9780691094939

Hadrian and the Cities of the Roman Empire

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780691094939

  • ISBN10:

    0691094934

  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-12-09
  • Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr

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Summary

Cities throughout the Roman Empire flourished during the reign of Hadrian (A.D. 117-138), a phenomenon that not only strengthened and legitimized Roman dominion over its possessions but also revealed Hadrian as a masterful negotiator of power relationships. In this comprehensive investigation into the vibrant urban life that existed under Hadrian's rule, Mary T. Boatwright focuses on the emperor's direct interactions with Rome's cities, exploring the many benefactions for which he was celebrated on coins and in literary works and inscriptions. Although such evidence is often as imprecise as it is laudatory, its collective analysis, undertaken for the first time together with all other related material, reveals that over 130 cities received at least one benefaction directly from Hadrian. The benefactions, mediated by members of the empire's municipal elite, touched all aspects of urban life; they included imperial patronage of temples and hero tombs, engineering projects, promotion of athletic and cultural competitions, settlement of boundary disputes, and remission of taxes. Even as he manifested imperial benevolence, Hadrian reaffirmed the self-sufficiency and traditions of cities from Spain to Syria, the major exception being his harsh treatment of Jerusalem, which sparked the Third Jewish Revolt. Overall, the assembled evidence points to Hadrian's recognition of imperial munificence to cities as essential to the peace and prosperity of the empire. Boatwright's treatment of Hadrian and Rome's cities is unique in that it encompasses events throughout the empire, drawing insights from archaeology and art history as well as literature, economy, and religion.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations and Tablesp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
List ofAbbreviationsp. XV
Roman Cities and Roman Power: The Roman Empire and Hadrianp. 3
The Sourcesp. 18
Changes of City Status and Their Impact on City Lifep. 36
Appendix to Chapter 3 Aulus Gellius, Noctes Atticae 16.13.1-9 (de Italicensibus)p. 55
Changes Affecting Cities' Daily Governance and Economyp. 57
Civic Benefactions with Extramural Effectsp. 83
Engineering and Architectural Donationsp. 108
Athens, Smyrna, and Italicap. 144
Appendix to Chapter 7 Other Structures in Athens Associated with Hadrianp. 167
City Foundations, New and Renewedp. 172
Hadrian's Civic Benefactions and the Roman Empirep. 204
Bibliographyp. 211
Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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