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Government in America : People, Politics and Policy, Election Update

by ; ;
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780321276261

ISBN10:
0321276264
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Longman

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 11th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2005.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

This highly lauded text with a public policy approach and "politics matters" theme has been updated to include important coverage of current topics, such as the 2004 Election and American foreign policy in the Middle East. Framing its content within a "politics matters" theme, the authors of Government in America illustrate the impact government has on the daily lives of each and every American, motivating students to become active participants in all aspects of political culture. In this latest Eleventh Edition Update, all material has been completely updated throughout the text.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Tools for Understanding Government in America xxiii
About the Authors xxxi
Introducing Government in America
1(25)
Issues of the Times: How to Get Students More Involved With Politics
6(2)
Government
8(2)
Politics
10(1)
The Policymaking System
11(3)
People Shape Policy
12(1)
Policies Impact People
13(1)
Democracy
14(6)
Defining Democracy
14(1)
Traditional Democratic Theory
15(1)
Three Contemporary Theories of American Democracy
16(2)
Challenges to Democracy
18(1)
Preview Questions about Democracy
19(1)
The Scope of Government in America
20(6)
How Active Is American Government?
20(2)
A Comparative Perspective
22(1)
American Individualism
22(1)
Preview Questions about the Scope of Government
23(3)
Summary
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Part 1 Constitutional Foundations
The Constitution
26(38)
The Origins of the Constitution
28(5)
The Road to Revolution
28(1)
Declaring Independence
29(1)
The English Heritage: The Power of Ideas
30(1)
Jefferson's Handiwork: The American Creed
31(1)
Winning Independence
31(2)
The ``Conservative'' Revolution
33(1)
The Government That Failed: 1776--1787
33(3)
The Articles of Confederation
33(1)
Changes in the States
34(1)
Economic Turmoil
35(1)
Shays' Rebellion
35(1)
The Aborted Annapolis Meeting
35(1)
Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention
36(3)
Gentlemen in Philadelphia
36(1)
Philosophy into Action
36(3)
The Agenda in Philadelphia
39(5)
The Equality Issues
39(2)
The Economic Issues
41(2)
The Individual Rights Issues
43(1)
The Madisonian Model
44(1)
Thwarting Tyranny of the Majority
44(1)
Making a Difference: James Madison
45(3)
The Constitutional Republic
46(1)
The End of the Beginning
47(1)
Ratifying the Constitution
48(3)
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
48(3)
Ratification
51(1)
Constitutional Change
51(1)
The Formal Amending Process
51(1)
America in Perspective: Democracy Without a Constitution
52(2)
The Informal Process of Constitutional Change
53(1)
You Are the Policymaker: How Frequently Should We Amend the Constitution?
54(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Amending the Constitution
55(1)
Issues of the Times: How Can We Make History Come Alive?
56(3)
The Importance of Flexibility
58(1)
Understanding the Constitution
59(5)
The Constitution and Democracy
59(1)
The Constitution and the Scope of Government
60(4)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Federalism
64(30)
Defining Federalism
66(1)
What Is Federalism?
66(1)
America in Perspective: Why Federalism?
67(2)
Why Is Federalism So Important?
68(1)
Making a Difference: Candy Lightner
69(1)
The Constitutional Basis of Federalism
69(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Drinking Age Laws
70(6)
The Division of Power
70(2)
Establishing National Supremacy
72(2)
States Obligations to Each Other
74(2)
Intergovernmental Relations Today
76(8)
From Dual to Cooperative Federalism
76(3)
Fiscal Federalism
79(5)
Issues of the Times: The Complex Web of Federalism
84(2)
Understanding Federalism
86(1)
Federalism and Democracy
86(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should Whether You Live Depend on Where You Live?
87(7)
Federalism and the Scope of the National Government
89(5)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Civil Liberties and Public Policy
94(40)
The Bill of Rights--Then and Now
96(2)
The Bill of Rights and the States
97(1)
Freedom of Religion
98(5)
The Establishment Clause
98(4)
The Free Exercise Clause
102(1)
Freedom of Expression
103(1)
Issues of the Times: Should Universities Regulate Hate Speech?
104(2)
Prior Restraint
106(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of Animal Sacrifices
106(2)
Free Speech and Public Order
107(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Purloined Pentagon Papers
108(1)
America in Perspective: Civil Liberties in Britain
109(4)
Free Press and Fair Trials
109(2)
Obscenity
111(2)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Drive-in Theater
113(4)
Libel and Slander
114(1)
Symbolic Speech
114(1)
Commercial Speech
115(1)
Regulation of the Public Airwaves
115(1)
Freedom of Assembly
116(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Nazis' March in Skokie
117(1)
Defendants' Rights
118(2)
Interpreting Defendants' Rights
118(1)
Searches and Seizures
119(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of Ms. Montoya
120(3)
Self-incrimination
121(1)
The Right to Counsel
122(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Dirty Old Man
123(1)
Trial by Jury
123(1)
Making a Difference: Clarence Gideon
124(1)
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
124(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Internet Privacy
125(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the First Offender
126(1)
The Right to Privacy
126(3)
Is There a Right to Privacy?
127(1)
Controversy over Abortion
127(2)
Understanding Civil Liberties
129(5)
Civil Liberties and Democracy
129(2)
Civil Liberties and the Scope of Government
131(3)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Key Cases
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Civil Rights and Public Policy
134(38)
Racial Equality: Two Centuries of Struggle
136(3)
Conceptions of Equality
136(1)
Early American Views of Equality
137(1)
The Constitution and Inequality
137(2)
Race, the Constitution, and Public Policy
139(10)
The Era of Slavery
139(1)
The Era of Reconstruction and Resegregation
140(1)
The Era of Civil Rights
141(4)
Getting and Using the Right To Vote
145(1)
Other Minority Groups
146(3)
Women, the Constitution, and Public Policy
149(2)
The Battle for the Vote
150(1)
The ``Doldrums'': 1920--1960
150(1)
Making a Difference: Sally Reed
151(4)
The Second Feminist Wave
151(2)
Women in the Workplace
153(1)
Wage Discrimination and Comparable Worth
154(1)
Women in the Military
154(1)
You Are the Judge: Is Male-Only Draft Registration Gender Discrimination?
155(2)
Sexual Harassment
156(1)
America in Perspective: Mrs. In-the-Back-of-the-House Goes to Parliament
157(1)
Newly Active Groups under the Civil Rights Umbrella
157(3)
Civil Rights and the Graying of America
157(1)
Civil Rights and People With Disabilities
158(1)
Gay and Lesbian Rights
159(1)
Affirmative Action
160(2)
Issues of the Times: Affirmative Action
162(2)
How You Can Make a Difference: Influencing Affirmative Action
164(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Santa Clara Dispatcher
165(1)
Understanding Civil Rights and Public Policy
166(6)
Civil Rights and Democracy
166(1)
Civil Rights and the Scope of Government
167(5)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Key Cases
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Part 2 People and Politics
Public Opinion and Political Action
172(34)
The American People
174(4)
The Immigrant Society
174(1)
The American Melting Pot
175(3)
You Are the Policymaker: Should Illegal Immigrants Receive Benefits from Government Programs?
178(1)
The Regional Shift
179(1)
The Graying of America
179(1)
How Americans Learn about Politics: Political Socialization
179(4)
The Process of Political Socialization
181(2)
Political Learning over a Lifetime
183(1)
Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information
183(5)
How Polls Are Conducted
184(1)
The Role of Polls in American Democracy
185(2)
What Polls Reveal about Americans' Political Information
187(1)
Issues of the Times: Does Conducting Surveys by Telephone Still Make Sense
188(3)
The Decline of Trust in Government
190(1)
America in Perspective: Citizens Show Little Knowledge of Geography
191(1)
What Americans Value: Political Ideologies
192(3)
Who Are the Liberals and Conservatives?
192(3)
Do People Think in Ideological Terms?
195(1)
How Americans Participate in Politics
195(3)
Conventional Participation
196(1)
Protest as Participation
197(1)
Making a Difference: Granny D and Her Walk for Campaign Finance Reform
198(2)
Class, Inequality, and Participation
199(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Getting Involved
200(1)
Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action
201(5)
Public Attitudes Toward the Scope of Government
201(1)
Democracy, Public Opinion, and Political Action
202(4)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
The Mass Media and the Political Agenda
206(30)
The Mass Media Today
208(1)
America in Perspective: How Campaign Advertising Compares across Five Nations
209(1)
The Development of Media Politics
210(6)
The Print Media
213(1)
The Broadcast Media
214(2)
Issues of the Times: Will Young People Go for a Different Kind of Newspaper?
216(3)
Government Regulation of the Broadcast Media
218(1)
Narrowcasting: Cable TV and the Internet
218(1)
Private Control of the Media
219(1)
Making a Difference: Matt Drudge
219(1)
Reporting the News
220(1)
Finding the News
221(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: The Internet and Political Action
221(4)
Presenting the News
223(3)
Bias in the News
226
You Are the Policymaker: Should the Networks Have To Provide Free Air Time to Presidential Candidates?
225(3)
The News and Public Opinion
228(2)
The Media's Agenda-Setting Function
230(1)
Understanding the Mass Media
231(5)
The Media and the Scope of Government
231(1)
Individualism and the Media
231(2)
Democracy and the Media
233(3)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Political Parties
236(30)
The Meaning of Party
238(3)
Tasks of the Parties
239(1)
Parties, Voters, and Policy: The Downs Model
239(2)
The Party in the Electorate
241(1)
The Party Organizations: From the Grass Roots to Washington
242(3)
Local Parties
243(1)
The 50 State Party Systems
244(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Was the Blanket Primary a Good Idea?
245(1)
The National Party Organizations
246(1)
The Party in Government: Promises and Policy
246(1)
Party Eras in American History
247(3)
1796--1824: The First Party System
249(1)
1828--1856: Jackson and the Democrats versus the Whigs
249(1)
Issues of the Times: Is This Any Way to Run a Political Party?
250(6)
1860--1928: The Two Republican Eras
252(1)
1932--1964: The New Deal Coalition
253(1)
1968--Present: The Era of Divided Party Government
254(2)
Third Parties: Their Impact on American Politics
256(2)
Making a Difference: Jesse ``The Body'' Ventura
258(1)
Understanding Political Parties
258(1)
America in Perspective: Multiparty Systems in Other Countries
259(1)
Democracy and Responsible Party Government
259(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Minor Political Parties
260(6)
Individualism and Gridlock
261(1)
American Political Parties and of Government
261(1)
Is the Party Over?
262(4)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Nominations and Campaigns
266(30)
The Nomination Game
268(7)
Deciding To Run
268(1)
Competing for Delegates
268(6)
The Convention Send-off
274(1)
You Are the Policymaker: National and Regional Presidential Primary Proposals
275(3)
The Campaign Game
278(3)
The High-Tech Media Campaign
278(2)
Organizing the Campaign
280(1)
Making a Difference: Lee Atwater and the Politics of Slash and Burn
281(1)
Money and Campaigning
281(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Volunteering for Political Campaigns
282(2)
The Maze of Campaign Finance Reforms
282(2)
Issue of the Times: Can the Web Be Effectively Used by Campaigns?
284(5)
The Proliferation of PACs
287(2)
Are Campaigns Too Expensive?
289(1)
The Impact of Campaigns
289(1)
America in Perspective: Arlene McCarthy's Election to the European Parliament
290(1)
Understanding Nominations and Campaigns
291(5)
Are Nominations and Campaigns Too Democratic?
291(1)
Do Big Campaigns Lead to an Increased Scope of Government?
292(4)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Elections and Voting Behavior
296(26)
How American Elections Work
298(1)
A Tale of Three Elections
299(1)
1800: The First Electoral Transfer of Power
299(1)
Issues of the Times: How Voters Send Mixed Messages on Election Day Deciding
300(2)
Making a Difference: Barbara Anderson and the Politics of Tax Relief in Massachusetts
302(4)
1896: A Bitter Fight over Economic Interests
302(1)
2004: The Ratification of a Polarizing Presidency
303(3)
Whether To Vote: A Citizen's First Choice
306(3)
Deciding Wheather To Vote
306(1)
Registering To Vote
307(1)
Who Votes?
308(1)
America in Perspective: Why Turnout in the United States Is So Low Compared to Other Countries
309(1)
How Americans Vote: Explaining Citizens' Decisions
310(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Voter Registration and Voting
311(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Registering and Voting by E-mail?
312(3)
Party Identification
312(2)
Candidate Evaluations: How Americans See the Candidates
314(1)
Policy Voting
314(1)
The Last Battle: The Electoral College
315(1)
Understanding Elections and Voting Behavior
316(6)
Democracy and Elections
317(1)
Elections and the Scope of Government
318(4)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Interest Groups
322(30)
The Role and Reputation of Interest Groups
324(1)
Theories of Interest Group Politics
325(1)
America in Perspective: Interest Groups as Parties in Other Democracies
326(2)
Pluralism and Group Theory
326(1)
Elites and the Denial of Pluralism
326(1)
Hyperpluralism and Interest Group Liberalism
327(1)
What Makes an Interest Group Successful?
328(4)
The Surprising Ineffectiveness of Large Groups
329(1)
Intensity
330(2)
Financial Resources
332(1)
The Interest Group Explosion
332(1)
How Groups Try To Shape Policy
333(4)
Lobbying
333(2)
Electioneering
335(1)
Litigation
336(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should PACs Be Eliminated?
337(1)
Going Public
337(1)
Types of Interest Groups
338(2)
Economic Interests
339(1)
Issues of the Times: Who Is Likely To Get What Now that the Republicans Control Congress
340(3)
Environmental Interests
343(1)
Making a Difference: Danny Seo
343(3)
Equality Interests
344(1)
Consumers and Public Interest Lobbies
345(1)
Understanding Interest Groups
346(1)
Interest Groups and Democracy
346(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Interest Groups
347(1)
Interest Groups and the Scope of Government
348(4)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Part 3 The Policymakers
Congress
352(38)
The Representatives and Senators
354(4)
The Job
354(1)
The Members
355(3)
Congressional Elections
358(5)
Who Wins Elections?
358(2)
The Advantages of Incumbents
360(2)
The Role of Party Identification
362(1)
Defeating Incumbents
363(1)
Open Seats
363(1)
Stability and Change
363(1)
How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy
363(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should We Impose Term Limits on Members of Congress?
364(10)
American Bicameralism
364(2)
Congressional Leadership
366(2)
The Committees and Subcommittees
368(4)
Caucuses: The Informal Organization of Congress
372(1)
Congressional Staff
373(1)
Making a Difference: Tony Battista
374(1)
The Congressional Process
375(3)
Presidents and Congress: Partners and Protagonists
375(2)
Party, Constituency, and Ideology
377(1)
Issues of the Times: Polarized Politics in Congress
378(5)
Lobbyists and Interest Groups
381(2)
How You Can Make a Difference: Gun Control
383(1)
Understanding Congress
383(1)
Congress and Democracy
383(1)
America in Perspective: The Russian Duma
384(6)
Reforming Congress
384(2)
Congress and the Scope of Government
386(4)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
The Presidency
390(44)
The Presidents
392(5)
Great Expectations
392(1)
Who They Are
392(2)
How They Got There
394(3)
You Are the Policymaker: Should President Clinton Have Been Convicted?
397(1)
Presidential Powers
397(1)
America in Perspective: President or Prime Minister?
398(2)
Constitutional Powers
398(1)
The Expansion of Power
399(1)
Perspectives on Presidential Power
399(1)
Running the Government: The Chief Executive
400(7)
The Vice President
401(1)
The Cabinet
401(1)
The Executive Office
402(2)
The White House Staff
404(2)
The First Lady
406(1)
Presidential Leadership of Congress: The Politics of Shared Powers
407(8)
Chief Legislator
407(1)
Party Leadership
408(3)
Public Support
411(1)
Legislative Skills
412(3)
The President and National Security Policy
415(5)
Chief Diplomat
415(1)
Commander in Chief
416(1)
War Powers
416(2)
Crisis Manager
418(1)
Working With Congress
418(2)
Power from the People: The Public Presidency
420(5)
Going Public
420(1)
Presidential Approval
421(2)
Policy Support
423(1)
Mobilizing the Public
424(1)
The President and the Press
425(1)
Issues of the Times: Who Controls White House News?
426(3)
Making a Difference: Helen Thomas
429(1)
Understanding the American Presidency
429(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: The Fast Track to the White House
430(4)
The Presidency and Democracy
430(1)
The Presidency and the Scope of Government
431(3)
Summary
Key Terms
Career Profile
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
The Congress, the President, and the Budget: The Politics of Taxing and Spending
434(32)
Sources of Federal Revenue
436(2)
Income Tax
436(1)
Social Insurance Taxes
437(1)
Issues of the Times: Who Should Bear the Burden of Taxes?
438(6)
Borrowing
440(2)
Taxes and Public Policy
442(2)
America in Perspective: How Much Is Too Much?
444(1)
Federal Expenditures
445(2)
Big Governments, Big Budgets
445(2)
America in Perspective: How Big Is Too Big?
447(1)
The Rise and Decline of the National Security State
447(1)
Making a Difference: Robert McIntyre
448(5)
The Rise of the Social Service State
448(3)
Incrementalism
451(1)
``Uncontrollable'' Expenditures
452(1)
The Budgetary Process
453(6)
Budgetary Politics
453(1)
The President's Budget
454(1)
Congress and the Budget
455(4)
You Are the Policymaker: Spending the Budget Surplus
459(1)
Understanding Budgeting
459(2)
Democracy and Budgeting
460(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: The Federal Government and Student Loans
461(5)
The Budget and the Scope of Government
461(5)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
The Federal Bureaucracy
466(38)
The Bureaucrats
468(6)
Some Bureaucratic Myths and Realities
468(2)
Who They Are and How They Got There
470(3)
The Other Route to Federal Jobs: Recruiting from the Plum Book
473(1)
How Bureaucracies Are Organized
474(5)
The Cabinet Departments
474(2)
The Regulatory Agencies
476(2)
The Government Corporations
478(1)
The Independent Executive Agencies
478(1)
Bureaucracies As Implementors
479(4)
What Implementation Means
479(1)
Why the Best-Laid Plans Sometimes Flunk the Implementation Test
479(4)
Making a Difference: Harry Carey and Sara Pratt
483(4)
How You Can Make a Difference: NASA
487(1)
A Case Study: The Voting Rights Act of 1965
487(1)
Bureaucracies as Regulators
488(4)
Regulation in the Economy and in Everyday Life
489(1)
Regulation: How It Grew, How It Works
490(1)
Toward Deregulation
491(1)
You Are the Policymaker: How Should We Regulate?
492(1)
Understanding Bureaucracies
493(1)
Bureaucracy and Democracy
493(1)
America in Perspective: Influencing Independent Agencies
494(2)
Issues of the Times: Managing the Federal Bureaucracy
496(8)
Bureaucracy and the Scope of Government
501(3)
Career Profile
Summary
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
The Federal Courts
504(38)
The Nature of the Judicial System
506(2)
Participants in the Judicial System
506(2)
Making a Difference: Thurgood Marshall
508(1)
The Structure of the Federal Judicial System
509(5)
District Courts
510(1)
Courts of Appeal
511(1)
The Supreme Court
512(2)
The Politics of Judicial Selection
514(3)
The Lower Courts
514(1)
The Supreme Court
515(2)
The Backgrounds of Judges and Justices
517(4)
The Courts as Policymakers
521(5)
Accepting Cases
522(1)
Making Decisions
523(3)
You Are the Policymaker: The Debate over Original Intentions
526(2)
Implementing Court Decisions
526(2)
The Courts and the Policy Agenda
528(1)
A Historical Review
528(4)
Understanding the Courts
532(1)
The Courts and Democracy
532(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Teen Court
533(1)
What Courts Should Do: The Scope of Judicial Power
533(1)
America in Perspective: Courts and Culture
534(2)
Issues of the Times: How Should the Courts Interpret the Law?
536(6)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
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For Further Reading
Part 4 Policies
Economic Policymaking
542(22)
Government and the Economy
544(3)
``It's the Economy Stupid'': Voters, Politicians, and Economic Policy
544(1)
Two Major Worries: Unemployment and Inflation
545(2)
Instruments for Controlling the Economy
547(1)
Monetary Policy and ``The Fed''
547(1)
Making a Difference: Alan Greenspan
548(1)
Fiscal Policy: Keynesian Versus Supply-Side Economics
548(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Fair Lending Practices
549(1)
Obstacles to Controlling the Economy
549(1)
Issues of the Times: Will Cutting Taxes Help Boost the Economy? And for Whom?
550(3)
Arenas of Economic Policymaking
553
Business and Public Policy: Regulation and Subsidies
553
You Are the Policymaker: Should Government Make You Buy a New TV?
552(6)
Consumer Policy: The Rise of the Consumer Lobby
556(1)
Labor and Government
557(1)
New Economy, New Policy Issues
558(1)
Understanding Economic Policymaking
559(1)
America in Perspective: The Soviet Economic Morass
560(4)
Democracy and Economic Policymaking
559(1)
Economic Policymaking and the Scope of Government
559(5)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
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For Further Reading
Social Welfare Policymaking
564(24)
What Is Social Policy and Why Is It So Controversial?
566(1)
Income, Poverty, and Public Policy
567(3)
Who's Getting What?
567(1)
Who's Poor in America?
568(2)
Making a Difference: Mollie Orshansky and the Origins of the Poverty Threshold
570(3)
What Part Does Government Play?
572(1)
Helping the Poor? Social Policy and Poverty
573(2)
Welfare as We Know It
573(2)
You Are the Judge: Should a Deadbeat Dad be Permitted to Procreate?
575(2)
Ending Welfare as We Know It: Welfare Reforms of 1996
576(1)
Living on Borrowed Time: Social Security
577(1)
Issues of the Times: The Parties Confront Social Security
578(4)
The New Deal, the Elderly, and the Growth of Social Security
577(4)
The Future of Social Security
581(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Social Security Reform
582(1)
Social Welfare Policy Elsewhere
583(1)
America in Perspective: Family Policies Here and in Western Europe
584(1)
Understanding Social Welfare Policy
584(4)
Democracy and Social Welfare
584(4)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
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For Further Reading
Policymaking for Health Care and the Environment
588(28)
Health Care Policy
590(2)
Issues of the Times: Health Care in America
592
The Health of Americans
590(1)
The Cost of Health Care
590(1)
America in Perspective: Health Care Spending, Life Expectancy, and Infant Mortality Rates
591(10)
Uneven Coverage, Uneven Care
591(5)
The Role of Government in Health Care
596(1)
Policymaking for Health Care
597(4)
Environmental Policy
601(2)
Environmental Policies in America
601(2)
Making a Difference: Joe Lovett Takes on the Car Industry and the Corp of Engineers
603(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Health Care
604(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should We Save All Endangered Species? Owls, Salamanders, and Economic Growth
605(1)
Energy Policy
606(3)
Energy Sources and Energy Politics
606(2)
The Global Warming Debate Heats Up
608(1)
Groups, Energy, and the Environment
609(2)
Understanding Health Care and Environmental Policy
611(5)
Democracy, Health Care, and Environmental Policy
611(1)
The Scope of Government and Health Care and Environmental Policy
612(4)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
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For Further Reading
National Security Policymaking
616(40)
American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers
618(3)
Instruments of Foreign Policy
618(1)
Actors on the World Stage
619(2)
Making a Difference: Jody Williams
621(3)
The Policymakers
622(2)
Issues of the Times: Managing Crises
624(4)
American Foreign Policy: An Overview
628(6)
The Cold War
628(3)
The Era of Detente
631(1)
The Reagan Rearmament
632(1)
The Final Thaw in the Cold War
633(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Defending Human Rights
634(2)
The War on Terrorism
635(1)
The Politics of Defense Policy
636(5)
Defense Spending
637(1)
Personnel
638(2)
Weapons
640(1)
Reforming Defense Policy
641(1)
The New Global Agenda
641(8)
The Decreasing Role of Military Power
642(1)
Nuclear Proliferation
643(2)
The International Economy
645(4)
America in Perspective: Ranking Largess
649(1)
Understanding National Security Policymaking
650(1)
National Security Policymaking and Democracy
650(1)
National Security Policymaking and the Scope of Government
651(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Getting Involved in the Foreign Policy Process
651(5)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
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Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Part 5 State and Local Government
The New Face of State and Local Government
656(42)
State Constitutions
659(2)
Amending State Constitutions
660(1)
State Elections
661(7)
Gubernatorial Elections
661(1)
State Legislative Elections
662(4)
The Changing Face of State Elected Officials
666(2)
Making a Difference: Charlene Marshall
668
Governors and the Executive Branch
667(5)
The Job of Governor
668(3)
Other Executive Officers
671(1)
State Legislatures
672(2)
State Court Systems
674(2)
State Court Organization
674(2)
Selecting Judges
676(1)
Direct Democracy
676(3)
State and Local Government Relations
679(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Direct Democracy
680(1)
Local Governments
680(5)
Types of Local Government
680(4)
Fragmentation, Cooperation, and Competition
684(1)
America in Perspective: Urban Planning in Western Europe and the United States
685(2)
State and Local Finance Policy
687(1)
Issues of the Times: Fiscal Crisis in the States
688(3)
Understanding State and Local Governments
691(1)
Democracy at the Subnational Level
691(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should Your State Take a Chance on Gambling?
692(6)
The Scope of Subnational Government
693(5)
Summary
Career Profile
Key Terms
Get Connected
Internet Resources
For Further Reading
Appendix 698(22)
Glossary 720(18)
Notes 738(16)
Key Terms in Spanish 754(4)
Acknowledgments 758(3)
Index 761


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