) | p. A-1 |

Some Fundamental Constants of Physics | p. A-3 |

Some Astronomical Data | p. A-4 |

Conversion Factors | p. A-5 |

Mathematical Formulas | p. A-9 |

Properties of the Elements | p. A-12 |

Periodic Table of the Elements | p. A-15 |

Answers to Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems | p. AN-1 |

Index | p. I-1 |

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