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Government by the People : National, State, and Local Version,9780131921566

Government by the People : National, State, and Local Version

by ; ; ; ;
Edition:
21st
ISBN13:

9780131921566

ISBN10:
0131921568
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $125.80

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Summary

The most authoritative text for American Government, Government By the People is always one step ahead. Building on a long tradition of clear and accessible writing, sound scholarship, and currency, it has become the most reliable, responsive, and respected text for today's American government course. Its distinguished author team addresses your needs and the needs of your students in every editionwith the most innovative response to teaching trends, as well as trends in the discipline. With this text's essential foundation, students will be set to respondas involved American citizensto the political issues facing their country, and their world, in the twenty-first century.

Table of Contents

A Message from the Authors x
A Message from the Publisher xii
Reliable. Responsive. Respected. That's Government by the People xv
About the Authors xxiii
PART I Constitutional Principles
Constitutional Democracy
1(25)
American Government and Politicians in Context
4(1)
Defining Democracy
5(7)
Global Perceptions American Ideas about Democracy
7(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Joan Blades and Wes Boyd and MoveOn
10(2)
The Constitutional Roots of the American Experiment
12(2)
The Constitutional Convention of 1787
14(7)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
15(5)
In Comparative Perspective: The New Constitution in Afghanistan Balancing Islam and Democracy
20(1)
To Adopt or Not to Adopt?
21(5)
Make it Real The Map of Freedom
23(1)
Summary
23(1)
Key Terms
24(1)
Further Reading
24(2)
The Living Constitution
26(28)
Checking Power with Power
28(5)
In Comparative Perspective: The European Union
32(1)
Judicial Review and the ``Guardians of the Constitution''
33(3)
Changing Face of American Politics: The Civil Rights Movement and Justice Thurgood Marshall
34(2)
The Constitution as an Instrument of Government
36(3)
In Comparative Perspective: The British and American Systems A Study in Contrasts
37(2)
Changing the Letter of the Constitution
39(15)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Gregory Watson
42(1)
Make it Real The Constitution: What If You Were a Founding Father?
43(1)
Summary
43(1)
Key Terms
43(1)
Further Reading
44(2)
The Constitution of the United States
46(8)
American Federalism
54(26)
Defining Federalism
57(5)
Global Perceptions Government Control of Our Daily Lives
59(2)
Changing Face of American Politics: Minorities and Women Are Gaining Ground In the Workforce
61(1)
The Constitutional Structure of American Federalism
62(6)
In Comparative Perspective: Three Different Approaches to Federalism
67(1)
The Role of the Federal Courts: Umpires of Federalism
68(3)
Regulatory Federalism: Grants, Mandates, and New Techniques of Control
71(4)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist
72(3)
The Politics of Federalism
75(1)
The Future of Federalism
76(4)
Summary
78(1)
Key Terms
78(1)
Further Reading
78(2)
PART II The Political Process
Political Culture and Ideology
80(24)
The American Political Culture
82(10)
Changing Face of American Politics: Trust in America
83(5)
Global Perceptions Spread of American Ideas and Customs
88(1)
In Comparative Perspective: Political Culture in Mexico
89(3)
Political Ideology and Attitudes Toward Government
92(7)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Rachel Carson and the Environmental Movement
98(1)
Politicial Ideology and the American People
99(2)
Ideology and Tolerance
101(3)
Make it Real Political Survey: What Do You Believe?
102(1)
Summary
102(1)
Key Terms
102(1)
Further Reading
103(1)
The American Political Landscape
104(26)
A Land of Diversity
106(6)
Global Perceptions Influence of Immigrants
107(5)
Where We Live
112(1)
Who We Are
113(15)
Changing Face of American Politics: Percentage of the Population by Race and Origin
114(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Bill Richardson Governor of New Mexico
117(1)
In Comparative Perspective: Immigration Politics in Canada
118(10)
Unity in a Land of Diversity
128(2)
Make it Real The Great American Divide
128(1)
Summary
128(1)
Key Terms
129(1)
Further Reading
129(1)
Interest Groups: The Politics of Influence
130(30)
Interest Groups Past and Present: The ``Mischiefs of Faction''
132(1)
Types of Interest Groups
133(8)
In Comparative Perspective: Unions in Sweden
137(1)
Global Perceptions Influence of Trade Unions
138(3)
Characteristics and Power of Interest Groups
141(6)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Stephen Moore, Club for Growth
146(1)
The Influence of Lobbyists
147(2)
Money and Politics
149(4)
The Effectiveness of Interest Group Activity in Elections
153(1)
Curing the Mischiefs of Faction---Two Centuries Later
154(6)
Make it Real Lobbying America
158(1)
Summary
158(1)
Key Terms
159(1)
Further Reading
159(1)
Political Parties: Essential to Democracy
160(30)
What Parties Do for Democracy
162(8)
Global Perceptions Importance of Honest Elections, Held Regularly, with a Choice of Two or More Candidates
167(1)
In Comparative Perspective: Israel's Coalition Government
168(2)
A Brief History of American Political Parties
170(4)
American Parties Today
174(10)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Blaise Hazelwood
179(2)
Changing Face of American Politics: Portrait of the Electorate
181(3)
Are the Political Parties Dying?
184(6)
Make it Real The Political Horizon
188(1)
Summary
188(1)
Key Terms
189(1)
Further Reading
189(1)
Public Opinion, Participation, and Voting
190(26)
Public Opinion
192(10)
Global Perceptions The Internet
198(4)
Participation: Translating Opinions into Action
202(1)
Counting Votes
203(8)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Steve Rosenthal and America Coming Together
203(4)
In Comparative Perspective: Registration and Voting In the World's Democracies
207(2)
Changing Face of American Politics: Voter Turnout by Demographic Factors
209(2)
Voting Choices
211(5)
Make it Real Public Opinion: Spin Detection
214(1)
Summary
215(1)
Key Terms
215(1)
Further Reading
215(1)
Campaigns and Elections: Democracy in Action
216(32)
Elections: The Rules of the Game
218(3)
Running for Congress
221(6)
Global Perceptions Corrupt Political Leaders
222(5)
Running for President
227(7)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Karl Rove
230(4)
Money in U.S. Elections
234(9)
In Comparative Perspective: The Soft Money Loophole in Japan
235(5)
In Comparative Perspective: Campaign Financing in Britain and Canada
240(3)
Improving Elections
243(5)
Make it Real Election in Action: 2004 Presidential Election
246(1)
Summary
246(1)
Key Terms
247(1)
Further Reading
247(1)
The Media and American Politics
248(24)
The Influence of the Media on Politics
250(4)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Sean Hannity
251(3)
The Changing Role of the American News Media
254(3)
Mediated Politics
257(7)
In Comparative Perspective: A Less Than Free Press in Russia
258(1)
Global Perceptions Influence of News Organizations
259(5)
The Media and Elections
264(4)
The Media and Governance
268(4)
Summary
270(1)
Key Terms
270(1)
Further Reading
270(2)
PART III Policy-Making Institutions
Congress: The People's Branch
272(32)
Congressional Elections
274(4)
The Structure and Powers of Congress
278(3)
Managing Congress Work
281(11)
In Comparative Perspective: The Nigerian Assembly
281(1)
Global Perceptions Democratic Government versus Strong Leader
282(2)
Changing Face of American Politics: Diversity in Congress
284(8)
The Job of the Legislator
292(6)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Generation X in Congress (Harold Ford and Adam Putnam)
293(2)
Changing Face of American Politics: Comparing Members
295(3)
The Legislative Obstacle Course
298(3)
An Assessment of Congress
301(3)
Make it Real Running for Congress
301(1)
Summary
302(1)
Key Terms
303(1)
Further Reading
303(1)
The Presidency: The Leadership Branch
304(34)
The Structure and Powers of the Presidency
306(8)
In Comparative Perspective: The Mexican President
307(4)
Global Perceptions Reason for Unfavorable View of the United States
311(3)
Controversies in Presidential Power
314(3)
Evolution of the Presidency
317(2)
Managing the Presidency
319(6)
Changing Face of American Politics: Presidential Appointees
322(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Condoleezza Rice
325(1)
The President's Job
325(4)
Election 2004: An Analysis
329(2)
Congress and the Presidency
331(4)
Judging Presidents
335(3)
Make it Real Presidential Greatness: How Do We Judge Them?
335(1)
Summary
336(1)
Key Terms
337(1)
Further Reading
337(1)
The Federal Bureaucracy: Executing the Laws
338(24)
Understanding the Federal Bureaucracy
340(11)
Changing Face of American Politics: A Representative Bureaucracy?
343(4)
In Comparative Perspective: The Japanese Bureaucracy
347(4)
Working for Government
351(2)
The Bureaucracy's Job
353(2)
Global Perceptions Efficiency of the Government
355(1)
Holding the Bureaucracy Accountable
355(4)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Denise Johnson
356(3)
Government's Achievements
359(3)
Make it Real Bureaucracy: A Place Where Ideals Meet Reality
359(1)
Summary
360(1)
Key Terms
360(1)
Further Reading
360(2)
The Judiciary: The Balancing Branch
362(24)
The Scope of Judicial Power
364(2)
Global Perceptions Importance of a Fair Judicial System
366(1)
The Federal Judicial System
366(4)
In Comparative Perspective: Constitutional Courts in Europe
368(2)
The Politics of Appointing Federal Judges
370(7)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Justice Sandra Day O'Connor
372(1)
Changing Face of American Politics: Diversity on the Federal Bench
373(4)
The Supreme Court and How It Operates
377(5)
Judicial Power in a Constitutional Democracy
382(4)
Summary
384(1)
Key Terms
385(1)
Further Reading
385(1)
PART IV Rights and Liberties
First Amendment Freedoms
386(22)
Rights in the Original Constitution
388(1)
The Bill of Rights and the States
389(1)
Freedom of Religion
390(5)
Global Perceptions Free Practice of Religion
391(3)
Changing Face of American Politics: Growing Religious Intensity and Polarization
394(1)
Free Speech and Free People
395(2)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Ernesto Pichardo
395(2)
Nonprotected and Protected Speech
397(4)
In Comparative Perspective: Hate Speech in Canada
400(1)
Freedom of the Press
401(1)
Other Media and Communications
402(2)
Freedom of Assembly
404(4)
Make it Real Civil Liberties: The Great Balancing Act
406(1)
Summary
406(1)
Key Terms
407(1)
Further Reading
407(1)
Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property
408(22)
Citizenship Rights
410(4)
Property Rights
414(1)
Due Process Rights
415(1)
Privacy Rights
416(2)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Estelle Griswold
417(1)
Rights of Persons Accused of Crimes
418(6)
Global Perceptions Crime
420(4)
How Just Is Our System of Justice?
424(3)
In Comparative Perspective: The Death Penalty Around the World
425(1)
Changing Face of American Politics: A Renewed Debate over the Death Penalty
426(1)
The Supreme Court and Civil Liberties
427(3)
Summary
428(1)
Key Terms
428(1)
Further Reading
428(2)
Equal Rights Under the Law
430(28)
Equality and Equal Right
432(1)
The Quest for Equal Justice
433(8)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Martin Luther King, Jr.
435(5)
Changing Face of American Politics: Racial and Ethnic Identification
440(1)
Equal Protection of the Laws: What Does It Mean?
441(4)
Global Perceptions Acceptance of Homosexuality
442(1)
In Comparative Perspective: Canadian Courts Forbid Discrimination Against Homosexuals
443(2)
Voting Rights
445(2)
Education Rights
447(2)
Rights of Association, Accommodations, Jobs, and Homes
449(2)
The Affirmative Action Controversy
451(4)
Equal Rights Today
455(3)
Make it Real Travel the Civil Rights Timeline
455(1)
Summary
456(1)
Key Terms
456(1)
Further Reading
457(1)
PART V The Politics of National Policy
Making Economic and Regulatory Policy
458(28)
Making Public Policy
460(3)
Economic Policy
463(1)
Fiscal Policy
464(6)
In Comparative Perspective: Taxing Policy in the United States and Denmark
468(2)
Monetary Policy
470(2)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Alan Greenspan, Inflation Buster
471(1)
Promoting Economic Growth
472(3)
Global Perceptions Economic Prosperity
472(3)
Regulating the Economy
475(7)
Changing Face of American Politics: Women and Minorities in the Boardroom
478(4)
The Deregulation Movement
482(4)
Make it Real Balancing the Nation's Budget: What Can You Get for $4 Trillion?
484(1)
Summary
484(1)
Key Terms
485(1)
Further Reading
485(1)
Making Social Policy
486(24)
The Role of Government in Social Policy
488(1)
The Early History of Social Policy in the United States
489(2)
Global Perceptions How Success in Life is Determined
490(1)
Types of Social Policy
491(2)
The Expansion of Social Policy in the Twentieth Century
493(7)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Lucille Roybal-Allard
496(4)
Social Policy Challenges for the Future: Health, Education, and Safety
500(8)
In Comparative Perspective: Health Care in the U. S. and Canada
502(6)
Changing Face of American Politics Access to College
506(3)
The Politics of Social Policy
508(2)
Summary
509(1)
Key Terms
509(1)
Further Reading
509(1)
Making Foreign and Defense Policy
510(28)
Vital Interests in the Twenty-First Century
513(6)
The Foreign and Defense Policy Bureaucracy
519(5)
Global Perceptions Civilian Control of the Military
522(1)
Changing Face of American Politics: Diversity in the Military
523(1)
Participants in Foreign and Defense Policy
524(4)
Foreign and Defense Policy Options
528(4)
In Comparative Perspective: Foreign Aid in the Netherlands
531(1)
Special Problems in Defense Policy
532(4)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Gen. Antonio Taguba
534(2)
Prospects for the Future
536(2)
Make it Real The Impact of Foreign Aid
536(1)
Summary
536(1)
Key Terms
536(1)
Further Reading
537(1)
PART VI State and Local Government
State and Local Politics: Who Governs?
538(14)
Who Has the Power?
540(2)
The Stakes in the Political Struggle
542(4)
Changing Face of American Politics: The Growing Diversity of State Populations
545(1)
Participation Patterns in Small and Medium-Sized Cities
546(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference T. Willard Fair
548(1)
Challenges for State and Local Governments
549(3)
Summary
550(1)
Key Terms
551(1)
Further Reading
551(1)
State Constitutions: Charters or Straitjackets?
552(14)
The Roots of State Constitutions
554(4)
Changing Face of American Politics: Same-Sex Marriages and State Constitutions
558(1)
Amending State Constitutions
558(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Ward Connerly
560(1)
The Politics of Constitutional Revision
561(5)
Summary
564(1)
Key Terms
565(1)
Further Reading
565(1)
Parties and Elections in the States
566(20)
Electoral Politics in the States and Localities
568(1)
The Role of Political Parties
569(9)
Changing Face of American Politics: A Demographic Profile of Local Government Officials
570(8)
Party Balance and Imbalance
578(1)
Elections at the State and Local Levels
579(5)
The Future of Grassroots Democracy
584(2)
Summary
585(1)
Key Terms
585(1)
Further Reading
585(1)
State Legislatures
586(24)
The Legislative Branch
588(11)
Changing Face of American Politics: Women in the Statehouse
592(2)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Garnet F. Coleman
594(5)
Modernization and Reform
599(2)
The Politics of Drawing Legislative District Lines
601(2)
Direct Legislation: Policy Making by the People?
603(3)
The Debate over Direct Democracy
606(4)
Summary
608(1)
Key Terms
608(1)
Further Reading
609(1)
State Governors
610(20)
Rising Expectations for Governors
612(1)
Becoming and Remaining Governor
612(4)
Changing Face of American Politics: Women Governors
613(3)
A Governor's Formal Powers
616(7)
Managing the State
623(2)
Other Statewide Elected Officials
625(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Cathy Cox
627(1)
The Rewards of Being a Governor
628(2)
Make it Real Governor of Texas and the Veto
628(1)
Summary
629(1)
Key Terms
629(1)
Further Reading
629(1)
Judges and Justice in the States
630(18)
The Structure of State Courts
632(3)
People and Politics: Making a Difference New York Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye
634(1)
How Judges Are Chosen
635(5)
Changing Face of American Politics: Women and Minorities on State Supreme Courts
638(2)
The Judicial Reform Movement
640(1)
The Justice System
641(5)
Courts in Crisis
646(2)
Summary
646(1)
Key Terms
647(1)
Further Reading
647(1)
Local Governments and Metropolitics
648(22)
The Nature of State and Local Relations
650(1)
Counties in the United States
651(1)
Towns, Cities, Suburbs
652(3)
City Government Today
655(3)
Changing Face of American Politics: City Councils Are Becoming More Diverse
658(1)
The Role of the Mayor
658(2)
People and Politics: Making a Difference San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom
659(1)
Who Influences Local Policy Making?
660(2)
The Central City and Its Politics
662(1)
Meeting the Challenges of Growth and Economic Development
663(4)
The Politics of Metropolitan Reorganization
667(3)
Summary
668(1)
Key Terms
668(1)
Further Reading
669(1)
Making State and Local Policy
670(24)
Public Education
672(5)
Higher Education
677(1)
Social Services
678(3)
Law Enforcement
681(2)
Planning the Urban Community
683(5)
Regulation
688(3)
The Importance of State and Local Policy
691(3)
Summary
692(1)
Key Terms
692(1)
Further Reading
692(2)
Staffing and Financing State and Local Governments
694
The Role of Public Employees
696(3)
Changing Face of American Politics: The State and Local Workforce
697(2)
Paying for State and Local Government
699(11)
People and Politics: Making a Difference Diane L. Hardt
706(4)
Intergovernmental Competition
710(1)
Assessing State and Local Performance
711
Summary
712(1)
Key Terms
712(1)
Further Reading
712
EPILOGUE SUSTAINING CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY
1(1)
The Case for Government by the People
3(1)
Global Perceptions View of the United States
4(1)
Participation and Representation
4(4)
Reconciling Democracy and Leadership
8(1)
The Democratic Faith
9(3)
Further Reading
12
Appendix
The Declaration of Independence
1(1)
The Federalist, No. 10
2(2)
The Federalist, No. 51
4(2)
The Federalist, No. 78
6(3)
Presidential Election Results, 1789--2000
9(2)
Presidents and Vice Presidents
11
Glossary 1(1)
Notes 1(1)
Photo Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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