GLOBAL STUDIESis a unique series designed to provide comprehensive background information and selected world press articles on the regions and countries of the world. Each GLOBAL STUDIES volume includes an annotated listing of World Wide Web sites and is now supported by an online Instructor's Resource Guide. Visit our website for more information: www.mhhe.com/globalstudies.
Preliminary Table of Contents
Global Studies: Japan and the Pacific Rim, Eleventh Edition
Global Studies: Japan and the Pacific Rim
Pacific Rim Map
Unit 1: The Pacific Rim: Diversity and Interconnection
Pacific Islands Map
Unit 2: The Pacific Islands: Opportunities and Limits
Unit 3: Japan
chapter 1: Australia (Commonwealth of Australia)
chapter 2: Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam)
chapter 3: Cambodia (Kingdom of Cambodia)
chapter 4: China (People’s Republic of China)
chapter 5: East Timor (Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste)
chapter 6: Hong Kong (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region)
chapter 7: Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia)
chapter 8: Laos (Lao People’s Democratic Republic)
chapter 9: Macau (Macau Special Administrative Region)
chapter 10: Malaysia
chapter 11: Myanmar (Union of Myanmar; formerly Burma)
chapter 12: New Zealand
chapter 13: North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)
chapter 14: Papua New Guinea (Independent State of Papua New Guinea)
chapter 15: Philippines (Republic of the Philippines)
chapter 16: Singapore (Republic of Singapore)
chapter 17: South Korea (Republic of Korea)
chapter 18: Taiwan
chapter 19: Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand)
chapter 20: Vietnam (Socialist Republic of Vietnam)
Unit 4: Articles from the World Press
1. Deep Danger: Competing Claims in the South China Sea, Marvin C. Ott, Current History, September 2011
In 1974, China fought South Vietnam in a naval battle in which China took over and occupied the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea. Since then, the battle for the resources under the sea in the area has heated up with no fewer than seven countries claiming ownership of the hundreds of atolls, reefs, and small islands in the region and with China aggressively declaring sovereignty over much of the area.
2. Does Economic Integration Augur Peace in East Asia? Scott L. Kastner, Current History, September 2011
Considerable uncertainty still surrounds prospects for stability in East Asia. China’s military expansion is causing concern region-wide, the Korean peninsula issue remains unresolved, and maritime disputes in the South and East China seas persist. At the same time, the region is integrating more actively than any other world region. Will that integration allow resolution of the area’s persistent problems?
3. Two-Speed Australia, Robert Milliken, The Economist, November 22, 2010
Economic dynamism in Australia is shifting from the older, more populous states of New South Wales and Victoria, to the wide open spaces of the frontier states of Queensland and Western Australia. Iron ore, coal, gas, and other resources from these regions are fueling the growth of China and other emerging economies in Asia.
4. Silencing Cambodia’s Honest Brokers, Elizabeth Becker, The New York Times, August 17, 2011
Under a new law, independent citizen groups would have to register with the government and win approval to operate. If denied, there would be no appeal. The normally fractious Cambodian civil groups have joined together against the proposed law.
5. For Chinese Students, Smoking Isn’t All Bad, Bloomberg Businessweek, October 3-9, 2011
In China, the government tobacco regulation agency also runs the government’s largest cigarette maker. So, while tobacco use continues to decline in most of the world, China promotes smoking, even to children, who are told that ‘tobacco helps you become talented.’
6. The Recession’s Real Winner: China Turns Crisis into Opportunity, Fareed Zakaria, Newsweek, October 26, 2009
Almost every country in the Western world was unprepared for the financial crisis of 2008 and 2009. China, on the other hand, used the crisis to move forward aggressively, adding new rail lines, roads, and airports.
7. Indonesia’s Image and Reality, Donald E. Weatherbee, Current History, September 2011
As the fourth most populous country in the world and the largest economy in Southeast Asia, Indonesia should be able to exercise more clout with its neighbors than it has done in recent years.
8. Dogfight Over the Archipelago: Renewing Japan’s Air Force, The Economist, October 1, 2011
Every time military aircraft from China, Russia, Taiwan, North Korea, and other countries fly into Japanese airspace, Japan’s Air Self Defense Force scrambles its fighter jets. The intrusions have been increasing in number, and Japan wants to buy sophisticated fighter jets from the U.S.A. or E.U. Which will they choose?
9. Hoikuen or Yochien: Past, Present, and Future of Japanese Early Childhood Education, Aimi Koni Chesky, Childhood Education, Summer 2011
Over 95 percent of Japanese children attend some kind of early childhood education programs, but the limited availability of programs for newborns and the very young has been a major hurdle for working mothers and may be contributing to the declining birthrate. Perhaps the new ‘accredited children’s garden’ program or ‘nintei kodomo-en’ will fill some of the need.
10. In Japan, New Nationalism Takes Hold, Robert Marquand, The Christian Science Monitior, December 28, 2006
Is Japan experiencing an awakening nationalism? Can evidence of it be found in magazines, in cartoons, on television, and in the speech content of motivational speakers? Despite the continuation of a strongly pacifist national personality, new voices are emerging that show Japan moving slowly away from its moderate world view of the past 50 years.
11. A Second Wind from the Golden Triangle, The Economist, July 19, 2011
The new prime minster of Laos, Thongsing Thammavong, has taken the country’s drugs problem into his own hands. Wearing a business suit and wielding a giant torch, he helped put fire to an enormous stash of seized opium, heroin, and cannabis. But with acreage of cultivated opium farms on the increase, has the government’s efforts made any difference?
12. Distinct Mix Holds On in a Corner of China, Andrew Jacobs, The New York Times, February 7, 2011
Faced with an overwhelming influx of Chinese since Beijing took back the territory of Macau in 1999, many local Macanese are fighting to keep their endangered language and Portuguese-based culture.
13. Taken to the Cleaners, The Economist, July 14, 2011
Heavy-handed police tactics in response to an opposition rally in Kuala Lumpur in 2011 have provoked a lot of anger and claims of police brutality. Opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, was injured in the fray.
14. Myanmar’s Young Artists and Activists, Joshua Hammer, Smithsonian, March 2011
The art community in Myanmar (Burma) is putting on secret exhibitions in direct violation of the censorship laws that require every piece of art to be screened for subversive content by a panel of ‘experts.’ If they are caught, they will go to jail.
North and South Korea
15. The Korean Peninsula on the Verge, Charles K. Armstrong, Current History, September 2011
In 2011, after years of silence, dialogue between North Korea and the United States began once again. But will the alliance of South Korea with the United States and Japan versus the alliance of North Korea with China doom the talks and keep the Korean peninsula on the verge of conflict?
16. The House that Saud Built, The Economist, July 21, 2011
Roughly one Filipino in ten works overseas. Workers send almost $19 billion in remittances home each year. But the turmoil in the Arab world, where many Filipinos work as maids and menial laborers, has caused tension between the Philippines and Saudi Arabia.
17. Taiwan Jet Deal Aids Ally Without Provoking Rival China, Bloomberg Businessweek, October 12, 2011
The United States has agreed to upgrade Taiwan’s existing fleet of F-16 fighter jets. The deal is worth $5.85 billion. Taiwan expressed disappointment that they could not buy newer versions of the jet, but the U.S., in an apparent attempt to pacify mainland China, settled on the upgrades instead.
18. The Thai Rice Bowl May Get a Little Skimpier, Alan Bjerga and Supunnabul Suwannakij, Bloomberg Businessweek, April 11-17, 2011
Thailand has been the world’s top exporter of rice since 1965, but that may change. Crop damage by insects, low prices, and low-cost competition from nearby countries is causing the government to consider major changes, including a reduction in production. All this comes at a time when the United Nations is begging countries to increase production to satisfy raising global demand for food.
19. The Vietnam Case: Workers Versus the Global Supply Chain, Angie Ngoc Tran, Harvard International Review, Summer 2011
Vietnam is a socialist country attempting to integrate itself into the capitalist economy. For workers, this has meant many challenges. Since 2000, Vietnam has been serving as a ‘broker’ state, arranging the international migration of some half a million workers to over 40 countries. What is life like for these workers?