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Handbook of Electrical Power System Dynamics : Modeling, Stability, and Control,9781118497173
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Handbook of Electrical Power System Dynamics : Modeling, Stability, and Control

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781118497173

ISBN10:
1118497171
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
4/1/2013
Publisher(s):
Wiley-IEEE Press
List Price: $154.66

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Summary

This book aims to provide insights on new trends in power systems operation and control and to present, in detail, analysis methods of the power system behavior (mainly its dynamics) as well as the mathematical models for the main components of power plants and the control systems implemented in dispatch centers. Particularly, evaluation methods for rotor angle stability and voltage stability as well as control mechanism of the frequency and voltage are described. Illustrative examples and graphical representations help readers across many disciplines acquire ample knowledge on the respective subjects.

Author Biography

Mircea Eremia has received the engineer degree in electrical power engineering and PhD degree in power systems from Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest in 1968 and 1977 respectively. Currently he is full professor (since 1992) in the Electrical Power Systems Department of the University "Politehnica" of Bucharest. He is author and co-author of over 150 journal and conference papers and 10 books in the field of electric power systems.

Mohammad Shahidehpour has graduated at Arya-Mehr University of Technology, Iran, 1977, in Electrical Engineering, and has received the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Electrical Engineering Department, University of Missouri, Columbia, in 1978 and 1981, respectively. He is currently Bodine Chair Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and Director of the Robert W. Galvin Center for Electricity Innovation at Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. He serves on the Governing Board of the IEEE Power and Energy Society as VP of Publications. He was an Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems and is the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. He is the member of the Editorial Board of the IEEE Power and Energy magazine and has served as Guest Editor of the magazine's special issues since 2006.

Table of Contents

Foreword xxiii

Acknowledgments xxv

Contributors xxvii

1. INTRODUCTION 1
Mircea Eremia and Mohammad Shahidehpour

PART I POWER SYSTEM MODELING AND CONTROL 7

2. SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR AND INDUCTION MOTOR 9
Mircea Eremia and Constantin Bulac

2.1. Theory and Modeling of Synchronous Generator 9

2.2. Theory and Modeling of the Induction Motor 114

3. MODELING THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF THE CLASSICAL POWER PLANTS 137
Mohammad Shahidehpour, Mircea Eremia, and Lucian Toma

3.1. Introduction 137

3.2. Types of Turbines 138

3.3. Thermal Power Plants 143

3.4. Combined-Cycle Power Plants 158

3.5. Nuclear Power Plants 167

3.6. Hydraulic Power Plants 169

4. WIND POWER GENERATION 179
Mohammad Shahidehpour and Mircea Eremia

4.1. Introduction 179

4.2. Some Characteristics of Wind Power Generation 181

4.3. State of the Art Technologies 184

4.4. Modeling the Wind Turbine Generators 200

4.5. Fault Ride-Through Capability 223

5. SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENTS CALCULATION 229
Nouredine Hadjsaid, Ion TriSstiu, and Lucian Toma

5.1. Introduction 229

5.2. Characteristics of Short-Circuit Currents 232

5.3. Methods of Short-Circuit Currents Calculation 236

5.4. Calculation of Short-Circuit Current Components 264

6. ACTIVE POWER AND FREQUENCY CONTROL 291
Les Pereira

6.1. Introduction 291

6.2. Frequency Deviations in Practice 293

6.3. Typical Standards and Policies for "Active Power and Frequency Control" or "Load Frequency Control" 294

6.4. System Modeling, Inertia, Droop, Regulation, and Dynamic Frequency Response 297

6.5. Governor Modeling 302

6.6. AGC Principles and Modeling 328

6.7. Other Topics of Interest Related to Load Frequency Control 336

7. VOLTAGE AND REACTIVE POWER CONTROL 340
Sandro Corsi and Mircea Eremia

7.1. Relationship Between Active and Reactive Powers and Voltage 342

7.2. Equipments for Voltage and Reactive Power Control 347

7.3. Grid Voltage and Reactive Power Control Methods 374

7.4. Grid Hierarchical Voltage Regulation 399

7.5. Implementation Study of the Secondary Voltage Regulation in Romania 423

7.6. Examples of Hierarchical Voltage Control in the World 429

PART II POWER SYSTEM STABILITY AND PROTECTION 451

8. BACKGROUND OF POWER SYSTEM STABILITY 453
S.S. (Mani) Venkata, Mircea Eremia, and Lucian Toma

8.1. Introduction 453

8.2. Classification of Power Systems Stability 453

8.3. Parallelism Between Voltage Stability and Angular Stability 469

8.4. Importance of Security for Power System Stability 469

9. SMALL-DISTURBANCE ANGLE STABILITY AND ELECTROMECHANICAL OSCILLATION DAMPING 477
Roberto Marconato and Alberto Berizzi

9.1. Introduction 477

9.2. The Dynamic Matrix 478

9.3. A General Simplified Approach 482

9.4. Major Factors Affecting the Damping of Electromechanical Oscillations 501

9.5. Damping Improvement 546

9.6. Typical Cases of Interarea Or Low-Frequency Electromechanical Oscillations 564

10. TRANSIENT STABILITY 570
Nikolai Voropai and Constantin Bulac

10.1. General Aspects 570

10.2. Direct Methods for Transient Stability Assessment 572

10.3. Integration Methods for Transient Stability Assessment 603

10.4. Dynamic Equivalents 614

10.5. Transient Stability Assessment of Large Electric Power Systems 638

10.6. Application 645

11. VOLTAGE STABILITY 657
Mircea Eremia and Constantin Bulac

11.1. Introduction 657

11.2. System Characteristics and Load Modeling 658

11.3. Static Aspects of Voltage Stability 667

11.4. Voltage Instability Mechanisms: Interaction Between Electrical Network, Loads, and Control Devices 674

11.5. Voltage Stability Assessment Methods 688

11.6. Voltage Instability Countermeasures 716

11.7. Application 724

12. POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION 737
Klaus-Peter Brand and Ivan De Mesmaeker

12.1. Introduction 737

12.2. Summary of IEC 61850 744

12.3. The Protection Chain in Details 746

12.4. Transmission and Distribution Power System Structures 753

12.5. Properties of the Three-Phase Systems Relevant for Protection 755

12.6. Protection Functions Sorted According to the Objects Protected 759

12.7. From Single Protection Functions to System Protection 773

12.8. Conclusions 780

PART III GRID BLACKOUTS AND RESTORATION PROCESS 787

13. MAJOR GRID BLACKOUTS: ANALYSIS, CLASSIFICATION, AND PREVENTION 789
Yvon Besanger, Mircea Eremia, and Nikolai Voropai

13.1. Introduction 789

13.2. Description of Some Previous Blackouts 792

13.3. Analysis of Blackouts 835

13.4. Economical and Social Effects 847

13.5. Recommendations for Preventing Blackouts 849

13.6. On Some Defense and Restoration Actions 850

13.7. Survivability/vulnerability of Electric Power Systems 856

13.8. Conclusions 860

14. RESTORATION PROCESSES AFTER BLACKOUTS 864
Alberto Borghetti, Carlo Alberto Nucci, and Mario Paolone

14.1. Introduction 864

14.2. Overview of The Restoration Process 865

14.3. Black-Start-Up Capabilities of Thermal Power Plant: Modeling and Computer Simulations 869

14.4. Description of Computer Simulators 888

14.5. Concluding Remarks 896

15. COMPUTER SIMULATION OF SCALE-BRIDGING TRANSIENTS IN POWER SYSTEMS 900
Kai Strunz and Feng Gao

15.1. Bridging of Instantaneous and Phasor Signals 901

15.2. Network Modeling 903

15.3. Modeling of Power System Components 909

15.4. Application: Simulation of Blackout 923

References 926

Index 929



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