9781319027490

Going to the Source, Volume I: To 1877 The Bedford Reader in American History

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319027490

  • ISBN10:

    1319027490

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/18/2015
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

Many document readers offer lots of sources, but only Going to the Source combines a rich diversity of primary and secondary sources with in-depth instructions for how to use each type of source. Mirroring the chronology of the U.S. history survey, each of the main chapters familiarizes students with a single type of source — from personal letters to political cartoons — while focusing on an intriguing historical episode such as the Cherokee Removal or the 1894 Pullman Strike. A capstone chapter in each volume prompts students to synthesize information on a single topic from a variety of source types. The wide range of topics and sources across 28 chapters provide students with all they need to become fully engaged with America’s history.

Author Biography

Victoria Bissell Brown is the L.F. Parker Professor of History at Grinnell College, where she teaches Modern U.S. History, U.S. Women’s History, and U.S. Immigration History. She is the author of The Education of Jane Addams and the editor of the Bedford/St. Martin’s edition of Jane Addams’s Twenty Years at Hull-House. Her articles have appeared in Feminist Studies, The Journal of Women’s History, and The Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. She has served as a Book Review Editor for The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era and for the Women and Social Movements website.
 
Timothy J. Shannon is professor of History at Gettysburg College, where he teaches Early American and Native American History. His other books include Iroquois Diplomacy on the Early American Frontier, Atlantic Lives: A Comparative Approach to Early America, and Indians and Colonists at the Crossroads of Empire: The Albany Congress of 1754, which received the Dixon Ryan Fox Prize from the New York State Historical Association and the Distinguished Book Award from the Society of Colonial Wars. His articles have appeared in the William and Mary Quarterly, Ethnohistory, and the New England Quarterly, and he has been a research fellow at the Huntington Library and John Carter Brown Library.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 : Monsters and Marvels: Images of Animals from the New World
Using the Source: Images of Animals
What Can Images of Animals Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Images
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Images of Animals from the New World
1. Succarath
2. Hoga [Manatee]
3. Whale
4. Alligator
5. Llama
6. Birds and Fish of New England
7. Animals of the Carolinas
8. Beaver
9. The Vampire, or Spectre of Guiana [Vampire Bat]
10. The Aboma Snake [Anaconda]
Analyzing Images of Animals
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 2 : Tales of Captivity and Redemption: North American Captivity Narratives
Using the Source: Captivity Narratives
What Can Captivity Narratives Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Captivity Narratives
Source Analysis Table
The Source: North American Captivity Narratives
1. Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, 1542
2. Father Isaac Jogues, S.J., 1647
3. Mary Rowlandson, 1682
Analyzing Captivity Narratives
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 3: Colonial America’s Most Wanted: Runaway Advertisements in Colonial Newspapers
Using the Source: Runaway Advertisements
What Can Runaway Advertisements Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Print Advertisements
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Runaway Advertisements in Colonial Newspapers, 1747–1770
NEW ENGLAND
1. Boston Evening- Post, August 1, 1748
2. Boston Evening- Post, May 19, 1755
3. Boston Evening- Post, March 29, 1762
MIDDLE COLONIES
4. Pennsylvania Gazette, November 26, 1747
5. Pennsylvania Gazette, July 8, 1756
6. Pennsylvania Gazette, July 22, 1756
7. Pennsylvania Gazette, August 11, 1757
8. Pennsylvania Gazette, November 29, 1764
CHESAPEAKE
9. Virginia Gazette, April 11, 1766
10. Virginia Gazette, April 25, 1766
11. Virginia Gazette, August 10, 1769
12. Virginia Gazette, May 31, 1770
LOWER SOUTH 60
13. Georgia Gazette, May 26, 1763
14. Georgia Gazette, March 7, 1765
15. Georgia Gazette, January 14, 1767
16. Georgia Gazette, August 31, 1768
Analyzing Runaway Advertisements
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 4: Material Culture of the Borderlands: An Article from the William and Mary Quarterly
Using the Source: Journal Articles
What Can Journal Articles Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Journal Articles
Source Analysis Table
The Source: An Article from the William and Mary Quarterly, April 2012
“Fashioning Moccasins: Detroit, the Manufacturing Frontier, and the Empire of Consumption, 1701-183” by Catherine Cangany
Analyzing Journal Articles
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 5: The Sound of Rebellion: Songs in Revolutionary America
Using the Source: Songs
What Can Songs Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Songs
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Songs in Revolutionary America, 1767-1781
1. “To the Ladies”
2. “The Liberty Song”
3. “The Parody”
4. “The Rebels”
5. “The New Recruit / Fare Thee Well, Ye Sweethearts”
6. “How Stands the Glass Around”
7. “The Epilogue”
8. “Volunteer Boys”
9. “To the Traitor Arnold”
10. “The Dance”
Analyzing Songs
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 6: Debating the Constitution: Speeches from the New York Ratification Convention
Using the Source: The Ratification Debates
What Can the Ratification Debates Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Political Debates
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Speeches Debating the Constitution from the New York Ratification Convention, June 21– 28, 1788
REPRESENTATION IN CONGRESS
1. Melancton Smith, June 21, 1788
2. Alexander Hamilton, June 21, 1788
3. Melancton Smith, June 21, 1788
SOURCES OF CORRUPTION
4. Robert R. Livingston, June 23, 1788
5. Melancton Smith, June 23, 1788
THE CONSTITUTION’S EFFECT ON THE STATES
6. Melancton Smith, June 27, 1788
7. Alexander Hamilton, June 28, 1788
Analyzing the Ratification Debates
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 7: The Question of Female Citizenship: Court Records from the New Nation
Using the Source: Court Records
What Can Court Records Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Court Records
Source Analysis Table
The Source: James Martin (Plaintiff in Error) v. The Commonwealth and William Bosson and Other Ter- tenants, 1805
THE LAWYERS’ ARGUMENTS
1. The Fourth Error Identified by James Martin’s Attorneys in Their Appeal
2. George Blake, Attorney for James Martin
3. Daniel Davis, Solicitor General for Massachusetts
4. James Sullivan, Attorney General for Massachusetts
5. Theophilus Parsons, Attorney for James Martin
THE JUSTICES’ OPINIONS
6. Justice Theodore Sedgwick
7. Justice Simeon Strong
8. Chief Justice Francis Dana
Analyzing Court Records
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 8: Family Values: Advice Literature for Parents and Children in the Early Republic
Using the Source: Advice Literature for Parents and Children
What Can Advice Literature Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Advice Literature
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Advice Literature on Child Rearing and Children’s Literature, 1807–1833
ADVICE LITERATURE ON CHILD REARING
1. The Mother at Home by John S. C. Abbott, 1833
2. The Mother’s Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1831
CHILDREN’S LITERATURE
3. The New- England Primer, 1807
4. The Busy Bee, 1831
5. The Life of George Washington, 1832
Analyzing Advice Literature
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 9: The Meaning of Cherokee Civilization: Newspaper Editorials about Indian
Removal
Using the Source: Newspaper Editorials
What Can Newspaper Editorials Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Newspaper Editorials
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Newspaper Editorials about Indian Removal
ELIAS BOUDINOT, EDITORIALS FROM THE CHEROKEE PHOENIX (1828–1831)
1. February 21, 1828
2. January 21, 1829
3. January 28, 1829
4. February 18, 1829
5. April 21, 1830
6. November 12, 1831
JEREMIAH EVARTS, “WILLIAM PENN LETTERS” (1829)
7. From Letter I
8. From Letter II
9. From Letter V
10. From Letter XV
11. From Letter XXIV
Analyzing Newspaper Editorials about Indian Removal
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

10 Challenging the “Peculiar Institution”: Slave Narratives from the Antebellum South
Using the Source: Slave Narratives
What Can Slave Narratives Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Slave Narratives
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Antebellum Slave Narratives
1. Henry Bibb, Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, Written by Himself, 1849
2. Solomon Northup, Twelve Years A Slave, 1853
3. Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Written by Herself, 1861
Analyzing Slave Narratives
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 11: Martyr or Madman? Biographies of John Brown
Using the Source: Biographies of John Brown
What Can Biographies Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Biographies
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Biographies of John Brown
1. John Brown by W. E. B. Du Bois, 1909
2. John Brown by Robert Penn Warren, 1929
3. John Brown, Abolitionist by David S. Reynolds, 2005
Analyzing Biographies
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 12: The Illustrated Civil War: Photography on the Battlefield
Using the Source: Civil War Photographs
What Can Civil War Photographs Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Photographs
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Photographs of Civil War Battlefields and Military Life, 1861–1866
MILITARY PORTRAITS
1. “Lieut. Washington, a Confederate Prisoner, and Capt. Custer, U.S.A.,” James F. Gibson, 1862
2. “Gen. Robert B. Potter and Staff of Seven, Recognized Capt. Gilbert H. McKibben, Capt. Wright, A.A.G. Also Mr. Brady, Photographer,” Mathew Brady, c. 1863
3. “Portrait of a Soldier Group,” photographer unknown, c. 1861–1865
4. “President Lincoln on Battle- Field of Antietam,” Alexander Gardner, 1862
BATTLEFIELD LANDSCAPES AND CITYSCAPES
5. “Pennsylvania, Gettysburg 07 / 1863,” Timothy O’Sullivan, 1863
6. “Ruins of Charleston, S.C.,” George P. Barnard, 1866
AFRICAN AMERICANS IN MILITARY LIFE
7. “Portrait of Brig. Gen. Napoleon B. McLaughlin, Officer of the Federal Army, and Staff, Vicinity of Washington, D.C.,” Mathew Brady, 1861
8. “Culpeper, Va. ‘Contrabands,’ ” Timothy O’Sullivan, 1863
9. “African American Soldiers with Their Teachers and Officers,” photographer and date unknown
BATTLEFIELD DEAD
10. “Antietam, Md. Bodies of Dead Gathered for Burial,” Alexander Gardner, 1862
11. “A Contrast. Federal Buried; Confederate Unburied, Where They Fell on the Battle Field of Antietam,” Alexander Gardner, 1862
12. “He Sleeps His Last Sleep,” Alexander Gardner, 1862
13. “Battlefield of Gettysburg — Body of a Soldier in ‘the Wheat Field,’ Evidently Killed by the Explosion of a Shell,” James F. Gibson, 1863
14. “Field Where General Reynolds Fell, Gettysburg,” Timothy O’Sullivan, 1863
15. “ . . . View of the Covered Ways inside the Rebel Fort Mahone, Called by the Soldiers ‘Fort Damnation’ . . . Taken the Morning after the Storming of Petersburgh, Va. 1865,” T. C. Roche, 1865
16. “Cold Harbor, Va. African Americans Collecting Bones of Soldiers Killed in Battle,” John Reekie, 1865
Analyzing Civil War Photographs
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

Chapter 13: Political Terrorism during Reconstruction: Congressional Hearings and Reports on the Ku Klux Klan
Using the Source: Congressional Hearings and Reports
What Can Congressional Hearings and Reports Tell Us?
CHECKLIST: Interrogating Congressional Hearings and Reports
Source Analysis Table
The Source: Testimony and Reports from the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States
WITNESS TESTIMONY
1. Testimony of Samuel T. Poinier, Washington, D.C., June 7, 1871
2. Testimony of D. H. Chamberlain, Washington, D.C., June 10, 1871
3. Testimony of Elias Thomson, Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 7, 1871
4. Testimony of Lucy McMillan, Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 10, 1871
5. Testimony of Mervin Givens, Spartanburg, South Carolina, July 12, 1871
COMMITTEE REPORTS
6. Majority Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, February 19, 1872, Submitted by Luke P. Poland
7. Minority Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, February 19, 1872, Submitted by James B. Beck
Analyzing Congressional Hearings and Reports
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

CAPSTONE: Coming Together and Pulling Apart: Nineteenth-Century Fourth of July
Observations
Using Multiple Source Types on Fourth of July Observations
What Can Multiple Source Types Tell Us?
Source Analysis Table
The Sources: Documents and Images Portraying Fourth of July Observations, 1819–1903
1. Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, Painting. John Trumbull, 1819
2. Independence Day in Center Square, Painting. John Lewis Krimmel, 1819
3. “Adams and Jefferson,” Speech. Daniel Webster, August 2, 1826
4. “Declaration of Rights of the Trades’ Union of Boston and Vicinity,” 1834
5. Excerpt from Diary in America, with Remarks on Its Institutions, Memoir. Frederick Marryat, 1837
6. “Declaration of Sentiments,” from the Woman’s Rights Convention, 1848
7. “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?” Speech. Frederick Douglass, July 5, 1852
8. Speech, John Wannuaucon Quinney, July 4, 1854
9. Excerpts from A Philadelphia Perspective: The Diary of Sidney George Fisher Covering the Years 1834– 1871, Diary. Sidney George Fisher, 1864, 1866
10. Excerpt from The Fire of Liberty in Their Hearts: The Diary of Jacob E.
Yoder of the Freedman’s Bureau School, Lynchburg, Virginia,
1866– 1870, Diary. Jacob E. Yoder, 1866
11. Fire- Works on the Night of the Fourth of July, Cartoon. Winslow Homer, 1868
12. The Fourth of July in the Country, Cartoon. Thomas Worth, 1868
13. The Freed Slave in Memorial Hall, Engraving. Fernando Miranda, 1876
14. Excerpt from Lemon Swamp and Other Places: A Carolina Memoir [of the 1890s], Memoir. Mamie Garvin Fields, 1983
15. 4. July. 1903, Drawing. Amos Bad Heart Bull, 1903
Analyzing Sources on Fourth of July Observations
The Rest of the Story
To Find Out More

APPENDIX I: Avoiding Plagiarism: Acknowledging the Source
APPENDIX II: Documenting the Source

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