9780754646679

Globalization And Politics: Promises And Dangers

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780754646679

  • ISBN10:

    075464667X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-05-01
  • Publisher: Ashgate Pub Co

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Summary

Globalization and Politics brings together vision and imaginative insight to the analysis of the evolution of inter-state politics that doesn't blame globalization for everything, but produces a clear, comprehensive and coherent sense of how globalization works and how it might work better. As globalization still remains a very contested set of phenomena, this study looks upon globalization as a distinct set of phenomena: energy, economy, environment and politics, all of which interact. Both interdependency and governance, globalization offers both dangers and promises which explains why it is both feared and praised. Globalization is an economic trend with strong spillovers and as such has become a political trend with cultural implications. This volume is: - an invaluable new textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses - is written in a highly readable style for students - sets out the key challenges for globalization in the 21st Century - views globalization as a distinct set of phenomena - looks at the challenges, the responses and the risks of globalization In sum, this is required reading by analysts, students and professionals who want to understand what's at stake in the globalization debate.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures and Appendices ix
Preface xi
List of Abbreviations xiii
Introduction Globalization: Promises and Dangers 1(16)
Globalization as One Walk of Life in the 21st Century
1(1)
Globalization is more than Reciprocity and Occidentalism
2(1)
Four Main Problems within Globalization
3(1)
The Promises of Globalization
4(3)
The Dangers of Globalization
7(3)
The Anti-Globalization Movement
10(1)
The Coordination Problems
11(2)
Arrhenius, Warming and Hubbert: Key Early Globalization Theories
13(1)
Conclusion
14(3)
PART I: CHALLENGES
1 The Optimistic and Pessimistic View on Global Energy
17(14)
Introduction
17(1)
Various Types of Energy
17(1)
Total and Usable Energy
18(3)
Renewable Sources of Energy
21(1)
The Hydrogen Economy
22(1)
Alternative Energy Sources
23(1)
Minerals: Julian Simon's Principle
24(1)
Distribution: The Alternative or Pessimistic Perspective
25(1)
How Long will Earth's Resources Last?
26(2)
Conclusion
28(3)
2 Environmental Degradation and Environmentalism
31(26)
Introduction
31(1)
Pollution
32(1)
Environmentalism
33(1)
Pollution of the Air
34(1)
Acid Rain
35(2)
Pollution of the Sea
37(1)
Pollution of the Forests
37(1)
Pollution of Water
37(1)
Global Warming: The Greenhouse Effect
38(1)
The Ozone Layer
39(1)
Endangered Species
40(1)
Organized Environmentalism
41(1)
Rejecting the Wildaysky-Lomborg Thesis
42(1)
Regional Environmental Coordination versus Global Environments
43(12)
Conclusion
55(2)
3 Implementing Human Rights and Global Rule of Law
57(20)
Introduction
57(1)
Rule of Law in a Global Context
58(1)
Global or Regional Rule of Law?
58(2)
Judicial Activism and People's Redress
60(2)
Globalization and Judicialization: The ICJ and ICC
62(2)
Rights: A Simple Model of Negative, Positive and Group Rights
64(2)
Global or Regional Enforcement?
66(1)
Institutionalization: How to Fight the Crime Economy
67(1)
Transnational Crime
68(2)
Crime and Globalization
70(1)
Creating a Global Crime Fighting Regime
71(4)
Conclusion
75(2)
4 Diversity of Civilizations
77(24)
Introduction
77(1)
Civilizations of the World: How Compact?
77(2)
Attributes of Civilizations
79(3)
Basic Correlates of Civilizational Variety
82(1)
Will there be One Global Culture?
83(3)
Globalization Reducing Nationalism
86(2)
Globalization Softening Religious Creeds
88(1)
Globalization Reinforcing Islamic Fundamentalism
89(1)
Globalization Creating Worldwide Communities of Like-Minded
90(1)
Globalization Increasing the Search for Cultural Identity
91(2)
Democracy in Multicultural Societies A Global Challenge
93(3)
Conclusion
96(5)
PART II: RESPONSES
5 Coordination of the Global Market Economy
101(14)
Introduction
101(1)
The Institutions of the Global Economy
101(6)
The Bretton Woods Institutions
107(4)
Which Structure of the Global Market Economy?
111(2)
Conclusion
113(2)
6 Protecting the Global Environment
115(14)
Introduction
115(1)
The Protection of the Whales: Does IWC Work?
116(1)
Voluntary Environmental Coordination: Can it Really Work?
117(1)
The UN Framework: Do Earth Summits Work?
118(3)
The Market Option: The Kyoto Agreement
121(1)
Repairing the Ozone Layer
122(1)
Mega Environmental Disasters
123(2)
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
125(1)
Conclusion
126(3)
7 Coordination Among States: From Sovereignty to Reciprocity
129(18)
Introduction
129(1)
Sovereignty: The Legal Concept
129(3)
The Limits of Sovereignty: The Oceans and the Poles
132(2)
Reasons of State and Hegemony
134(1)
Bilateral Coordination: Transaction Costs Heavy
135(1)
International Coordination
136(2)
States in Coordination
138(6)
Conclusion
144(3)
8 Power in International Organization
147(12)
Introduction
147(1)
The Starting Point: Revising Wicksell' s Theory
148(1)
The Voting Power Approach: The Calculus
149(4)
The Power Index Approach: Alternative Interpretations
153(1)
The Diversity of International and Regional Organizations
154(3)
Conclusion
157(2)
9 The Regionalization of Government: A Comparison of Regional Groups of States
159(26)
Introduction
159(1)
Regional Groups of States
160(2)
Logic of Regional Integration
162(1)
Compactness: The Between and Within Group Variation
163(5)
Regional Groups
168(11)
Security First, Prosperity Later
179(1)
Globalization and Regionalization
180(1)
Conclusion
181(4)
10 Mankind and the World Community: Relevance of Universalism
185(14)
Introduction
185(1)
The Philosophy of Humanity: Universalism
186(1)
Global Social Capital: Towards One Open Society?
187(5)
The Global Internet Community
192(2)
The Philosophy of the Internet Society
194(1)
Conclusion
195(4)
PART III: PROSPECTS
11 Could Mankind Extinguish Itself?
199(16)
Introduction
199(1)
Climate Change: Behemoth Catastrophes
200(2)
Resilience and Precaution
202(1)
Risk for Global Petrol Overuse?
203(2)
Immense Global Pollution?
205(1)
Overpopulation?
205(3)
Sustainable Development
208(1)
Endangered Species and Ecosystems
209(1)
Health Coordination Against Global Diseases
210(2)
Conclusion
212(3)
12 A Hollywood Planet: A Neo-Veblen World?
215(9)
Anglo-Saxon Cultural Dominance
215(2)
The Global Open Society
217(1)
The Dilemma of Immense Global Challenges
218(6)
Conclusion 224(3)
Bibliography 227(16)
Index 243

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