9780969462859

Handbook for Pulp & Paper Technologists

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780969462859

  • ISBN10:

    0969462859

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 8/1/2002
  • Publisher: Tappi Pr
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Table of Contents

Preface to 3rd Edition vii
Preface to 2nd Edition viii
Preface to 1st Edition ix
Introduction
1(9)
Importance of Paper
1(1)
Definition of Pulp, Paper, Paperboard
1(1)
Chronology of Technological Development
1(1)
Modern Pulp and Paper Operations
2(2)
Requirements and Sources of Papermaking Fibers
4(1)
Introduction to Fiber Chemistry
5(2)
Behavior of Cellulosic Fibers
7(3)
Characteristics of Wood and Wood Pulp Fibers
10(11)
Tree Structure
10(1)
Characteristics of Wood
11(6)
Effect of Fiber Structure (Morphology) on Fiber and Paper Properties
17(2)
Wood Species Identification
19(2)
Wood and Chip Handling
21(16)
The Wood Resource
21(1)
Wood Harvesting Techniques
22(5)
Pulpwood Measurement
27(1)
Wood Preparation
28(4)
Chip Handling and Storage
32(2)
Chip Quality Control
34(3)
Overview of Pulping Methodology
37(10)
Introduction to various Pulping Methods
38(3)
Market Pulps
41(3)
Trends in Pulping
44(1)
Comparison of Pulp Properties and Applications
44(3)
Mechanical Pulping
47(19)
Mechanical Pulping Nomenclature
47(1)
Stone Groundwood Process
48(6)
Refiner Mechanical Pulping Methods
54(3)
Thermomechanical Pulping
57(3)
Chemically Modified Mechanical Pulping
60(4)
Heat Recovery
64(2)
Sulfite Pulping
66(9)
Brief History of Development
66(1)
Nomenclature and Definition of Terms
66(1)
Process Description
67(3)
Chemistry of Sulfite Pulping
70(1)
Chemistry of Cooking Liquor Preparation
71(1)
Operation and Control of Cooking
71(1)
Two-Stage Sulfite Pulping
72(1)
Future Prospects for Sulfite Pulping
73(2)
Kraft Pulpind
75(10)
Brief History of Development
75(1)
Kraft Process Nomenclature and Definition of Terms
75(1)
Description of Kraft Process
76(2)
Chemistry of Kraft Pulping
78(2)
Operation and Control
80(3)
Process Modifications
83(2)
Cooking Equipment
85(14)
Batch Digesters
85(3)
Modifications to Conventional Batch Kraft Cooking
88(1)
Continuous Digesters
89(6)
Sawdust Cooking
95(2)
Blow Heat Recovery
97(2)
Processing of Pulp
99(35)
Defibering
99(1)
Deknotting
99(2)
Brown Stock Washing
101(8)
Screening
109(5)
Centrifugal Cleaning
114(4)
Thickening
118(3)
Stock Pumping & Handling
121(3)
Pulp Storage & Blending
124(2)
Preparing Pulp For Shipment
126(8)
Chemical Recovery
134(30)
Black Liquor Oxidation
134(1)
Evaporation
134(8)
Recovery Boiler
142(8)
Recausticizing
150(4)
Calcining
154(3)
By-Product Recovery
157(3)
Recovery of Sulfite Liquors
160(2)
Alternative Kraft Recovery
162(2)
Bleaching
164(18)
Bleaching Sequences
164(2)
Preparation of Bleach Chemicals
166(3)
Defining a Bleaching Stage
169(4)
Oxygen Bleaching
173(1)
Chlorine Dioxide Delignification
174(1)
Caustic Extraction
175(1)
Chlorine Dioxide Bleaching
175(1)
Peroxide Bleaching
176(1)
Ozone Bleaching
176(1)
Enzymes
177(1)
Displacement Bleaching
177(2)
Pulp Brightening (Mechanical Pulp Bleaching)
179(3)
Pulp Mill Operating Strategy and Economics
182(8)
Selection of a Mill Site
183(1)
Process Design and Plant Layout
183(1)
Production Control
184(2)
Inventory Control
186(1)
Economic Considerations
187(1)
Cost Control
188(2)
Preparation of Stock for Papermaking
190(15)
Repulping (Dispersion)
190(1)
Refining
191(11)
Metering and Blending of Furnishes
202(3)
Secondary Fiber
205(13)
Wastepaper Procurement
206(1)
Degree of Recycling
206(1)
Repulping of Wastepaper
207(2)
Contaminant Removal
209(2)
Deinking
211(5)
Bleaching
216(1)
Secondary Fiber Utilization
217(1)
Non-Fibrous Additives to Papermaking Stock
218(9)
Retention on the Papermachine
218(1)
Wet End Chemistry
219(2)
Applications of Non-Fibrous Additives
221(4)
Alkaline Papermaking
225(2)
Paper Manufacture - Wet End Operations
227(36)
Introduction to the Paper Machine
227(1)
Approach System
228(2)
Flowspreader and Headbox
230(7)
Sheet Forming Process
237(1)
Wire Part (Fourdrinier)
238(6)
Twin-Wire Forming
244(2)
White Water System
246(1)
Broke System
247(2)
Pressing
249(11)
Vacuum System
260(3)
Paper Manufacture - Dry End Operations
263(21)
Paper Drying
263(10)
Calendering
273(3)
Profile Control
276(2)
Reeling
278(1)
Paper Machine Drives
279(1)
Winding
279(3)
Roll Finishing
282(2)
Surface Treatments
284(15)
Sizing
284(4)
Pigmented Coating
288(8)
Supercalendering
296(3)
Multiply Paperboard Manufacture
299(11)
Multiply Formers
299(5)
Water Removal
304(3)
Sheet Finishing
307(1)
Plybonding
308(1)
Board Properties
309(1)
Manufacturing Techniques for Specific Paper and Board Grades
310(15)
Newsprint
310(4)
Publication Grades
314(1)
Sack Grades
315(1)
Linerboard
316(1)
Corrugating Medium
317(1)
Fine Paper
318(1)
Tissue Grades
319(6)
Economics of Paper Machine Operation
325(7)
Factors Affecting Machine Efficiency
326(2)
Lost Time Analysis
328(2)
Grade Mix vs. Profitability
330(2)
Properties and Testing of Pulp and Paper
332(13)
Objectives of Testing
332(1)
Characterization of Testing Procedures
333(2)
Pulp Testing
335(5)
Paper Testing
340(4)
Automated Paper Testing
344(1)
Introduction to Paper End Uses
345(12)
Sheet Finishing
345(4)
Converting
349(3)
Printing
352(5)
Process Control
357(9)
Measurement and Control
357(5)
Process Control Computers
362(4)
Mill Services
366(15)
Water Supply
366(2)
Boiler Feedwater
368(1)
Boiler Operation
368(5)
Steam Utilization
373(3)
Electrical Distribution
376(1)
Energy Management
376(2)
Corrosion Control
378(3)
Water Pollution Abatement
381(17)
Introduction
381(3)
Sources of Pollutants and In-Plant Abatement
384(1)
Standards and Regulations
385(1)
Environmental Monitoring
386(1)
Primary Treatment
387(2)
Secondary Treatment
389(4)
Color Removal
393(2)
Solids Handling
395(3)
Air Pollution Abatement
398(17)
Standards and Regulations
398(1)
Source of Air Pollution
399(1)
Monitoring and Testing
400(3)
In-Process Abatement
403(2)
Control Equipment
405(10)
Index 415

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