If You're Serious About Your Career,Use the Most Comprehensive GRE Guide on the Market Today! REA's NEW GRE Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology Test Prep with Practice Tests on CDGets You into Grad School! Higher GRE scores mean better options! Scoring well on the GREBiochemistry Subject Testdoesn't just help you get into grad school, it helps move your career forward. So it's worth every minute of your valuable time to be knowledgeable, confident, and prepared to do your best. REA's new test prep will get you ready for the GRE and on your way to grad school! Designed for students and professionals looking to advance their careers, this second edition of our popular test prep contains everything you need to succeed.Focused chapter reviews cover all the information tested on the GRE Biochemistry exam. Each targeted review chapter contains all the formulas, definitions, and information you need to master the material and achieve an excellent score. The book includes two full-length practice testsbased on the most recent GRE Biochemistry exam. Each test contains every type of question that can be expected on the GRE so you can "practice for real" and boost your confidence before taking the exam. Both of the book's exams are featured on our TestWare CD with the most powerful scoring and diagnostic tools available today.Automatic scoring and instant reports help you zero in on the topics and types of questions that give you trouble now, so you'll succeed when it counts! Our on-screen detailed explanations of answers help you identify your strengths and weaknesses. We don't just say which answers are right we also explain why the other answer choices are incorrect so you'll be prepared on test day! Our exclusive Pro Study Planhelps you maximize your valuable study time while learning effective test-taking strategies and timesaving tips from the pros. As an added bonus, up-to-the-minute GRE test information and updates are available at: www.rea.com/GRE If you're serious about your career and are ready to take on the GRE Biochemistry Subject Test get the most comprehensive guide on the market today!
About the Authors
Thomas E. Smith, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Howard University in Washington, D.C. He is also professor of ophthalmology at Howard University Hospital.
He began his career at Benedict College in S.C., where he received a B.S. in chemistry/biology. In 1959 he received an M.S., and in 1962 a Ph.D., in biochemistry at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., and a post-doctoral in 1963 at Washington University in St. Louis, Mo.
Dr. Smith’s professional experience spans five decades, from his work as a chemist with the National Heart Institute in 1953 to his work 50 years later with the National Science Foundation. In various roles under the umbrella of biochemistry and chemistry, his expertise has been exercised at Melpar, Inc.; the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory at the University of California; National Urban League (Black Executive Exchange Program); E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company; University of Texas Health Science Center; United Negro College Fund; College of Medicine at Howard University, and others.
Among his many activities, Dr. Smith was on the editorial board of the Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics from 1976-1994, was a leading member of the Association of Medical and Graduate Departments of Biochemistry from 1980-1999. Over the years he has also been active in various roles with Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Washington Academy of Sciences, the American Association of Medical Colleges, the American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, the National Board of Medical Examiners, the National Institutes of Health, and the Committee on Research Infastructure in Minority Institutions, University of the District of Columbia.
Dr. Smith is the recipient of a number of research and teaching awards, a member of many professional societies, and is a published contributing author.
Marguerite Wilton Coomes, Ph.D., is associate professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Howard University in Washington, D.C., where she has been since 1983. In 1994, she received the Kaiser-Permanente Award for Teaching from Howard University College of Medicine. In the same year, she received the Howard University Health Science Teaching Award.
A sometime GRE question writer in cell and molecular biology, Dr. Coomes received her Ph.D. in Biochemistry in 1980 from The University of Texas Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas. She received her M.S. in 1975 and B.S. (summa cum laude) in 1973, both from North Texas State University in Denton, Texas.
Dr. Coomes has applied her professional expertise to review activities with the Minority Biomedical Research Support (MBRS) Program, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, as well as manuscripts submitted to the Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Her other credentials include various projects and workshops with the American Association for the Advancement of Science; subcommittees with American Association for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; 10 years as Chief Proctor of the United States Medical Licensure Examination for Howard University College of Medicine; and she has served on the review panel for graduate and postdoctoral awards for the Howard Hughes Foundation and the Ford Foundation. She is also a published author and contributing author of scientific books and papers.
ABOUT THIS BOOK & TESTWARE®
This book, along with REA’s exclusive TestWare® software, provides you with an accurate and complete representation of the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Subject Test. REA’s two full-length practice tests are based on the latest editions of the exam. Our topical reviews are designed to prepare you for the very kind of material you are most likely to encounter when taking the actual test.
Our sample tests have been carefully calibrated to match the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Subject Test's level of difficulty, its format, and, of course, the type and proportional representation of its content. Following each practice test you will find an answer key along with detailed step-by-step explanations designed to help you master the relevant material and score high.
The practice tests in this book and software package are included in two formats: in printed form in the book and in TestWare® format on the enclosed CD. We recommend that you begin your preparation by first taking the practice exams on your computer. The software provides timed conditions, and instantaneous, accurate scoring that makes it easier to pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.
ABOUT REA’S TEST EXPERTS
To aid us in meeting our objective of providing you with the best possible study guide for the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test, REA’s test experts have carefully prepared our topical reviews and practice exams. Our authors come armed with specific knowledge of the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test. They have thoroughly examined and researched the mechanics of the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test to ensure that our model tests accurately depict the exam and appropriately challenge the student. Our experts are highly regarded in the educational community. They have taught and conducted scientific research at competitive institutions. They have an in-depth knowledge of the subjects presented in the book and provide accurate questions that will put you in a position to do your very best on the exam.
ABOUT THE TEST
The GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test is taken by students applying to graduate programs in biochemistry. Most programs require that applicants submit scores for both the GRE General Test and the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test; together with other undergraduate records, they are part of the highly competitive admission process to graduate school. Both tests are offered by Educational Testing Service (ETS) and administered throughout the United States and abroad. You can obtain a test registration booklet from your college or by contacting ETS directly. To determine if you should take the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test, contact the universities you are
applying to for admission. For questions pertaining to GRE
Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology policies, contact:
Graduate Record Examinations Educational Testing Service P.O. Box 6000 Princeton, NJ 08541-6000 Phone: (866) 473-4373 Fax: 1-610-290-8975 Website:www.gre.org
SSD ACCOMMODATIONS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES
Many students qualify for extra time to take the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test. For information on how ETS meets disability needs, contact:
ETS Disability Services Educational Testing Service P.O. Box 6054 Princeton, NJ 08541–6054 Phone: 1-866-387-8602 (toll free) Monday–Friday 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (New York) TTY: 1-609-771-7714 Fax: 1-973-735-1892 E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
THE GRE BIOCHEMISTRY, CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY SUBJECT TEST AT A GLANCE
Biochemistry: 36% Chemical and Physical Foundations Biomolecules: Structure, Assembly, Organization, and Dynamics Catalysis and Binding Major Metabolic Pathways Bioenergetics (Including Respiration and Photosynthesis) Regulation and Integration of Metabolism Methodology
Cell Biology: 28% Cellular Compartments of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Organization, Dynamics, and Functions Cell Surface and Communication Cytoskeleton, Motility, and Shape Actin-Based Systems (Including Muscle Contraction) Protein Synthesis and Processing Cell Division, Differentiation, and Development
Molecular Biology and Genetics: 36% Genetic Foundations Chromatin and Chromosomes Genomics Genome Maintenance Gene Expression Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes Bacteriophages and Animal and Plant Viruses Methodology
FORMAT OF THE GRE BIOCHEMISTRY, CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY TEST
The test is usually given three times a year and contains approximately 180 multiple-choice questions, which you must answer in 2 hours and 50 minutes. Each of the 180 questions is worth one point. There is a penalty for wrong answers, which serves to correct for “guessing.” For each wrong answer, one-quarter of a point is deducted from your score. Unanswered questions don’t count for or against you.
ABOUT THE REVIEW
REA’s targeted subject review concisely and systematically summarizes the main areas tested on the GRE Biochemistry,
Cell and Molecular Biology Test. We have prepared it to help you better grasp concepts that your textbook explores in far greater detail. By studying our review, your chances of scoring well on the actual exam will be greatly increased. It affords you a kind of master checklist for everything you need to know. After thoroughly studying the material presented in the review, you should go on to take the practice tests. Used in combination, the review and practice tests will enhance your test-taking skills and give you the confidence needed to obtain a high score.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR THE GRE BIOCHEMISTRY, CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY TEST
As with other GRE subject tests, the GRE Biochemistry,
Cell and Molecular Biology Test gauges knowledge that
you have gained throughout your academic career.
Most of what’s tested on the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and
Molecular Biology Test will require you to make use of
information you learned in your General Biochemistry
courses in college.
We at REA believe the best way to prep for the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test is to replicate the complete GRE test-taking experience. Toward that end, we provide two full-length exams that accurately reflect this subject test in terms of format, content, and degree of difficulty. Our practice exams mirror the latest GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test forms and include every type of question that you can expect to encounter when you take the exam.
Following each of our practice exams is an answer key complete with detailed explanations and solutions. Designed specifically to clarify the material for the student, the explanations not only provide the correct answers, but also explain why the answer to a particular question is indeed the best choice. By completing both practice exams and studying the explanations that follow, you will isolate your strengths and weaknesses. This, in turn, will enable you to concentrate on attacking the sections of the exam you find to be toughest.
Participate in Study Groups As a final word on how to study for this test, you may want to study with others. This will allow you to share knowledge and obtain feedback from other members of your study group. Study groups may make preparing for the exam more enjoyable.
Although you will probably have to take both the GRE General Test and the GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Subject Test, try to avoid taking them on the same day. Taking any test is stressful, and after sitting for one extremely long standardized test, you will hardly be at your best for a second.
Be sure to register for testing dates several months before the due date to ensure that the graduate schools you designate will receive your scores by the application deadlines. Most schools will not consider an incomplete application.
Because the test is not divided into sections, you are completely responsible for budgeting your own time. All the questions are worth the same number of points, so you should not spend too much time on any one item.
The GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test attempts to cover a broad range of topics. It is unlikely that you will have complete knowledge of all of them. It is important that you do not spend too much time on questions you find difficult at the expense of working on those that are easier for you.
The time constraints are such that, on average, a little less than a minute is allotted for each question. Thus, it is unlikely that you will have time to answer all 180 questions; however, you can still receive an excellent score without answering all of them. Because the questions are in no particular order, we recommend making a complete sweep through all the questions on the test. Answer the ones that are immediately easy for you and mark those that you want to revisit.
Once you have answered all of the easier questions,
you can use the remaining time to go back through the
test and work on the harder questions, which require a
greater amount of your time. In this way, you will ensure
that you have the chance to answer all the questions
you are likely to get correct, instead of spending valuable
time on difficult questions near the beginning of the test
and leaving easy questions at the end of the test unanswered.
The penalty for wrong answers should not deter you completely from guessing. If you have no clue what the answer might be, by all means press on. However, if you can eliminate one or two of the five choices, it is to your advantage to make an educated guess. Statistically, guessing randomly among the five choices would give you the possibility of guessing correctly 1/5 of the time. (This is what the quarter-point deduction for wrong answers is designed to balance.) Being able to eliminate three of the choices as wrong answers means that guessing between the two remaining choices would give you a far better chance of being correct.