9781568027661

Harry S. Truman

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781568027661

  • ISBN10:

    1568027664

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-12-01
  • Publisher: Cq Pr
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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Each volume in the new American Presidents Reference Series is organized around an individual presidency and gathers a host of biographical, analytical, and primary source historical material that will analyze the presidency and bring the president, his administration, and his times to life. The series focuses on key moments in U.S. political history as seen through the eyes of the most influential presidents to take the oath of office. Unique headnotes provide the context to data, tables and excerpted primary source documents.''''Harry Truman was born on May 8, 1884. He served with distinction during World War I as a commander of an artillery battery, and he ultimately attained the rank of major. In 1922, with the support of political boss Tom Pendergast, Truman was elected as a county judge. He lost reelection, but then won again as presiding judge in 1926 and 1930. In 1934 Truman was elected to the U.S. Senate, where he supported President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal policies and entry into World War II. When Vice President Henry Wallace alienated Democratic Party leaders, Truman was nominated for vice president. On April 12, 1945, eighty-two days into Truman's vice presidency, Roosevelt died in Warm Springs, Georgia. At the age of sixty-one, Truman was sworn in as the thirty-third president of the United States. ''''Key events during the Truman presidency include victory in World War II and Truman's decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan, the start of the cold war with the Soviet Union and its eastern European satellites, the Marshall Plan, the Berlin airlift, the Fair Deal, price-control legislation, and the McCarthy hearings. In March 1952 Truman announced that he would not seek reelection. Harry S. Truman died on December 26, 1972.''''This new volume on the presidency of Harry S. Truman will cover'''' campaigns, elections, and the Pendergast connection,'' Senator Truman, particularly his chairmanship of the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program,'' FDR, World War II, and the atomic bomb decision,'' Joseph McCarthy, the cold war, and the police action in Korea,'' civil rights.''

Author Biography

Robert H. Ferrell is the author and editor of many books on American foreign relations, the presidency, and military affairs. Retired from Indiana University, he lives in Ann Arbor, Michigan

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction 3(4)
A Common Man
7(52)
Farm and Army
8(2)
County and Nation
10(3)
From Freshman Senator to Leadership
13(2)
Second-Term Senator
15(2)
Vice President
17(1)
President
18(3)
Retirement
21(2)
Bibliographic Essay
23(1)
Documents
The Education of a President
23(2)
An Essay on Courage
25(1)
Kansas City
26(3)
World War I
29(1)
The First of 1,268 Letters
30(1)
A Typical Letter from a Farmer
31(2)
Harry Proposes
33(1)
Bess Disposes
34(2)
Pendergast
36(2)
The Possibility of Being County Collector
38(1)
In the Senate
39(2)
Truman and the Vice Presidency
41(2)
The Death of Franklin D. Roosevelt
43(2)
Address before a Joint Meeting of the Congress, April 16, 1945
45(3)
The Days of a President, Diary, November 1, 1949
48(1)
Truman and His Staff, Diary, January 16, 1947
49(1)
Truman's Decision Making, Diary, December 19, 1947
50(1)
White House Ghosts, Diary, January 6, 1947
50(1)
The New White House, Diary, March 2, 1952
51(2)
The Assassination Attempt, Letter, November 17, 1950
53(1)
Character
54(1)
Service, 1954
55(4)
Campaigns and Electoral Strategies
59(50)
Early Interest in Politics
59(1)
County Campaigns
60(4)
Election of 1940
64(1)
Vice President: 1944
65(3)
Presidential Election of 1948: Personalities
68(2)
The Presidential Election of 1948: Republican and Democratic Strategies
70(4)
Bibliographic Essay
74(1)
Documents
Election as Eastern Judge, 1922
75(1)
Decision, Opponents, Organization, 1940
76(2)
Campaigning through Missouri, 1940
78(2)
Welcome Back to the Senate, Letters, August 9 and 10, 1940
80(2)
How Truman Achieved the Vice-Presidential Nomination in 1944
82(2)
Acceptance Speech, Philadelphia, July 15, 1948
84(3)
Message to the Special Session of the 80th Congress, July 27, 1948
87(3)
Western Campaign Speech, September 23, 1948
90(1)
Campaigning, Letter, October 5, 1948
91(1)
Address in Harlem, New York, October 29, 1948
92(3)
The Dexter, Iowa, Speech, September 18, 1948
95(2)
Middle Western Campaign Speeches, October 30, 1948
97(4)
Final Campaign Speech, October 30, 1948
101(2)
1948 Presidential Election
103(3)
Return to Washington, Letter, November 7, 1948
106(3)
Administration Policies
109(54)
Foreign Policy: Europe
109(3)
Foreign Policy: East Asia
112(1)
Foreign Policy: The Middle East
113(1)
Foreign Policy: Latin America
114(1)
The Fair Deal
115(1)
Inflation
116(2)
Labor
118(2)
Fiscal Policy
120(2)
Bibliographic Essay
122(1)
Documents
The Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947
123(3)
The Marshall Plan: Address at Harvard University Commencement, June 5, 1947
126(3)
American Rights in Berlin, July 6, 1948
129(1)
The North Atlantic Treaty, April 4, 1949
130(2)
Occupation Policy in Japan
132(3)
Secretary of State Dean Acheson to President Truman on China Policy, Memo, July 30, 1949
135(2)
Truman and the Zionists, Diary, July 21, 1947
137(1)
Point Four Program
138(2)
The Fair Deal, January 5, 1949
140(3)
Special Message to Congress on the Nation's Health Needs, April 22, 1949
143(3)
Unused Speech on Price Controls, October 1946
146(1)
Special Message to Congress Urging Industrial Peace, May 25, 1946
147(3)
The President and the United Mine Workers, Diary, December 11, 1946
150(2)
Veto of the Taft-Hartley Bill, June 20, 1947
152(2)
Employment Act, February 20, 1946
154(3)
Economic Report, January 7, 1949
157(6)
Crises and Flashpoints
163(66)
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
163(3)
The Korean War
166(3)
Civil Rights
169(3)
Loyalty Program
172(2)
The Mess in Washington
174(3)
Steel Decision
177(1)
Bibliographic Essay
178(2)
Documents
The Order to Drop the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, July 25, 1945
180(1)
Presidential Statement Announcing Dropping of a Nuclear Bomb on Hiroshima, June 6, 1945
181(3)
Afterthoughts on Nuclear Weapons, 1958
184(1)
Statement by the President on the Violation of the 38th Parallel in Korea, June 26, 1950
185(1)
Statement on Sending Ground Troops to Korea, June 30, 1950
186(1)
Statement by the President concerning His Meeting with Gen. Douglas MacArthur on Wake Island, October 15, 1950
187(2)
Truman and the Dismissal of Gen. Douglas MacArthur from His Far Eastern Commands, 1950--1954
189(4)
An Early Effort for Civil Rights, Speech, June 15, 1940
193(1)
The Main Difficulty with the South, Letter, August 18, 1948
194(1)
To Secure These Rights
195(3)
Address before the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Lincoln Memorial, June 29, 1947
198(2)
Fair Employment Practices within the Federal Government, Executive Order 9980, July 26, 1948
200(3)
The President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity within the Armed Services, Executive Order 9981, July 26, 1948
203(1)
Truman and Civil Rights, Letter, January 12, 1953
204(1)
The President's Loyalty Program, Executive Order 9835, March 22, 1947
205(3)
The Internal Security (McCarran) Act, September 23, 1950
208(3)
Truman's Veto of the Internal Security Bill, September 22, 1950
211(3)
The Accusations of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, Unsent Letter
214(1)
Maj. Gen. Harry Vaughan and the ``5 Percenters''
215(2)
Statement by the President on Reorganization of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, January 2, 1952
217(2)
The Steel Takeover, April 8, 1952
219(4)
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, June 2, 1952
223(6)
Institutional Relations
229(38)
Executive
229(4)
Legislature
233(1)
Judiciary
234(2)
The Military
236(3)
The Media
239(2)
Bibliographic Essay
241(1)
Documents
The Dismissal of Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes, Memorandum, February 13, 1946
242(2)
The Dismissal of Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace, Letters, September 19 and 21, 1946
244(2)
Truman on George Marshall, Diary, January 8, 1947
246(1)
The Dismissal of Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson, Diary, September 14, 1950
246(3)
Statement by the President on Receiving the Final Report of the Hoover Commission, May 26, 1949
249(2)
The Work of Congress, Letter, March 28, 1947
251(1)
Dissent in the Supreme Court, Letter, June 11, 1946
252(1)
The National Security Act, July 26, 1947
253(2)
Atomic Energy Act, August 1, 1946
255(3)
The U.S. Proposal for the International Control of Atomic Energy, June 14,1946
258(2)
Presidential Statement on Soviet Explosion of a Nuclear Device, September 23, 1949
260(1)
Letter to the Richmond Times-Dispatch (Unsent), July 9, 1947
261(1)
The Newspaper Press, Letter, May 12, 1948
262(1)
The Press and the President's Salary, Letter, February 12, 1949
263(4)
Retirement
267(44)
Contemporary Judgments
269(2)
Retirement: The Democratic Party
271(2)
Retirement: The Republican Party
273(3)
Legacy
276(1)
Bibliographic Essay
277(1)
Documents
Unsent Letter to Adlai Stevenson, August 1952
277(2)
The Campaign Revisited, Diary, November 15, 1952
279(1)
The President-Elect's Visit to the White House, Diary, November 20, 1952
280(1)
The President's Analysis of Defeat, December 22, 1952
281(3)
President of the United States, Undelivered Farewell Speech
284(3)
Definitions, February 10, 1959
287(1)
The Nixon Danger, Letter, August 22, 1959
288(2)
The Most Serious Situation, Letter, January 7, 1959
290(1)
Whoever Is Nominated, Letter, June 30, 1960
291(1)
History Says, Letter, June 25, 1960
291(2)
The ``Immature Boy,'' Letter, August 26, 1960
293(1)
Forgiveness, Letter, January 24, 1961
294(1)
Presidential Advice, Letter, June 28, 1962
295(1)
Eisenhower in 1948, Diary, July 25, 1947
295(1)
An Unsent Letter to President Eisenhower, November 28, 1956
296(1)
On the Republicans, Letter, December 11, 1956
297(1)
Letter to Sherman Minton, September 6, 1958
298(2)
Tributes in Eulogy of Harry S. Truman: Remarks of Senator J. W. Fulbright of Arkansas
300(1)
Tributes in Eulogy of Harry S. Truman: Remarks of Rep. Ella T. Grasso of Connecticut
301(2)
Tributes in Eulogy of Harry S. Truman: Remarks of Sen. Edmund S. Muskie of Maine
303(2)
Tributes in Eulogy of Harry S. Truman: Remarks of Sen. Mike Gravel of Alaska
305(2)
Tributes in Eulogy of Harry S. Truman: Honesty
307(1)
Tributes in Eulogy of Harry S. Truman: A member of Battery D, 129th Field Artillery Regiment, 35th Division
308(3)
Appendix A: Notable Figures of the Truman Presidency 311(16)
Appendix B: Key Events in Truman's Life 327(7)
Appendix C: Cabinet Members, Truman Administration 334(1)
Index 335

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