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Health Psychology, 2nd Edition,9780470129159
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Health Psychology, 2nd Edition

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780470129159

ISBN10:
0470129158
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/1/2011
Publisher(s):
Wiley
List Price: $222.95

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Summary

The 2nd Edition of Catherine Sanderson's Health Psychology targets the mainstream health psychology market and offers a broad appeal through its narrative that is both challenging for psychology majors and accessible to non-majors. This book provides current and relevant information while providing a foundation in scientific research and critical and analytical thinking. The book emphasizes practical and real-world issues. Additionally, this text includes a focus on current ethical issues in health; expanded coverage of international health; increased emphasis on critical thinking and analysis; coverage of specific topics such as complementary and alternative medicine, accidents as a cause of death, and the role of ethnicity and gender in influencing health behavior; an emphasis on practical information; and updated coverage of all material which is particularly important in the field of health psychology given the dramatic advances in knowledge about the factors that influence physical well-being during the last five years.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Introductionp. 1
What Is Health Psychology?p. 2
Health Psychology in the Real World: Ban Smoking in Public Housingp. 8
Focus on Research: Can Writing About Feelings Help People Cope With Cancer?p. 10
What Factors Led to the Development of Health Psychology?p. 10
The Nature of Illnesses Has Changedp. 10
Focus on Development: The Importance of Immunizationsp. 13
The Biomedical Model Is Unable to Fully Account for Healthp. 13
Health-Care Costs Have Risen Dramaticallyp. 16
What Is the History of Health Psychology?p. 18
Focus on Culture: Health Means Different Things in Different Culturesp. 21
What Lies Aheadp. 21
Research Methodsp. 24
What Is the Scientific Method?p. 26
What Are Observational or Naturalistic Methods?p. 28
What Are Survey Methods?p. 32
What Are Experimental Methods?p. 35
Focus on Research: The Impact of Divorce on Life Expectancyp. 38
Focus on Development: The Link Between Breast-Feeding and Infant Illnessp. 39
What Are Clinical Methods?p. 41
Psychology in the Real World: The Ethical Challenges of Conducting Research on Cancer Treatmentp. 42
How Can We Evaluate Research Studies?p. 43
Internal Validityp. 43
Focus on Research: The Power of Mind-Set on Healthp. 45
External Validityp. 47
What Is the Best Research Approach?p. 49
How Do Research Ethics Influence Scientific Studies?p. 51
Ethical Issues Relevant to Experimentation on Animalsp. 54
Theories of Health Behaviorp. 58
What Are Continuum Theories of Health Behavior?p. 60
Health Belief Modelp. 60
Focus on Research: Using "Friendship Bracelets" to Increase Condom Usep. 63
Theories of Reasoned Action/Planned Behaviorp. 64
Focus on Culture: The Role of Individual and Social Factors on Healthp. 65
Learning Theoriesp. 67
Focus on Development: Using Operant Conditioning to Improve Children's Eating and Exercise Behaviorp. 70
Focus on Research: Can Watching Television Cause Teenage Pregnancy?p. 71
Health Psychology in the Real World: Hollywood's Responsibility for Smoking Deathsp. 72
Social Cognitive Theoryp. 74
What Are Stage Models of Health Behavior Change?p. 78
Transtheoretical or Stages of Change Modelp. 78
Precaution Adoption Process Modelp. 83
How Should These Models Be Integrated and Extended?p. 86
Stressp. 91
What Are the Main Sources of Stress?p. 93
How Is Stress Measured?p. 95
Self-Report Inventoriesp. 95
Focus on Research: Does Stress Cause Breast Cancer?p. 98
Physiological Measuresp. 100
How Does Stress Influence Health?p. 102
Cannon's Fight-or-Flight Responsep. 102
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)p. 103
Updates to the Fight-or-Flight and GAS Modelsp. 105
What Are the Physical Consequences of Stress?p. 108
Nervous Systemp. 109
Endocrine Systemp. 110
Cardiovascular Systemp. 111
Focus on Development: Why the Early Years Really Matterp. 112
Immune Systemp. 115
Psychoneuroimmunologyp. 118
Indirect Effects of Stress on Healthp. 118
What Are the Psychological Consequences of Stress?p. 120
What Are Some Strategies for Managing Stress?p. 122
Coping Stylesp. 122
Focus on Research: The Influence of Problem-Focused Coping on Healthp. 125
Focus on Culture: Writing About Problems Helps Some People But Not Allp. 130
Relaxation and Mindfulnessp. 131
Humorp. 133
Exercisep. 134
Social Supportp. 134
Religionp. 134
Managing Stress: The Role of Personality and Social Supportp. 142
What Personality Factors Are Associated With Good Health?p. 144
Positive Statesp. 145
Focus on Research: Why Positive People Are Less Likely to Get a Coldp. 145
Optimismp. 146
Conscientiousnessp. 149
Focus on Development: The Powerful Influence of Childhood Personality on Adult Health-Related Behaviorp. 150
Internal Locus of Control/Hardinessp. 150
What Personality Factors Lead to Unhealthy Behavior?p. 152
Neuroticism/Negative Affectp. 152
Type A Behaviorp. 153
Hostility/Disagreeablenessp. 155
Explaining the Link Between Personality and Healthp. 156
Stressp. 156
Physiological Mechanismsp. 158
Coping Strategiesp. 159
Social Supportp. 160
Health Habitsp. 160
Self-Reportp. 162
What Is Social Support?p. 163
Social Networkp. 164
Perceived Social Supportp. 165
Received Social Supportp. 168
Focus on Culture: The Differential Presence and Benefits of Particular Types of Supportp. 168
What Is the Link Between Social Support and Health?p. 169
Psychological Well-Beingp. 169
Physical Well-Beingp. 170
Focus on Research—The Effects of Social Support on Recovery from Surgeryp. 171
How Does Social Support Lead to Better Health?p. 173
Cardiovascular Systemp. 174
Immune Systemp. 175
Neuroendocrine Systemp. 177
When Does Social Support Lead to Better Health?p. 177
Buffering Hypothesisp. 177
Direct Effects Hypothesisp. 180
Does Social Support Benefit Men and Women Equally?p. 182
What Factors Lead to the Social Support-Health Link?p. 183
Injuriesp. 188
What Is Injury?p. 189
Sanderson ftoc.tex V1 - 11/10/2011 1:02 P.M. Pagep. xiii
Contentsp. xiii
How Does the Risk of Injury Vary Across the Life span?p. 190
Childhoodp. 192
Focus on Culture: The Impact of Culture on Risk for Childhood Injuriesp. 193
Adolescence and Young Adulthoodp. 193
Adulthoodp. 195
What Are the Leading Causes of Injuries?p. 195
Motor Vehicle Accidentsp. 195
Poisoningp. 196
Suicidep. 197
Focus on Research: The Hazards of Owning a Firearmp. 199
Fallsp. 199
Homicidep. 200
Focus on Research: Does Harry Potter Prevent Injuries in Children?p. 201
Focus on Development: The Prevalence of Child Abuse and Neglectp. 201
What Are the Strategies for Preventing Injuries?p. 202
Active Strategiesp. 203
Health Psychology in the Real World: The Very Real Tragedy of Drunk Drivingp. 205
Passive Strategiesp. 207
Societal Changesp. 207
Smoking and Alcohol Abusep. 212
What Is the Prevalence of Smoking?p. 214
What Are the Health Consequences of Smoking?p. 214
Focus on Development: The Impact of Passive Smoking on Childrenp. 217
How Do Psychological Factors Lead to the Initiation of Smoking?p. 218
Focus on Research: The Hazards of Smoking in Moviesp. 220
What Factors Lead to Continued Smoking?p. 221
Nicotine-Based Modelsp. 221
Affect-Regulation Modelp. 222
Combined Modelsp. 224
What Are Some Strategies for Preventing Smoking?p. 225
What Are Some Strategies for Quitting Smoking?p. 229
What Is the Prevalence of Alcohol Use and Abuse?p. 234
Focus on Culture: The Impact of Culture on Alcohol Regulations, Consumption, and Consequencesp. 235
What Are the Health Consequences of Alcohol Abuse?p. 235
Focus on Research: Why Drinking Alcohol Interferes With Condom Usep. 238
How Do Psychological Factors Lead to Alcohol Abuse?p. 239
Tension-Reduction Theoryp. 239
Social Learning Theoryp. 240
Personalityp. 242
Biological/Genetic Factorsp. 243
What Are Some Strategies for Preventing Alcohol Abuse?p. 244
What Are Some Strategies for Treating Alcohol Abuse?p. 246
Health Psychology in the Real World: The Very Real Consequences of Addictionp. 247
Obesity and Eating Disordersp. 255
What Is Obesity?p. 257
What Are the Consequences of Obesity?p. 260
How Do Genetic Factors Cause Obesity?p. 262
How Do Psychological Factors Influence Eating (and Overeating)?p. 265
Internal-External Hypothesisp. 265
Mood Regulationp. 267
Restraint Theoryp. 269
Sociocultural Factorsp. 270
Focus on Research: Is Obesity Contagious?p. 271
Focus on Development: The Long-Lasting Impact of Prenatal Tastingp. 272
What Factors Help Prevent Obesity?p. 272
How Is Obesity Treated?p. 275
What Are Eating Disorders?p. 279
How Do Biological Factors Contribute to Eating Disorders?p. 282
How Do Psychological Factors Contribute to Eating Disorders?p. 282
Sociocultural Normsp. 283
Focus on Culture: Is the Thin Ideal Universal?p. 284
Family Dynamicsp. 286
Personalityp. 288
What Approaches Help Prevent Eating Disorders?p. 288
Focus on Research: The Benefits of Critiquing the Thin Idealp. 291
What Approaches Help Treat Eating Disorders?p. 291
Health Psychology in the Real World: The Struggle to Recover From an Eating Disorderp. 292
The Experience and Management of Painp. 298
Why Do We Care About Pain?p. 300
What Is Pain?p. 301
How Do We Experience Pain?p. 302
How Is Pain Measured?p. 307
Self-Report Measuresp. 307
Behavioral Measuresp. 309
Physiological Measuresp. 310
How Do Psychosocial Factors Influence the Experience of Pain?p. 310
Stressp. 310
Learningp. 312
Focus on Culture: The Influence of Culture on the Experience and Expression of Painp. 313
Cognitionp. 314
Mood Statep. 317
What Are Some Physical Methods of Controlling Pain?p. 318
Medicationp. 319
Surgeryp. 320
Physical Therapy/Exercisep. 320
Physical Stimulationp. 321
What Are Some Psychological Methods of Controlling Pain?p. 323
Focus on Research: Does Acupuncture Really Work to Reduce Pain?p. 324
Hypnosisp. 324
Biofeedbackp. 326
Relaxation and Distractionp. 327
Focus on Research: Can Looking at Pictures of Loved Ones Reduce Pain?p. 328
Focus on Development: The Impact of Watching Movies on Pain Relief in Childrenp. 329
Cognitive Approachesp. 330
Behavior Therapyp. 334
Conclusionsp. 336
Can Placebos Decrease Pain?p. 336
Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Placebosp. 336
Physiological Mechanisms That Explain the Influence of Placebosp. 338
Chronic Illnessp. 344
What Are Chronic Diseases?p. 346
Focus on Culture: The Prevalence of Chronic Diseases Worldwidep. 347
What Are the Consequences of Having Chronic Illnesses?p. 348
Physical Problemsp. 348
Social Problemsp. 350
Focus on Development: How Do Children Cope With Having a Chronic Disease?p. 351
A Humorous Example of the Impact of Chronic Disease on Marital Relationshipsp. 353
Psychological Problemsp. 354
Health Psychology in the Real World: The Shock of a Cancer Diagnosisp. 355
Reflection About the Benefits of Cancer By Lance Armstrongp. 360
What Factors Influence How People Manage Having a Chronic Illness?p. 361
Illness Intrusivenessp. 361
Type of Coping Usedp. 362
Level of Social Supportp. 364
How Can Psychological Interventions Help People Cope with Chronic Illness?p. 366
Educationp. 366
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)p. 367
Social Support Groupsp. 369
What Is Coronary Heart Disease?p. 371
How Do Psychological Factors Influence Coronary Heart Disease?p. 372
Focus on Research: Is Living in New York City Hazardous to Your Health?p. 375
How Can Psychological Interventions Help Reduce the Risk of Recurring Heart Attacks?p. 378
What Is Cancer?p. 380
How Do Psychosocial Factors Influence the Development of Cancer?p. 382
What Factors Predict Effective Coping with Cancer?p. 386
What Is HIV/AIDS?p. 387
How Do Psychological Factors Predict the Acquisition of HIV?p. 389
Focus on Research: The Hazards of Seeing HIV as Not Very Prevalentp. 390
How Do Psychological Factors Predict the Progression of HIV?p. 393
Terminal Illness and Bereavementp. 399
When and How Do People Die?p. 401
How Do People Cope with Dying?p. 404
Stages of Death and Dyingp. 405
Task-Work Approachp. 406
Stages of Death and Dying in Childrenp. 407
The Ethics of Assisted Suicidep. 408
Where Do People Die?p. 411
Hospitalsp. 412
Nursing Homes/Long-Term Care Facilitiesp. 414
Homep. 414
Hospice Carep. 415
Focus on Research: The Impact of Hospice Care on the End-of-Life Experiencep. 417
What are the Consequences of Bereavement?p. 419
Focus on Research: Why and When the Death of a Spouse Impacts Mortalityp. 421
What Factors Influence the Experience of Bereavement?p. 422
Stages of Mourningp. 422
Influences on Griefp. 423
Coping with Bereavementp. 424
Focus on Culture: The Impact of Grief Processing Varies as a Function of Culturep. 427
Health Psychology in the Real World: What You Should—and Should Not—Say to Someone Who Is in Mourningp. 429
How Do People React to Different Types of Deaths?p. 432
Death of a Spousep. 432
Death of a Parentp. 433
Death of a Childp. 434
Death of a Siblingp. 435
How Do Children Understand Death?p. 436
Health-Care Interaction: Screening, Utilization, Adherence, and Relapsep. 441
What Is Screening?p. 443
The Predictors of Screeningp. 445
The Costs and Benefits of Screeningp. 446
Health Psychology in the Real World: The Struggle to Decide Whether to Test or Not to Testp. 447
Focus on Research: The Shifting Reaction to Testing Positive for Huntington's Diseasep. 451
Strategies for Increasing Screeningp. 453
How Do Psychological Factors Influence Health-Care Utilization, Interaction, Hospitalization, and Burnout?p. 455
Health-Care Utilizationp. 456
Patient-Practitioner Communicationp. 463
Focus on Research: Differing Perspectives Between Patients and Physicians on Information Givenp. 465
Focus on Culture: Attitudes Toward the Doctor-Patient Relationship Vary by Culturep. 467
The Experience of Hospitalizationp. 469
Focus on Development: The Difficulties of Hospitalization on Childrenp. 470
The Experience of Burnoutp. 474
What Predicts Adherence?p. 475
Causes of Nonadherencep. 476
Measuring Adherencep. 481
Strategies for Increasing Adherencep. 482
What Is Relapse?p. 485
Theories of Addictionp. 486
Triggers of Relapsep. 487
Strategies for Preventing Relapsep. 488
Designing Persuasive Interventionsp. 496
Are Emotional Appeals Effective?p. 498
The Use of Emotional Appealsp. 499
The Drawbacks of Fear-Based Appealsp. 500
Focus on Development: The Hazards of Fear-Based Approaches to Pregnancy Preventionp. 502
Making Fear-Based Appeals Workp. 503
Focus on Research: The Benefits of Self-Affirmation for Reducing Smokingp. 507
How Effective Are Interventions Based in Psychological Theories?p. 508
Prospect Theoryp. 508
Cognitive Dissonance Theoryp. 511
Attribution Theoryp. 513
Learning Theoriesp. 514
Focus on Culture: The Role of a Radio Program in Reducing HIV Infectionp. 517
Social Cognitive Theoryp. 517
Theory of Planned Behaviorp. 518
Focus on Research: The Power of Social Norms in Increasing Condom Usep. 519
Are Personally Relevant Messages the Most Effective?p. 519
Screeningp. 520
Managing Pain and Chronic Diseasep. 522
Smoking Cessationp. 524
Alcohol Usep. 526
Eating and Eating Disordered Behaviorp. 527
Condom Usep. 529
What Questions Remain?p. 530
Future Directions for Health Psychologyp. 534
What Are the Contributions of Health Psychology?p. 536
What Are the Hot Topics in Health Psychology?p. 537
Preventing Health Problemsp. 537
Making Ethical Medical Decisionsp. 540
Focus on Research: Strategies for Increasing Organ Donationp. 543
Enhancing the Quality of Lifep. 544
Health Psychology in the Real World: A Unique Approach to Conveying End-of-Life Preferencesp. 546
Reducing Health-Care Costsp. 548
Focus on Culture: How Do Other Countries Handle Health Care?p. 548
What Are the Challenges for Health Psychology in the Future?p. 554
Decreasing Racial-Ethnic Differences in Healthp. 554
Focus on Development: The Long-Term Hazards of Childhood Povertyp. 557
Focusing on the Predictors of Women's Healthp. 559
Focus on Research: Understanding the Decision to Vaccinate for HPVp. 560
Broadening the Focus to Other Culturesp. 561
What Can You Do With a Degree in Health Psychology?p. 565
What Is the "Take Home" Point?p. 566
Glossaryp. 571
Referencesp. 581
Author Indexp. 645
Subject Indexp. 000
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