9780802864109

Hermeneutics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780802864109

  • ISBN10:

    0802864104

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-10-09
  • Publisher: Eerdmans Pub Co
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Summary

Anthony Thiselton here brings together his encyclopedic knowledge of hermeneutics and his nearly four decades of teaching on the subject to provide a splendid interdisciplinary textbook. After a thorough historical overview of hermeneutics, Thiselton moves into modern times with extensive analysis of scholarship from the mid-twentieth century, including liberation and feminist theologies, reader-response and reception theory, and postmodernism. No other text on hermeneutics covers the range of writers and subjects discussed in Thiselton's Hermeneutics. Book jacket.

Author Biography

Anthony C. Thiselton is professor of Christian theology at the University of Nottingham. His other books include The Two Horizons, two commentaries on 1 Corinthians, and The Hermeneutics of Doctrine (all Eerdmans).

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
The Aims and Scope of Hermeneuticsp. 1
Toward a Definition of Hermeneuticsp. 1
What Should We Hope to Gain from a Study of Hermeneutics?p. 5
Differences between "Philosophical Hermeneutics" and More Traditional Philosophical Thought, and Their Relation to Explanation and Understandingp. 7
Preliminary and Provisional Understanding (Pre-understanding) and the Hermeneutical Circlep. 13
Recommended Initial Readingp. 16
Hermeneutics in the Contexts of Philosophy, Biblical Studies, Literary Theory, and the Social Selfp. 17
Further Differences from More Traditional Philosophical Thought: Community and Tradition; Wisdom or Knowledge?p. 17
Approaches in Traditional Biblical Studies: The Rootedness of Texts Located in Time and Placep. 20
The Impact of Literary Theory on Hermeneutics and Biblical Interpretation: The New Criticismp. 24
The Impact of Literacy Theory: Reader-Response Theoriesp. 29
Wider Dimensions of Hermeneutics: Interest, Social Sciences, Critical Theory, Historical Reason, and Theologyp. 31
Recommended Initial Readingp. 34
An Example of Hermeneutical Methods: The Parables of Jesusp. 35
The Definition of a Parable and Its Relation to Allegoryp. 35
The Plots of Parables and Their Existential Interpretationp. 39
The Strictly Historical Approach: Jülicher, Dodd, Jeremiasp. 43
The Limits of the Historical Approach: A Retrospective View?p. 48
The Rhetorical Approach and Literary Criticismp. 52
Other Approaches: The New Hermeneutic, Narrative Worlds, Postmodernity, Reader Response, and Allegoryp. 56
Recommended Initial Readingp. 59
A Legacy of Perennial Questions from the Ancient World: Judaism and the Ancient Greeksp. 60
The Christian Inheritance: The Hermeneutics of Rabbinic Judaismp. 60
The Literature of Greek-Speaking Judaismp. 65
Jewish Apocalyptic Literature around the Time of Christp. 70
The Greek Roots of Interpretation: The Stoicsp. 72
Recommended Initial Readingp. 74
The New Testament and the Second Centuryp. 76
The Old Testament as a Frame of Reference or Pre-understanding: Paul and the Gospelsp. 76
Hebrews, 1 Peter, and Revelation: The Old Testament as Pre-understandingp. 80
Does the New Testament Employ Allegorical Interpretation or Typology?p. 83
Passages in Paul That Might Be "Difficult": Septuagint or Hebrew?p. 87
Old Testament Quotations in the Gospels, 1 Peter, and the Epistle to the Hebrewsp. 89
Second-Century Interpretation and Hermeneuticsp. 94
Recommended Initial Readingp. 99
From the Third to the Thirteenth Centuriesp. 100
The Latin West: Hippolytus, Tertullian, Ambrose, Jeromep. 100
Alexandrian Traditions: Origen; with Athanasius, Didymus and Cyrilp. 104
The Antiochene School: Diodore, Theodore, John Chrysostom, and Theodoretp. 109
The Bridge to the Middle Ages: Augustine and Gregory the Greatp. 114
The Middle Ages: Nine Figures from Bede to Nicholas of Lyrap. 117
Recommended Initial Readingp. 123
Reform, the Enlightenment, and the Rise of Biblical Criticismp. 124
Reform: Wycliffe, Luther, Melanchthonp. 125
Further Reform: William Tyndale and John Calvinp. 130
Protestant Orthodoxy, Pietism, and the Enlightenmentp. 133
The Rise of Biblical Criticism in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 138
Ten Leaders of Biblical Criticism in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 143
Recommended Initial Readingp. 147
Schleiermacher and Diltheyp. 148
Influences, Career, and Major Worksp. 149
Schleiermacher's New Conception of Hermeneuticsp. 153
Psychological and Grammatical Interpretation: The Comparative and the Divinatory; The Hermeneutical Circlep. 155
Further Themes and an Assessment of Schleiermacherp. 158
The Hermeneutics of Wilhelm Diltheyp. 161
Recommended Initial Readingp. 164
Rudolf Bultmann and Demythologizing the New Testamentp. 166
Influences and Earlier Concernsp. 166
Bultmann's Notions of "Myth"p. 170
Existential Interpretation and Demythologizing: Specific Examplesp. 173
Criticisms of Bultmann's Program as a Wholep. 178
The Subsequent Course of the Debate: Left-Wing and Right-Wing Criticsp. 180
Recommended Initial Readingp. 184
Some Mid-Twentieth-Century Approaches: Barth, the New Hermeneutic, Structuralism, Post-Structuralism, and Barr's Semanticsp. 185
Karl Barth's Earlier and Later Hermeneuticsp. 185
The So-Called New Hermeneutic of Fuchs and Ebelingp. 190
Structuralism and Its Application to Biblical Studiesp. 195
Post-Structuralism and Semantics as Applied to the Biblep. 201
Recommended Initial Readingp. 204
Hans-Georg Gadamer's Hermeneutics: The Second Turning Pointp. 206
Background, Influences, and Early Lifep. 206
Truth and Method Part I: Critique of "Method" and the "World" of Art and Playp. 211
Truth and Method Part II: Truth and Understanding in the Human Sciencesp. 215
Truth and Method Part III: Ontological Hermeneutics and Language, with Assessmentsp. 222
Further Assessments of the Three Parts of Truth and Methodp. 225
Recommended Initial Readingp. 227
The Hermeneutics of Paul Ricoeurp. 228
Background: Early Life, Influences, and Significancep. 228
The Middle Period: The Interpretation of Freud, The Conflict of Interpretations, and Metaphorp. 232
The Later Period: Time and Narrativep. 236
Oneself as Another: The Identity of the Self, "Otherness," and Narrativep. 242
Oneself as Another: Implications for Ethics; Other Later Worksp. 244
Five Assessments: Text, Author's Intention, and Creativityp. 248
Recommended Initial Readingp. 254
The Hermeneutics of Liberation Theologies and Postcolonial Hermeneuticsp. 255
Definition, Origins, Development, and Biblical Themesp. 255
Gustavo Gutiérrez and the Birth of Liberation Theologyp. 260
The Second Stage: "Base Communities" and José Porfirio Miranda in the 1970sp. 263
The Second Stage Continued: Juan Luis Segundo, J. Severino Croatto, Leonardo Boff, and Othersp. 267
The Third Stage: Postcolonial Hermeneutics from the 1980s to the Presentp. 271
A Further Assessment and Evaluationp. 276
Recommended Initial Readingp. 277
Feminist and Womanist Hermeneuticsp. 279
The Public Visibility and Ministry of Women from Earliest Timesp. 280
First- and Second-Wave Feminism and Feminist Hermeneuticsp. 283
Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza's In Memory of Her: The Argumentp. 287
Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza's In Memory of Her: An Evaluationp. 291
The Fragmentation of the Second Wavep. 294
Womanist Hermeneuticsp. 295
A Provisional Assessment of Feminist Hermeneuticsp. 301
Recommended Initial Readingp. 305
Reader-Response and Reception Theoryp. 306
Reader-Response Theory: Its Origins and Diversityp. 306
An Evaluation and the Application of the Theory to Biblical Studiesp. 311
Is Allegorical Interpretation a Subcategory of Reader-Response Theory? A Suggestionp. 314
The Recent Turn to Reception Theory and Hans Robert Jaussp. 316
Reception Theory and Specific Biblical Passagesp. 320
Recommended Initial Readingp. 325
Postmodernism and Hermeneuticsp. 327
Is Postmodernity Compatible with Christian Faith? Three Possible Answersp. 327
European Postmodernism: Jacques Derrida (with the later Barthes)p. 331
European Postmodernism: Jean-François Lyotard (with Jean Baudrillard)p. 336
European Postmodernism: Michel Foucault; Knowledge and Powerp. 341
American Postmodernism: Richard Rorty (with the Later Stanley Fish)p. 344
Recommended Initial Readingp. 348
Some Concluding Commentsp. 349
Divine Agency and the Authority of Scripturep. 349
Advances in Linguistics and Pragmatics: Politeness Theoryp. 350
Brevard Childs and the Canonical Approachp. 353
Fuller Meaning, Typology, and Allegorical Interpretationp. 354
Catholic Biblical Scholarship and the Two Great Turning Pointsp. 354
Selective Bibliographyp. 356
Index of Namesp. 381
Index of Subjectsp. 390
Index of Scripture References and Other Ancient Sourcesp. 400
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