9780801472664

Heidegger's Roots

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780801472664

  • ISBN10:

    0801472660

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-09-29
  • Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

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Summary

Despite a flood of recent works on Martin Heidegger and Nazism, there has been no sustained investigation of the shared themes that were the common ground between Heidegger's thought and that of the ideologists of National Socialism. In this lucid and fair-minded book, Charles Bambach reads Heidegger's writings from 1933 to 1945 in historical context. Bambach shows that Heidegger was engaged in a conversation with the National Socialists and others on the German right about the authentic mission of the German Volk, and that this theme was central to all of his thought. Bambach depicts the development within Heidegger's work of a philosophy marked by a belief in rootedness in the homeland, the ground of ancestral kinship, and a notion of a privileged, originary connection to the ancient Greeks. Bambach makes clear that Heidegger's philosophical account of the history of the West is structured by a grand metaphysical vision of German destiny as something rooted in the soil. All of Heidegger's post-1933 works can, Bambach maintains, be read as arguments for a German form of racial-political autochthony. An essential reference in the debates over one of the twentieth century's most influential-and controversial-philosophers, this book demonstrates the profound influence on Heidegger's work of both historical context and the other thinkers with whom he engaged in dialogue. These latter include not only the ancient Greeks and such German predecessors as Hegel, Hölderlin, and Nietzsche, but also those contemporaries of the radical right from whom he would later try to distance himself.

Table of Contents

ABBREVIATIONS ix
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv
PREFACE xvii
INTRODUCTION 1(11)
I. The Hut
1(3)
II. Pastorale Militans
4(1)
III. The Cultural Metaphysics of the Great War
5(7)
CHAPTER 1. The Myth of the Homeland 12(57)
I. Philosophy and Politics
12(3)
II. The Roots of Revolution
15(16)
III. The Commitment to Hardness and Severity
31(7)
IV. "On the Essence of Truth" and Subterranean Philosophy
38(8)
V. The Myth of Bodenständigkeit and the Greek Beginning
46(5)
VI. Athens or Jerusalem?
51(6)
VII. Death for the Fatherland
57(6)
VIII. Heidegger's Hölderlinian Volksreligion
63(6)
CHAPTER 2. The Nietzschean Self-Assertion of the German University 69(43)
I. The Nietzschean Context of the Rectorial Address
69(9)
II. The Essence of the German University
78(3)
III. Self-Determination, Self-Assertion, and Leadership
81(8)
IV. The Archeology of Self-Assertion
89(5)
V. The Essence of Science as Philosophia
94(5)
VI. Plato's Staat and Heidegger's Volk
99(8)
VII. The Philomythos and the Myth of Heroic Greatness
107(5)
CHAPTER 3. The Geo-Politics of Heidegger's Mitteleuropa 112(68)
I. Heidegger's Ursprungsphilosophie
112(9)
II. Europa and the History of the West
121(4)
III. Heidegger, Scheler, and the "Metaphysics of War"
125(5)
VI. The Politics and Metaphysics of Autochthony: Bloch and Rosenzweig
130(7)
V. The Metaphysics of Mitteleuropa
137(6)
VI. Heidegger's Idea of Europe in Introduction to Metaphysics
143(3)
VII. The Violence of the Uncanny: Antigone and the German Volk
146(13)
VIII. Nietzsche's "Great Politics," Heidegger's Petty Politics
159(8)
IX. "Europe and German Philosophy" (1936)
167(13)
CHAPTER 4. Heidegger's Greeks and the Myth of Autochthony 180(67)
I. The Politics of the Anti-Political
180(9)
II. Heidegger's Elegy of Aletheia and the Greek Beginning
189(7)
II. The Athenian Myth of Autochthony and Its German Fate
196(4)
IV. Plato in a Brown Shirt
200(8)
V. The Politics of Hellenomania
208(5)
VI. The Politics of a Singular Arche
213(6)
VII. The Pre-Socratic Renaissance in Weimar
219(8)
VIII. Heidegger, Nietzsche, and German Philhellenism
227(5)
IX. Sophocles, Hölderlin, and the Politics of Homecoming
232(9)
X. Norbert von Hellingrath's Myth of a Secret Germany
241(6)
CHAPTER 5. Heidegger's "Nietzsche" 247(79)
I. Self-Staging the Nietzsche Lectures
247(8)
II. Heidegger's "Confrontation" with Nietzsche
255(6)
III. Heidegger and the Metaphysics of Editorial Practice
261(10)
IV. Heidegger's "Confrontation (s)" with National Socialism
271(3)
V. Heidegger, Baeumler, and the National Socialist Interpretation of Nietzsche
274(7)
IV. Nazi Biologism and Heideggerian Autochthony
281(8)
VII. Heidegger's Early Nietzsche Lectures
289(12)
VIII. The Metaphysics of War Redivivus
301(8)
IX. Parmenides, Stalingrad, and the Myth of Roman Decline
309(8)
X. Heideggerian Autochthony at the End of the War
317(9)
POSTSCRIPT 326(11)
INDEX 337

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