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In this accessible volume, Thomas R. Martin compares the writings of Herodotus in ancient Greece with those of Sima Qian in ancient China to demonstrate the hallmarks of early history writing. While these authors lived in different centuries and were not aware of each other's works, Martin shows the similar struggles that each grappled with in preparing their historical accounts and how their efforts helped invent modern notions of history writing and the job of the historian. The introduction's cross-cultural analysis includes a biography of each author, illustrating the setting and times in which he worked, as well as a discussion of how each man introduced interpretation and moral judgment into his writing. The accompanying documents include excerpts from Herodotus'The Historiesand Sima Qian'sShiji, which illustrate their approach to history writing and their understanding of their own cultures. Also featured are maps and illustrations, a chronology, questions to consider, and a selected bibliography.
Thomas R. Martin (Ph.D., Harvard University) is Jeremiah O’Connor Professor in Classics at the College of the Holy Cross. He is the author of Sovereignty and Coinage in Classical Greece (1985) and Ancient Greece (2000), and he is a co-author of The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures (2009). He is also one of the originators of Perseus: Interactive Sources and Studies on Ancient Greece (www.perseus.tufts.edu).
Table of Contents
|Introduction: Inventing History Writing in Greece and China||p. 1|
|The Life of Herodotus (ca. 484-ca. 414 BCE)||p. 2|
|The Persian Wars, 499-479 BCE||p. 4|
|Herodotus's Historical Work: The Histories||p. 5|
|Greek History Writing before Herodotus||p. 5|
|The Form and Content of Herodotus's Historical Work||p. 7|
|The Life of Sima Qian (ca. 145-ca. 86 BCE)||p. 13|
|The Conquests of the Qin Dynasty, 221 BCE||p. 14|
|Sima Qian's Historical Work: The Records of the Historian||p. 16|
|Chinese History Writing before Sima Qian||p. 17|
|The Form and Content of Sima Qian's Historical Work||p. 19|
|Chronological Table from Sima Qian's: Records of the Historian||p. 23|
|Conclusion: Comparing Herodotus and Sima Qian||p. 26|
|The Documents||p. 29|
|Herodotus, The Histories||p. 31|
|How Asia and Europe Became Enemies: The Story of Croesus||p. 31|
|How Others Live: The Customs of the Persians, Egyptians, Massagetai, and Scythians||p. 46|
|Roping Asia to Europe: The Persian Invasion of Greece||p. 52|
|Death before Dishonor: The Battle of Thermopylae and the Story of the Three Hundred||p. 62|
|Human Wisdom and Divine Vengeance: Artemisia's Advice and Hermotimus's Revenge||p. 73|
|Ending Stories: Cruelty and Revenge on Both Sides||p. 78|
|Sima Qian, The Records of the Historian||p. 85|
|Castration as the Price of Writing History: Sima Qian's Autobiographical Letter to Ren An||p. 85|
|The First Emperor of China: The Basic Annals of the Qin Dynasty||p. 94|
|Born from a Dragon: The Origins of Gaozu, Founder of the Han Dynasty||p. 101|
|A Woman in Power: Empress Lu||p. 105|
|Heroic Hermits: The Biographies of Bo Yi and Shu Qi||p. 112|
|Arts of War: The Biographies of Sun Wu and Sun Bin||p. 115|
|Imperial Assassin: The Biography of Jing Ke||p. 120|
|How Others Live: The Customs of the Xiongnu||p. 129|
|A Chronology of the Life of Herodotus and Events in His Histories (560-ca. 414 BCE)||p. 139|
|A Chronology of the Life of Sima Qian and Events in His Records of the Historian (551-ca. 86 BCE)||p. 141|
|Questions for Consideration||p. 142|
|Selected Bibliography||p. 144|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|