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Gender : Psychological Perspectives,9780205327508
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Gender : Psychological Perspectives

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780205327508

ISBN10:
0205327508
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $66.40
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Summary

Gender: Psychological Perspectives examines the behavior, biology, and social context in which both women and men function.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
The Study of Gender
1(19)
``The New Gender Wars,'' Psychology Today, November/December, 2000
1(2)
History of the Study of Sex Differences in Psychology
3(9)
The Study of Individual Differences
4(1)
Psychoanalysis
5(1)
The Development of Women's Studies
6(2)
The Appearance of the Men's Movement
8(4)
Sex or Gender?
12(1)
Should Psychologists Study Gender?
13(1)
Gender in the Media
14(3)
Media Bias in Portraying Women and Men
14(2)
Gender in the Headlines
16(1)
Considering Diversity
17(1)
Summary
18(1)
Glossary
18(1)
Suggested Readings
19(1)
Researching Sex and Gender
20(26)
``The Science Wars,'' Newsweek, April 21, 1997
20(1)
How Science Developed
21(1)
Methods and What They Reveal
22(11)
Descriptive Methods
23(3)
Experimental Designs
26(2)
Ex Post Facto Studies
28(2)
Qualitative Research
30(3)
Gender Bias in Research
33(9)
Sources of Bias
33(4)
Ways to Deal with Bias in Science
37(5)
Considering Diversity
42(1)
Summary
43(1)
Glossary
44(1)
Suggested Readings
44(2)
Hormones and Chromosomes
46(31)
``Testosterone Rules: It Takes More Than Just a Hormone to Make a Fellow's Trigger Finger Itch,'' Discover, March, 1997
46(1)
``PMS: Is It for Real?'' Cosmopolitan, April, 1995
46(1)
The Endocrine System and Steroid Hormones
47(2)
Stages of Differences between the Sexes
49(1)
Sexual Differentiation
49(14)
Development of Male and Female Physiology
50(6)
Changes during Puberty
56(3)
When Things Go Wrong
59(4)
Hormones and Behavior Instability
63(9)
Premenstrual Syndrome
63(4)
Testosterone and Aggression
67(5)
Considering Diversity
72(1)
Summary
73(2)
Glossary
75(1)
Suggested Readings
76(1)
Intelligence and Mental Abilities
77(25)
``The Great Debate: Gender Differences,'' Current Health 2, December, 1995
77(1)
Mental Abilities
78(16)
Verbal Performance
79(3)
Mathematical and Quantitative Performance
82(4)
Spatial Performance
86(3)
Other Mental Abilities
89(5)
Source of the Differences
94(3)
Biological Evidence for Gender Differences in Mental Abilities
94(1)
Evidence for Other Sources of Gender Differences
95(2)
Implications of Gender-Related Differences
97(2)
Considering Diversity
99(1)
Summary
100(1)
Glossary
101(1)
Suggested Readings
101(1)
Gender Development: The Psychoanalytic Approach
102(24)
``The War against Boys,'' Atlantic Monthly, May, 2000
102(1)
The Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality
103(15)
Freud's Theory of Personality
103(5)
Horney's Theory of Personality
108(3)
Women, Men, and Psychoanalytic Theory
111(7)
Feminist Standpoint Theory: A Different Voice
118(4)
Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
118(2)
The Maximalist Approach and Its Implications
120(2)
Considering Diversity
122(1)
Summary
123(1)
Glossary
124(1)
Suggested Readings
125(1)
Gender Development: Social Theories
126(26)
``Singing the Pink Blues,'' Mothers Who Think, www.salon.com, December 13, 1999
126(1)
Social Learning Theory
127(5)
Cognitive Developmental Theory
132(3)
Gender Schema Theory
135(2)
Gender Script Theory
137(3)
Developing Gender Identity
140(7)
Childhood
140(3)
Adolescence and Adulthood
143(3)
Which Theory Best Explains the Data?
146(1)
Considering Diversity
147(2)
Summary
149(1)
Glossary
150(1)
Suggested Readings
150(2)
Gender Stereotypes: Masculinity and Femininity
152(25)
``The Stereotype Trap,'' Newsweek, November 6, 2000
152(1)
From Gender Roles to Gender Stereotypes
153(14)
Stereotypes of Women and Men
153(4)
Development of Stereotypes
157(2)
Function of Stereotyping
159(3)
Perceptions of Women and Men
162(5)
Masculinity, Femininity, and Androgyny
167(5)
Considering Diversity
172(2)
Summary
174(1)
Glossary
175(1)
Suggested Readings
175(2)
Emotion
177(27)
``Big Fat Lies about Men,'' Mademoiselle, August, 1996
177(1)
Physiological, Cognitive, and Behavioral Aspects of Emotion
178(1)
Gender and the Experience of Emotion
179(20)
The Myth of Maternal Instinct
180(7)
The Prominence of Male Aggression
187(12)
Expressivity and Emotion
199(1)
Considering Diversity
200(2)
Summary
202(1)
Glossary
203(1)
Suggested Readings
203(1)
Relationships
204(34)
``The Science of a Good Marriage,'' Newsweek, April 19, 1999
204(1)
Friendships
205(7)
Development of Styles
206(2)
Friendships over the Lifespan
208(3)
Flexibility of Styles
211(1)
Love Relationships
212(18)
Dating
213(3)
Marriage and Committed Relationships
216(14)
Dissolving Relationships
230(3)
Considering Diversity
233(2)
Summary
235(1)
Glossary
236(1)
Suggested Readings
236(2)
Sexuality
238(40)
``The Sex Drive,'' Men's Health, October, 1999
238(1)
The Study of Sexuality
239(12)
Sex Surveys
240(6)
Masters and Johnson's Approach
246(5)
Childhood Sexuality: Exploration and Abuse
251(5)
Heterosexuality
256(8)
During Adolescence
257(3)
During Adulthood
260(4)
Homosexuality
264(8)
During Adolescence
267(3)
During Adulthood
270(2)
Bisexuality
272(1)
Considering Diversity
273(1)
Summary
274(2)
Glossary
276(1)
Suggested Readings
276(2)
School
278(26)
``Science for Girls Only,'' Newsweek, June 21, 1999
278(1)
The School Experience
279(16)
Early Schooling
280(2)
Changes during Junior High
282(2)
High School
284(5)
College and Professional School
289(6)
Achievement
295(5)
Achievement Motivation
295(1)
Fear of Success
295(2)
Self-Esteem and Self-Confidence
297(2)
Attributions for Success and Failure
299(1)
Considering Diversity
300(2)
Summary
302(1)
Glossary
303(1)
Suggested Readings
303(1)
Careers and Work
304(29)
``The Global Glass Ceiling,'' Fortune, October 12, 1998
304(1)
Careers
305(14)
Career Expectations and Gender Role Socialization
306(2)
Career Opportunities
308(11)
Gender Issues at Work
319(9)
Gender Segregation on the Job
319(2)
Gender, Communication, and Power in the Workplace
321(2)
Sexual Harassment at Work
323(5)
Considering Diversity
328(3)
Summary
331(1)
Glossary
332(1)
Suggested Readings
332(1)
Health and Fitness
333(32)
``Is the Longer Life the Healthier One?'' New York Times, June 22, 1997
333(1)
Mortality: No Equal Opportunity
334(8)
Cardiovascular Disease
334(3)
Cancer
337(3)
Violent Deaths
340(2)
The Health Care System
342(9)
Gender Roles and Health Care
342(5)
Reproductive Health
347(4)
Gender, Lifestyle, and Health
351(9)
Eating
351(6)
Exercise and Fitness
357(3)
Considering Diversity
360(3)
Summary
363(1)
Glossary
364(1)
Suggested Readings
364(1)
Stress, Coping, and Psychopathology
365(32)
``Who Has the Most Stress?'' Ladies Home Journal, March, 2000
365(1)
Stress and Coping
366(8)
Sources of Stress for Men and Women
366(5)
Coping Resources and Strategies
371(3)
Diagnoses of Mental Disorders
374(8)
The DSM Classification System
375(2)
Gender Inequity in the Diagnosis of Mental Disorders
377(5)
Gender Comparisons in Psychopathology
382(11)
Depression
382(4)
Substance-Related Disorders
386(2)
Anxiety Disorders
388(2)
Other Disorders
390(3)
Considering Diversity
393(1)
Summary
394(1)
Glossary
395(1)
Suggested Readings
396(1)
Treatment for Mental Disorders
397(28)
``When Planets Collide,'' Psychology Today, May/June, 1997
397(1)
Approaches to Therapy
398(9)
Psychoanalysis
398(1)
Humanistic Therapies
399(1)
Cognitive Therapy
400(2)
Behavior Modification
402(1)
Medical Therapies
403(2)
Accusations of Gender Bias in Therapy
405(2)
Gender Issues in Therapy
407(7)
Feminist Therapy
408(3)
Therapy with Men
411(2)
Gender Aware Therapy
413(1)
Sexual Exploitation in Therapy
414(3)
The Self-Help Movement
417(4)
Online Support Groups
419(1)
Gender Issues in Self-Help
420(1)
Considering Diversity
421(2)
Summary
423(1)
Glossary
424(1)
Suggested Readings
424(1)
How Different?
425(17)
``A Peace Plan for the Gender Wars,'' Psychology Today, March/April, 1996
425(1)
Multiple Roles Have Become the Rule
426(2)
What Do Women Want? What Do Men Want?
428(7)
Have Women Become More Like Men?
429(3)
Why Can't a Man Be More Like a Woman?
432(3)
Where Are the Differences?
435(5)
Differences in Ability
436(1)
Differences in Choices
437(3)
Summary
440(1)
Suggested Readings
441(1)
References 442(41)
Name Index 483(10)
Subject Index 493


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