9780393924923

Governing China 2E Pa

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780393924923

  • ISBN10:

    0393924920

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Textbook Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-12-17
  • Publisher: W W NORTON

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Summary

This volume is organized around the four major components molding China in the 1990s: the legacies of the imperial system and its demise; the effects of the particular ways in which the Chinese communist party developed; the organizational structure and operational dynamics of the post-1949 Chinese state; and the difficult issues facing contemporary China and the political resources available to the state in addressing them.

Table of Contents

TABLES, CHARTS, AND MAPS xiii
PREFACE xv
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xxi
ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE TEXT xxiii
PINYIN PRONUNCIATION TABLE xxv
Part One: LEGACIES 1(56)
CHAPTER 1: The Legacies of Imperial China
5(22)
The Imperial Chinese System
5(14)
CONFUCIANISM AS IDEOLOGY
7(3)
THE EMPEROR
10(2)
THE BUREAUCRACY
12(2)
CHINESE SOCIETY
14(3)
THE ECONOMY
17(2)
LIMITS OF THE IMPERIAL STATE
19(1)
Imperial Collapse
19(8)
DECLINE OF THE QING
20(2)
THE WESTERN CHALLENGE
22(2)
THE QING RESPONSE AND COLLAPSE
24(3)
CHAPTER 2: The Republican Era
27(30)
The Early Republican Era
28(11)
THE MAY FOURTH MOVEMENT
29(2)
THE GUOMINDANG
31(8)
The Communist Rise to Power
39(20)
THE PATHS TO POWER
40(13)
Labor Mobilization (1921-23)
40(1)
United Front with the GMD (1924-27)
41(2)
Adapting to the Countryside (1929-34)
43(4)
Strategic Retreat: The Long March (1934-35)
47(1)
The Yan'an Era (1935-47)
48(4)
Fighting a Civil War (1947-49)
52(1)
LEGACIES OF THE CCP'S PATH TO POWER
53(4)
Part Two: POLITICS AND POLICIES SINCE 1949 57(112)
CHAPTER 3: THE MAOIST SYSTEM: IDEAS AND GOVERNANCE
59(25)
The Features of Mao Zedong Thought
60(17)
PROMINENCE OF IDEOLOGY
62(1)
VOLUNTARISM
63(7)
Mass Line
64(1)
Campaigns
65(3)
Struggle
68(2)
Egalitarianism
70(1)
ANTI-INTELLECTUALISM
70(2)
CONTRADICTIONS AND THE UNITED FRONT
72(1)
CLASSES AND CLASS STRUGGLE
73(3)
SELF- RELIANCE
76(1)
The Governing system
77(7)
CHAPTER 4: THE MAOIST ERA
84(39)
Wielding Power, 1949-76
86(37)
FROM VICTORY, THROUGH RECOVERY, TO SOCIALIST TRANSFORMATION: 1949-56
87(12)
The Setting
87(1)
Gaining Momentum
88(9)
Takeover Politics
97(2)
FROM SUCCESS TO CRISIS: 1956-57
99(4)
LEAPS FORWARD AND BACKWARD: 1958-61
103(6)
INCREASING TENSION AMID RECOVERY: 1962-65
109(3)
THE GREAT PROLETARIAN CULTURAL REVOLUTION-THE RED GUARD PHASE: 1966-69
112(4)
SETTLING THE SUCCESSION: 1969-76
116(3)
SUMMARY: THE MAOIST SYSTEM
119(4)
CHAPTER 5: THE REFORM ERA
123(46)
Setting the stage
125(2)
Deng Xiaoping's Reform Impulse
127(4)
Managing the Politics of Reform
131(17)
The Succession Issue
148(10)
SUCCESSION AT THE TOP
148(1)
SUCCESSION STRATEGY
149(3)
THE COLLAPSE OF DENG'S SUCCESSION STRATEGY AND JIANG'S RISE
152(5)
THE PROSPECTS FOR ELITE SUCCESSION
157(1)
Systemic succession
158(13)
CHANGES TO DATE
159(7)
THE POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS
166(3)
Part Three: THE POLITICAL SYSTEM 169(74)
CHAPTER 6: THE ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL POWER AND ITS CONSEQUENCES: THE VIEW FROM THE OUTSIDE
171(35)
Formal Organizational Structure
173(13)
THE ORGANIZATIONAL CHART AT THE CENTER
173(6)
PROVINCES
179(3)
CITIES
182(1)
COUNTIES
183(1)
TOWNSHIPS
183(1)
UNITS
184(2)
The Matrix Muddle: Tiao/Kusi Guanxi
186(2)
Techniques for Making the System Work
188(9)
IDEOLOGY, DECENTRALIZATION, AND NEGOTIATIONS
189(3)
IMPROVING AND CHANNELING INFORMATION
192(5)
Petty Dictatorship and Corruption
197(2)
State Dominance over society
199(2)
Transitions
201(5)
CHAPTER 7: THE ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL POWER AND ITS CONSEQUENCES: THE VIEW FROM THE INSIDE
206(37)
The Top Twenty-five to Thirty-five
207(8)
Configurations of Political Power
215(18)
THE LEADERSHIP SMALL GROUP
215(3)
THE XITONG
218(15)
Party Affairs Xitong
219(1)
Organization Affairs Xitong
220(2)
Propaganda and Education Xitong
222(2)
Political and Legal Affairs Xitong
224(3)
Finance and Economics Xitong
227(2)
Military Xitong
229(3)
Summing Up
232(1)
Party Control of the Government
233(7)
NOMENKLATURA APPOINTMENTS AND INTERLOCKING DIRECTORATES
234(5)
PARTY CORE GROUPS AND PARTY LIFE
239(1)
The Party's Roles and Challenges
240(3)
Part Four: THE CHALLENGES AHEAD 243(94)
CHAPTER 8: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
245(28)
Incentives for High Growth
246(2)
Reform Trends
248(1)
Reform Policy sequences
249(14)
AGRICULTURE
249(2)
THE FISCAL SYSTEM
251(3)
FOREIGN TRADE AND INVESTMENT
254(5)
PLANNING
259(2)
PRICES
261(1)
BANKING
262(1)
Results
263(6)
Looking Ahead
269(4)
CHAPTER 9: THE ENVIRONMENT
273(16)
Environmental Problems Originating before 1978
275(4)
NATURAL RESOURCE ENDOWMENTS
275(2)
MAOISM AND THE ENVIRONMENT
277(2)
Post-1978 Reforms and the Environment
279(2)
The Political Economy of Environmental Management
281(5)
Prognoses
286(3)
CHAPTER 10: THE STATE AND SOCIETY
289(26)
The Maoist state and Chinese society
290(5)
State-Society Relations under the Reforms
295(16)
LOCAL CADRES IN BETWEEN
297(2)
THE STATE AND SOCIETY
299(2)
HUMAN RIGHTS
301(3)
POLITICAL EQUALITY
304(1)
CHANGES IN SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS AND CLEAVAGES
305(11)
Urban-Rural Incomes
305(3)
Gender
308(2)
Generations
310(1)
Conclusion
311(4)
CHAPTER 11: CHINA FACES THE FUTURE
315(34)
Understanding Domestic Developments
316(5)
DECENTRALIZATION AND STABILITY
316(2)
THE CENTER
318(3)
BELOW THE CENTER
321(1)
The Future
321(12)
THE MAJOR DOMESTIC CHALLENGES
322(4)
THE MAJOR TRANSNATIONAL CHALLENGES
326(7)
Alternative Prospects
333(3)
Conclusion
336(1)
GLOSSARY OF SELECTED INDIVIDUALS CITED IN THE TEXT 337(12)
APPENDICES 349(86)
1. Full Text of Jiang Zemin's Report at the Sixteenth Party Congress
351(34)
2. Constitution of the Communist Party of China (Amended and adopted at the sixteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China on 14 November 2002)
385(22)
3. China's State Constitution (Adopted in 1982, with amendments in 1988, 1993, and 1999)
407(28)
NOTES 435(22)
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SOURCES CITED IN THE TEXT 457(26)
INDEX 483

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