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Scholars are struggling to come to grips with the picture of human agency being pieced together by researchers in the biosciences. This volume aims at providing philosophers, neuroscientists, psychologists, and legal theorists with an opportunity to examine the cluster of related issues that will need to be addressed in light of these developments. Each of the twelve essays collected here sheds light on an issue essential to the future of punishment and retribution. In addition to exploring the sorts of issues traditionally discussed when it comes to free will and punishment, the volume also contains several chapters on the relevance (or lack thereof) of advances in the biosciences to our conceptions of agency and responsibility. While some contributors defend the philosophical status quo, others advocate no less than a total revaluation of our fundamental beliefs about moral and legal responsibility. This volume exposes the reader to cutting-edge research on the thorny relationship between traditional theories of agency and responsibility and recent and future scientific advances pertaining to these topics. It also provides an introduction to some of the long-standing debates in action theory and the philosophy of law, which concern the justification of punishment more generally.
Thomas A. Nadelhoffer (Ph.D.) is an Assistant Professor in the Philosophy Department at the College of Charleston. He specializes in the philosophy of mind and action, moral psychology, and the philosophy of law-which were the focus of his research during his time as a post-doctoral fellow with the MacArthur Foundation Law and Neuroscience Project. He also recently co-edited Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings (Wiley-Blackwell 2010) with Eddy Nahmias and Shaun Nichols.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Thomas A. Nadelhoffer Defending Retributivism 1. Desert and the Justification of Punishment, John Martin Fischer 2. Brute Retributivism, Shaun Nichols Incompatibilism and Retributivism 3. Free Will Skepticism and Criminal Punishmen, Derk Pereboom 4. Why Do We Resist Hard Incompatibilism? Thoughts on Freedom and Punishment, Michael Corrado Compatibilism and Retributivism 5. Criminal Common Law Compatibilism, Stephen Morse 6. Neuroscience, Normativity, and Retributivism, Pardo & Patterson 7. Cognitive Neuroscience, Moral Responsibility, and Punishment, Nancey Murphy Punishment and Folk Intuitions 8. Free Will, Science, and Punishment, Alfred Mele 9. The Mind, the Brain, and the Law, Nadelhoffer et al 10. Moralistic Punishment as a Crude Social Insurance Plan, Aharoni & Fridlund The Scope of Justified Punishment 11. Punishing the Addict: Reflections on Gene Heyman, Neil Levy 12. Free Will, Responsibility, and the Punishment of Criminals, Focquaert et al