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Geothermal Power Plants : Principles, Applications, Case Studies and Environmental Impact, Third Edition,9780080982069
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Geothermal Power Plants : Principles, Applications, Case Studies and Environmental Impact, Third Edition



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Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 4/24/2012.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.


Now in its 3rd edition, this single resource covers all aspects of the utilization of geothermal energy for power generation using fundamental scientific and engineering principles. Its practical emphasis is enhanced by the use of case studies from real plants that increase the reader's understanding of geothermal energy conversion and provide a unique compilation of hard-to-obtain data and experience. Important new chapters cover Hot Dry Rock, Enhanced Geothermal Systems, and Deep Hydrothermal Systems. New, international case studies provide practical, hands-on knowledge. Provides coverage of all aspects of the utilization of geothermal energy for power generation from fundamental scientific and engineering principles International case studies from real plants provide a unique compilation of hard-to-obtain data and experience Includes pivotal updates on advances in Hot Dry Rock, Enhanced Geothermal Systems, and Deep Hydrothermal Systems

Author Biography

Ronald DiPippo is a world-renowned geothermal expert. He is Chancellor Professor Emeritus of-Mechanical Engineering at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, where he was former Associate Dean of Engineering.

Table of Contents

Foreword to the Third Editionp. xi
Preface and Acknowledgements to the Third Editionp. xv
Preface and Acknowledgements to the Second Editionp. xix
Preface and Acknowledgements to the First Editionp. xxi
Resource Identification and Developmentp. 1
Geology of Geothermal Regionsp. 3
Introductionp. 3
The Earth and its atmospherep. 4
Active geothermal regionsp. 6
Model of a hydro thermal geothermal resourcep. 9
Other types of geothermal resourcesp. 11
Referencesp. 16
Problemsp. 17
Exploration Strategies and Techniquesp. 19
Introductionp. 19
Objectives of an exploration programp. 20
Phases of an exploration programp. 20
Synthesis and interpretationp. 33
The next step: Drillingp. 35
Referencesp. 35
Problemsp. 36
Geothermal Well Drillingp. 39
Introductionp. 39
Site preparation and drilling equipmentp. 39
Drilling operationsp. 42
Safety precautionsp. 46
Referencesp. 47
Reservoir Engineeringp. 49
Introductionp. 50
Reservoir and well flowp. 50
Well testingp. 60
Calcite scaling in well casingsp. 68
Reservoir modeling and simulationp. 68
Referencesp. 74
Problemsp. 75
Geothermal Power Generating Systemsp. 79
Single-Flash Steam Power Plantsp. 81
Introductionp. 82
Gathering system design considerationsp. 82
Energy conversion systemp. 87
Thermodynamics of the conversion processp. 91
Example: Single-flash optimizationp. 97
Optimum separator temperature: An approximate formulationp. 100
Environmental aspects for single-flash plantsp. 102
Equipment list for single-flash plantsp. 104
Referencesp. 107
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 5p. 108
Problemsp. 108
Double-Flash Steam Power Plantsp. 111
Introductionp. 112
Gathering system design considerationsp. 112
Energy conversion systemp. 114
Thermodynamics of the conversion processp. 115
Example: Double-flash optimizationp. 119
Scale potential in waste brinep. 121
Environmental aspects for double-flash plantsp. 125
Equipment list for double-flash plantsp. 126
Referencesp. 127
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 6p. 127
Problemsp. 128
Dry-Steam Power Plantsp. 131
Introductionp. 131
Origins and nature of dry-steam resourcesp. 132
Steam gathering systemp. 138
Energy conversion systemp. 138
Example: Optimum wellhead pressurep. 144
Environmental aspects of dry-steam plantsp. 147
Equipment list for dry-steam plantsp. 147
Referencesp. 148
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 7p. 149
Problemsp. 149
Binary Cycle Power Plantsp. 151
Introductionp. 152
Basic binary systemsp. 153
Working fluid selectionp. 159
Advanced binary cyclesp. 163
Example of binary cycle analysisp. 171
Environmental impact of binary cyclesp. 175
Equipment list for basic binary plantsp. 176
Referencesp. 178
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 8p. 179
Problemsp. 180
Advanced Geothermal Energy Conversion Systemsp. 183
Introductionp. 184
Hybrid single-flash and double-flash systemsp. 185
Hybrid flash-binary systemsp. 189
Example: Integrated flash-binary hybrid systemp. 193
Total-flow systemsp. 196
Hybrid fossil-geothermal systemsp. 203
Combined heat and power plantsp. 207
Power plants for hypersaline brinesp. 209
Solar-geothermal hybrid plantsp. 212
Referencesp. 215
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 9p. 217
Problemsp. 218
Exergy Analysis Applied to Geothermal Power Systemsp. 223
Introductionp. 223
First Law for open, steady systemsp. 224
Second Law for open, steady systemsp. 225
Exergyp. 225
Exergy accounting for open, steady systemsp. 229
Exergy efficiencies and applications to geothermal plantsp. 230
Referencesp. 244
Problemsp. 244
Geothermal Power Plant Case Studiesp. 247
Larderello Dry-Steam Power Plants, Tuscany, Italyp. 249
History of developmentp. 249
Geology and reservoir characteristicsp. 252
Power plantsp. 256
Mitigation of environmental impactp. 266
Referencesp. 267
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 11p. 268
The Geysers Dry-Steam Power Plants, Sonoma and Lake Counties, California, USAp. 269
History and early power plantsp. 269
Geographic and geologic settingp. 273
Well drillingp. 275
Steam pipeline systemp. 276
Power plantsp. 277
Recharging the reservoirp. 283
Toward sustainabilityp. 286
Referencesp. 287
Cerro Prieto Power Station, Baja California Norte, Mexicop. 289
Overview of Mexican geothermal developmentp. 289
Cerro Prieto geographical and geological settingp. 290
Cerro Prieto power plantsp. 294
Expansion of Cerro Prieto and nearby prospectsp. 301
Referencesp. 303
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 13p. 304
Hatchobaru Power Station, Oita Prefecture, Kyushu, Japanp. 305
Overview of Japanese geothermal developmentp. 305
Hatchobaru geothermal fieldp. 307
Hatchobaru power unitsp. 310
Conclusion and forecastp. 316
Referencesp. 316
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 14p. 317
Mutnovsky Flash-Steam Power Plant, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russiap. 319
Setting, exploration, and early developmentsp. 319
Conceptual model of Mutnovsky geothermal fieldp. 320
Verkhne-Mutnovsky 12 MW power plantp. 323
Mutnovsky first-stage 50 MW power plantp. 326
Future power units at Mutnovskyp. 327
Referencesp. 329
Miravalles Power Station, Guanacaste Province, Costa Ricap. 331
Traveling to Miravallesp. 331
History of geothermal developmentp. 333
Wellsp. 335
Power generationp. 336
Calcite inhibition systemp. 340
Acid neutralization systemp. 344
Environmental protection and monitoringp. 345
Other geothermal power projectsp. 346
Referencesp. 347
Heber Binary Plants, Imperial Valley, California, USAp. 349
Introductionp. 349
Exploration and discoveryp. 349
The first Heber binary plantp. 351
The second Heber binary plantp. 353
Referencesp. 358
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 17p. 359
Magmamax Binary Power Plant, East Mesa, Imperial Valley, California, USAp. 361
Setting and explorationp. 361
Magmamax binary power plantp. 362
Modified Magmamax binary power plantp. 368
Conclusionp. 373
Referencesp. 373
Nesjavellir and Hellisheidi Plants, Icelandp. 375
Introductionp. 375
Geology and geosciencesp. 376
Nesjavellir power plantp. 379
Hellisheidi power plantp. 384
Referencesp. 387
Raft River Plants, Idaho, USAp. 389
Introductionp. 389
Geology and geosciencesp. 390
Original development-DOE pilot plantp. 393
New development-U.S. Geothermal plantp. 403
Referencesp. 414
Geothermal Power Plants in Turkeyp. 417
Geologic settingp. 417
Kizildere single-flash plantp. 419
Salavath binary plantsp. 425
Germencik double-flash plantp. 431
Environmental impactp. 437
Current state and future prospects of geothermal powerp. 438
Referencesp. 439
Nomenclature for figures in Chapter 21p. 441
Enhanced Geothermal Systems-Projects and Plantsp. 443
Definitionsp. 443
Early projectsp. 445
Later projectsp. 450
EGS power plantsp. 463
Proposed projectsp. 474
Referencesp. 478
Environmental Impact of Geothermal Power Plantsp. 483
Overviewp. 484
Regulationsp. 484
General impacts of electricity generationp. 485
Environmental advantages of geothermal plantsp. 485
Environmental challenges of geothermal plantsp. 494
Summaryp. 504
Referencesp. 505
Appendicesp. 507
Worldwide State of Geothermal Power Plant Development as of August 2011p. 509
Units Conversionsp. 531
Energy Equivalentsp. 533
Elements of Thermodynamicsp. 535
Answers to Selected Practice Problemsp. 547
Supplementary Problemsp. 549
Answers to Selected Supplementary Problemsp. 569
REFPROP Tutorial with Application to Geothermal Binary Cyclesp. 571
Indexp. 579
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