9780824705428

Handbook of Pollution Prevention Practices

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780824705428

  • ISBN10:

    0824705424

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-02-09
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

This text provides approaches and methodologies for implementing pollution prevention (P2) and waste minimization programmes to reduce manufacturing operational costs significantly. It focuses on reducing manufacturing and environmental compliance costs by instituting feedstock substitution, improved operational schemes, recycling and by-product recovery, waste minimization, and energy efficiency policies, and offers project cost accounting tools that assist in evaluating money-saving P2 options.

Author Biography

Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff is the Principal of NandP Limited, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

Table of Contents

Preface iii
Abbreviations xi
Principles of Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization
Introduction
1(2)
Waste Avoidance and Utilization
3(3)
Energy Efficiency
6(3)
The Regulatory Driving Force
9(11)
EMS and ISO 14000
20(8)
Closing Remarks
28(1)
References
28(2)
Managing Hazardous Chemicals
Introduction
30(1)
Airborne Particulate Matter
30(8)
Arsenic
38(2)
Cadmium
40(2)
Lead
42(2)
Mercury
44(2)
Nitrogen Oxides
46(8)
Ground-Level Ozone
54(9)
Sulfur Oxides
63(4)
Pollution Control Equipment
67(42)
References
109(1)
The Economics of Pollution Prevention
Introduction
110(1)
Total Cost and Cost Accounting
111(4)
Establishing Baseline Costs
115(5)
Revenues, Expenses and Cash
120(6)
Interest and Discount Rates
126(1)
Income Taxes
127(2)
Application of Total Cost Assessment
129(8)
The Life Cycle Analysis
137(9)
Final Comments
146(3)
References
149(2)
The Pollution Prevention Audit
Introduction
151(1)
Overview of Pollution Prevention
152(17)
Methodology for P2 Audits
169(30)
References
199(2)
Pollution Prevention Practices in the Chemical Process Industries
Introduction
201(1)
Petrochemicals Manufacturing
202(9)
Chlor-Alkali Plants
211(2)
Agro-Industry Chemicals
213(17)
Coke Manufacturing
230(6)
Dye Manufacturing
236(5)
Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing
241(4)
P2 Case Studies
245(6)
Clean Technologies Substitute Assessments
251(16)
References
267(2)
Pollution Prevention Practices in the Petroleum Refining Industry
Introduction
269(1)
Industry Description and Practices
270(22)
Material Balance Information
292(6)
Pollution Prevention Practices and Opportunities
298(15)
Closing Remarks
313(1)
Pollution Prevention Practices in the Metallurgical Industries
Introduction
314(1)
Iron and Steel Manufacturing
315(21)
Lead and Zinc Smelting
336(5)
Nickel Ore Processing and Refining
341(3)
Aluminum Manufacturing
344(5)
Copper Smelting
349(4)
Miscellaneous Industry Practices and Case Studies
Introduction
353(1)
Pulp and Paper Industry
353(5)
Sugar Manufacturing
358(2)
Tanning and Leather Finishing
360(3)
Breweries
363(3)
Cement Manufacturing
366(3)
Vegetable Oil
369(2)
Wood Preserving
371(2)
Electronics Manufacturing
373(5)
Electroplating
378(4)
Foundries
382(3)
Fruit and Vegetable Processing
385(1)
Glass Manufacturing
386(3)
Meat Processing and Rendering
389(2)
Printing Industry
391(3)
Textiles
394(5)
Coal Mining and Production
399(3)
Case Studies
402(15)
Epilogue
Introduction
417(1)
The Audit
417(3)
Developing a Track Record
420(1)
Developing Corporate Philosophy
420(2)
Final Remarks
422(1)
Index 423

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