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Good Reasons with Contemporary Arguments : Reading, Designing, and Writing Effective Arguments,9780321364968

Good Reasons with Contemporary Arguments : Reading, Designing, and Writing Effective Arguments

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780321364968

ISBN10:
0321364961
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $80.20

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Summary

This popular rhetoric/reader combines a brief, accessible introduction to argument with an anthology of provocative readings on contemporary issues. Helps the reader write and understand various types of arguments, including visual as well as verbal arguments. Anthology features more than 80 selections on topics such as privacy, globalization, science and ethics, the media and the environment. General interest; Contemporary issues

Table of Contents

Preface xxiii
PART 1 Persuading with Good Reasons: What Do We Mean by Argument? 1(104)
Chapter 1: What to Argue About
5(18)
A Book That Changed the World
5(3)
Why Silent Spring Became a Classic
8(5)
Tactics of Silent Spring
10(2)
Analyzing Arguments: Pathos, Ethos, and Logos
12(1)
Reading Arguments
13(5)
Become a Critical Reader
14(2)
Position and Proposal Arguments
16(2)
Rachel Carson, The Obligation to Endure
18(3)
Union of Concerned Scientists, The Impact of Global Warming in North America
21(2)
Chapter 2: Finding Arguments
23(16)
What Exactly Is an Argument?
23(1)
The Basics of Arguments
24(3)
What Is Not Arguable
26(1)
Find a Topic
27(3)
Read Your Assignment Carefully
27(1)
Think about What Interests You
27(1)
List and Analyze Issues
28(2)
Explore Your Topic
30(4)
Freewrite
30(1)
Brainstorm
31(1)
Use an Online Subject Directory
32(1)
Read about Your Topic
33(1)
Make an Idea Map
33(1)
Think about Your Audience
34(2)
What Does Your Audience Know—And Not Know?
34(1)
What Is Your Audience's Attitude Toward You?
35(1)
What Is Your Audience's Atittude Toward Your Subject?
35(1)
Write a Thesis
36(3)
Focus Your Thesis
36(1)
Evaluate Your Thesis
37(2)
Chapter 3: Finding and Supporting Good Reasons
39(22)
The Basics of Reasoning
39(2)
Find Good Reasons
41(8)
Can You Argue by Definition?
41(1)
Can You Argue from Value?
42(1)
Can You Compare or Contrast?
43(1)
Can You Argue from Consequence?
44(2)
Can You Counter Objections to Your Position?
46(15)
Questions for Finding Good Reasons
47(2)
Find Evidence to Support Good Reasons
49(3)
Fallacies in Arguments
51(1)
Organize Good Reasons
52(1)
Create Credibility
53(4)
Argue Responsibly
57(1)
Choose an Appropriate Voice
57(4)
Chapter 4: Understanding Written Arguments: Rhetorical Analysis
61(24)
What Is Rhetorical Analysis?
61(3)
The Goals of Rhetorical Analysis
62(2)
Textual Analysis: Using Rhetorical Concepts as an Analytical Screen
64(5)
Silko's Purpose and Argument
65(1)
Silko's Use of Logos, Pathos, and Ethos
65(2)
Silko's Arrangement
67(1)
Silko's Style
67(2)
Metaphors in Ads
68(1)
Contextual Analysis: Communication as Conversation
69(5)
Silko's Life and Works
70(1)
The Context of Publication
71(1)
The Larger Conversation
72(1)
Silko's Political Goals
73(1)
Write a Rhetorical Analysis
74(11)
Sample Student Rhetorical Analysis: The NRA Blacklist: A Project Gone Mad
Erica Strausner
75(10)
Chapter 5: Understanding Visual Arguments
85(20)
What Is a Visual Argument?
85(2)
Visual Persuasion
87(2)
Visual Evidence
89(7)
Photographs
89(2)
Tables
91(1)
Charts and Graphs
92(4)
Evaluating Charts and Graphs
95(1)
Write a Visual Analysis
96(7)
Sample Student Visual Analysis: Got Roddick?
Angela Yamashita
99(4)
STEPS TO A VISUAL ANALYSIS
103(2)
PART 2 Putting Good Reasons into Action: Options for Arguments 105(118)
Using Different Approaches to Construct an Argument
107(116)
Chapter 6: Definition Arguments
109(18)
Kinds of Definitions
110(2)
Formal Definitions
111(1)
Operational Definitions
112(1)
Definitions from Example
112(1)
Building a Definitional Argument
112(5)
Scott McCloud, Setting the Record Straight
117(8)
STEPS TO A DEFINITION ARGUMENT
125(2)
Chapter 7: Causal Arguments
127(18)
Methods of Finding Causes
129(6)
Building a Causal Argument
135(7)
Sample Student Causal Argument: Why Are Teenage Girls Dying to Be Thin?
Jennifer May
137(5)
STEPS TO A CAUSAL ARGUMENT
142(3)
Chapter 8: Evaluation Arguments
145(14)
Kinds of Evaluations
147(1)
Where Do Criteria Come From?
148(2)
Building an Evaluation Argument
150(7)
Sample Student Evaluation Argument: An Unhealthy Practice
DeMarcus Taylor
152(5)
STEPS TO AN EVALUATION ARGUMENT
157(2)
Chapter 9: Narrative Arguments
159(14)
Kinds of Narrative Arguments
161(2)
Building a Narrative Argument
163(1)
Leslie Marmon Silko, The Border Patrol State
164(6)
STEPS TO A NARRATIVE ARGUMENT
170(3)
Chapter 10: Rebuttal Arguments
173(16)
Critical Thinking
175(1)
Two Ways of Rebutting
176(8)
Refutation
177(5)
Counterargument
182(2)
Linda Chavez, The "Separation of Church and State" Myth
184(2)
STEPS TO A REBUTTAL ARGUMENT
186(3)
Chapter 11: Proposal Arguments
189(22)
Components of Proposals
191(2)
Building a Proposal Argument
193(14)
Sample Student Proposal Argument: Need a Cure for Tribal Fever? How About a Dip in the Lake?
Brian Witkowski
195(12)
STEPS TO A PROPOSAL ARGUMENT
207(4)
Chapter 12: Revision: Putting It All Together
211(14)
Keep Your Goals in Mind—But Stay Flexible
212(1)
Read as You Write
213(1)
Take the Perspective of Your Reader
214(3)
REVISION CHECKLIST Focus on Your Argument
217(2)
REVISION CHECKLIST Focus on Your Style and Proofread Carefully
219(3)
Get Help on Your Draft
222(1)
PART 3 Making Effective Arguments: Designing, Presenting, and Documenting 223(74)
Chapter 13: Effective Visual Design
225(20)
Design Basics
225(8)
Arrangement
226(2)
Consistency
228(2)
Contrast
230(3)
Understanding Typefaces and Fonts
233(3)
Creating Images and Other Graphics
236(2)
Pictures
237(1)
Other Graphics
237(1)
Writing Arguments for the Web
238(7)
The First Page Is the Most Important
239(1)
Divide Your Text into Chunks
239(2)
Make the Text Readable
241(1)
Determine the Visual Theme of Your Site
242(1)
Keep the Visuals Simple
242(1)
Make Your Site Easy to Navigate
242(3)
Chapter 14: Effective Oral Presentations
245(8)
Planning an Oral Presentation
245(3)
Getting Started
245(1)
Selecting Your Topic
246(1)
Thinking About Your Audience
246(1)
Supporting Your Presentation
247(1)
Planning Your Introduction
247(1)
Planning Your Conclusion
247(1)
Delivering an Oral Presentation
248(2)
The Importance of Practice
248(1)
Speaking Effectively
248(1)
Nonverbal Communication
249(1)
Tips: Effective Speeches
249(1)
Handling Questions
250(1)
Multimedia Presentations
250(3)
Visual Elements
250(2)
Tips: Readable Transparencies and Slides
251(1)
Presentation Software
252(1)
Chapter 15: Effective Research
253(18)
Research: Knowing What Information You Need
253(4)
What Makes a Good Subject for Research
256(1)
Planning Your Research
257(2)
Interviews, Observations, and Surveys
258(1)
Finding Library Sources
259(4)
Scholarly, Trade, and Popular Journals
262(1)
Finding Web Sources
263(2)
Kinds of Search Engines
264(1)
Tips: Search Engines
264(1)
Evaluating Sources
265(3)
Traditional Criteria for Evaluating Print Sources
266(1)
Additional Criteria for Evaluating Web Sources
267(1)
Taking Notes
268(3)
Chapter 16: MLA Documentation
271(16)
Intellectual Property and Scholastic Honesty
271(7)
Avoiding Plagiarism
272(3)
Using Sources Effectively
275(3)
MLA Works-Cited List
278(9)
Citing Books
280(1)
Citing Articles in Periodicals
281(2)
Citing Online Sources
283(2)
Citing Visual Sources
285(1)
Citing Other Sources
286(1)
Chapter 17: APA Documentation
287(10)
APA Reference List
288(11)
Citing Books
289(2)
Citing Articles in Periodicals
291(1)
Citing Online Sources
292(3)
Citing Other Sources
295(2)
PART 4 Contemporary Arguments 297(399)
Chapter 18: Negotiating the Environment
299(51)
Edward O. Wilson, The Conservation Ethic
303(5)
Sidebar: Aldo Leopold, Excerpts from "The Land Ethic"
304(4)
N. Scott Momaday, The Way to Rainy Mountain
308(6)
Alice Walker, Am I Blue?
314(3)
Wendell Berry, Manifesto: The Mad Farmer Liberation Front
317(2)
James Howard Kunstler, The Long Emergency
319(8)
Daniel Glick, The Big Thaw
327(7)
Thomas Derr, Strange Science
334(16)
Issue in Focus: Habitat Loss—The Reintroduction of Wolves into Yellowstone
339(31)
Dan Neal, Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf
343(1)
Mike Keefe, They Run in Packs...(cartoon)
344(1)
Editorial: Let the Gray Wolf Roam Free
344(1)
William Norman Gregg, Thrown to the Wolves
345(4)
From Reading to Writing
349(1)
Chapter 19: Confronting Sexual Difference
350(53)
Carmen Vazquez, Appearances
354(7)
Jay Budziszewski, Homophobia: An Unfinished Story
361(4)
Jay Budziszewski, The Seeker
365(5)
Peter J.Gomes, Homophobic? Read Your Bible
370(33)
Issue in Focus: Same Sex Marriage
373(19)
Matt Davies, We're Here to Defend...(cartoon)
375(1)
House of Representatives, The Defense of Marriage Act
376(2)
Andrew Sullivan, Here Comes the Groom
378(5)
Hadley Arkes, The Closet Straight
383(6)
Anna Quindlen, Evan's Two Moms
389(1)
From Reading to Writing
390(2)
James Poniewozik, Queer Eye for Straight TV
392(3)
William F. Jasper, Subversion Through Perversion
395(4)
Alexa Hackbarth, Vanity, Thy Name Is Metrosexual
399(4)
Chapter 20: Globalization: Importing and Exporting America
403(58)
Henry Payne, The Bad News Is...(cartoon)
404(5)
Patrick J. Buchanan, To Reunite a Nation
409(5)
Richard Rayner, What Immigration Crisis?
414(18)
Sidebar: Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus
418(2)
Sidebar: Thomas Bailey Aldrich, The Unguarded Gates
420(12)
James Baldwin, Stranger in the Village
432(10)
Gregory Rodriguez, Why We're the New Irish
442(2)
Todd Gitlin, Under the Sign of Mickey Mouse & Co.
444(4)
Laura Carlsen, Wal-Mart vs. Pyramids
448(2)
Kishore Mahbubani, American Culture: The People's Choice or a Form of Imperialism?
450(2)
Jeremy Rifkin, The European Dream
452(9)
Chapter 21: Science and Ethics
461(52)
Bill Joy, Why the Future Doesn't Need Us
464(10)
Francis Fukuyama, A Tale of Two Dystopias
474(7)
Ralph C. Merkle, Nanotechnology: Designs for the Future
481(7)
Kenan Malik, The Moral Clone
488(3)
Charles Krauthammer, Crossing Lines
491(22)
Issue in Focus: Stem Cell Research
500(15)
Vince O'Farrell, It's Time Those of Us (cartoon)
502(3)
Ron Reagan, Speech at the 2004 Democratic National Convention...
.502
Mike Keefe, Mr. Bush Tear Down This Wall! (cartoon)
505(1)
Steven Milloy, Ron Reagan Wrong on Stem Cells
505(3)
Richard M. Doerflinger, Don't Clone Ron Reagan's Agenda
508(3)
From Reading to Writing
511(2)
Chapter 22: Privacy
513(49)
Issue in Focus: Surveillance and Security
515(16)
Mike Keefe, This Letter Warns Us...(cartoon)
518(1)
American Civil Liberties Union, In Defense of Freedom at a Time of Crisis
519(1)
American Library Association Council, Resolution on the USA Patriot Act
520(1)
Tom Toles, Excuse Me, You Can't Just...(cartoon)
521(1)
John Ashcroft, The Patriot Act: Wise Beyond Its Years
522(3)
David Sarasohn, The Patriot Act on Trial
525(5)
'Sneak and Peeks' Used in Oregon Lawyer Case blog entries
528(2)
From Reading to Writing
530(1)
James Bovard, Federal Surveillance: The Threat to Americans' Security
531(9)
David Brin, Three Cheers for the Surveillance Society!
540(10)
Paul Saffo, A Trail of DNA and Data
550(4)
Ted Koppel, Take My Privacy, Please!
554(3)
Randall Larsen, Traveler's Card Might Just Pave the Way for a National ID Card
557(2)
Jeffrey Zaslow, The End of Youthful Indiscretions: Internet Makes Them Permanent Blots
559(3)
Chapter 23: Regulating Substances, Regulating Bodies
562(69)
Joseph A. Califano, Jr., The Right Drug to Target: Cutting Marijuana Use
565(2)
Eric Schlosser, Make Peace with Pot
567(13)
Issue in Focus: Regulating Tobacco
570(72)
American Legacy Foundation, Antismoking Ad
572(1)
Garry Trudeau, Doonesbury: The Sin Lobby Gins Up...(cartoon)
573(1)
Douglas Bettcher and Chitra Subramaniam, The Necessity of Global Tobacco Regulations
574(2)
Walter E. Williams, Nazi Tactics
576(3)
From Reading to Writing
579(1)
Malcolm Gladwell, Drugstore Athlete
580(10)
Frank Shorter, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade, and Consumer Protection
590(4)
David Hemenway, Regulation of Firearms
594(1)
Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Anti-Drinking and Driving Ad
595(4)
Keith Bradsher, High and Mighty
599(6)
Terrence Rafferty, Kate Winslet, Please Save Us!
605(6)
Susan Llewelyn Leach, Those Extra Pounds—Are They Government's Business?
611(2)
Consumer Freedom, Obesity Ad
613(2)
Ynestra King, The Other Body: Disability and Identity Politics
615(6)
Evan Wright, Sister Act
621(10)
Chapter 24: Media
631(65)
Ben Bagdikian, Grand Theft: The Conglomeratization of Media and the Degradation of Culture
634(3)
Matt Wuerker, Freedom of the Press Meets Merger Mania (cartoon)
637(2)
Tom Goldstein, Does Big Mean Bad?
639(3)
Cathleen Cleaver, The Internet: A Clear and Present Danger?
642(7)
Sidebar: John Perry Barlow, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace
644(5)
American Civil Liberties Union, Fahrenheit 451.2: Is Cyberspace Burning?
649(3)
Walt Handelsman, Information Superhighway (cartoon)
652(11)
Ruben Bolling, Tom the Dancing Bug Presents: Library System Terrorizes Publishing Industry
663(1)
Matt Welch, Blogworld and Its Gravity
664(8)
Joshua Kurlantzick, Dictatorship.com
672(10)
Naomi Klein, Culture Jamming: Ads Under Attack
682(9)
Sidebar: Adbusters, Absolute Impotence: An Argument about Alcohol
687(4)
Michel Marriott, The Color of Mayhem
691(5)
Glossary 696(4)
Credits 700(4)
Index 704


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