CART

(0) items

Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering, Two Volume Set,9781118384633
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Handbook of Measurement in Science and Engineering, Two Volume Set

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781118384633

ISBN10:
1118384636
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/22/2013
Publisher(s):
Wiley
List Price: $625.00

Rent Textbook

(Recommended)
 
Term
Due
Price
$562.50

Buy New Textbook

Currently Available, Usually Ships in 24-48 Hours
N9781118384633
$594.75

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $496.14
See Prices

Questions About This Book?

Why should I rent this book?
Renting is easy, fast, and cheap! Renting from eCampus.com can save you hundreds of dollars compared to the cost of new or used books each semester. At the end of the semester, simply ship the book back to us with a free UPS shipping label! No need to worry about selling it back.
How do rental returns work?
Returning books is as easy as possible. As your rental due date approaches, we will email you several courtesy reminders. When you are ready to return, you can print a free UPS shipping label from our website at any time. Then, just return the book to your UPS driver or any staffed UPS location. You can even use the same box we shipped it in!
What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 1/22/2013.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. You may receive a brand new copy, but typically, only the book itself.

Summary

The Handbook of Engineering Measurements is encyclopedic in scope, beyond anything currently available on the market. The handbook spans several disciplines: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, and Industrial Engineering in Volume I; and Materials Properties and Testing, Instrumentation, and Measurement Standards in Volume II. Volumes will be sold both separately and as a set, therefore maximizing potential to both institutions and individuals.

Table of Contents

VOLUME 1

PREFACE xxiii

CONTRIBUTORS xxvii

PART I CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 1

1 New and Emerging Technologies in Structural Health Monitoring 3
Merit Enckell, Jacob Egede Andersen, Branko Glisic, and Johan Silfwerbrand

1.1 Introduction, 5

1.2 Background, 6

1.3 New and Emerging Technologies, 8

1.4 Fiber-Optic Technology, 16

1.5 Acoustic Emission, 24

1.6 Radar Technology, 27

1.7 Global Positioning System, 31

1.8 Corrosion Monitoring Systems, 33

1.9 Weigh-in-Motion (WIM) Systems, 35

1.10 Components of Structural Health Monitoring System, 37

1.11 Structural Health Monitoring System Design, 41

1.12 System Procurement and Installation, 44

1.13 Application of Structural Health Monitoring Systems, 47

1.14 Discussion, 67

1.15 Conclusion, 69

Acknowledgments, 70

References, 71

2 Applications of GIS in Engineering Measurements 79
Gary S. Spring

2.1 Introduction, 79

2.2 Background, 80

2.3 Basic Principles of GIS, 81

2.4 Measurement-Based GIS Applications, 96

2.5 Implementation Issues, 97

2.6 Conclusion, 100

References, 102

3 Traffic Congestion Management 105
Nagui M. Rouphail

3.1 Introduction and Background, 105

3.2 Scope of the Chapter, 106

3.3 Organization of the Chapter, 107

3.4 Fundamentals of Vehicle Emission Estimation, 107

3.5 Inventory of Traffic Congestion Management Methods, 112

3.6 Assessing Emission Impacts of Traffic Congestion Management, 119

3.7 Summary, 128

Acknowledgments, 129

References, 129

4 Seismic Testing of Highway Bridges 133
Eric V. Monzon, Ahmad M. Itani, and Gokhan Pekcan

4.1 Introduction, 133

4.2 Similitude Requirements, 134

4.3 Specimen Fabrication, 141

4.4 Input Motion, 148

4.5 Instrumentation, 150

4.6 Data Acquisition and Processing, 155

4.7 Results, 157

References, 158

5 Measurements in Environmental Engineering 159
Daniel A. Vallero

5.1 Introduction, 159

5.2 Environmental Sampling Approaches, 166

5.3 Laboratory Analysis, 169

5.4 Measurement Uncertainty, 183

5.5 Measurement Decision Making, 186

5.6 Environmental Indicators, 191

5.7 Extending Measurement Data Using Models, 199

5.8 Summary, 200

Nomenclature, 200

References, 202

6 Hydrology Measurements 205
Todd C. Rasmussen

6.1 Introduction, 206

6.2 Precipitation, 209

6.3 Evapotranspiration, 212

6.4 Surface Flow, 216

6.5 Groundwater, 219

6.6 Soil Water, 223

6.7 Water Quality, 226

Suggested Readings, 231

7 Mobile Source Emissions Testing 233
Mohan Venigalla

7.1 Testing for Regulatory Compliance, 234

References, 240

PART II MECHANICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 241

8 Dimensions, Surfaces, and their Measurement 243
Mikell P. Groover

8.1 Dimensions, Tolerances, and Related Attributes, 244

8.2 Conventional Measuring Instruments and Gages, 245

8.3 Surfaces, 254

References, 256

9 Mass Properties Measurement 259
David Tellet

9.1 Introduction, 260

9.2 Mass and Weight, 262

9.3 Measurement Methodology, 264

9.4 Weight and Mass Measurement, 274

9.5 Center of Gravity Measurement, 275

9.6 MOI Measurement, 280

9.7 POI Measurement, 284

9.8 Measuring Large Vehicles, 287

9.9 Sources of Uncertainty, 292

References, 300

10 Force Measurement 301
Patrick Collins

10.1 Introduction, 302

10.2 Force Transducers, 303

10.3 Universal Testing Machines, 306

10.4 The Strain Gauge Sensor, 307

10.5 Resonant Element Transducers, 311

10.6 Surface Acoustic Wave Transducers, 314

10.7 Dynamometers, 317

10.8 Optical Force Transducers, 317

10.9 Magneto-Elastic Transducers, 320

10.10 Force Balance Transducers, 321

10.11 Force Transducer Characteristics, 321

10.12 Calibration, 323

10.13 Conclusion, 329

Glossary of Terms, 329

References, 340

11 Resistive Strain Measurement Devices 343
Mark Tuttle

11.1 Preliminary Discussion, 343

11.2 Resistance Metal Strain Gages, 349

11.3 Semiconductor Strain Gages, 363

11.4 Liquid Metal Strain Gages, 365

References, 366

12 Vibration Measurement 367
Sheryl M. Gracewski and Nigel D. Ramoutar

12.1 Introduction, 367

12.2 One-Degree-of-Freedom System Response, 369

12.3 Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Systems and the Frequency Response Function, 373

12.4 Vibration Measurement Equipment and Techniques, 388

12.5 Experimental Modal Analysis, 405

12.6 Applications of Vibration Measurement, 423

Nomenclature, 428

References, 431

13 Acoustical Measurements 433
Brian E. Anderson, Jonathan D. Blotter, Kent L. Gee, and Scott D. Sommerfeldt

13.1 Introduction, 434

13.2 Fundamental Measures, 436

13.3 Microphones, 445

13.4 Sound Pressure Level Measurements, 451

13.5 Measurement of Sound Isolation, 454

13.6 Room Acoustics Measurements, 457

13.7 Community and Environmental Noise, 463

13.8 Sound Intensity Measurements, 465

13.9 Sound Power Measurements, 472

13.10 Sound Exposure Measurements, 476

References, 479

14 Temperature Measurement 483
Peter R. N. Childs

Summary, 484

14.1 Introduction, 484

14.2 Selection, 487

14.3 Invasive Temperature Measurement, 489

14.4 Semi-Invasive Methods, 511

14.5 Noninvasive Methods, 514

14.6 Conclusions, 519

Nomenclature, 519

References, 521

15 Pressure and Velocity Measurements 527
Richard S. Figliola and Donald E. Beasley

15.1 Pressure Concepts, 528

15.2 Pressure Reference Instruments, 530

15.3 Pressure Transducers, 536

15.4 Pressure Transducer Calibration, 543

15.5 Pressure Measurements in Moving Fluids, 544

15.6 Modeling Pressure and Fluid Systems, 548

15.7 Design and Installation: Transmission Effects, 548

15.8 Fluid Velocity Measuring Systems, 552

Nomenclature, 563

References, 564

16 Luminescent Method for Pressure Measurement 567
Gamal E. Khalil, Jim W. Crafton, Sergey D. Fonov, Marvin Sellers, and Dana Dabiri

16.1 Introduction, 567

16.2 Principles of Pressure-Sensitive Paint, 569

16.3 Pressure-Sensitive Luminescent Dyes, 571

16.4 PSP Polymer and Binder, 572

16.5 Measurement Methods, 574

16.6 Pressure-Sensitive Paint Measurements, 588

Acknowledgments, 611

References, 612

17 Flow Measurement 615
Jesse Yoder

17.1 New-Technology and Traditional Technology Flowmeters, 616

17.2 Trends in Flow Measurement, 627

Further Readings, 628

18 Heat Flux Measurement 629
Thomas E. Diller

18.1 Introduction, 630

18.2 Important Issues, 631

18.3 Gages Based on Spatial Temperature Difference, 634

18.4 Gages Based on Temperature Change with Time, 643

18.5 Gages Based on Active Heating Methods, 648

18.6 Calibration and Errors, 653

References, 655

19 Heat Transfer Measurements for Nonboiling Two-Phase Flow 661
Afshin J. Ghajar and Clement C. Tang

19.1 Introduction, 661

19.2 Experimental Setup for Horizontal and Slightly Inclined Pipes, 662

19.3 Instruments for Measurement and Data Acquisition, 666

19.4 Heat Transfer Experiment Procedures, 667

19.5 Verifying the Functionality of the Experimental Setup, 670

19.6 Experimental Results of Two-Phase Flow, 673

19.7 Concluding Remarks, 682

Nomenclature, 683

References, 684

20 Solar Energy Measurements 687
Tariq Muneer and Yieng Wei Tham

20.1 Introduction, 688

20.2 Measurement Equipment, 694

20.3 Equipment Error and Uncertainty, 703

20.4 Operational Errors, 704

20.5 Diffuse Radiation Data Measurement Errors, 704

20.6 Types of Sensors and their Accuracy, 711

20.7 Modern Developments, 711

20.8 Data Quality Assessment, 714

20.9 Statistical Evaluation of Models, 716

20.10 Outlier Analysis, 722

Acknowledgments, 722

References, 723

21 Wind Energy Measurements 727
Peter Gregg

21.1 Introduction, 728

21.2 Concepts, 728

21.3 Measurements, 731

21.4 Evaluation, 739

References, 747

22 Human Movement Measurements 749
Rahman Davoodi

22.1 Introduction, 749

22.2 Characterization of Human Movement, 750

22.3 Optical Motion Capture Systems, 751

22.4 Magnetic Motion Capture Systems, 754

22.5 Inertial Motion Capture Systems, 756

22.6 Discussion, 761

Acknowledgment, 762

References, 762

23 Flow Measurement 765
Arnold A. Fontaine, Keefe B. Manning, and Steven Deutsch

23.1 Introduction, 765

23.2 Flow Measurement Applications, 768

References, 799

PART III INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING 803

24 Statistical Quality Control 805
Magd E. Zohdi

24.1 Measurements and Quality Control, 805

24.2 Dimension and Tolerance, 805

24.3 Quality Control, 806

24.4 Interrelationship of Tolerances of Assembled Products, 812

24.5 Operation Characteristic (OC) Curve, 812

24.6 Control Charts for Attributes, 812

24.7 Acceptance Sampling, 815

24.8 Defense Department Acceptance Sampling by Variables, 817

Further Readings, 817

25 Evaluating and Selecting Technology-Based Projects 819
Hans J. Thamhain

25.1 Management Perspective, 819

25.2 Quantitative Approaches, 821

25.3 Qualitative Approaches, 826

25.4 Recommendations, 828

Variables and Abbreviations, 831

References, 831

26 Manufacturing Systems Evaluation 833
Walter W. Olson

26.1 Introduction, 833

26.2 Components of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing, 834

26.3 Manufacturing Systems, 835

26.4 System Effects on ECM, 838

26.5 Assessment, 840

26.6 Summary, 844

References, 845

27 Measuring Performance of Chemical Process Equipment 847
Alan Cross

27.1 Introduction, 847

27.2 Direct Fired Heater Measurement and Process Control

Instrumentation, 848

27.3 Crushing and Grinding Equipment Measurements, 851

References, 858

28 Industrial Energy Efficiency 859
B. Gopalakrishnan, D. P. Gupta, Y. Mardikar, and S. Chaudhari

28.1 Introduction, 860

28.2 Literature Review, 863

28.3 Data Analysis of Energy Efficiency Measures, 864

28.4 Energy Efficiency Measures in Major Energy Consuming

Equipment, 872

28.5 Case Studies of Development of Energy-Efficiency Measures, 879

28.6 Conclusion, 881

Acknowledgments, 881

References, 881

29 Industrial Waste Auditing 885
C. Visvanathan

29.1 Overview, 885

29.2 Waste-Minimization Programs, 886

29.3 Waste-Minimization Cycle, 888

29.4 Waste Auditing, 890

29.5 Conclusion, 909

Further Readings, 910

30 Organizational Performance Measurement 911
Jennifer A. Farris, Eileen M. Van Aken, and Geert Letens

30.1 Introduction, 911

30.2 Summary, 940

References, 940

INDEX

VOLUME 2

PART IV MATERIALS PROPERTIES AND TESTING 945

31 Viscosity Measurement 947
Ann M. Anderson, Bradford A. Bruno, and Lilla Safford Smith

31.1 Viscosity Background, 947

31.2 Common Units of Viscosity, 949

31.3 Major Viscosity Measurement Methods, 959

31.4 ASTM Standards for Measuring Viscosity, 974

31.5 Questions to Ask When Selecting a Viscosity Measurement Technique, 976

References, 979

32 Tribology Measurements 981
Prasanta Sahoo

32.1 Introduction, 982

32.2 Measurement of Surface Roughness, 983

32.3 Measurement of Friction, 988

32.4 Measurement of Wear, 992

32.5 Measurement of Test Environment, 994

32.6 Measurement of Material Characteristics, 998

32.7 Measurement of Lubricant Characteristics, 1001

32.8 Wear Particle Analysis, 1004

32.9 Industrial Measurements, 1005

32.10 Summary, 1006

33 Corrosion Monitoring 1007
Pierre R. Roberge

33.1 What is Corrosion Monitoring?, 1007

33.2 The Role of Corrosion Monitoring, 1008

33.3 Corrosion Monitoring System Considerations, 1010

References, 1116

34 Surface Properties Measurement 1121
Mrinalini Mulukutla and Sandip P. Harimkar

34.1 Introduction, 1121

34.2 Surface Properties, 1122

34.3 Microstructural Analysis, 1125

34.4 Compositional Analysis, 1128

34.5 Phase Analysis, 1130

34.6 Mechanical Testing, 1131

34.7 Corrosion Properties, 1141

34.8 Standards for Surface Engineering Measurement, 1145

References, 1147

35 Thermal Conductivity of Engineering Materials 1151
Juergen Blumm

35.1 Introduction, 1151

35.2 Stationary Methods for Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity, 1157

35.3 Transient Methods for the Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity, 1163

35.4 Test Results on Various Engineering Materials, 1173

References, 1188

36 Optical Methods for the Measurement of Thermal Conductivity 1189
Prabhakar R. Bandaru and Max S. Aubain

36.1 Thermal Boundary Resistance May Limit Accuracy in Contact-Based Thermal Conductivity (k) Measurements, 1189

36.2 Optical Measurements of k May Avoid Contact-Related Issues, 1192

36.3 Thermoreflectance (TR), 1196

36.4 Characteristics of Thermoreflectance from Si Thin Films—Modeling and Calibration, 1199

36.5 Experimental Procedures, 1202

36.6 Results and Discussion, 1204

36.7 Summary and Outlook, 1208

Acknowledgments, 1209

References, 1209

37 Selection of Metals for Structural Design 1213
Matthew J. Donachie

37.1 Introduction, 1214

37.2 Common Alloy Systems, 1215

37.3 What are Alloys and What Affects their Use?, 1215

37.4 What are the Properties of Alloys and How are Alloys Strengthened?, 1218

37.5 Manufacture of Alloy Articles, 1221

37.6 Alloy Information, 1221

37.7 Metals at Lower Temperatures, 1231

37.8 Metals at High Temperatures, 1233

37.9 Melting and Casting Practices, 1236

37.10 Forging, Forming, Powder Metallurgy, and Joining of Alloys, 1242

37.11 Surface Protection of Materials, 1245

37.12 Postservice Refurbishment and Repair, 1248

37.13 Alloy Selection: A Look at Possibilities, 1249

37.14 Level of Property Data, 1252

37.15 Thoughts on Alloy Systems, 1252

37.16 Selected Alloy Information Sources, 1259

Further Readings, 1261

38 Mechanical Properties of Polymers 1263
Daniel Liu, Jackie Rehkopf, and Maureen Reitman

38.1 Microstructure and Morphology of Polymers—Amorphous Versus Crystalline, 1264

38.2 General Stress–Strain Behavior, 1265

38.3 Viscoelasticity, 1271

38.4 Mechanical Models of Viscoelasticity, 1272

38.5 Time–Temperature Dependence, 1274

38.6 Deformation Mechanisms, 1274

38.7 Crazing, 1277

38.8 Fracture, 1279

38.9 Modifying Mechanical Properties, 1284

38.10 Load-Bearing Applications: Creep, Fatigue Resistance, and High Strain Rate Behavior, 1285

References, 1290

39 Electrical Properties of Polymers 1291
Evaristo Riande and Ricardo Diaz-Calleja

39.1 Introductory Remarks, 1291

39.2 Polarity and Permittivity, 1292

39.3 Measurements of Dielectric Permittivity, 1293

39.4 Polarization and Dipole Moments in Isotropic Systems, 1297

39.5 Thermostimulated Depolarization Currents, 1316

39.6 Conductivity in Polyelectrolytes and Polymer-Electrolytes as Separators for Low Temperature Fuel Cells and Electrical Batteries, 1318

39.7 Semiconductors and Electronic Conducting Polymers, 1324

39.8 Ferroelectricity, Pyroelectricity, and Piezoelectricity in Polymers, 1328

39.9 Nonlinear Polarization in Polymers, 1331

39.10 Elastomers for Actuators and Sensors, 1333

39.11 Electrical Breakdown in Polymers, 1336

References, 1338

40 Nondestructive Inspection 1343
Robert L. Crane and Jeremy S. Knopp

40.1 Introduction, 1344

40.2 Liquid Penetrants, 1347

40.3 Radiography, 1351

40.4 Ultrasonic Methods, 1361

40.5 Magnetic Particle Method, 1370

40.6 Thermal Methods, 1373

40.7 Eddy Current Methods, 1375

References, 1410

41 Testing of Metallic Materials 1413
Peter C. McKeighan

41.1 Mechanical Test Laboratory, 1414

41.2 Tensile and Compressive Property Testing, 1418

41.3 Creep and Stress Relaxation Testing, 1420

41.4 Hardness and Impact Testing, 1422

41.5 Fracture Toughness Testing, 1425

41.6 Fatigue Testing, 1429

41.7 Other Mechanical Testing, 1433

41.8 Environmental Considerations, 1434

Acknowledgments, 1436

References, 1436

42 Ceramics Testing 1437
Shawn K. McGuire and Michael G. Jenkins

42.1 Introduction, 1437

42.2 Mechanical Testing, 1438

42.3 Thermal Testing, 1451

42.4 Nondestructive Evaluation Testing, 1458

42.5 Electrical Testing, 1460

42.6 Summary, 1461

References, 1461

43 Plastics Testing 1463
Vishu Shah

43.1 Introduction, 1464

43.2 Mechanical Properties, 1464

43.3 Thermal Properties, 1481

43.4 Electrical Properties, 1484

43.5 Weathering Properties, 1488

43.6 Optical Properties, 1492

Further Readings, 1496

44 Testing and Instrumental Analysis for Plastics Processing: Key Characterization Techniques 1499
Maria del Pilar Noriega

44.1 FTIR Spectroscopy, 1499

44.2 Chromatography (GC, GC-MSD, GC-FID, and HPLC), 1500

44.3 DSC and Thermogravimetry (TGA), 1510

44.4 Rheometry, 1518

References, 1527

45 Analytical Tools for Estimation of Particulate Composite Material Properties 1529
Tarek I. Zohdi and Magd E. Zohdi

45.1 Introduction, 1529

45.2 Concepts in Statistical Quality Control, 1530

45.3 Effective Property Estimates, 1531

45.4 Summary, 1535

References, 1537

PART V INSTRUMENTATION 1539

46 Instrument Statics 1541
Jerry Lee Hall, Sriram Sundararajan, and Mahmood Naim

46.1 Terminology, 1541

46.2 Static Calibration, 1544

46.3 Statistics in the Measurement Process, 1547

References, 1570

47 Input and Output Characteristics 1573
Adam C. Bell

47.1 Introduction, 1574

47.2 Familiar Examples of Input–Output Interactions, 1575

47.3 Energy, Power, Impedance, 1578

47.4 Operating Point of Static Systems, 1586

47.5 Transforming the Operating Point, 1598

47.6 Measurement Systems, 1602

47.7 Distributed Systems in Brief, 1607

47.8 Concluding Remarks, 1609

References, 1610

48 Bridge Transducers 1611
Patrick L. Walter

48.1 Terminology, 1612

48.2 Flexural Devices in Measurement Systems, 1612

48.3 The Resistance Strain Gage, 1615

48.4 The Wheatstone Bridge, 1625

48.5 Resistance Bridge Balance Methods, 1634

48.6 Resistance Bridge Transducer Measurement System Calibration, 1636

48.7 Resistance Bridge Transducer Measurement System Considerations, 1646

48.8 AC Impedance Bridge Transducers, 1655

References, 1660

Further Readings, 1661

49 Signal Processing 1663
John Turnbull

49.1 Frequency-Domain Analysis of Linear Systems, 1663

49.2 Basic Analog Filters, 1666

49.3 Basic Digital Filter, 1672

49.4 Stability and Phase Analysis, 1680

49.5 Extracting Signal from Noise, 1682

References, 1683

50 Data Acquisition and Display Systems 1685
Philip C. Milliman

50.1 Introduction, 1686

50.2 Data Acquisition, 1687

50.3 Process Data Acquisition, 1688

50.4 Data Conditioning, 1691

50.5 Data Storage, 1699

50.6 Data Display and Reporting, 1704

50.7 Data Analysis, 1707

50.8 Data Communications, 1708

50.9 Other Data Acquisition and Display Topics, 1712

50.10 Summary, 1715

References, 1715

PART VI MEASUREMENT STANDARDS 1517

51 Mathematical and Physical Units, Standards, and Tables 1719
Jack H. Westbrook

51.1 Symbols and Abbreviations, 1720

Bibliography for Letter Symbols, 1731

Bibliography for Graphic Symbols, 1737

51.2 Mathematical Tables, 1742

51.3 Statistical Tables, 1765

51.4 Units and Standards, 1775

Bibliography for Units and Measurements, 1802

51.5 Tables of Conversion Factors, 1802

51.6 Standard Sizes, 1833

51.7 Standard Screws, 1886

52 Measurement Uncertainty 1911
David Clippinger

52.1 Introduction, 1911

52.2 Literature, 1914

52.3 Evaluation of Uncertainty, 1915

52.4 Discussion, 1924

Disclaimer, 1924

References, 1925

53 Measurements 1927
E. L. Hixson and E. A. Ripperger

53.1 Standards and Accuracy, 1927

53.2 Impedance Concepts, 1930

53.3 Error Analysis, 1935

References, 1942

INDEX I-1

 



Please wait while the item is added to your cart...