9780415284639

Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415284639

  • ISBN10:

    0415284635

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-05-23
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

Over the last two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in oceanography and fisheries sciences and related marine areas are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as powerful tools with useful applications in marine sciences. Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications that include a wide variety of methods and sophisticated approaches in coastal, continental shelf, and deep ocean studies. It presents new innovative approaches of using GIS in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines for the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications.This book is divided into four parts. The first gives an overview of marine GIS, including conceptual issues on marine spatial thinking and models of marine GIS development. The second and third parts examine the main sampling methods and online sources of spatially referenced data, and discuss application examples and innovative approaches in GIS developments for many oceanographic and fisheries tasks. The fourth part presents GIS technical issues by listing marine GIS routines for a wide array of GIS tasks.Anyone with interests in marine GIS development, physical and biological oceanography, fisheries and information based proposals for ocean and fisheries resource management will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

List of colour plates
ix
List of figures
x
List of tables
xii
Foreword xiii
Preface xvi
Marine Geographic Information Systems
1(34)
Introduction
1(9)
The Essential Goal of Marine GIS
10(2)
Spatial Thinking and GIS Analysis in the Marine Context
12(7)
Conceptual Model of a Marine GIS
19(4)
GIS and Scientific Visualisation Systems
23(3)
Software Issues and Packages for Marine GIS Development
26(1)
Summary
27(1)
References
28(7)
GIS and Oceanography
35(76)
Introduction
35(3)
The Use of GIS in Various Fields of Oceanography
38(10)
Marine Geology
38(2)
Flood Assessment
40(1)
Coastal and Ocean Management
41(2)
Coastal Zone Dynamics
43(1)
Marine Oil Spills
44(1)
Sea-Level Rise
45(1)
Natural and Artificial Reefs
46(1)
Wetlands and Watersheds
47(1)
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
48(1)
Worldwide Oceanographic GIS Initiatives
48(2)
Online Oceanographic GIS Tools
50(5)
Oceanographic Data Sampling Methods
55(4)
Oceanographic Data Sources and GIS Databases
59(11)
Identification and Measurement of Upwelling Events
70(4)
Identification of Temperature and Chlorophyll Fronts
74(5)
Identification and Measurement of Gyres
79(3)
Classification of Surface Waters
82(3)
Mapping of the Seabed
85(5)
Summary
90(2)
References
92(19)
GIS and Fisheries
111(74)
Introduction
111(4)
Worldwide Fisheries GIS Tools and Initiatives
115(6)
GIS Applications in Marine and Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture
121(10)
Marine Fisheries
123(4)
Aquaculture
127(3)
Inland Fisheries
130(1)
Fisheries Data Sampling Methods
131(4)
Fisheries Data Sources and GIS Databases
135(5)
Mapping Production, Biological and Genetic Data
140(7)
Mapping of Spawning Grounds
147(2)
Mapping Environmental Variation of Production
149(4)
Mapping Migration Corridors
153(2)
Mapping Seasonal Essential Habitats
155(5)
GIS and Fisheries Management
160(4)
Summary
164(1)
References
165(20)
Instead of an Epilogue
185(6)
References
188(3)
Annex I: GIS Routines for Chapter Two 191(10)
Annex II: GIS Routines for Chapter Three 201(4)
Index 205

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