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This exciting new text for courses in the sociology of gender brings together the multiple strands of gender and associated research reaching from local and everyday manifestations of masculinity and femininity to the gendered global forces that lie beneath today's political and social crises.To do so, each chapter builds upon four principles:*Theory and empirical data are woven together throughout each chapter, rather than relegating theories of gender into a separate, single chapter. The book gathers together much of the empirical scholarship-mainly sociological, but also interdisciplinary-that has accumulated around a long list ofsubstantive areas. Students will learn about the mass of research on violence, families, media, sports, politics, sexuality, religion, education, and bodies that ground knowledge about gender relations and structures of gender. *The authors connect local events with large-scale organizations, institutions, and global phenomena to show how power operates at the narrowest and at the broadest levels of society and how the two levels are connected. They offer both social constructionist and social structural approaches toexplain the production of inequality in face-to-face interaction within constraining institutional structures. They ask how the gendered features of our everyday lives are given life and shape by the larger institutional and organizational structures which contain them and how, in turn, we act backon those forces, shaping new forms of gendered relationships, remaking gendered worlds, and perhaps even eliminating gendered differences. *Coverage is focused on gender and gendered relationships between men and women. The authors have taken special care to make sure that readers are provided with evidence and ways of understanding how gender touches everyone's lives: both men and women. *Finally, this book takes seriously the understanding that there are important differences among women and among men. The "intersectionality" that differentially locates individuals and groups in what black feminist theorist Patricia Hill Collins called a "matrix of domination" (Collins 2000) is acore feature of each chapter. There is no way to understand gender inequality as a thing in itself, as a phenomenon that can be separated from the multiple cross-cutting inequalities of class, race, sexuality, and nation. The theory of intersectionality and the matrix of domination are conceptsthat help to show how race ethnicity, class, sexuality, and national identity shape gender identities and experiences and how gender differences contribute to differences in the impact of racial ethnic, sexual, class, and national experience.
Judy Root Aulette is Associate Professor of Sociology and Women's Studies at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte.
Judith Wittner is Professor of Sociology at Loyola University, Chicago.
Kristin Blakely received her PhD in Sociology at Loyola University, Chicago, in 2008.
Table of Contents
|A Few More Inconvenient Truths|
|Some Ground Rules for Studying Gender|
|Overarching Theory of Intersectionality|
|Hegemonic Masculinities and Emphasized Femininities|
|Feminist Scholars Seeking Answers|
|Problems with the Three Waves|
|Plan of the Book|
|Bodies and Genders|
|The Standard Story|
|The Interplay of Sex, Gender, and Sexuality|
|Chromosomes, Hormones, and Genes|
|Sexed Bodies in Other Times and Other Places: Believing is Seeing|
|How Many Genders are There? The Evidence from Other Cultures|
|Sexuality and Sexual Orientation: The Gendering of Desire|
|The Basis of Sexuality is Not "Either-Or", but "Both-And"|
|Bodies are Produced within Society|
|Sexuality is Socially Scripted|
|Erotic Relations are Historical Relations|
|Sexuality is Racialized, Race is Sexualized|
|Embodiment and Intersexuality|
|A Brief History of Intersex|
|Intersex as Lived Reality|
|Intersex Activism Takes off|
|Intersex as a Human Rights Issue|
|The Gender Lenses of Androcentrism, Gender Polarization, and Essentialism|
|Individual Level Theories: Social Roles and Social Learning|
|The Interactionist Theory of Gender: Gender as a Course of Action|
|Props and Resources for Doing Gender|
|Gender Structures: Rosabeth Moss Kanter|
|Sex and the City|
|Comparing Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors around the Globe|
|Changing Attitudes toward Sexuality in the U.S.Orgasm and Sexual Politics|
|The Racial Subtext of the Double Standard|
|Racialized Images of Women''s Sexuality|
|What is Your Sexuality?|
|Lesbian or Bisexual Chic|
|Competing Perspectives on Gendered Sexuality|
|Resistance Scripts of The Vagina Monologues|
|Sex for Sale|
|Feminist Censorship Debate|
|Feminist Prostitution Debate|
|Elementary School Snapshots|
|Gender in the K-12 Classroom|
|What Difference Does Differential Treatment in Schools Make?|
|Taming Warriors in the Kindergarten Classroom|
|Medicalizing and Medicating Boys in Schools|
|Math and Science and Gender|
|Title IX, No Child Left Behind, and Single Sex Schools|
|International Comparisons on Standardized Tests|
|Higher Education and Gender|
|What about the Boys?|
|Global Rates of Illiteracy|
|Unexpected Connections between Water and Education|
|Gender and Teachers|
|The Correspondence Principle|
|Who is in the Paid Workplace?|
|The Glass Ceiling|
|The Glass Escalator|
|Why is There a Wage Gap between Women and Men?|
|Human Capital Theory|
|Social Structural Explanations of Pay Gap|
|Climbing the Ladder of Success|
|Bringing Politics into the Picture|
|How Can the Gender Gap in Promotion be Closed?|
|Success Stories of African American Women and the Importance of Families|
|Success Stories in Engineering|
|When Work Disappears: Masculinity and Homeless Men|
|Feminization of Poverty|
|Unpaid Work through the Life Cycle|
|Why is Women''s Work Invisible?|
|Children and Housework|
|What''s behind the Way People Divide up Housework?|
|Rational Choice Theory|
|Globalization and Gender: WID, WAD, and GAD|
|Customary Marriage Laws|
|Marriage as a Legal Contract and the Challenge of Gay Rights Activists|
|History of Marriage in the U.S|
|Marriage Promotion in the U.S|
|Love and Marriage|
|Parenting and Caregiving|
|Work and Family in Latino and African American Families|
|Working Mothers and the Mommy Wars|
|Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF)|
|Parenting by Fathers|
|Men Balancing Work and Family|
|The Fatherhood Responsibility Movement|
|Biology and Parenting|
|Another Kind of Family Caregiving|
|Gendered Styles of Care Work|
|Grandparents and Care Work|
|Balancing Work and Family|
|International Comparisons on F|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|