9780534557744

Girls, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice: Juvenile Justice

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534557744

  • ISBN10:

    0534557740

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 8/11/2003
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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List Price: $94.95

Summary

This award-winning book was the first book devoted solely to the topic of female delinquency and the treatment of young girls by the juvenile justice system. It sheds new light on the special problems of delinquent girls by taking into account what it is like to grow up female in a patriarchal society. Based on extensive and original research, the book provides compelling firsthand accounts as well as solid research and theory.

Table of Contents

Foreword xi
Preface xiv
Introduction: Why A Book On Girls and Juvenile Justice?
1(7)
The Extent of Female Delinquency
8(23)
Recent Trends: National Arrest Data
9(10)
Self-Report Surveys
19(4)
Delinquent Careers
23(2)
Racial Differences
25(3)
Summary
28(2)
Notes
30(1)
The Nature of Female Delinquency
31(33)
Girls and Shoplifting
31(2)
Status Offenses
33(7)
Runaways
40(3)
Prostitution Among Girls
43(7)
International Prostitution
46(4)
Girls and Violence
50(12)
Relabeling Status Offenses
53(4)
Aggression and Gender
57(2)
Girls and Robbery
59(3)
Summary
62(1)
Notes
63(1)
Girls and Gangs
64(34)
Trends in Girl Gang Membership
67(4)
Girl Gang Membership and Crimes
67(3)
Types of Female Gangs
70(1)
Moving Beyond the Stereotypes: The Social Context of Girl Gangs
71(1)
Class and Race
71(26)
Crime and Drugs
74(5)
Reasons for Joining the Gang
79(7)
Relationship with Males and Male Gangs
86(4)
Family-Related Issues
90(3)
School and Work
93(2)
Some Concluding Thoughts
95(1)
Summary
96(1)
Notes
97(1)
Theories of Female Crime and Delinquency
98(34)
Early Theories of Female Delinquency
100(6)
Sociological Theories of (Male) Delinquency: Do They Apply to Girls?
106(15)
Social Disorganization/Social Ecology Theory
107(2)
Strain Theory
109(4)
Cultural Deviance Theories
113(1)
Cohen's ``Culture of the Gang''
113(1)
Miller's ``Lower Class Culture''
114(1)
Differential Association
115(1)
Control Theory
115(1)
Labeling Theory
116(2)
Critical/Marxist Perspectives
118(3)
A Concluding Note
121(1)
Gender Roles and Delinquency in Girls: The Beginnings of a Theory of Female Delinquency
121(5)
The Women's Movement and Female Crime
126(4)
Feminist Criminology
128(2)
Summary
130(1)
Notes
131(1)
Girls' Lives and Girls' Delinquency
132(26)
Growing Up Female
134(5)
Girls, Parents, and Peers
139(4)
Girls and the Sexual Double Standard
143(1)
An Overview of Girls' Victimization
144(1)
Girls' Victimization and Female Delinquency
145(4)
Contemporary Delinquency Research and Gender
149(7)
Summary
156(2)
Girls and the Juvenile Justice System: A Historical Overview
158(25)
The Doctrine of Parens Patriae, Stubborn Children, and Houses of Refuge: Roots of a Double Standard of Juvenile Justice
159(3)
Ex Parte Crouse
162(1)
The Child-Saving Movement and the Juvenile Court
163(6)
``The Best Place to Conquer Girls''
169(1)
The Juvenile Court and the Double Standard of Juvenile Justice
170(4)
Deinstitutionalization and Judicial Paternalism: Challenges to the Double Standard of Juvenile Justice
174(1)
Unpopular Reform?
175(3)
Recent Trends: Finally a Focus on Girls, and the Republican Backlash
178(3)
Summary
181(1)
Notes
182(1)
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System and Girls, Part I: Police and Juvenile Court Processing
183(21)
An Overview of the System and Process
183(1)
The Rights of Juveniles: A Review of Key Cases
184(2)
Implications of Supreme Court Rulings for Girls
186(2)
Getting into the System
188(6)
Girls on the Streets
189(2)
Girls at the Station House
191(3)
Delinquents in Court
194(2)
Gender and Delinquency Referrals
196(2)
Comparing Girls and Boys in Court
198(2)
Girls, Race, and the New Double Standard of Juvenile Justice
200(2)
Summary
202(1)
Notes
203(1)
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System and Girls, Part II: Girls in Institutions
204(33)
Youths in Institutions: A National Overview
205(1)
Number of Girls in Institutions
205(5)
Demographic Characteristics of Youths in Institutions
206(4)
Characteristics of Girls in Correctional Facilities
210(1)
Girls in Detention
210(7)
Girls in Adult Jails
217(4)
Conditions for Girls in Jail
219(2)
Girls in Training Schools
221(9)
The Inmate Subculture and Social System
228(2)
Girls, Race, and Institutionalization
230(2)
Deinstitutionalization or Trans-Institutionalization? Girls and the Mental Health System
232(3)
Summary
235(1)
Note
236(1)
In Their Own Words: Interviews with Girls and Boys on the Margins
237(26)
Interpreting Ethnicity and Gender in Hawaii: A Case Study
239(19)
Study Methodology
242(1)
The Youth Participants
242(1)
Focus Group Questions and Session Dynamics
243(3)
Key Findings of the Study
246(1)
``I Thought That One of My Teachers . . . Was Against Samoans Li'dat.''
246(4)
``But All We da Best In? Violence.''
250(4)
``. . . They Dress as Hoochie Mammas---You Know, Like Hookers.''
254(2)
Some Concluding Thoughts
256(2)
The ``Risky'' Lives of Girl Delinquents: Bottcher's California Study
258(3)
Summary
261(1)
Note
262(1)
Programs for Girls in Trouble
263(34)
Traditional Approaches
267(2)
Juvenile Diversion
269(3)
The Detention Diversion Advocacy Project (DDAP)
272(7)
Gender Differences
274(5)
Foster Care and Group Homes
279(3)
The Ideal Program
282(1)
Shortchanging Girls: Patterns within Youth-Serving Programs
283(1)
Are Gender-Specific Programs Necessary?
284(1)
Programmings as if Girls Mattered: Getting Past Girls Watching Boys Play Sports
285(4)
Lack of Validated Gender-Specific Programs: Programming and the ``Forgotten Few''
285(1)
Violence
286(1)
Running Away, Education, and Trauma
287(1)
Peers and the Importance of Age
287(1)
Recreation: Beyond Cheerleading
288(1)
Programs for Girls
289(1)
Children of the Night
289(1)
National Programs of Girls, Incorporated
290(3)
Local Programs Sponsored by Girls, Incorporated
291(2)
Policy Implications and Future Directions
293(1)
Summary
294(2)
Notes
296(1)
Conclusions
297(8)
Bibliography 305(30)
Index 335

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