9780195123326

Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780195123326

  • ISBN10:

    0195123328

  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1998-07-16
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

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Summary

This handy reference provides full access to the 1,200 years of Roman rule from the 8th century B.C. to the 5th century A.D., including information that is hard to find and even harder to decipher. Clear, authoritative, and highly organized, Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome provides a uniquelook at a civilization whose art, literature, law, and engineering influenced the whole of Western Europe throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and beyond. The myriad topics covered include rulers; the legal and governmental system; architectural feats such as the famous Roman roads and aqueducts; the many Roman religions and festivals; the Roman system of personal names; contemporary poets and historians; even typical Roman leisure pursuits. Eachchapter includes an extensive bibliography, as well as more than 125 site-specific photographs and line drawings. Maps chart the expansion and contraction of the territory from the foundation city of Rome itself to the Byzantine Empire and the ultimate decline of the West. Combining both archaeological and historical evidence, the Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome is perfect for anyone interested in Roman history, the classics, or an overview of the amazing period in which the Romans ruled.

Author Biography


Lesley and Roy A. Adkins are both professional archaeologists. They have written numerous books together including Dictionary of Roman Religion, An Introduction to Archaeology, and Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece.

Table of Contents

ILLUSTRATIONS
v(4)
TABLES
ix(1)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS x(1)
INTRODUCTION xi
1 REPUBLIC AND EMPIRE
1(48)
Dates of Events
3(9)
Prominent People
12(7)
Emperors
19(18)
Social Structure
37(1)
Government
38(7)
Taxes and Finance
45(1)
Laws
46(1)
Reading
47(2)
2 MILITARY AFFAIRS
49(54)
History of the Legions
51(4)
Numbering and Stations of Legions
55(7)
Organization of Legions
62(3)
Alae Sociorum
65(1)
Garrison at Rome
66(1)
Auxiliaries
67(2)
The Navy
69(7)
Conditions of Service
76(2)
Training
78(1)
Battle Tactics
79(1)
Sieges
80(1)
Weapons and Equipment
81(9)
Military Standards
90(1)
Military Decorations
90(1)
Triumphs
91(1)
Camps, Forts and Fortresses
92(4)
Frontiers
96(5)
Reading
101(2)
3 GEOGRAPHY OF THE ROMAN WORLD
103(26)
Expansion and Contraction of Rome's Territory
105(8)
The Provinces
113(6)
Gazetteer of Place Names
119(9)
Reading
128(1)
4 TOWNS AND COUNTRYSIDE
129(38)
Town Planning
131(1)
Centuriation
132(1)
Types of Town
132(2)
Town Amenities
134(14)
Villas
148(1)
Surveyors and Surveying
149(2)
Architects and Architecture
151(1)
Building Techniques
152(7)
Interior and Exterior Decoration
159(2)
Farming
161(3)
Reading
164(3)
5 TRAVEL AND TRADE
167(34)
Maps and Itineraries
169(2)
Roads
171(9)
Bridges and Tunnels
180(2)
Milestones
182(1)
Land Transport
183(3)
Merchant Ships
186(4)
Rivers and Canals
190(1)
Pirates
191(1)
Harbors
191(3)
Transport and Trade of Goods
194(5)
Reading
199(2)
6 WRITTEN EVIDENCE
201(48)
Latin Language
203(2)
Alphabet
205(1)
Writing
206(2)
Writing Materials
208(2)
Libraries
210(1)
Education
211(1)
Ancient Literature and Authors
211(23)
Inscriptions
234(9)
Personal Names
243(2)
Numerals
245(2)
Reading
247(2)
7 RELIGION
249(54)
State Religion
251(5)
Gods and Goddesses
256(19)
Religious Observance
275(5)
Festivals
280(7)
Druidism
287(1)
Oriental Religions
287(3)
Judaism
290(1)
Christianity
291(2)
Atheism
293(1)
Magic and Superstition
293(1)
Religious Buildings
293(5)
Religious and Ritual Artifacts
298(4)
Reading
302(1)
8 ECONOMY AND INDUSTRY
303(32)
Coinage
305(8)
Weights and Measures
313(1)
Industry
314(1)
Pottery
315(7)
Brick and Tile
322(2)
Glass
324(2)
Food Processing
326(1)
Textiles
327(1)
Leather
328(1)
Bone, Antler and Ivory
329(1)
Woodworking
329(1)
Extractive Industries
330(1)
Metalworking
331(2)
Stoneworking
333(1)
Reading
333(2)
9 EVERYDAY LIFE
335(26)
Time
337(2)
The Family
339(2)
Population
341(1)
Slaves
341(1)
Food and Drink
342(2)
Personal Appearance
344(3)
Entertainment
347(3)
Art
350(3)
Punishment
353(1)
Medicine
354(1)
Philosophy
355(1)
Death and Afterlife
355(3)
Reading
358(3)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 361(12)
INDEX 373

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