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Geography : A Global Synthesis,9780582320307
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Geography : A Global Synthesis

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780582320307

ISBN10:
0582320305
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $143.60
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Summary

The fourth edition of this classic in the discipline presents readers with a broad introduction to the field in all of its diversity. The book promotes synthesis, both by stressing the different themes and traditions within the field of geography, and by stressing the synthesizing role of geography as a whole in relation to other fields. Covers the synthesizing role of geography; physical and human geography; globalization; population geography; medical geography. Emphasizes the relationships between humans and the environment, their spatial consequences, and the resulting regional structures that have emerged on Earth's surface. Includes International division of labor; The electronic revolution and its geographic impact; New directions in geography, including plural traditions, gender, and social theory; New coverage of environmental hazards, including the greenhouse effect, ozone layer, and accelerated deforestation; and Added and updated material on remote sensing, GIS, GPS, and the role of microcomputers in geography. Appropriate as an Introduction to Geography, World Regional Geography, and Human Geography.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Special Conventions xvi
Companion Web Site xvii
Acknowledgements xviii
To the Student xxiii
Prologue 1(1)
On the Beach
2(30)
The Crowded Beach
4(6)
Space and Time on the Beach
10(6)
People and the Beach Environment
16(3)
The Beach in World Focus
19(3)
Models in Geography
22(10)
Space, Location, and Place
5(10)
Torsten Hagerstrand and Time-Space Geography
15(6)
Orders of Geographic Magnitude
21(11)
PART I THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT 32(104)
The Earth as a Planet
34(34)
The Lonely Planet
37(2)
Lithosphere: The Continental Building Blocks
39(9)
Atmosphere: The Ocean of Air
48(10)
Hydrosphere: The Realm of Water
58(6)
The Human Impact of Planetary Change
64(4)
Rift Valleys
43(16)
Lake Baikal
59(4)
The Davisian Cycle
63(5)
The Ever-changing Climate
68(34)
Short-term Fluctuations
70(8)
Long-term Swings
78(5)
Mid-term Shifts: Present Evidence
83(7)
Mid-term Shifts: Past Evidence
90(3)
The Climatic Environment as Hazard
93(9)
Interpreting Cloudscapes
72(14)
Climate Variability
86(6)
Kenneth Hare and Canada's Restless Atmosphere
92(10)
The Biosphere
102(34)
Ecosystems
105(10)
Regions within the Biosphere
115(9)
The Tropical Rainforest
124(5)
Humanity as Part of the Biosphere
129(7)
The Global Carbon Cycle
111(6)
An Index of Global Productivity
117(9)
Wallace's Line
126(10)
PART II THE HUMAN POPULATION 136(132)
Human Origins and Dispersals
138(32)
Origins of the Human Population
140(6)
Agricultural and Urban Origins
146(7)
The Major Regional Hearths
153(3)
European Expansion Overseas
156(9)
Post-Columbian America
165(5)
Island Colonization Models
145(2)
Sauer and Agricultural Origins
147(13)
The Chinese Diaspora
160(10)
Population Dynamics
170(32)
Dynamics of Population Growth
172(5)
Patterns of Survival
177(4)
Ecological Checks on Growth
181(8)
The History of World Population Growth
189(5)
Current Trends in Population Growth
194(8)
Population Growth Curves
175(8)
The Malthusian Hypothesis
183(7)
Living and Dead Populations
190(12)
Cultural Diversities
202(30)
Culture as a Regional Indicator
204(4)
A Geography of Language
208(6)
A Geography of Belief
214(6)
Gender and Cultural Geography
220(2)
The Nature of Cultural Regions
222(10)
The Berkeley School
206(14)
Feminist Geographies
220(8)
Donald Meinig and Cultural Geographies
228(4)
An Urbanizing World
232(36)
World Urbanization
234(5)
Dynamics of Urbanization
239(7)
Urban Implosion on the Large Scale
246(5)
Urban Explosion on the Small Scale
251(6)
The City as a Problem Area
257(11)
Urban History of the United States
239(9)
Mapping Imploding Cities in Time
248(9)
David Harvey's Views of the City
257(11)
PART III RESOURCES AND LANDSCAPES 268(122)
Pressures on the Ecosystem
270(32)
Intervention: Benign or Malignant?
272(5)
Human Intervention at Low Densities
277(6)
Human Intervention at Medium Densities
283(5)
Human Intervention at High Densities
288(4)
Pollution and Ecosystems
292(10)
Ester Boserup and Agricultural Intensification
283(8)
Smog Formation
291(8)
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
299(3)
Resources and Conservation
302(32)
The Nature of Natural Resources
305(4)
Limited Reserves: The Dilemma of Stock Resources
309(9)
Sustained Yields: The Problem of Flow Resources
318(9)
`The Tragedy of the Commons'
327(1)
Conservation of Natural Resources
328(6)
Projecting Future Reserves
313(2)
Tides as an Alternative Energy Source
315(15)
John Muir and Nature Conservation
330(4)
Our Role in Changing the Face of the Earth
334(26)
Difficulties in Interpretation
338(5)
The Magnitude of Past Landscape Changes
343(4)
Land-use Change as an Ethical Issue
347(6)
The Human-Environment Controversy
353(7)
Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth (1956)
348(2)
The Stockholm Conference
350(5)
Griffith Taylor and Geographic Environmentalism
355(5)
The Web of Regions
360(30)
Types of Region
363(5)
The Uses of Regions
368(9)
Regional Consciousness
377(7)
Region Building
384(6)
Hartshorne and Areal Differentiation
369(13)
Hardy's Dorset Regions
382(4)
American School Regions
386(4)
PART IV GEOGRAPHIC STRUCTURES 390(116)
Flows and Networks
392(28)
Nodal Regions
394(3)
Transport and Information Flows
397(5)
Spatial Interaction Models
402(4)
Regional Networks
406(7)
Changes in Networks
413(7)
Distance--Decay Curves
399(7)
Wilson and Spatial Interaction Models
406(7)
Connectivity in Graphs
413(7)
Nodes and Hierarchies
420(28)
Defining Urban Settlements
423(3)
Settlements as Chains
426(5)
The Christaller Central-place Model
431(5)
Extensions of the Christaller Model
436(4)
Alternatives and Applications
440(8)
The Nearest-neighbour Index
426(2)
The Rank--Size Rule
428(3)
Christaller and Central-place Systems
431(17)
Surfaces
448(30)
Surfaces Within the City
450(9)
Surfaces Beyond the City: The Agricultural Landscape
459(10)
Surfaces Beyond the City: The Industrial Landscape
469(9)
Delimiting the Central Business District (CBD)
451(7)
Urban Density Functions
458(2)
Thunen and the Isolated State
460(18)
Spatial Diffusion
478(28)
The Nature of Spatial Diffusion
482(4)
The Basic Hagerstrand Model
486(3)
Modifying the Hagerstrand Model
489(4)
Regional Diffusion Studies
493(6)
Applying Diffusion Models
499(7)
Rules of the Hagerstrand Model
488(2)
Rules for Modifying the Basic Diffusion Model
490(11)
Andrew Cliff and Epidemic Diffusion Models
501(5)
PART V GEOGRAPHIC TENSIONS 506(150)
Territorial Tensions
508(40)
Interpreting Territorial Limits
510(6)
The State as a Region
516(11)
Partition Problems at Other Spatial Levels
527(9)
Dividing the World's Oceans
536(5)
The Impact of Divisions
541(7)
Estimating Boundaries by Gravity Models
514(12)
Bowman's New World
526(13)
The South China Sea
539(9)
Economic Inequalities
548(36)
Rich Countries and Poor
550(6)
Explaining Contrasts in Development
556(6)
Spatial Aspects of Economic Development
562(7)
Differentiation within Countries
569(5)
Regional Intervention
574(10)
Brian Berry and Urban Economic Geography
555(13)
Kondratieff Waves
568(12)
TVA as a Historical Demonstration Model
580(4)
Globalization
584(30)
The Globalization Debate
586(2)
The Collapse of Geographic Space
588(7)
Changing Geoeconomic Space
595(5)
Growth of Global Cities
600(4)
The Growth of Global Environmental Issues
604(10)
The Microsoft Corporation
594(10)
Nigel Thrift and the Geography of Money
604(2)
Global Sea-level Changes
606(8)
The Global Burden of Disease
614(42)
Estimating the Disease Burden
616(5)
The Changing Geography of Old Diseases
621(12)
The Emerging Geography of New Diseases
633(10)
Disease in a Changing Geographic Environment
643(8)
The Future Challenge
651(5)
Measuring Mortality
619(3)
The Resurgence of Malaria
622(14)
Peter Gould and the Geography of AIDS
636(20)
PART VI THE GEOGRAPHER'S TOOLBOX 656(92)
Maps and Mapping
658(34)
Exploring the World
661(7)
Location on the Map
668(8)
The Mapping Cycle: Encoding Maps
676(4)
The Mapping cycle: Decoding Maps
680(4)
Different Geographic Spaces
684(8)
James Cook and the Mapping of the Pacific
664(10)
Constructing a Polar Projection
674(11)
Non-Euclidean Space
685(7)
Environmental Remote Sensing
692(24)
Early Investigation from the Air
695(4)
Remote Sensing from Satellites
699(6)
Monitoring Environmental Change
705(5)
Some Unresolved Problems in Remote Sensing
710(6)
Scale on Aerial Photographs
697(2)
Crawford and Archaeology from Air Photographs
699(15)
Sampling Designs
714(2)
Geographic Information Systems
716(32)
The Components of a GIS
719(6)
Geographic Data as Raster and Vector Systems
725(3)
GIS Problem-solving Functions
728(8)
Hierarchy of GIS Applications
736(7)
GIS in Perspective
743(5)
Major GIS Software Packages
721(16)
The Domain of GIS
737(7)
ESRI: Evolution of a Major GIS Company
744(4)
EPILOGUE 748(29)
On Going Further in Geography
750(27)
The Legacy of the Past
753(10)
The Present Structure
763(3)
Jobs in Geography
766(4)
The Future Prospect
770(7)
The Royal Geographical Society
755(7)
Evolution of Geography in Sweden
762(11)
Paradigm Shifts in Geography
773(4)
Appendix A: Glossary 777(26)
Appendix B: Geography on the World-Wide Web 803(6)
Appendix C: Using the Book in Introductory Courses 809(4)
Index 813


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