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Government by the People : State and Local Politics,9780130287908
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Government by the People : State and Local Politics

by ; ; ; ; ;
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780130287908

ISBN10:
0130287903
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $65.00
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Summary

For Introduction to State and Local Politics courses. This is the most authoritative text for state and local politics. Always one step ahead of the competition, State and Local Politics: Government by the People continually sets the standards for other state and local politics texts by anticipating instructors' needs. Known for its impeccable author team, that treats each new edition as a fresh challenge, State and Local Politics: Government by the People is the perfect text for the educator who wants students to understand how America's state and local political systems work.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
State and Local Politics: Who Governs?
1(13)
Who Has the Power?
2(2)
The Stakes in the Political Struggle
4(4)
Participation Patterns in Small and Medium-Sized Cities
8(2)
We the People What One Person Can Accomplish
10(1)
Challenges for State and Local Governments
11(3)
Summary
12(1)
Key Terms
13(1)
Further Reading
13(1)
American Federalism
14(24)
Defining Federalism
16(4)
The Constitutional Structure of American Federalism
20(5)
In Comparative Perspective Three Different Approaches to Federalism
25(1)
The Role of the Federal Courts: Umpires of Federalism
26(5)
Regulatory Federalism, Federal Grants, and Federal Mandates
31(2)
The Politics of Federalism
33(2)
The Future of Federalism
35(3)
Summary
36(1)
Key Terms
37(1)
Further Reading
37(1)
State Constitutions: Charters or Straitjackets?
38(14)
The Roots of State Constitutions
40(3)
Amending State Constitutions
43(4)
The Politics of Constitutional Revision
47(5)
Summary
50(1)
Key Terms
50(1)
Further Reading
50(2)
Parties and Elections in The States
52(20)
Electoral Politics in the States and Localities
54(2)
We The People A Demographic Profile of Local Government Officials
56(1)
The Role of Political Parties
56(7)
Party Balance and Imbalance
63(1)
Elections at the State and Local Levels
64(6)
The Future of Grassroots Democracy
70(2)
Summary
70(1)
Key Terms
71(1)
Further Reading
71(1)
State Legislatures
72(24)
The Legislative Branch
75(4)
We The People Women in the Statehouse
79(6)
Modernization and Reform
85(2)
The Politics of Drawing Legislative District Lines
87(3)
Direct Legislation: Policy Making by the People?
90(6)
Summary
94(1)
Key Terms
95(1)
Further Reading
95(1)
State Governors
96(20)
Rising Expectations for Governors
98(1)
Becoming and Remaining Governor
98(1)
We The People Women Governors
99(2)
A Governor's Formal Powers
101(7)
Managing the State
108(3)
Other Statewide Elected Officials
111(2)
The Rewards of Being a Governor
113(1)
Governor of Texas and the Veto
114(2)
Summary
114(1)
Key Terms
115(1)
Further Reading
115(1)
Judges and Justice in The States
116(20)
The Structure of State Courts
118(2)
How Judges Are Chosen
120(3)
We The People Female and Minority State Supreme Court Justices
123(3)
The Judicial Reform Movement
126(2)
The Justice System
128(5)
Courts in Crisis
133(3)
Summary
134(1)
Key Terms
134(1)
Further Reading
134(2)
Local Governments and Metropolitics
136(22)
The Nature of State and Local Relations
138(2)
Counties in the United States
140(1)
Towns, Cities, Suburbs
141(2)
City Government Today
143(4)
People in Politics New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg
147(1)
The Role of the Mayor
147(2)
Who Influences Local Policy Making?
149(1)
The Central City and Its Politics
150(2)
Meeting the Challenges of Growth and Economic Development
152(3)
The Politics of Metropolitan Reorganization
155(3)
Summary
156(1)
Key Terms
156(1)
Further Reading
156(2)
Making State and Local Policy
158(24)
Public Education
160(5)
Higher Education
165(2)
Social Services
167(3)
Law Enforcement
170(2)
Planning the Urban Community
172(6)
Regulation
178(2)
The Importance of State and Local Policy
180(2)
Summary
180(1)
Key Terms
181(1)
Further Reading
181(1)
Staffing and Financing State and Local Governments
182(1)
Public Employees: Essential to Government
183(4)
Paying for State and Local Government
187(10)
Doing More with Less
197(2)
Summary
199(1)
Key Terms
199(1)
Further Reading
199
Glossary 1(1)
Notes 1(1)
Photo Credits 1(1)
Index 1

Excerpts

State and local governments remain vital and important. The war on terrorism is global in scope and includes a new federal government Department of Homeland Security; but it also involves city, county, and state law enforcement and public safety officials. The policy interconnections between national and state governments are also illustrated by recent tax cuts at the national level. These cuts have often exacerbated state and local budget shortfalls, forcing cuts in state and local government spending or tax increases. This book is about the institutions and political forces that shape policy making and policy outcomes in state and local communities. To those of us who are students of American politics, states and their local government subdivisions are fascinating political laboratories that allow comparisons among different political systems and traditions. States vary in the powers given to governors, how their legislatures are structured, how judges are selected and reviewed, and how they operate in a host of policy areas, including how they impose taxes. The party system is much weaker in some regions of the country than in others. State legislatures in some of the smaller or rural states meet for just a few months a year, whereas in other states they meet all year. The importance of interest groups and the media varies from state to state and from city to city. Generalizations are sometimes difficult, yet we try in this book to summarize what political scientists know about state and local politics and government. State and local government and politics remain important not only to the residents of a particular state but to all Americans. A tax-cutting ballot initiative can spawn scores of similar votes in other states. And as we learned from welfare reform, states can be catalysts for change on the national level and then central to its implementation. Those who want better government in their communities and states will not achieve it by sitting around and waiting for it. If government by the people, of the people, and for the people is to be more than just rhetoric, citizens must understand state and local politics and be willing to form political alliances, respect and protect the rights of those with whom they differ, and be willing to serve as citizen leaders and citizen politicians. We hope this book will motivate you to appreciate that every person can make a difference, and that all of us should work toward that end. For the Instructor Instructor's Resource Manual.This supplement provides the following resources for each chapter of the text: summary, review of major concepts, lecture suggestions and topic outlines, suggestions for classroom discussions, a content outline for lecture planning, and test questions. Contact your local representative for a copy of the manual.


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