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Heavy Hands : An Introduction to the Crimes of Family Violence,9780131188853
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Heavy Hands : An Introduction to the Crimes of Family Violence

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780131188853

ISBN10:
0131188852
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $64.00
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Summary

For undergraduate-level courses in Domestic Violence, Domestic Crimes, Family Violence, and Sociology of Domestic Violence in departments of Criminal Justice, Criminology, and Sociology. This text explores the causes, consequences, and prevalence of domestic violence and the positive law enforcement response. Using a socio-legal approachwith emphasis on the practical criminal justice perspectivethe book helps both instructors with no field experience and educators with professional backgrounds effectively meld together the theory and practice of domestic violence for students of the social sciences. The book focuses on all forms of domestic violence perpetrated in a variety of gender, age, and orientation relationships.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xxi
About the Author xxiii
Part One Domestic Violence Crime: Definition, Prevalence, and History 1(60)
CHAPTER 1 Violence in the Family
3(23)
Simply Scenario
3(1)
Key Terms
3(1)
Introduction
4(4)
What Is Domestic Violence?
8(3)
Crimes Against the Person
9(1)
Forms of Domestic Violence
10(1)
Abuse Prevention Acts
11(1)
Relationships
11(1)
Definitions of Common Terms
12(3)
Prevalence of Domestic Violence
15(8)
Battering
15(3)
Child Abuse
18(2)
Elder Abuse
20(3)
Conclusions
23(1)
Questions for Review
23(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
24(1)
References
24(2)
CHAPTER 2 A Global View of Family, Social, and Legal Relations
26(35)
Simply Scenario
26(1)
Key Terms
26(1)
Introduction
27(2)
Early Social-Legal History
29(1)
The Ancient World of Greece
29(1)
The Roman Empire
30(1)
The Christian Era
31(1)
British Common Law
31(1)
French Law
32(1)
Marital Relations in Early America
32(5)
Puritan Restrictions
33(1)
The Next 100 Years
33(1)
African American Families
34(1)
Native American Families
35(1)
A Brief Change
36(1)
One Hundred Years of Secrecy
36(1)
Woman Battering
37(3)
What About the Children?
40(2)
Ancient Times
40(1)
The Christian Era
40(1)
English Law
41(1)
Children in Early America
42(2)
The Refuge Movement
42(1)
The Child Saver Movement
43(1)
Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
43(1)
Domestic Violence: A Global Concern
44(11)
The United Nations
45(1)
Prevalence Rates in Selected Countries
46(9)
Conclusions
55(1)
Questions for Review
56(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
56(1)
References
56(5)
Part Two Theories on Causation and Victimization 61(72)
CHAPTER 3 Theories on Family Violence
63(31)
Simply Scenario
63(1)
Key Terms
63(1)
Introduction
64(2)
Society Viewed at the Macro or Micro Level
65(1)
The Classical School
66(3)
Rational Choice Theory
67(1)
Deterrence Theory
68(1)
Critique of the Classical School
68(1)
The Positive School
69(1)
Biological Theories
69(5)
Eugenics
70(2)
Biochemical Imbalance Theories
72(1)
Neurological Theories
73(1)
Critique of the Biological Theories
73(1)
Sociological Theories
74(2)
Social Structure and Cultural Theories
74(1)
Gender-Role Theory
75(1)
Critique of the Sociological Theories
76(1)
Psychological Theories
76(4)
Social Learning Theories
76(3)
Social Control Theories
79(1)
Critique of the Psychological Theories
80(1)
The Conflict School
80(3)
Patriarchal Theory
81(1)
Gender Inequality
82(1)
Critique of the Conflict School
83(1)
Multidimensional Models
83(6)
Individual-Based Theories
84(2)
Family-Based Theories
86(3)
Culture Theory
89(1)
Critique of the Multidimensional Theories
89(1)
Conclusions
89(2)
Questions for Review
91(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
91(1)
References
92(2)
CHAPTER 4 Survivors and the Consequences of Victimization
94(39)
Simply Scenario
94(1)
Key Terms
94(1)
Introduction
95(1)
Victimology
95(2)
The Victim Movement
97(2)
The Children's Rights Movement
99(7)
Child Witnessing of Domestic Violence
99(2)
Childhood Abuse and Criminal Behavior
101(1)
Childhood Abuse and Social Consequences
102(1)
The Consequences of Abuse to a Child
103(3)
Maltreatment of Children with Disabilities
106(1)
The Battered Women's Movement
106(5)
Woman Battering: Health and Safety Issues
107(3)
Learned Helplessness Theory
110(1)
Consequences to Survivors of Domestic Battering
111(11)
Female Victims
113(2)
Violence Against Same-Sex Partners
115(3)
Male Victims
118(1)
Why Do Domestic Violence Victims Stay?
119(1)
Dating Violence Victims
120(2)
Effects of Victimization
122(3)
Borderline Personality Disorder
122(1)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
123(1)
Stockholm Syndrome
124(1)
Self-Inflicted Violence
124(1)
The Cost of Family Violence
125(1)
Conclusions
125(1)
Questions for Review
126(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
127(1)
References
127(6)
Part Three Crime Identification 133(108)
CHAPTER 5 Dynamics of Partner Violence
135(37)
Simply Scenario
135(1)
Key Terms
135(1)
Introduction
136(1)
Characteristics of Domestic Violence Abusers
137(15)
Descriptions of the Batterer
138(3)
The Role of Drugs and Alcohol in Domestic Violence
141(2)
Abusive Men
143(4)
Abusive Women
147(2)
Mutual Battering: Challenging Criminal Justice
149(2)
Elder Battering
151(1)
High-Risk Violence
152(5)
Risk Factors
153(2)
Styles of Violence
155(2)
Domestic Rape and Sexual Assault
157(5)
Marital Rape and Male Offenders
158(1)
Female Sex Offenders
159(2)
Male Date Rape Offenders
161(1)
Batterer Interventions
162(3)
Major Theoretical Models That Influence Batterer Intervention
162(1)
Program Procedures for Male Perpetrators
163(1)
Program Procedures for Women Who Batter
164(1)
Can Program Interventions Stop Battering?
165(1)
Unified Court System Partnered with Probation
166(1)
Conclusions
166(1)
Questions for Review
167(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
168(1)
References
168(4)
CHAPTER 6 Recognizing Child Abuse
172(31)
Simply Scenario
172(1)
Key Terms
172(1)
Introduction
173(1)
Civil Versus Criminal Action
174(1)
Categories of Active Maltreatment
174(2)
Active Maltreatment
174(1)
Passive Maltreatment
174(2)
Categories of Secondary Maltreatment
176(1)
The Victims of Child Abuse
176(3)
Age
176(1)
Gender
177(1)
Race
178(1)
Perpetrators of Child Abuse
178(1)
The Major Forms of Abuse
179(17)
Emotional Abuse and Psychological Maltreatment
179(1)
Indicators of Physical Abuse
180(10)
Forms of Sexual Abuse
190(2)
Symptoms of Sexual Abuse
192(1)
Neglect
193(2)
Parental Kidnapping
195(1)
Adolescent Offending as a Consequence of Victimization
196(2)
Risk of Adolescent Adolescent Sexual Reoffending
196(1)
Risk of Juvenile Battering Behavior
197(1)
Mandated Reporting
198(1)
Who Must Report?
198(1)
Conclusions
199(1)
Questions for Review
199(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
200(1)
References
200(3)
CHAPTER 7 The Identification of Elder Abuse
203(38)
Simply Scenario
203(1)
Key Terms
203(1)
Introduction
204(6)
Civil Versus Criminal Action
206(2)
Categories of Abuse
208(1)
Active Abuse and Neglect
209(1)
Passive Maltreatment
210(1)
The Victims of Elder Abuse
210(7)
Age
211(1)
Gender
211(2)
Race
213(1)
Cultural Differences
213(2)
Vulnerability and Undue Influence
215(2)
Categories of Elder Abuse
217(3)
Domestic Abuse
217(1)
Institutional Abuse
218(2)
The Major Forms of Abuse
220(14)
Financial Exploitation
221(2)
Misuse of Restraints
223(1)
Neglect and Abandonment
224(2)
Self-Neglect and Abuse
226(1)
Physical Abuse
227(2)
Psychological and Emotional Abuse
229(1)
Sexual Abuse Indicators
229(2)
Consequences of Elder Abuse
231(1)
Perpetrators of Elder Abuse
232(2)
Duties and Responsibilities
234(1)
Mandated Reporting
234(1)
Conclusions
235(1)
Questions for Review
236(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
236(1)
References
236(5)
Part Four Legal and Enforcement Responses 241(150)
CHAPTER 8 Legal Responses
243(40)
Simply Scenario
243(1)
Key Terms
243(1)
Introduction
244(1)
Court Jurisdiction
244(10)
Federal Versus State Jurisdiction
247(1)
Civil Versus Criminal Court in the State System
248(5)
Domestic Violence Courts
253(1)
Federal Legislation
254(8)
Antistalking Legislation
255(1)
Domestic Violence Across State Lines
255(1)
Domestic Violence on Federal Enclaves
256(1)
Gun Control
257(2)
Privacy for Domestic Violence Victims
259(1)
Child Abuse Initiatives
260(2)
State Intervention
262(16)
Victim Assistance
262(1)
Antistalking Laws
263(1)
Civil Orders of Protection
264(8)
Marital Rape Laws
272(1)
Child Abuse Protection
273(2)
Elder Abuse Legislation
275(3)
Conclusions
278(1)
Questions for Review
279(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
280(1)
References
280(3)
CHAPTER 9 The Role of the Police
283(36)
Simply Scenario
283(1)
Key Terms
283(1)
Introduction
284(1)
The Nature of Policing
284(14)
Forensic Interviewing
286(1)
The Problem-Oriented Approach
286(1)
Police Response Strategies
287(11)
Law Enforcement Goals
298(16)
Goal 1: Protect the Victim
298(8)
Goal 2: Determine If a Crime Has Been Committed
306(8)
Goal 3: Provide the Basis for Successful Prosecution
314(1)
Conclusions
314(1)
Questions for Review
315(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
316(1)
References
316(3)
CHAPTER 10 Law Enforcement Response
319(34)
Simply Scenario
319(1)
Key Terms
319(1)
Introduction
320(1)
Training
321(2)
Criminal Justice Ambivalence
323(1)
The Systems Approach
323(6)
The Courts
324(2)
Corrections
326(1)
Law Enforcement
326(3)
How Do Police Get Involved?
329(5)
The Citizen Complaint
329(2)
The Mandated Report
331(3)
The Officer-Initiated Investigation
334(1)
To Arrest or Not to Arrest: That Is the Question
334(5)
Crimes
334(4)
Civil Protection Codes
338(1)
Mental Health Codes
339(1)
Use of Available Resources
339(1)
What About Probable Cause?
339(1)
Collection of Evidence
340(9)
Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement
342(2)
What Police Look For
344(4)
The Interrogation of Suspects
348(1)
Conclusions
349(1)
Questions for Review
350(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
350(1)
References
351(2)
CHAPTER 11 Associated Major Crimes: Stalking and Homicide
353(38)
Simply Scenario
353(1)
Key Terms
353(1)
Introduction
354(1)
Stalking
354(14)
What Is Stalking?
355(2)
Stalking Behaviors
357(2)
Characteristics of Stalking Perpetrators
359(2)
Stalking Victims
361(1)
Investigative Strategies
362(4)
Safety Precautions for Stalking Victims
366(1)
Threat Assessment
367(1)
Domestic Homicide
368(17)
Justifiable Homicide
369(1)
Excusable Homicide
369(2)
Felonious Homicide
371(1)
Murder in the Family
371(9)
Investigative Strategies
380(5)
Conclusions
385(1)
Questions for Review
386(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
386(1)
References
387(4)
Part Five The Future 391(34)
CHAPTER 12 Research on the Internet
393(32)
Key Terms
393(1)
Introduction
393(2)
Getting onto the World Wide Web
395(2)
The Basics of Internet Research
397(3)
Search Engines
397(2)
Evaluating Your Source
399(1)
The Extent of Personal Crime
400(5)
The Uniform Crime Reporting System
400(3)
National Crime Victimization Survey
403(1)
Self-Report Studies
404(1)
Abuse of Persons with Disabilities
405(1)
Child Abuse
406(3)
Child Death Investigation
409(1)
Child Mentoring and Prevention
410(1)
Criminal Justice Sites
411(1)
Elder Abuse
411(1)
Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence Sites
412(1)
General Information
413(1)
Antistalking Sites
413(1)
Government Sites
414(1)
International Sites
414(2)
Law Enforcement Sites
416(1)
Police Sites
417(1)
Legal Sites
417(1)
Judicial Sites
418(1)
Marital and Date Rape
418(1)
Miscellaneous Sites
419(1)
Teen Dating Violence
419(1)
Victims' Assistance
420(1)
Woman Battering
420(2)
Just for Fun
422(1)
Conclusions
422(1)
Questions for Review
423(1)
Internet-Based Exercises
423(1)
References
423(2)
Index 425


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