9780195121025

Handbook of Soils for Landscape Architects

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195121025

  • ISBN10:

    0195121023

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-06-22
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Written in a clear, accessible style, this book covers the fundamental aspects of soil science with an emphasis on topics useful to landscape architects and professionals in related fields. The book begins with a discussion of soil surveys developed in different countries, followed by a concise description of soil components and how the interactions between air, water, and nutrients affect plant growth. It examines methods for controlling erosion, particularly in light of modern irrigation techniques. It describes the chemistry of plant growth, devotes four chapters to macro- and micro-nutrients, and features a detailed discussion of ways to diagnose and correct plant disorders. It also looks at the engineering aspects of soils and includes a detailed list of references for further information. Written by an experienced teacher with an extensive background in landscape architecture, this volume will be an invaluable source for students and researchers in architecture, horticulture, and urban planning.

Author Biography


Robert Keefer is an Emeritus Professor from West Virginia University who has taught soil science and landscape architecture for over 30 years.

Table of Contents

Use of Soil Surveys for Landscape Architecture
3(9)
Modern Soil Survey Reports
3(6)
Basic Information About Soils and Plants
9(12)
Plant Requirements for Growth
9(1)
What Is Soil?
9(12)
Parts of a Soil (Soil Constituents)---Air, Water, Minerals, and Organic Matter
21(6)
Physical Parts of a Soil
21(1)
Chemical Parts of a Soil
22(1)
Biological Parts of a Soil
22(5)
Physical Properties of Soils
27(26)
Soil Texture
27(3)
Soil Structure
30(2)
Soil Bulk Density
32(1)
Soil Depth
32(3)
Soil Aeration
35(5)
Soil Water
40(13)
Movement of Water Across Soils (Erosion)
53(8)
Erosion Defined
53(1)
Types of Water Erosion
53(1)
Types of Accelerated Erosion
54(3)
Factors That Determine Extent of Erosion
57(4)
Nature of Soil Erodibility
61(8)
Soil Texture
61(1)
Soil Structure
62(2)
Soil Organic Matter
64(1)
Soil Permeability
65(1)
Use of a Nomograph to Evaluate Soil Erodibility Using the Four Factors Above
65(4)
Controlling Erosion
69(14)
Improving Soil Structure
69(3)
Covering Soil With Plants
72(1)
Covering Soil With Mulch
72(6)
Using Special Structures
78(5)
Effective Water Use---Irrigation
83(8)
Which Soils Are Suitable for Irrigation?
83(1)
When Should Water Be Applied?
83(2)
How Much Water to Add?
85(1)
Kinds of Irrigation Systems
86(5)
Chemical Properties of Soils for Growing Plants
91(16)
Soil Reaction (pH)
91(5)
Factors That Cause Acids to Form in Soils
96(3)
Correcting Soil Acidity
99(2)
Base-Forming Factors
101(2)
Correcting Alkalinity in Arid Regions
103(4)
Soil Nutrients (Soil Fertility)
107(6)
Respiration vs. Photosynthesis
107(1)
Elements Required by Plants (Essential Nutrients)
107(6)
Macronutrients---Nitrogen
113(18)
Nitrogen in Plants
113(4)
Nitrogen in Soils
117(1)
Transformations of Nitrogen in Soils
118(1)
Decomposition (Mineralization) Processes
118(1)
Nitrification = Formation of Nitrates
119(3)
Nitrogen Fixation in Soils
122(3)
Nitrogen Added to Soils From the Atmosphere
125(1)
Losses of Nitrogen from Soils
125(6)
Macronutrients---Phosphorus and Potassium
131(16)
Phosphorus in Plants
131(2)
Phosphorus in Soils
133(2)
Factors Affecting Availability of Phosphorus in Soils
135(4)
Practical Control of Phosphorus Availability
139(1)
Potassium in Plants
140(1)
Potassium in Soils
141(6)
Macronutrients---Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur
147(10)
Calcium and Magnesium in Soil Is Related to Liming
147(1)
Amount of Limestone to Apply
148(1)
Kinds of Lime
149(1)
Neutralizing Power of Liming Materials
150(1)
Fineness of a Limestone
150(1)
When and How to Apply Lime
151(1)
Soil Calcium and Magnesium Per Se
152(1)
Plant Calcium and Magnesium
153(1)
Sulfur in Plants
154(1)
Sulfur in Soils
155(2)
Micronutrients
157(12)
Forms of Micronutrients Present in Soils
157(4)
Factors Affecting Availability of Micronutrients
161(3)
Anions---Boron, Chlorine, and Molybdenum
164(2)
Soil Management and Micronutrient Needs
166(3)
Fertilizers
169(14)
Nitrogen Fertilizers
169(4)
Phosphorus Fertilizers
173(1)
Potassium Fertilizers
174(1)
Sulfur Fertilizers
175(1)
Micronutrient Fertilizers
175(1)
Mixed Fertilizers
175(1)
Farmyard Manures
176(1)
Methods of Fertilizer Application
177(2)
Movement of Fertilizers in Soils
179(4)
Soil Organic Matter
183(8)
Importance of Soil Organic Matter
183(1)
Definition of Soil Organic Matter
183(1)
Composition of Soil Organic Matter
183(1)
Soil Changes When Organic Matter Is Added
184(2)
Decomposition of Soil Organic Matter
186(2)
Sources of Organic Matter
188(3)
Diagnosing Plant Disorders
191(26)
Plant Appearance
191(16)
Plant Tissue Testing and Analysis
207(2)
Total Plant Analysis
209(1)
Soil Sampling and Analysis
209(2)
Soil and Root Problems
211(1)
Alteration of the Environment by Man
212(5)
Engineering Aspects of Soils
217(10)
Physical Properties Used in Engineering Classification of Soils
217(1)
Engineering Classification of Soils
218(2)
Soil Engineering Properties
220(2)
Engineering Geotechnical Applications
222(1)
Geotechnical Aspects
223(4)
Satellite Imaging, Laser Technology, and Computer Programs
227(26)
Definition of Geographic Information System
228(1)
Operation of GIS
229(15)
Recent Developments in 3-Dimensional Models
244(3)
Remote Sensing Using an Airborne Laser Altimeter
247(6)
References 253(4)
Index 257

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