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Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism,9780205407415
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Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780205407415

ISBN10:
0205407412
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

This award-winning text explores one of the most successful cultures and societies the world has ever seen-capitalism. The Third Edition of Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism provides the reader with the anthropological, economic, and historical framework to understand the origins of global problems, why globalization and the global expansion of the culture of capitalism have generated protest and resistance, and the steps necessary to solve global problems. Up-to-date information throughout the text helps students maintain a current view of the rapidity of global change. As one reviewer writes, ";In today's world of global cultures the key to solving the problems of the future depends on understanding the cultures of today. Robbins' book spells this out in clear and easy-to-read prose. It is the one book that every college student should be required to read."; Special Features: Takes a student-oriented, problem-based approach, focusing on social problems such as hunger, poverty, environmental devastation, disease, gender issues, and social conflict. Helps students to understand the cultural roots of global problems and the changes that are necessary if these problems are to be solved. The concluding chapter, ";Constructing the Citizen-Activist,"; provides students with ways to conceptualize social activism. A discussion of economic development gives students a perspective on the problems inherent with economic development schemes (Chapter 6). New material on terrorism (Chapters 11 and 13) and slavery in the global economy (Chapter 2) addresses issues relevant to the world today. Expanded discussion of ethnic conflict and genocide (Chapter 10) and the role and meaning of money (Chapter 1, 2, 3, and 4) and privatization of the military (Chapter 4) allows for more in- depth classroom discussion. Expanded introductions to Parts I, II, and III. Also Available: Talking Points on Global Issues Reader, Second Edition by Richard Robbins. This reader contains twenty-nine readings that correspond to the chapters of the text and is designed to promote discussion and thought on global issues that have a direct bearing on our everyday lives. AVAILABLE FREE when packaged with the text using Package ISBN: 0-205-44488-1 Companion Website: This site, regularly updated by the author, offers additional readings; an extensive list of Websites on global concerns, including links to resources on countries, corporations, global media, and maps; a ";global updates"; page that features links to news stories and articles on emerging global issues; course syllabi, course assignments and exercises, discussion questions, and more! Visit www.ablongman.com/robbins3e .

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
PART I THE CONSUMER, THE LABORER, THE CAPITALIST, AND THE NATION-STATE IN THE SOCIETY OF PERPETUAL GROWTH: INTRODUCTION 1(136)
A PRIMER ON MONEY
4(9)
STEP 1: THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMODITY MONEY
7(2)
STEP 2: THE SHIFT FROM COMMODITY TO FIAT OR CREDIT MONEY
9(1)
STEP 3: THE NECESSARY CONVERSION OF NONMONETARY INTO MONETARY CAPITAL
10(3)
CHAPTER ONE Constructing the Consumer
13(26)
REMAKING CONSUMPTION
15(10)
Marketing and Advertising
16(2)
The Transformation of Institutions
18(3)
The Transformation of Spiritual and Intellectual Values
21(3)
The Reconfiguration of Space and Class
24(1)
KINDERCULTURE IN AMERICA: THE CHILD AS CONSUMER
25 (10)
The Role of Children in Capitalism
25(2)
The Social Construction of Childhood
27(8)
EXPORTING THE CONSUMER
35 (2)
CONCLUSION
37(2)
CHAPTER TWO The Laborer in the Culture of Capitalism
39(26)
A PRIMER ON THE ECONOMIC ELEMENTS OF CAPITALISM
40 (5)
The Baptism of Money
43(2)
THE CONSTRUCTION AND ANATOMY OF THE WORKING CLASS
45(18)
Characteristics of the Working Class
45(6)
The Growth of Overseas Assembly Plants
51(3)
The Creation of Free Labor
54(1)
The Segmentation of the Workforce
55(4)
Control and Discipline
59(3)
Resistance and Rebellion
62(1)
CONCLUSION
63 (2)
CHAPTER THREE The Rise of the Merchant, Industrialist, and Capital Controller
65(43)
THE ERA OF THE GLOBAL TRADER
68(14)
A Trader's Tour of the World in 1400
68(6)
The Economic Rise of Europe and Its Impact on Africa and the Americas
74(6)
The Rise of the Trading Companies
80(2)
THE ERA OF THE INDUSTRIALIST
82(10)
Textiles and the Rise of the Factory System
85(2)
The Age of Imperialism
87(5)
THE ERA OF THE CORPORATION, THE MULTILATERAL INSTITUTION, AND THE CAPITAL CONTROLLER
92 (15)
The Rise of the Corporation
93(3)
Bretton Woods and the World Debt
96(7)
The Power of Capital Controllers
103(4)
CONCLUSION
107 (1)
CHAPTER FOUR The Nation-State in the Culture of Capitalism
108(29)
THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE STATE
110 (4)
The Evolution of the State
110(1)
The History and Function of the Nation-State
111(3)
CONSTRUCTING THE NATION-STATE
114 (9)
Creating the Other
114(2)
Language, Bureaucracy, and Education
116(4)
Violence and Genocide
120(3)
THE FUTURE OF THE NATION-STATE
123(12)
Transnationalism and Migration
123(4)
Will Corporations Rule the World?
127(6)
Nongovernmental Organizations
133 (2)
CONCLUSION
135(2)
PART II THE GLOBAL IMPACT OF THE CULTURE OF CAPITALISM: INTRODUCTION 137(156)
A PRIMER ON MARKET EXTERNALITIES: POLANYI'S PARADOX
139(6)
CHAPTER FIVE The Problem of Population Growth
145(30)
THE MALTHUSIANS VERSUS THE REVISIONISTS
148 (10)
The Case of India and China
149(4)
The Issue of Carrying Capacity
153(1)
The Ideology of Malthusian Concerns
154(4)
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION THEORY
158(7)
A Primer on the Determinants of Population Growth and Decline
159(3)
Some Examples of Demographic Change
162(3)
POPULATION GROWTH IN THE PERIPHERY
165 (9)
Wealth Flows Theory
167(2)
The Social Implications of Wealth Flows Theory
169(1)
The Question of Gender and Power
170(2)
Problems and Prospects
172(2)
CONCLUSION
174(1)
CHAPTER SIX Hunger, Poverty, and Economic Development
175(31)
THE EVOLUTION OF FOOD PRODUCTION: FROM THE NEOLITHIC TO THE NEOCALORIC
176(18)
From Gathering and Hunting to the Neolithic
177(2)
Capitalism and Agriculture
179(1)
The Neocaloric and the Green Revolution
180(6)
THE POLITICS OF HUNGER 184 The Anatomy of Famine
186(2)
The Anatomy of Endemic Hunger
188(6)
SOLUTIONS TO POVERTY AND HUNGER
194(11)
Economic Development
195(4)
Foreign Aid: The Case of Russia
199(3)
Targeting Vulnerable Populations: The Grameen Bank and Microcredit
202(3)
CONCLUSION
205 (1)
CHAPTER SEVEN Environment and Consumption
206(27)
THE CASE OF SUGAR
211(6)
Sugar Origins and Production
211(1)
Uses of Sugar
212(1)
The Development of the Sugar Complex
212(2)
The Expansion of Sugar Consumption
214(1)
The Mass Consumption of Sugar
215(1)
Modern Sugar
216(1)
THE STORY OF BEEF
217(11)
The Ascendancy of Beef
219(1)
The Emergence of the American Beef Industry
219(5)
Modern Beef
224(2)
The Internationalization of the Hamburger
226(1)
Environmentally Sustainable Cattle Raising
227(1)
EXPORTING POLLUTION
228(4)
CONCLUSION
232(1)
CHAPTER EIGHT Disease
233(29)
A PRIMER ON HOW TO DIE OF AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE
236(6)
THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CULTURE AND DISEASE
242 (8)
Gathering and Hunting to Early Agriculture
242(1)
"Graveyards of Mankind"
243(3)
Diseases of Environmental Change
246(4)
AIDS AND THE CULTURE OF CAPITALISM
250 (10)
How Did the Disease Spread?
252(4)
Who Gets Infected with AIDS?
256(3)
Who Gets Blamed?
259(1)
CONCLUSION
260(2)
CHAPTER NINE Indigenous Groups and Ethnic Conflict
262(31)
THE FATE OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
265(9)
Some Characteristics of Indigenous Peoples
266(1)
The Process of Ethnocide
267(7)
THE GUARANI: THE ECONOMICS OF ETHNOCIDE
274 (6)
History and Background
275(2)
Contemporary Development and Guarani Communities
277(3)
DISADVANTAGED MAJORITIES AND THEIR REVENGE
280 (10)
Leveling Crowds
282(1)
Genocide as an Externality of the Market
283(7)
CONCLUSION
290(3)
PART III RESISTANCE AND REBELLION: INTRODUCTION 293(114)
A PRIMER ON TERRORISM
296 (5)
CHAPTER TEN Peasant Protest, Rebellion, and Resistance
301(28)
MALAYSIA AND THE WEAPONS OF THE WEAK
302 (7)
Malaysian Peasants and the Green Revolution
303(2)
Fighting Back
305(2)
Obstacles to Resistance
307(1)
Protest and Change
308(1)
KIKUYU AND THE MAU MAU REBELLION
309(13)
The British in East Africa
309(2)
The White Highlands
311(2)
The Roots of the Rebellion
313(2)
The Rebellion
315(1)
"State of Emergency"
316(2)
The Oath and the Detention Camps
318(2)
Independence
320(2)
THE REBELLION IN CHIAPAS
322 (6)
Poverty and Inequality in Chiapas
323(2)
The Rebellion and the Global Economy
325(1)
The Revolt and the Reaction of the Mexican Government
326(2)
The Future of Peasants
328(1)
CONCLUSION
328 (1)
CHAPTER ELEVEN Antisystemic Protest
329(26)
PROTEST AS ANTISYSTEMIC: THE TWO WORLD REVOLUTIONS
330(5)
The Revolution of 1848
331(2)
The Revolution of 1968
333(2)
THE PROTESTS OF LABOR: COAL MINERS IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY PENNSYLVANIA
335 (8)
The Coal Industry and the Worker's Life
336(3)
Worker Resistance and Protest
339(2)
Destroying Worker Resistance
341(2)
GLOBAL FEMINIST RESISTANCE
343(7)
Gender Relations in the Culture of Capitalism
344(3)
Strategies of Protest
347(3)
ECOLOGICAL RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS
350 (4)
Earth First!
350(1)
Chipko and the Tragedy of the Commons
351(3)
CONCLUSION
354 (1)
CHAPTER TWELVE Religion and Antisystemic Protest
355(28)
INDIGENOUS RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS AS PROTEST
357 (7)
The Ghost Dance
358(1)
The Cargo Cults
359(1)
Zionism in South Africa
360(4)
THE GLOBAL CHALLENGE OF ANTISYSTEMIC RELIGIOUS PROTEST
364 (10)
Islamic Fundamentalism
366(2)
Protestant Fundamentalism in North America
368(6)
"TERROR IN THE MIND OF GOD"
374(7)
Some Examples of Religious Violence
375(5)
Understanding Religious Violence
380(1)
CONCLUSION
381(2)
CHAPTER THIRTEEN Constructing the Citizen-Activist
383(24)
WHAT ARE THE REAL DANGERS?
383(13)
The GNP and the Construction of the Doctrine of Perpetual Growth
384(2)
The Depletion of Natural Capital
386(4)
The Depletion of Political Capital
390(3)
The Depletion of Social Capital
393(2)
Capital and Public Policy
395(1)
CONSTRUCTING THE CITIZEN-ACTIVIST
396(8)
Indices and Goals for Well-Being
397(3)
The Means and Prospects for Change: Attaining Zero Economic Growth
400(1)
Rebuilding and Maintaining Natural Capital
400(1)
Restoring Political Capital
401(2)
Rebuilding Social Capital
403(1)
CONCLUSION
404(3)
References 407(12)
Name Index 419(3)
Place and Culture Index 422(2)
Subject Index 424(8)
Credits 432


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