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Head First HTML with CSS and XHTML,9780596101978

Head First HTML with CSS and XHTML

by
ISBN13:

9780596101978

ISBN10:
059610197X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Oreilly & Associates Inc
List Price: $40.00

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Summary

With Head First HTML & CSS, you'll avoid the embarrassment of thinking Web-safe colours still matter, and the foolishness of slipping a font tag into your pages. Best of all, you'll learn HTML and CSS in a way that won't put you to sleep. If you've read a Head First book, you know what to expect: a visually rich format designed for the way your brain works. Using the latest research in neurobiology, cognitive science, and learning theory, this book will load HTML and CSS into your brain in a way that sticks. So what are you waiting for? Leave those other dusty books behind and come join us in Webville. Your tour is about to begin.

Author Biography

  1. Elisabeth Robson

    Elisabeth Robson (formerly Freeman) is coauthor of O'Reilly's Head First Design Patterns and Head First HTML with CSS & XHTML. She is currently Special Projects Director at O'Reilly where she is developing new brain-friendly learning ideas and products.
  2. Eric T Freeman

    Eric Freeman is a computer scientist with a passion for media and software architectures and coauthor of Head First Design Patterns. He just wrapped up four years at a dream job-- directing internet broadband and wireless efforts at Disney--and is now back to writing, creating cool software, and hacking Java and Macs. Eric spent a lot of the '90s working on alternatives to the desktop metaphor with David Gelernter (and they're both still asking the question, "Why do I have to give a file a name?"). Based on this work, Eric landed a Ph.D. at Yale University in 1997. He also co-founded Mirror Worlds Technologies (now acquired) to create a commercial version of his thesis work, Lifestreams.

    In a previous life, Eric built software for networks and supercomputers. You might know him from such books as JavaSpaces Principles Patterns and Practice. Eric has fond memories of implementing tuple-space systems on Thinking Machine CM-5s and creating some of the first internet information systems for NASA in the late 1980s.

    When he's not writing text or code you'll find him spending more time tweaking than watching his home theater and trying to restore a circa 1980s Dragon's Lair video game. He also wouldn't mind moonlighting as an electronica DJ.

    Write to him at eric at wickedlysmart dot com or visit him at http://www.ericfreeman.com .

Table of Contents

Intro
Who is this book for? xxvi
We know what your brain is thinking xxvii
Metacognition xxix
Bend your brain into submission xxxi
Technical reviewers xxxiv
Acknowledgments xxxv
The Language of the Web
The Web killed the video star
2(1)
What does the Web server do?
3(1)
What you write (the HTML)...
4(1)
What the browser creates...
5(4)
Your big break at Starbuzz Coffee
9(2)
Creating the Starbuzz Web page
11(1)
Creating an HTML file (Mac)
12(2)
Creating an HTML file (Windows)
14(3)
Meanwhile, back at Starbuzz Coffee...
17(2)
Opening your Web page in a browser
19(1)
Taking your page for a test drive...
20(5)
Tags dissected...
25(4)
Meet the style element
29(1)
Giving Starbuzz some style...
30(2)
Who does what?
32(2)
Fireside Chat
34(2)
Bullet Points
36(2)
Exercise Solutions
38(6)
Meeting the 'HT' in HTML
Head First Lounge, New and Improved
44(2)
Creating the new lounge
46(2)
What did we do?
48(1)
What does the browser do?
49(2)
Understanding attributes
51(7)
Technical difficulties
58(2)
Planning your paths...
60(6)
Fixing those broken images...
66(7)
Exercise Solutions
73(6)
Web Page Construction
From Journal to Web site, at 12mph
79(1)
The rough design sketch
80(1)
From a sketch to an outline
81(1)
From the outline to a Web page
82(2)
Test driving Tony's Web page
84(2)
Meet the <q> element
86(4)
Looooong Quotes
90(1)
Adding a <blockquote>
91(3)
The real truth behind the <q> and <blockquote> mystery
94(9)
Use the <p> element to make a list...
103(1)
Constructing HTML lists in two easy steps
104(5)
Putting one element inside another is called ``nesting''
109(1)
To understand the nesting relationships, draw a picture
110(1)
Using nesting to make sure your tags match
111(2)
Inline or block?
113(6)
Exercise Solutions
119(7)
A Trip to Webville
Getting Starbuzz (or yourself) onto the Web
126(1)
Finding a hosting company
127(1)
How can you get a domain name?
128(2)
Moving in
130(1)
Getting your files to the root folder
131(1)
As much FTP as you can possibly fit in two pages
132(3)
Back to business...
135(1)
Mainstreet, URL
136(1)
What is the HTTP Protocol?
137(1)
What's an absolute path?
138(3)
How default pages work
141(3)
How do we link to other Web sites?
144(1)
Linking to Caffeine Buzz
145(4)
Web page fit and finish
149(2)
Linking into a page
151(1)
Using the <a> element to create a destination
152(1)
How to link to destination anchors
153(4)
Linking to a new window
157(1)
Opening a new window using target
158(4)
Exercise Solutions
162(4)
Meeting the Media
How the browser works, with images
166(3)
How images work
169(4)
And now for the formal introduction: meet the <img> element
173(3)
Always provide an alternative
176(2)
Creating the ultimate fan site: myPod
178(3)
Whoa! The image is way too large
181(10)
Fixing up the myPod HTML
191(4)
Reworking the site to use thumbnails
195(4)
Turning the thumbnails into links
199(2)
So, how do I make links out of images?
201(5)
What format should we use?
206(1)
To be transparent, or not to be transparent? That is the question...
207(2)
Wait, what is the color of the Web page background?
209(1)
Check out the logo with a matte
210(1)
Add the logo to the myPod Web page
211(5)
Exercise Solutions
216(8)
Serious HTML
Cubicle Conversation
224(2)
A brief history of HTML
226(3)
We can't have your pages putting the browser into quirks mode
229(2)
Adding the document type definition
231(3)
Meet the W3C validator
234(1)
Validating the Head First Lounge
235(1)
Houston, we have a problem...
236(4)
Adding a <meta> tag to specify the content type
240(1)
Making the validator happy with a <meta> content tag...
241(1)
Third time's the charm?
242(4)
Changing the doctype to strict
246(1)
Do we have validation?
247(2)
Fixing the nesting problem
249(1)
One more chance to be strict...
250(2)
Strict HTML 4.01, grab the handbook
252(4)
Fireside Chat
256(3)
HTML Archeology
259(4)
Exercise Solutions
263(4)
Putting the 'X' into HTML
What is XML?
267(1)
What does this have to do with HTML?
268(2)
So why would you want to use XHTML?
270(2)
The XHTML 1.0 checklist
272(2)
Going from strict HTML to XHTML 1.0
274(1)
Old school HTML 4.01 Strict
275(1)
New and improved XHTML 1.0
275(2)
Validation: it's not just for HTML
277(3)
Fireside Chat
280(2)
HTML or XHTML? The choice is yours...
282(2)
Exercise Solutions
284(2)
Adding a Little Style
You're not in Kansas anymore...
286(2)
Overheard on Webville's ``Trading Spaces''
288(1)
Using CSS with XHTML
289(6)
Let's put a line under the welcome message, too
295(1)
Specifying a second rule, just for the <h01>
296(7)
Getting the Lounge style into the elixirs and directions pages
303(2)
Linking to the external style sheet
305(6)
It's time to talk about your inheritance...
311(1)
What if we move the font up the family tree?
312(2)
Overriding inheritance
314(4)
Creating a selector for the class
318(2)
Taking classes further...
320(2)
The world's smallest and fastest guide to how styles are applied
322(4)
Who gets the inheritance?
326(3)
Making sure the Lounge CSS validates
329(4)
Exercise Solutions
333(9)
Expanding your Vocabulary
Text and fonts from 30,000 feet
342(2)
What is a font family anyway?
344(3)
Specifying font families using CSS
347(1)
Dusting off Tony's Journal
348(3)
How do I deal with everyone having different fonts?
351(3)
So, how should I specify my font sizes?
354(2)
Let's make these changes to the font sizes in Tony's Web page
356(3)
Changing a font's weight
359(2)
Adding style to your fonts
361(1)
Styling Tony's quotes with a little italic
362(2)
How do Web colors work?
364(3)
How do I specify Web colors? Let me count the ways...
367(3)
The two minute guide to hex codes
370(2)
How to find Web colors
372(3)
Back to Tony's page...
375(2)
Everything you ever wanted to know about text-decorations
377(1)
Removing the underline...
378(3)
Exercise Solutions
381(5)
Getting Intimate with Elements
The lounge gets an upgrade
386(2)
Starting with a few simple upgrades
388(2)
Checking out the new line height
390(1)
Getting ready for some major renovations
391(1)
A closer look at the box model...
392(2)
What you can do to boxes...
394(5)
Creating the guarantee style
399(2)
Padding, border, and margins for the guarantee
401(1)
Adding some padding
401(1)
Now let's add some margin
402(2)
Adding a background image
404(3)
Fixing the background image
407(1)
How do you add padding only on the left?
408(1)
How do you increase the margin just on the right?
409(1)
A two-minute guide to borders
410(2)
Border fit and finish
412(2)
Interview with an HTML class
414(2)
The id attribute
416(2)
Using an id in the lounge
418(2)
Remixing style sheets
420(1)
Using multiple style sheets
421(5)
Exercise Solutions
426(5)
Advanced Web Construction
A close look at the elixirs HTML
431(2)
Let's explore how we can divide a page into logical sections
433(7)
Adding a border
440(1)
An over-the-border test drive
440(1)
Adding some real style to the elixirs section
441(1)
The game plan
442(1)
Working on the elixir width
442(5)
Adding the basic styles to the elixirs
447(6)
What we need is a way to select descendants
453(2)
Changing the color of the elixir headings
455(1)
Fixing the line height
456(2)
It's time to take a little shortcut...
458(6)
Adding <span>s in three easy steps
464(4)
The <a> element and its multiple personalities
468(1)
How can you style elements based on their state?
469(2)
Putting those pseudo-classes to work
471(2)
Isn't it about time we talk about the ``cascade''?
473(2)
The cascade
475(1)
Welcome to the ``What's my specificity game''
476(1)
Putting it all together
477(6)
Exercise Solutions
483(5)
Arranging Elements
Did you do the Super Brain Power?
488(1)
Use the flow, Luke
489(2)
What about inline elements?
491(1)
How it all works together
492(3)
How to float an element
495(2)
Behind the scenes at the lounge
497(2)
The new Starbuzz
499(5)
Move the sidebar just below the header
504(1)
Set the width of the sidebar and float it
504(3)
Fixing the two-column problem
507(1)
Setting the margin on the main section
508(3)
Back to clearing up the overlap problem
511(3)
Righty tighty, lefty loosey
514(3)
Liquid and frozen designs
517(3)
How absolute positioning works
520(3)
Changing the Starbuzz CSS
523(4)
One tradeoff you can make to fix the footer
527(2)
Positioning the award
529(6)
How does fixed positioning work?
535(2)
Using a negative left property value
537(2)
Getting relative
539(2)
To three-columns and beyond...
541(3)
Exercise Solutions
544(7)
Getting Tabular
How do we make tables with HTML?
551(1)
How to create a table using HTML
552(1)
What the browser creates
553(1)
Tables dissected...
554(3)
Adding a caption and a summary
557(2)
Before we start styling, let's get the table back into Tony's page...
559(5)
Getting those borders to collapse
564(2)
How about some color?
566(1)
Tony made an interesting discovery...
567(1)
Another look at Tony's table
568(1)
How to tell cells to span more than one row
569(2)
The new and improved table
571(1)
Trouble in paradise?
572(4)
Overriding the CSS for the nested table headings
576(1)
Giving Tony's site the final polish
577(11)
Exercise Solutions
588(4)
Getting Interactive
How forms work
592(1)
How forms work in the browser
593(1)
What the write in XHTML
594(1)
What the browser creates
595(1)
How the <form> element works
596(8)
Getting ready to build the Bean Machine form
604(1)
Adding the <form> element
605(1)
How <form> element names work
606(2)
Back to getting those <input> elements in your XHTML...
608(1)
Adding some more input elements to your form
609(1)
Adding the <select> element
610(2)
Give the customer a choice of whole or ground beans
612(1)
Punching the radio buttons
613(1)
Completing the form
614(1)
Adding the checkboxes and textarea
615(6)
Watching GET in action
621(5)
To Table or Not to Table? That's the question...
626(1)
Getting the form elements into a table
627(3)
Styling the form and the table with CSS
630(5)
Exercise Solutions
635(5)
The Top Ten Topics (we didn't cover)
More Selectors
640(2)
Frames
642(1)
Multimedia & Flash
643(1)
Tools for Creating Web Pages
644(1)
Client-side Scripting
645(1)
Server-side Scripting
646(1)
Tuning for Search Engines
647(1)
More about Style Sheets for Printing
648(1)
Pages for Mobile Devices
649(1)
Blogs
650(1)
Index 651


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