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Group Dynamics,9780534368227
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Group Dynamics

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534368227

ISBN10:
0534368220
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $116.33

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Summary

In the Fourth Edition of his best-selling text, Forsyth combines an emphasis on research, empirical studies supporting theoretical understanding of groups, and case studies to illustrate the application of concepts to actual groups thus providing students with the most comprehensive treatment of groups available. Forsyth builds each chapter around a real-life case and draws on examples from a range of disciplines including psychology, law, education, sociology, and political science. Because he tightly weaves concepts and familiar ideas together, the text takes students beyond simple exposure to basic principles and research findings to a deeper understanding of each topic.

Table of Contents

Preface xvi
Introduction to Group Dynamics
1(32)
What Is a Group?
2(14)
Defining Groups
2(3)
Classifying Groups
5(5)
Describing Groups
10(5)
Focus 1-1: When Does a Group Look Like a Group?
15(1)
Groups Are Dynamic
16(1)
The Nature of Group Dynamics
16(17)
Orienting Assumptions
17(7)
Focus 1-2: Are Groups Good or Bad?
24(1)
Contemporary Group Dynamics
24(4)
Group Dynamics Is Dynamic
28(2)
Summary in Outline
30(1)
For More Information
31(1)
Media Resources
32(1)
Studying Groups
33(32)
Measurement in Group Dynamics
34(11)
Observational Techniques
35(5)
Self-Report Measures
40(1)
Focus 2-1: What Dimensions Structure Group Interaction?
41(4)
Testing Hypotheses: Research Designs
45(8)
Case Studies
45(2)
Experimentation
47(2)
Nonexperimental Designs
49(3)
Focus 2-2: Are Groups Harder to Study Than Individuals?
52(1)
Selecting a Research Design
53(1)
Theories in Group Dynamics
53(12)
Motivational Models
54(1)
Behavioral Approaches
55(1)
Systems Theories
56(2)
Cognitive Approaches
58(1)
Biological Models
59(1)
Selecting a Theory
60(1)
Summary in Outline
60(2)
For More Information
62(1)
Media Resources
63(2)
The Individual and the Group
65(36)
C. P. Ellis: From Klan Member to Enlightened Humanitarian
66(1)
From Isolation to Belonging
66(10)
Alone or Together
66(5)
Focus 3-1: Does Cyber-Rejection Hurt as Much as Face-to-Face Rejection?
71(2)
The Need to Belong
73(3)
From Individualism to Collectivism
76(12)
Characteristics of Collectivism
76(5)
Collectivism Across Cultures
81(2)
Focus 3-2: Do Only Individualists Strive for High Self-Esteem?
83(1)
Collectivism Across Groups
84(1)
Collectivism Across People
85(3)
From Personal Identity to Social Identity
88(13)
Social Identity Theory
88(3)
Self and Social Identity
91(3)
Focus 3-3: Can Social Identity Theory Explain Sports Fans?
94(3)
Summary in Outline
97(2)
For More Information
99(1)
Media Resources
100(1)
Formation
101(34)
The Impressionists: The Group that Redefined Beauty
102(1)
Joining Groups
102(9)
Personality
103(1)
Focus 4-1: Are Extraverts Happier than Introverts?
104(1)
Social Motivation
105(2)
Experience and Preference
107(1)
Social Anxiety and Shyness
107(2)
Attachment Style
109(1)
Men, Women, and Groups
110(1)
Group Affiliation
111(12)
Social Comparison
111(5)
Focus 4-2: How Do People React to Others' Triumphs and Tragedies?
116(1)
Social Support
116(4)
Collaboration
120(3)
Group Attraction
123(12)
Interpersonal Attraction and Group Formation
123(1)
Focus 4-3: Why Join a Gang?
124(6)
The Economics of Membership
130(2)
Summary in Outline
132(1)
For More Information
133(1)
Media Resources
134(1)
Cohesion and Development
135(34)
The U.S. Olympic Hockey Team: Miracle Makers
136(1)
The Nature of Group Cohesion
136(9)
Cohesion Is Attraction
137(1)
Cohesion Is Unity
138(2)
Focus 5-1: Hazing: Do Initiations Create Cohesion?
140(1)
Cohesion Is Teamwork
141(2)
What Is Group Cohesion?
143(2)
Cohesion and Commitment Over Time
145(7)
Stages of Group Development
146(5)
Cycles of Group Development
151(1)
Consequences of Cohesion
152(7)
Member Satisfaction and Adjustment
153(1)
Group Dynamics and Influence
154(1)
Group Productivity
154(3)
Focus 5-2: Does Stress Lead to a Loss of Team Perspective?
157(2)
Cohesion at Work: Teams
159(10)
Teams in Organizations
159(2)
Building Teams in Organizations
161(4)
Are Teams Effective?
165(1)
Summary in Outline
166(2)
For More Information
168(1)
Media Resources
168(1)
Structure
169(36)
Andes Survivors: One Group's Triumph over Extraordinary Adversity
170(1)
Norms
170(6)
The Development of Norms
172(1)
The Transmission of Norms
173(2)
Focus 6-1: Do Eating Disorders Run in Groups?
175(1)
Roles
176(10)
Role Differentiation
177(3)
Group Socialization
180(3)
Roles, Stress, and Well-Being
183(3)
Intermember Relations
186(19)
Status Relations
187(5)
Focus 6-2: Do Online Groups Allocate Status More Fairly than Face-to-Face Groups?
192(1)
Attraction Relations
193(4)
Communication Relations
197(5)
The Ties That Bind
202(1)
Summary in Outline
202(2)
For More Information
204(1)
Media Resources
204(1)
Influence
205(44)
The Corona Trial Jury: The Group as Arbiter of Justice
206(2)
Majority Influence: The Power of the Many
208(12)
Majority Influence
208(7)
Limits to Majority Influence
215(5)
Minority Influence: The Power of the Few
220(7)
Minority Influence
220(1)
Focus 7-1: Are Pressures to Conform Minimized in Groups that Interact via Computers?
221(4)
Influence as Social Impact
225(2)
Sources of Group Influence
227(10)
Informational Influence
229(2)
Normative Influence
231(1)
Focus 7-2: Why Are Groups Less Helpful than Individuals?
232(2)
Interpersonal Influence
234(3)
Application: Understanding Juries
237(12)
Jury Dynamics
238(2)
How Effective Are Juries?
240(2)
Improving Juries
242(2)
Summary in Outline
244(3)
For More Information
247(1)
Media Resources
247(2)
Power
249(36)
The People's Temple: The Metamorphic Effects of Power
250(1)
Obedience to Authority
251(6)
The Milgram Experiments
251(2)
Did They Obey? Milgram's Findings
253(3)
The Power of the Milgram Situation
256(1)
Power in Groups
257(13)
Focus 8-1: How Strong Are Pressures to Obey in the Cockpit?
258(1)
Bases of Power
259(2)
Focus 8-2: Bullying: A Harmless Phase or Coercive Abuse?
261(4)
Power Processes
265(5)
The Metamorphic Effects of Power
270(15)
Reactions to the Use of Power
271(5)
Changes in the Powerholder
276(4)
Focus 8-3: Does Power Corrupt?
280(1)
Questioning Authority
281(1)
Summary in Outline
281(2)
For More Information
283(1)
Media Resources
283(2)
Performance
285(40)
The Relay Test Room: Enhancing Productivity Through Teamwork
286(1)
Social Facilitation
286(11)
Working with Others: Social Facilitation
287(3)
Why Does Social Facilitation Occur?
290(4)
Focus 9-1: Are Groups Good for the Appetite?
294(1)
Conclusions and Applications
294(3)
Social Loafing
297(7)
Productivity Losses in Groups
298(3)
Causes of and Cures for Social Loafing
301(3)
Social Combination
304(12)
Group Composition: Building the Effective Group
305(1)
Focus 9-2: What Makes a Group Great?
306(3)
Steiner's Taxonomy of Tasks
309(5)
Focus 9-3: Does Synergy Occur in Groups?
314(1)
Two Heads Are Better---Sometimes
315(1)
Group Creativity
316(9)
Does Brainstorming Work?
317(1)
Improving Brainstorming Sessions
318(4)
Summary in Outline
322(2)
For More Information
324(1)
Media Resources
324(1)
Decision Making
325(46)
The Bay of Pigs Planners: Disastrous Decisions and Groupthink
326(1)
Groups and Decisions
327(13)
Individual and Group Decision Making
327(2)
The Anatomy of Group Decision Making
329(4)
Focus 10-1: Why Do Groups Keep Minutes?
333(5)
Who Decides---Individuals or Groups?
338(2)
Groups as Imperfect Decision Makers
340(12)
Group Discussion Pitfalls
340(2)
Focus 10-2: Do Groups Waste Time?
342(1)
The Shared Information Bias
342(4)
Cognitive Limitations
346(2)
Group Polarization
348(4)
Groupthink: A Worst-Case Scenario
352(19)
Symptoms of Groupthink
353(3)
Focus 10-3: How Do Groups Get Trapped by Decisions?
356(1)
Symptoms of Defective Decision Making
357(1)
Causes of Groupthink
358(1)
The Emergence of Groupthink
359(4)
Preventing Groupthink
363(3)
Summary in Outline
366(2)
For More Information
368(1)
Media Resources
369(2)
Leadership
371(38)
Carly Fiorina: Transforming Groups Through Leadership
372(1)
Questions About Leadership
372(7)
Leadership Myths
373(3)
What Is Leadership?
376(1)
What Do Leaders Do?
377(2)
Focus 11-1: Do Men and Women Lead Differently?
379(1)
Leadership Emergence
379(12)
Personal Qualities of Leaders
382(4)
Demographics of Leadership Emergence
386(2)
Who Will Lead? A Cognitive Explanation
388(2)
Focus 11-2: Are Groups Biased Against Female Leaders?
390(1)
Leader Effectiveness
391(18)
Fiedler's Contingency Model
391(3)
``Style'' Theories
394(4)
Leader--Member Exchange Theory
398(1)
Participation Theories
399(3)
Transformational, Charismatic, and Visionary Leadership
402(2)
Women, Men, and Leadership
404(1)
Summary in Outline
405(2)
For More Information
407(1)
Media Resources
408(1)
Conflict
409(38)
Jobs Versus Sculley: When Group Members Turn Against Each Other
410(2)
The Roots of Conflict
412(16)
Winning: Conflict and Competition
412(6)
Sharing: Conflict over Resources
418(4)
Controlling: Conflict over Power
422(1)
Focus 12-1: Should You Take the Blame for Your Group's Failure?
423(2)
Deciding: Conflict over Choices
425(1)
Liking and Disliking: Personal Conflicts
426(2)
Confrontation and Escalation
428(7)
Uncertainty → Commitment
429(1)
Perception → Misperception
429(1)
Weak Tactics → Stronger Tactics
430(3)
Reciprocity → Upward Conflict Spiral
433(1)
Few → Many
434(1)
Irritation → Anger
434(1)
Conflict Resolution
435(12)
Commitment → Negotiation
435(2)
Misperception → Understanding
437(1)
Strong Tactics → Cooperative Tactics
438(1)
Upward → Downward Conflict Spirals
439(1)
Focus 12-2: What Is the Best Way to Manage Conflict?
440(1)
Many → Few
441(1)
Anger → Composure
442(1)
The Value of Conflict
442(1)
Summary in Outline
443(2)
For More Information
445(1)
Media Resources
446(1)
Intergroup Relations
447(38)
The Rattlers and the Eagles: Group Against Group
448(2)
Competition and Conflict: Us Versus Them
450(10)
Realistic Group Conflict Theory
450(1)
The Discontinuity Effect
451(4)
Norms of Engagement
455(1)
Focus 13-1: Are Collectivists Peacemakers?
456(2)
Power and Domination
458(1)
Anger and Frustration
459(1)
Social Categorization: Perceiving Us and Them
460(10)
The Ingroup--Outgroup Bias
460(4)
Cognitive Consequences of Categorization
464(3)
Does Categorization Cause Conflict?
467(2)
The Evolution of Intergroup Conflict
469(1)
Resolving Intergroup Conflict: Uniting Us and Them
470(15)
Intergroup Contact
470(4)
Focus 13-2: Is Friendship Stronger Than Hate?
474(1)
Cognitive Cures for Conflict
475(2)
Conflict Management
477(3)
Resolving Conflict: Conclusions
480(1)
Summary in Outline
481(2)
For More Information
483(1)
Media Resources
484(1)
Groups in Context
485(38)
Apollo 13: The Group that Lost the Moon
486(1)
Group Settings
487(12)
Environmental Settings
488(5)
Focus 14-1: Why Is Mount Everest so Deadly to Groups?
493(1)
Behavior Settings
494(5)
Small-Group Ecology
499(9)
Personal Space
499(3)
Reactions to Spatial Invasion
502(3)
Seating Arrangements
505(3)
Territoriality
508(15)
Group Territories
510(2)
Territoriality Within Groups
512(1)
Focus 14-2: The Home Advantage: Real or Myth?
513(5)
Groups in Context: Beyond Apollo 13
518(1)
Summary in Outline
518(2)
For More Information
520(1)
Media Resources
521(2)
Groups and Change
523(32)
The Therapy Group: Groups as Interpersonal Resources
524(1)
Group Approaches to Change
524(12)
Group Therapy
526(4)
Interpersonal Learning Groups
530(2)
Self-Help Groups
532(3)
Focus 15-1: Can Groups Give Support Online?
535(1)
Sources of Change in Groups
536(10)
Universality and Hope
537(1)
Social Learning
538(3)
Group Cohesion
541(2)
Disclosure and Catharsis
543(1)
Focus 15-2: How Can We Cope with Disasters and Trauma?
544(1)
Altruism
544(1)
Insight
545(1)
The Effectiveness of Groups
546(9)
Perceptions Versus Behaviors
548(1)
Evidence of Negative Effects
548(2)
Types of Groups and Effectiveness
550(1)
The Value of Groups
551(1)
Summary in Outline
551(2)
For More Information
553(1)
Media Resources
553(2)
Crowds and Collective Behavior
555(34)
The Who Concert Stampede: A Crowd Gone Mad?
556(2)
The Nature of Collectives
558(13)
What Is a Collective?
558(2)
Crowds
560(2)
Focus 16-1: People Watching: What Do Crowds Do?
562(4)
Collective Movements
566(5)
Collective Dynamics
571(13)
Le Bon's Crowd Psychology
571(1)
Focus 16-2: Are Social Trends Infectious?
572(1)
Convergence Theories
573(1)
Emergent Norm Theory
574(2)
Deindividuation Theory
576(6)
Collectives and Identity
582(2)
Collectives Are Groups
584(5)
The Myth of the Madding Crowd
584(1)
Studying Groups and Collectives
585(1)
Summary in Outline
586(2)
For More Information
588(1)
Media Resources
588(1)
References 589(70)
Name Index 659(15)
Subject Index 674


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