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God in the Age of Science? is a critical examination of strategies for the philosophical defence of religious belief. The main options may be presented as the end nodes of a decision tree for religious believers. The faithful can interpret a creedal statement (e.g. "God exists") either as a truth claim, or otherwise. If it is a truth claim, they can either be warranted to endorse it without evidence, or not. Finally, if evidence is needed, should its evidential support be assessed by the same logical criteria that we use in evaluating evidence in science, or not? Each of these options has been defended by prominent analytic philosophers of religion.
In part I Herman Philipse assesses these options and argues that the most promising for believers who want to be justified in accepting their creed in our scientific age is the Bayesian cumulative case strategy developed by Richard Swinburne. Parts II and III are devoted to an in-depth analysis of this case for theism. Using a "strategy of subsidiary arguments," Philipse concludes (1) that theism cannot be stated meaningfully; (2) that if theism were meaningful, it would have no predictive power concerning existing evidence, so that Bayesian arguments cannot get started; and (3) that if the Bayesian cumulative case strategy did work, one should conclude that atheism is more probable than theism. Philipse provides a careful, rigorous, and original critique of atheism in the world today.
Professor Herman Philipse is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands. He has held positions at the University of Louvain and the University of Leyden, and studied philosophy at the University of Leyden, University of Oxford, University of Paris IV, and University of Cologne. He has written numerous articles on modern philosophy and epistemology, and his most recent books are Atheistisch manifest (Prometheus, 1995, 1998; new edition Bert Bakker, 2004), Heidegger's Philosophy of Being: A Critical Interpretation (Princeton University Press, 1998), and Filosofischepolemieken (Bert Bakker, 2009).
Table of Contents
Preface Part I. Natural Theology 1. The Priority of Natural Theology 2. The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Natural Theology 3. The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology 4. Refutation of the Reformed Objection 5. The Rationality of Natural Theology 6. A Grand Strategy Part II. Theism as a Theory 7. Analogy, Metaphor, and Coherence 8. God's Necessity 9. The Predictive Power of Theism 10. The Immunization of Theism Part III. The Probability of Theism 11. Ultimate Explanation and Prior Probability 12. Cosmological Arguments 13. Arguments from Order to Design 14. Other Inductive Arguments 15. Religious Experience and the Burden of Proof Conclusion References Index