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Heavy Hands : An Introduction to the Crimes of Domestic Violence,9780130835253

Heavy Hands : An Introduction to the Crimes of Domestic Violence

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780130835253

ISBN10:
0130835250
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $50.00
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Summary

For undergraduate-level courses in Domestic Violence, Domestic Crimes, Family Violence, and Sociology of Domestic Violence in departments of Criminal Justice, Criminology, and Sociology. This is the first text to explore both the causes, consequences, and prevalence of domestic violence and the positive law enforcement response. Using a socio-legal approachwith emphasis on the practical criminal justice perspectiveit will help both instructors with no field experience and educators with professional backgrounds to effectively meld together the theory and practice of domestic violence for students of the social sciences. It focuses on all forms of domestic violence perpetrated in a variety of gender, age, and orientation relationships.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Acknowledgments xix
About the Author xxi
Part One Domestic Violence Crime: Definition, Prevalence, and History 1(58)
Violence in the Family
3(26)
Introduction
3(4)
What Is Domestic Violence?
7(2)
Crimes against the Person
8(1)
Forms of Domestic Violence
8(1)
Abuse Prevention Acts
9(1)
Relationships
10(1)
Definitions of Common Terms
11(3)
Prevalence of Domestic Violence
14(10)
Battering
14(4)
Child Abuse
18(3)
Elder Abuse
21(3)
Conclusions
24(1)
Key Terms
25(1)
Questions for Review
25(1)
References
25(4)
A Global View of Family Social and Legal Relations
29(30)
Introduction
29(2)
Early Social-Legal History
31(4)
The Ancient and Medieval World
32(1)
The Roman Empire
32(1)
The Christian Era
33(1)
The Russian Example
34(1)
British Common Law
34(1)
French Law
35(1)
Marital Relations in Early America
35(5)
Puritan Restrictions
36(1)
The Next One Hundred Years
36(1)
African American Families
37(1)
Native American Families
38(1)
A Brief Change
38(1)
One Hundred Years of Secrecy
39(1)
Woman Battering
40(2)
What About the Children?
42(2)
Ancient Times
43(1)
The Christian Era
43(1)
English Law
44(1)
Children in Early America
44(2)
The Refuge Movement
45(1)
The Child Saver Movement
45(1)
Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
45(1)
Domestic Violence: A Global Concern
46(7)
The United Nations
46(1)
Prevalence Rates in Selected Countries around the World
47(6)
Conclusions
53(1)
Key Terms
54(1)
Questions for Review
55(1)
References
55(4)
Part Two Theories on Causation and Victimization 59(94)
Theories on Family Violence
61(30)
Introduction
61(2)
Society Viewed at the Macro or Micro Level
63(1)
The Classical School
63(4)
Rational Choice Theory
65(1)
Deterrence Theory
65(1)
Critique of the Classical School
66(1)
The Positive School
67(1)
Biological Theories
67(4)
Eugenics
67(3)
Biochemical Imbalance Theories
70(1)
Neurological Theories
70(1)
Critique of the Biological Theories
71(1)
Sociological Theories
71(3)
Social Structure and Cultural Theories
71(1)
Gender-Role Theory
72(1)
Critique of the Sociological Theories
72(2)
Psychological Theories
74(3)
Social Learning Theories
74(1)
Social Control Theories
75(2)
Critique of the Psychological Theories
77(1)
The Conflict School
77(3)
Patriarchal Theory
78(2)
Gender Inequality
80(1)
Critique of the Conflict School
80(1)
Multidimensional Models
80(6)
Individual-Based Theories
81(1)
Family-Based Theories
82(3)
Community Theory
85(1)
Culture Theory
85(1)
Critique of the Multidimensional Theories
85(1)
Conclusions
86(1)
Key Terms
87(1)
Questions for Review
88(1)
References
88(3)
From Theory to Practice
91(32)
Introduction
91(1)
High-Risk Violence
92(2)
Batterer Programs
94(5)
Program Procedures
94(3)
Specialized versus Attachment Theory Intervention
97(1)
Can Interventions Stop Battering?
98(1)
Characteristics of Domestic Violence Abusers
99(13)
Descriptions of the Batterer
100(3)
Abusive Men
103(1)
Abusive Women
104(1)
Perpetrators in Gay Male Relationships
105(1)
Lesbian Domestic Offenders
106(1)
Juvenile Bullying
106(1)
Teen Dating Violence
107(1)
Perpetrators of Child Abuse
108(2)
Perpetrators of Elder Abuse
110(1)
Mutual Battering: Challenging Criminal Justice
111(1)
Stages of Violence
112(1)
Domestic Rape and Sexual Assault
112(7)
Common Characteristics of a Rapist
114(1)
Marital Rape and Male Offenders
114(1)
Female Sex Offenders
115(1)
Sexual Abuse against Children
116(1)
Juvenile Incest Offenders
117(1)
Date Rape Offenders
118(1)
Conclusions
119(1)
Key Terms
120(1)
Questions for Review
120(1)
References
121(2)
Survivors and the Consequences of Victimization
123(30)
Introduction
123(1)
Victimology
124(1)
The Victim Movement
125(1)
The Children's Rights Movement
126(7)
Child Witness or Victim?
127(2)
Childhood Abuse and Criminal Behavior
129(1)
Childhood Abuse and Social Consequences
129(1)
The Consequences of Abuse to a Child
130(3)
Conclusions on the Children's Rights Movement
133(1)
The Battered Women's Movement
133(4)
Woman Battering: Health and Safety Issues
134(3)
Learned Helplessness Theory
137(1)
Survivors of Domestic Battering
137(1)
Consequences of Family Violence
138(7)
Female Victims
140(1)
Male Victims
140(3)
Dating Victims
143(2)
Effects of Victimization
145(2)
Borderline Personality Disorder
145(1)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
145(1)
Stockholm Syndrome
146(1)
Self-Inflicted Violence
147(1)
The Cost of Family Violence
147(1)
Conclusions
147(1)
Key Terms
148(1)
Questions for Review
148(1)
References
149(4)
Part Three Legal and Enforcement Responses 153(100)
Legal Responses
155(34)
Introduction
155(1)
Court Jurisdiction
156(7)
Federal versus State Jurisdiction
157(2)
Civil versus Criminal Court in the State System
159(4)
Federal Legislation
163(7)
Antistalking Legislation
164(1)
Domestic Violence across State Lines
165(1)
Domestic Violence on Federal Enclaves
165(1)
Gun Control
166(1)
Privacy for Domestic Violence Victims
167(1)
Child Abuse Initiatives
168(2)
State Intervention
170(14)
Victim Assistance
170(1)
Antistalking Laws
170(1)
Civil Orders of Protection
171(6)
Marital Rape Laws
177(1)
Child Abuse Protection
177(5)
Elder Abuse Legislation
182(2)
Conclusions
184(1)
Key Terms
185(1)
Questions for Review
186(1)
References
186(3)
The Role of the Police
189(31)
Introduction
189(1)
The Nature of Policing
189(12)
Forensic Interviewing
191(1)
The Problem-Oriented Approach
192(2)
Police Response Strategies
194(7)
Law Enforcement Goals
201(14)
Protect the Victim
201(7)
Determine If a Crime Has Been Committed
208(7)
Provide the Basis for Successful Prosecution
215(1)
Conclusions
215(1)
Key Terms
216(1)
Questions for Review
216(1)
References
217(3)
Law Enforcement Response
220(33)
Introduction
220(2)
Training
222(1)
Criminal Justice Ambivalence
223(1)
The Systems Approach
224(4)
The Courts
224(2)
Corrections
226(1)
Law Enforcement
226(2)
How Do Police Get Involved?
228(5)
The Citizen Complaint
228(2)
The Mandated Report
230(3)
The Officer-Initiated Investigation
233(1)
To Arrest or Not to Arrest: That Is the Question!
233(5)
Crimes
234(3)
Civil Protection Codes
237(1)
Mental Health Codes
237(1)
Use of Available Resources
238(1)
What About Probable Cause?
238(1)
Collection of Evidence
239(9)
Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement
241(2)
What Police Look For
243(4)
The Interrogation of Suspects
247(1)
Conclusions
248(1)
Key Terms
249(1)
Questions for Review
249(1)
References
249(4)
Part Four Crime Identification 253(94)
Recognizing Child Abuse
255(31)
Introduction
255(3)
Civil versus Criminal Action
256(1)
Active Maltreatment
256(1)
Passive Maltreatment
257(1)
Categories of Secondary Abuse
258(1)
The Victims of Child Abuse
258(5)
Age
260(1)
Gender
261(1)
Race
262(1)
The Major Forms of Abuse
263(18)
Emotional Abuse and Psychological Maltreatment
263(1)
Indicators of Physical Abuse
264(10)
Forms of Sexual Abuse
274(3)
Neglect
277(4)
Parental Kidnapping
281(1)
Mandated Reporting
281(1)
Who Must Report?
282(1)
Conclusions
282(1)
Key Terms
283(1)
Questions for Review
283(1)
References
283(3)
The Identification of Elder Abuse
286(29)
Introduction
286(6)
Civil versus Criminal Action
288(1)
Categories of Abuse
289(2)
Active Abuse and Neglect
291(1)
Passive Maltreatment
292(1)
The Victims of Elder Abuse
292(5)
Age
293(1)
Gender
294(1)
Race
295(1)
Cultural Differences
296(1)
Categories of Elder Abuse
297(3)
Domestic Abuse
297(1)
Institutional Abuse
298(2)
The Major Forms of Abuse
300(9)
Financial Exploitation
301(2)
Misuse of Restraints
303(1)
Neglect and Abandonment
304(1)
Self-Neglect and Abuse
305(2)
Physical Abuse
307(1)
Psychological and Emotional Abuse
307(1)
Sexual Abuse Indicators
307(2)
Duties and Responsibilities
309(1)
Mandated Reporting
310(1)
Conclusions
311(1)
Key Terms
311(1)
Questions for Review
311(1)
References
312(3)
Associated Major Crimes
315(32)
Introduction
315(1)
Stalking
316(11)
What Is Stalking?
316(2)
Stalking Behaviors
318(3)
Characteristics of Stalking Perpetrators
321(1)
Stalking Victims
322(1)
Investigative Strategies
322(4)
Safety Precautions for Stalking Victims
326(1)
Threat Assessment
327(1)
Domestic Homicide
327(14)
Justifiable Homicide
328(1)
Excusable Homicide
328(1)
Felonious Homicide
329(1)
Murder in the Family
330(7)
Investigative Strategies
337(4)
Conclusions
341(1)
Key Terms
342(1)
Questions for Review
342(1)
References
343(4)
Part Five The Future 347(28)
Research on the Internet
349(26)
Introduction
349(2)
Getting onto the World Wide Web
351(2)
The Basics of Internet Research
353(2)
Search Engines
353(1)
Evaluating Your Source
354(1)
The Extent of Personal Crime
355(6)
Uniform Crime Reporting System
355(3)
National Crime Victimization Survey
358(1)
Self-Report Studies
359(2)
Child Abuse
361(3)
Child Death Investigation
364(1)
Criminal Justice Sites
365(1)
Elder Abuse
365(1)
Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence
366(1)
General Information
366(1)
Antistalking Sites
367(1)
Government Sites
367(1)
International Sites
368(1)
Law Enforcement Sites
368(1)
Legal Sites
369(1)
Judicial Sites
370(1)
Marital and Date Rape
370(1)
Victims' Assistance
370(1)
Woman Battering
371(1)
Just for Fun
372(1)
Conclusions
372(1)
Key Terms
373(1)
Questions for Review
373(1)
References
374(1)
Index 375


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