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This text fills a void in social work literature by offering a comprehensive, in-depth overview of health and mental health care policy in the United States. Health and Mental Health Care Policyprovides a biopsychosocial perspective on health and mental health care and policy. It examines the legislative and political development of health and mental health care policy in the United States with a focus on the failure to achieve universal coverage and the development of employment-based insurance and managed care. The authors discuss the impact of poverty and inequality on health, examine the health status of disadvantaged and at-risk populations and consider implications for policy and practice.
Table of Contents
|Models of Health and Health Policy||p. 1|
|National Health and Mental Health Policy in the United States||p. 14|
|The Failure to Enact National Health Insurance: 1865-1946||p. 14|
|Early Efforts to Reform National Health and Mental Health Care: 1865-1912||p. 14|
|Compulsory Health Insurance Efforts: 1912-1920||p. 19|
|Federal-State Reforms and Private Insurance: 1920-1932||p. 21|
|The New Deal Reforms: 1932-1940||p. 24|
|Federal Health and Mental Health Policy and Services: 1941-1946||p. 26|
|The Emergence of Employment-Based Insurance and Managed Care: 1943 to the Present||p. 32|
|The Defeat of National Health Care Legislation: 1943-1949||p. 33|
|The Enactment of Medicare: 1950-1965||p. 34|
|Health Care Inflation and Strategies for Reform: 1970-1988||p. 36|
|The Creation and Role of Community Mental Health Centers: 1963-1992||p. 40|
|The Decline of Community Mental Health: 1980-1992||p. 44|
|The Rise and Fall of the Health Security Act: 1988-1996||p. 45|
|The Aftermath of the Health Security Act: 1995-2003||p. 52|
|Reform During the Bush Years||p. 55|
|Prospects for Reform Under Obama||p. 61|
|United States Health Care Costs in International Perspective||p. 62|
|The U.S. Health Care System Today||p. 73|
|Access to Care||p. 73|
|Health Insurance Coverage in the United States||p. 75|
|Health Insurance and Utilization of Services||p. 94|
|Improving Access to Health Care||p. 99|
|Websites to Obtain Updated and Additional Information||p. 103|
|The Growth, Development, and Future of Managed Care||p. 108|
|The Health Maintenance Act of 1973||p. 109|
|From HMOs to Managed Care||p. 111|
|From Managed Care to Managed Competition||p. 112|
|Managed-Care Backlash||p. 114|
|Managed Care and Medicare||p. 117|
|Managed Care and Medicaid||p. 121|
|Managed Behavioral Health Care||p. 123|
|The Future of Managed Care||p. 127|
|Websites to Obtain Updated and Additional Information||p. 130|
|Medicare and Medicaid||p. 137|
|Medicare Milestones||p. 160|
|Medicaid/CHIP Milestones||p. 161|
|Websites to Obtain Updated and Additional Information||p. 163|
|At-Risk and Underserved Populations||p. 168|
|Disparities in Health: People of Color||p. 168|
|Defining Risk||p. 168|
|Measuring Health Disparities||p. 169|
|African Americans||p. 173|
|Latina/os (Hispanics)||p. 182|
|Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders||p. 185|
|Native Americans||p. 187|
|Racial Differences in the Delivery of Medical Care||p. 191|
|Websites to Obtain Updated and Additional Information||p. 195|
|Disparities in Health: Gender and Age-Based Differences||p. 201|
|Women and Infants||p. 202|
|Children and Adolescents||p. 214|
|Older Adults||p. 223|
|Websites to Obtain Updated and Additional Information||p. 230|
|New Directions for Health and Health Policy||p. 237|
|Looking Beyond Health Care||p. 237|
|What Determines Good Health?||p. 237|
|Implications for Change||p. 247|
|Websites to Obtain Updated and Additional Information||p. 248|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|