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Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy

by ; ;
Edition:
12th
ISBN13:

9780321292360

ISBN10:
0321292367
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/16/2005
Publisher(s):
Pearson
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Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Correlation Guide xxv
Tools for Understanding Government in America xxvii
About the Authors xxxv
Introducing Government in America
2(26)
Issues of the Times: How Can Young People's Interest in Politics Be Increased?
8(2)
Government
10(2)
Politics
12(1)
The Policymaking System
13(3)
People Shape Policy
13(1)
Policies Impact People
14(2)
Democracy
16(5)
Defining Democracy
16(1)
Traditional Democratic Theory
16(1)
Three Contemporary Theories of American Democracy
17(2)
Challenges to Democracy
19(2)
Preview Questions About Democracy
21(1)
The Scope of Government in America
21(4)
How Active Is American Government?
22(1)
A Comparative Perspective
23(1)
American Individualism
23(1)
Preview Questions About the Scope of Government
24(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
25(3)
Part 1 Constitutional Foundations
The Constitution
28(38)
The Origins of the Constitution
30(5)
The Road to Revolution
30(1)
Declaring Independence
31(1)
The English Heritage: The Power of Ideas
32(1)
Jefferson's Handiwork: The American Creed
33(1)
Winning Independence
33(1)
The ``Conservative'' Revolution
34(1)
The Government That Failed: 1776--1787
35(3)
The Articles of Confederation
35(1)
Changes in the States
36(1)
Economic Turmoil
36(1)
Shays' Rebellion
37(1)
The Aborted Annapolis Meeting
37(1)
Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention
38(2)
Gentlemen in Philadelphia
38(1)
Philosophy into Action
38(2)
The Agenda in Philadelphia
40(5)
The Equality Issues
41(2)
The Economic Issues
43(2)
The Individual Rights Issues
45(1)
The Madisonian Model
45(1)
Thwarting Tyranny of the Majority
45(1)
Making a Difference: James Madison
46(2)
The Constitutional Republic
48(1)
The End of the Beginning
48(1)
Ratifying the Constitution
48(4)
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
49(3)
Ratification
52(1)
Constitutional Change
52(1)
The Formal Amending Process
52(1)
America in Perspective: Democracy Without a Constitution
53(2)
The Informal Process of Constitutional Change
54(1)
You Are the Policymaker: How Frequently Should We Amend the Constitution?
55(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Amending the Constitution
56(2)
The Importance of Flexibility
57(1)
Understanding the Constitution
58(1)
The Constitution and Democracy
58(1)
Young People and Politics: Lowering the Voting Age
59(1)
Issues of the Times: How Can We Make History Come Alive?
60(2)
The Constitution and the Scope of Government
62(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
62(4)
Federalism
66(30)
Defining Federalism
68(1)
What Is Federalism?
68(1)
America in Perspective: Why Federalism?
69(2)
Why Is Federalism So Important?
69(2)
Making a Difference: Candy Lightner
71(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Drinking Age Laws
71(1)
The Constitutional Basis of Federalism
71(7)
The Division of Power
72(2)
Establishing National Supremacy
74(2)
States' Obligations to Each Other
76(2)
Intergovernmental Relations Today
78(2)
From Dual to Cooperative Federalism
78(2)
Young People and Politics: Federal Support for Colleges and Universities
80(6)
Fiscal Federalism
82(4)
Issues of the Times: The Distribution of Federal Dollars
86(2)
Understanding Federalism
88(2)
Federalism and Democracy
89(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should Whether You Live Depend on Where You Live?
90(3)
Federalism and the Scope of the National Government
92(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
93(3)
Civil Liberties and Public Policy
96(42)
The Bill of Rights---Then and Now
98(2)
The Bill of Rights and the States
99(1)
Freedom of Religion
100(5)
The Establishment Clause
100(4)
The Free Exercise Clause
104(1)
Freedom of Expression
105(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of Animal Sacrifices
106(2)
Prior Restraint
106(1)
Free Speech and Public Order
107(1)
Issues of the Times: Should Universities Regulate Hate Speech?
108(2)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Purloined Pentagon Papers
110(1)
America in Perspective: Civil Liberties in Britain
111(5)
Free Press and Fair Trials
112(1)
Obscenity
113(2)
Libel and Slander
115(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Drive-in Theater
116(1)
Symbolic Speech
117(1)
Commercial Speech
117(3)
Regulation of the Public Airwaves
118(1)
Freedom of Assembly
119(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Nazis' March in Skokie
120(1)
Defendants' Rights
120(3)
Interpreting Defendants' Rights
121(1)
Searches and Seizures
121(2)
You Are the Judge: The Case of Ms. Montoya
123(2)
Self-Incrimination
123(2)
The Right to Counsel
125(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Dirty Old Man
125(1)
Making a Difference: Clarence Gideon
126(2)
Trials
126(1)
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
127(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the First Offender
128(1)
Young People and Politics: College Students Help Prevent Wrongful Deaths
129(1)
The Right to Privacy
129(1)
Is There a Right to Privacy?
129(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Internet Privacy
130(2)
Controversy over Abortion
131(1)
Understanding Civil Liberties
132(2)
Civil Liberties and Democracy
133(1)
Civil Liberties and the Scope of Government
133(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Key Cases/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
134(4)
Civil Rights and Public Policy
138(38)
Racial Equality: Two Centuries of Struggle
140(3)
Conceptions of Equality
140(1)
Early American Views of Equality
141(1)
The Constitution and Inequality
141(2)
Race, the Constitution, and Public Policy
143(5)
The Era of Slavery
143(1)
The Era of Reconstruction and Resegregation
144(1)
The Era of Civil Rights
145(3)
Young People and Politics: Freedom Riders
148(7)
Getting and Using the Right To Vote
149(3)
Other Minority Groups
152(3)
Women, the Constitution, and Public Policy
155(2)
The Battle for the Vote
155(1)
The ``Doldrums'': 1920--1960
156(1)
The Second Feminist Wave
156(1)
Making a Difference: Sally Reed
157(4)
Women in the Workplace
157(2)
Wage Discrimination and Comparable Worth
159(1)
Women in the Military
160(1)
You Are the Judge: Is Male-Only Draft Registration Gender Discrimination?
161(1)
Sexual Harassment
161(1)
America in Perspective: Mrs. In-the-Back-of-the-House Goes to Parliament
162(1)
Newly Active Groups Under the Civil Rights Umbrella
163(3)
Civil Rights and the Graying of America
163(1)
Civil Rights and People With Disabilities
163(1)
Gay and Lesbian Rights
164(2)
Affirmative Action
166(2)
Issues of the Times: Affirmative Action
168(2)
How You Can Make a Difference: Influencing Affirmative Action
170(1)
You Are the Judge: The Case of the Santa Clara Dispatcher
171(1)
Understanding Civil Rights and Public Policy
172(1)
Civil Rights and Democracy
172(1)
Civil Rights and the Scope of Government
172(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Key Cases/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
173(3)
Part 2 People and Politics
Public Opinion and Political Action
176(34)
The American People
178(4)
The Immigrant Society
178(1)
The American Melting Pot
179(3)
You Are the Policymaker: Do We Need to Get Tougher with Illegal Immigrants?
182(2)
The Regional Shift
183(1)
The Graying of America
183(1)
How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization
184(4)
The Process of Political Socialization
185(2)
Political Learning over a Lifetime
187(1)
Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information
188(1)
How Polls Are Conducted
188(7)
Issues of the Times: Does Conducting Surveys by Telephone Still Make Sense?
190(2)
The Role of Polls in American Democracy
192(1)
What Polls Reveal About Americans' Political Information
193(2)
America in Perspective: Citizens Show Little Knowledge of Geography
195(2)
The Decline of Trust in Government
196(1)
What Americans Value: Political Ideologies
197(1)
Who Are the Liberals and Conservatives?
197(1)
Young People and Politics: How Young and Old People Compare on the Issues
198(2)
Do People Think in Ideological Terms?
199(1)
How Americans Participate in Politics
200(2)
Conventional Participation
201(1)
Protest as Participation
202(1)
Making a Difference: Granny D and Her Walk for Campaign Finance Reform
202(2)
How You Can Make a Difference: Getting Involved
204(1)
Class, Inequality, and Participation
205(1)
Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action
205(2)
Public Attitudes Toward the Scope of Government
205(1)
Democracy, Public Opinion, and Political Action
206(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
207(3)
The Mass Media and the Political Agenda
210(28)
The Mass Media Today
212(1)
America in Perspective: How Campaign Advertising Compares Across Five Nations
213(1)
The Development of Media Politics
214(6)
The Print Media
216(2)
The Broadcast Media
218(1)
Government Regulation of the Broadcast Media
219(1)
Narrowcasting: Cable TV and the Internet
220(1)
Private Control of the Media
220(1)
Making a Difference: Matt Drudge
220(1)
Young People and Politics: How the Under-Thirty Crowd Learns From Different Media Sources Compared to Older Americans
221(2)
Reporting the News
222(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: The Internet and Political Action
223(1)
Finding the News
223(5)
Presenting the News
225(2)
Bias in the News
227(1)
Issues of the Times: Has Technology Really Improved the Quality of Political Reporting?
228(2)
You Are the Policymaker: Should the Networks Have To Provide Free Air Time to Presidential Candidates?
230(1)
The News and Public Opinion
231(2)
The Media's Agenda-Setting Function
233(1)
Understanding the Mass Media
234(1)
The Media and the Scope of Government
234(1)
Individualism and the Media
234(1)
Democracy and the Media
235(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
236(2)
Political Parties
238(28)
The Meaning of Party
240(3)
Tasks of the Parties
241(1)
Parties, Voters, and Policy: The Downs Model
241(2)
The Party in the Electorate
243(1)
Young People and Politics: The Parties Face an Independent Youth
244(1)
The Party Organizations: From the Grass Roots to Washington
245(2)
Local Parties
245(1)
The 50 State Party Systems
245(2)
You Are the Policymaker: Was the Blanket Primary a Good Idea?
247(1)
The National Party Organizations
247(1)
Issues of the Times: Should the Political Parties Be Gathering Data about You?
248(2)
Making a Difference: Maria Cino and the Republican Party
250(1)
The Party in Government: Promises and Policy
250(1)
Party Eras in American History
251(7)
1796--1824: The First Party System
253(1)
1828--1856: Jackson and the Democrats Versus the Whigs
253(1)
1860--1928: The Two Republican Eras
254(1)
1932--1964: The New Deal Coalition
254(2)
1968--Present: The Era of Divided Party Government
256(2)
Third Parties: Their Impact on American Politics
258(2)
America in Perspective: Multiparty Systems in Other Countries
260(1)
Understanding Political Parties
261(1)
Democracy and Responsible Party Government
261(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Minor Political Parties
261(2)
American Political Parties and the Scope of Government
262(1)
Is the Party Over?
263(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
263(3)
Nominations and Campaigns
266(30)
The Nomination Game
268(4)
Deciding To Run
268(1)
Competing for Delegates
268(4)
Issue of the Times: Will the Presidential Candidates Pay Any Attention to California in 2008?
272(4)
You Are the Policymaker: National and Regional Presidential Primary Proposals
276(3)
The Convention Send-off
276(3)
The Campaign Game
279(3)
The High-Tech Media Campaign
279(2)
Organizing the Campaign
281(1)
Making a Difference: Mary Beth Cahill and the Kerry Campaign
282(1)
Money and Campaigning
282(1)
Young People and Politics: Declining Interest in Working in Campaigns
283(1)
The Maze of Campaign Finance Reforms
283(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Volunteering for Political Campaigns
284(5)
The Proliferation of PACs
286(2)
Are Campaigns Too Expensive?
288(1)
The Impact of Campaigns
289(1)
America in Perspective: Arlene McCarthy's Election to the European Parliament
290(1)
Understanding Nominations and Campaigns
291(2)
Are Nominations and Campaigns Too Democratic?
291(1)
Do Big Campaigns Lead to an Increased Scope of Government?
292(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
293(3)
Elections and Voting Behavior
296(26)
How American Elections Work
298(1)
Making a Difference: Barbara Anderson and the Politics of Tax Relief in Massachusetts
299(1)
A Tale of Three Elections
299(5)
1800: The First Electoral Transfer of Power
299(1)
1896: A Bitter Fight over Economic Interests
300(1)
2004: The Ratification of a Polarizing Presidency
301(3)
Whether To Vote: A Citizen's First Choice
304(2)
Deciding Whether To Vote
305(1)
Issues of the Times: Should Noncitizen Permanent Residents Be Allowed To Vote in Local Elections?
306(2)
Registering To Vote
308(1)
America in Perspective: Why Turnout in the United States Is So Low Compared to Other Countries
308(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Registering and Voting by E-mail?
309(2)
Who Votes?
309(2)
How Americans Vote: Explaining Citizens' Decisions
311(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Voter Registration and Voting
312(2)
Party Identification
312(2)
Young People and Politics: How Young Voters Have Consistently Been More Supportive of Third Party Candidates
314(2)
Candidate Evaluations: How Americans See the Candidates
314(1)
Policy Voting
315(1)
The Last Battle: The Electoral College
316(1)
Understanding Elections and Voting Behavior
317(3)
Democracy and Elections
317(2)
Elections and the Scope of Government
319(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
320(2)
Interest Groups
322(30)
The Role of Interest Groups
324(1)
Theories of Interest Group Politics
325(1)
America in Perspective: Interest Groups as Parties in Other Democracies
326(3)
Pluralism and Group Theory
326(1)
Elites and the Denial of Pluralism
327(1)
Hyperpluralism and Interest Group Liberalism
328(1)
What Makes an Interest Group Successful?
329(3)
The Surprising Ineffectiveness of Large Groups
329(2)
Intensity
331(1)
Financial Resources
331(1)
Young People and Politics: The Virginia 21 Coalition
332(1)
The Interest Group Explosion
333(1)
How Groups Try To Shape Policy
334(2)
Lobbying
334(2)
Issues of the Times: How Much Contact With Lobbyists Is Too Much?
336(4)
Electioneering
338(1)
Litigation
339(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should PACs Be Eliminated?
340(2)
Going Public
341(1)
Types of Interest Groups
342(3)
Economic Interests
342(2)
Environmental Interests
344(1)
Making a Difference: Danny Seo
345(2)
Equality Interests
345(1)
Consumers and Public Interest Lobbies
346(1)
Understanding Interest Groups
347(1)
Interest Groups and Democracy
347(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Interest Groups
348(1)
Interest Groups and the Scope of Government
349(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
349(3)
Part 3 The Policymakers
Congress
352(38)
The Representatives and Senators
354(3)
The Job
354(1)
The Members
355(2)
Congressional Elections
357(6)
Who Wins Elections?
358(1)
The Advantages of Incumbency
359(3)
The Role of Party Identification
362(1)
Defeating Incumbents
362(1)
Open Seats
363(1)
Stability and Change
363(1)
How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy
363(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should We Impose Term Limits on Members of Congress?
364(10)
American Bicameralism
364(2)
Congressional Leadership
366(2)
The Committees and Subcommittees
368(4)
Caucuses: The Informal Organization of Congress
372(1)
Congressional Staff
373(1)
Young People and Politics: Are Opportunities to Intern Biased in Favor of the Wealthy?
374(1)
Making a Difference: Tony Battista
375(1)
The Congressional Process
375(5)
Presidents and Congress: Partners and Protagonists
376(2)
Party, Constituency, and Ideology
378(2)
Issues of the Times: Polarized Politics in Congress
380(3)
Lobbyists and Interest Groups
382(1)
Understanding Congress
383(1)
Congress and Democracy
383(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Gun Control
384(1)
America in Perspective: The Russian Duma
385(1)
Congress and the Scope of Government
386(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
386(4)
The Presidency
390(44)
The Presidents
392(5)
Great Expectations
392(1)
Who They Are
392(1)
How They Got There
393(4)
You Are the Policymaker: Should President Clinton Have Been Convicted?
397(1)
Presidential Powers
397(1)
America in Perspective: President or Prime Minister?
398(2)
Constitutional Powers
398(1)
The Expansion of Power
399(1)
Perspectives on Presidential Power
399(1)
Running the Government: The Chief Executive
400(7)
The Vice President
401(1)
The Cabinet
401(2)
The Executive Office
403(1)
The White House Staff
404(2)
The First Lady
406(1)
Presidential Leadership of Congress: The Politics of Shared Powers
407(8)
Chief Legislator
407(1)
Party Leadership
408(3)
Public Support
411(2)
Legislative Skills
413(2)
The President and National Security Policy
415(5)
Chief Diplomat
415(1)
Commander in Chief
416(1)
War Powers
417(1)
Crisis Manager
418(1)
Working With Congress
419(1)
Power from the People: The Public Presidency
420(4)
Going Public
420(1)
Presidential Approval
421(2)
Policy Support
423(1)
Young People and Politics: The Generation Gap in Watching the President
424(1)
Mobilizing the Public
425(1)
The President and the Press
425(2)
Making a Difference: Helen Thomas
427(1)
Issues of the Times: Who Controls White House News?
428(2)
Understanding the American Presidency
430(1)
The Presidency and Democracy
430(1)
The Presidency and the Scope of Government
430(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: The Fast Track to the White House
431(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
431(3)
The Congress, the President, and the Budget: The Politics of Taxing and Spending
434(32)
Sources of Federal Revenue
436(2)
Income Tax
436(2)
Issues of the Times: Who Should Bear the Burden of Taxes?
438(6)
Social Insurance Taxes
440(1)
Borrowing
440(2)
Taxes and Public Policy
442(2)
Young People and Politics: Education and the Federal Tax Code
444(1)
America in Perspective: How Much Is Too Much?
445(1)
Making a Difference: Robert McIntyre
446(1)
Federal Expenditures
446(2)
Big Governments, Big Budgets
447(1)
America in Perspective: How Big Is Too Big?
448(5)
The Rise and Decline of the National Security State
448(2)
The Rise of the Social Service State
450(2)
Incrementalism
452(1)
``Uncontrollable'' Expenditures
453(1)
The Budgetary Process
453(7)
Budgetary Politics
454(1)
The President's Budget
455(1)
Congress and the Budget
456(4)
You Are the Policymaker: Balancing the Budget
460(1)
Understanding Budgeting
460(2)
Democracy and Budgeting
460(2)
How You Can Make a Difference: The Federal Government and Student Loans
462(1)
The Budget and the Scope of Government
463(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
463(3)
The Federal Bureaucracy
466(36)
The Bureaucrats
468(6)
Some Bureaucratic Myths and Realities
468(2)
Who They Are and How They Got There
470(3)
The Other Route to Federal Jobs: Recruiting from the Plum Book
473(1)
Issues of the Times: Managing the Federal Bureaucracy
474(2)
How Bureaucracies Are Organized
476(4)
The Cabinet Departments
476(3)
The Regulatory Agencies
479(1)
The Government Corporations
480(1)
The Independent Executive Agencies
480(1)
Bureaucracies as Implementors
480(2)
What Implementation Means
480(1)
Why the Best-Laid Plans Sometimes Flunk the Implementation Test
481(1)
Young People and Politics: Drug Offenses and Financial Aid
482(3)
Making a Difference: Harry Carey and Sara Pratt
485(4)
A Case Study: The Voting Rights Act of 1965
488(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: NASA
489(1)
Bureaucracies as Regulators
490(3)
Regulation in the Economy and in Everyday Life
490(2)
Regulation: How It Grew, How It Works
492(1)
You Are the Policymaker: How Should We Regulate?
493(1)
Toward Deregulation
493(1)
Understanding Bureaucracies
494(1)
Bureaucracy and Democracy
494(1)
America in Perspective: Influencing Independent Agencies
495(4)
Bureaucracy and the Scope of Government
499(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
499(3)
The Federal Courts
502(38)
The Nature of the Judicial System
504(2)
Participants in the Judicial System
504(2)
Making a Difference: Thurgood Marshall
506(1)
The Structure of the Federal Judicial System
506(5)
District Courts
507(1)
Courts of Appeal
508(1)
The Supreme Court
509(2)
The Politics of Judicial Selection
511(4)
The Lower Courts
511(1)
The Supreme Court
512(3)
The Backgrounds of Judges and Justices
515(4)
The Courts as Policymakers
519(5)
Accepting Cases
520(1)
Making Decisions
521(3)
You Are the Policymaker: The Debate over Original Intentions
524(2)
Implementing Court Decisions
525(1)
The Courts and the Policy Agenda
526(1)
A Historical Review
526(1)
Young People and Politics: The Supreme Court Is Closer than You Think
527(4)
Understanding the Courts
531(1)
The Courts and Democracy
531(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Teen Court
532(1)
What Courts Should Do: The Scope of Judicial Power
532(1)
America in Perspective: Courts and Culture
533(3)
Issues of the Times: How Should the Courts Interpret the Law?
536
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
535(5)
Part 4 Policies
Economic Policymaking
540(22)
Government, Politics, and the Economy
542(2)
Economic Policy at Work: An Illustration
542(2)
You Are the Judge: Is It OK for a Company To Discriminate Against Younger Workers?
544(3)
``It's the Economy, Stupid'': Voters, Politicians, and Economic Policy
545(1)
Two Major Worries: Unemployment and Inflation
546(1)
Young People and Politics: Unemployment and Young Workers
547(1)
Policies for Controlling the Economy
548(2)
Monetary Policy and ``The Fed''
548(1)
Fiscal Policy of Presidents and Parties
549(1)
Issues of the Times: Should the Government Help Create Jobs?
550(2)
How You Can Make a Difference: Fair Lending Practices
552(2)
Why It Is Hard To Control the Economy
554(1)
Politics, Policy, and the International Economy
554(1)
Making a Difference: Mike Emmons
555(1)
Arenas of Economic Policymaking
555(3)
Business and Public Policy
556(1)
Consumer Policy: The Rise of the Consumer Lobby
557(1)
Labor and Government
557(1)
Understanding Economic Policymaking
558(1)
America in Perspective: China, Trade, and the Internet
559(1)
Democracy and Economic Policymaking
559(1)
Economic Policymaking and the Scope of Government
560(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
560(2)
Social Welfare Policymaking
562(24)
What Is Social Policy and Why Is It So Controversial?
564(1)
Income, Poverty, and Public Policy
565(3)
Who's Getting What?
566(1)
Who's Poor in America?
567(1)
Making a Difference: Mollie Orshansky and the Origins of the Poverty Threshold
568(4)
What Part Does Government Play?
569(3)
Helping the Poor? Social Policy and Poverty
572(2)
``Welfare'' as We Knew It
572(1)
Ending Welfare as We Knew It: The Welfare Reforms of 1996
572(2)
You Are the Policymaker: Should the Government Promote Marriage?
574(1)
Living on Borrowed Time: Social Security
574(4)
The New Deal, the Elderly, and the Growth of Social Security
575(1)
The Future of Social Security
576(2)
Young People and Politics: Social Security and UFOs
578(1)
Social Welfare Policy Elsewhere
579(1)
Understanding Social Welfare Policy
579(1)
Social Welfare Policy and the Scope of Government
579(1)
Issues of the Times: Should We Privatize Social Security?
580(2)
American in Perspective: Family Policies Here and in Western Europe
582(1)
Democracy and Social Welfare
582(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Social Security Reform
583(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
583(3)
Policymaking for Health Care and the Environment
586(26)
Health Care Policy
588(1)
The Health of Americans
588(1)
America in Perspective: We Pay a Lot for Health Care, but What Do We Get for the Investment?
588(3)
The Cost of Health Care
589(1)
Uneven Coverage, Uneven Care
589(2)
Young People and Politics: Health Insurance, Emergency Rooms, and Young Americans
591(5)
The Role of Government in Health Care
592(2)
Policymaking for Health Care
594(2)
Issues of the Times: Should the Government Negotiate Drug Prices?
596(3)
How You Can Make a Difference: Health Care
599(1)
Environmental Policy
600(1)
Making a Difference: Robert Bullard
600(4)
Environmental Policies in America
601(3)
You Are the Policymaker: How Much Should We Do To Save a Species? The Florida Manatee
604(1)
Energy Policy
604(3)
Energy Sources and Energy Politics
604(2)
The Global Warming Debate Heats Up
606(1)
Groups, Energy, and the Environment
607(1)
Understanding Health Care and Environmental Policy
608(2)
Democracy, Health Care, and Environmental Policy
609(1)
The Scope of Government and Health Care and Environmental Policy
610(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
610(2)
National Security Policymaking
612(38)
American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers
614(3)
Instruments of Foreign Policy
614(1)
Actors on the World Stage
615(2)
Making a Difference: Jody Williams
617(1)
The Policymakers
617(3)
Issues of the Times: Managing Crises
620(10)
American Foreign Policy: An Overview
623(1)
The Cold War
624(3)
The Era of Detente
627(1)
The Reagan Rearmament
628(1)
The Final Thaw in the Cold War
629(1)
The War on Terrorism
630(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Defending Human Rights
630(2)
The Politics of Defense Policy
632(4)
Defense Spending
632(2)
Personnel
634(1)
Weapons
635(1)
Reforming Defense Policy
636(1)
The New Global Agenda
636(5)
The Decreasing Role of Military Power
637(1)
Nuclear Proliferation
638(2)
The International Economy
640(1)
Young People and Politics: Embracing Globalization
641(4)
America in Perspective: Ranking Largess
645(1)
Understanding National Security Policymaking
645(1)
National Security Policymaking and Democracy
645(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Getting Involved in the Foreign Policy Process
646(1)
National Security Policymaking and the Scope of Government
647(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
647(3)
Part 5 State and Local Government
The New Face of State and Local Government
650(42)
State Constitutions
653(2)
Amending State Constitutions
654(1)
State Elections
655(6)
Gubernatorial Elections
655(1)
State Legislative Elections
656(4)
The Changing Face of State Elected Officials
660(1)
Making a Difference: Rep. Tammy Baldwin
661(1)
Governors and the Executive Branch
661(4)
The Job of Governor
662(2)
Other Executive Officers
664(1)
State Legislatures
665(3)
State Court Systems
668(2)
State Court Organization
668(1)
Selecting Judges
669(1)
Direct Democracy
670(3)
State and Local Government Relations
673(1)
How You Can Make a Difference: Direct Democracy
673(2)
Local Governments
674(1)
Young People and Politics: Public Service Through Elective Office
675(5)
Types of Local Government
676(3)
Fragmentation, Cooperation, and Competition
679(1)
America in Perspective: Urban Planning in the European Union and the United States
680(2)
State and Local Finance Policy
682(2)
Issues of the Times: Paying for Homeland Security in the States
684(2)
Understanding State and Local Governments
686(1)
Democracy at the Subnational Level
686(1)
You Are the Policymaker: Should Your State Take a Chance on Gambling?
687(1)
The Scope of Subnational Government
688(1)
Summary/Key Terms/Internet Resources/Get Connected/For Further Reading
688(4)
Appendix 692(22)
Glossary 714(18)
Notes 732(17)
Key Terms in Spanish 749(5)
Acknowledgments 754(3)
Index 757


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