9780903472173

The Historical Topography of Samarra

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780903472173

  • ISBN10:

    0903472171

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-03-31
  • Publisher: David Brown Book Co
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Summary

This is the first fundamentally new work to come out in half a century on one of the world's most famous Islamic archaeological sites: Samarra, in Iraq. The capital of the Abbasid caliphs in the 9th century is not only one of the largest urban sites worldwide, but also gives us the essence of what the physical appearance of the caliphate was like, for early Baghdad is long lost. Northedge sets out to explain the history and development of this enormous site, 45 km long, using both archaeological and textual sources to weave a new interpretation of how the city worked: its four caliphal palaces, four Friday mosques, cantonments for the military and for the palace servants, houses for the men of state and generals.

Table of Contents

List of Tables
9(2)
List of Figures
11(4)
List of Plates
15(2)
Acknowledgements 17(2)
Introduction 19(1)
Terminology used in the study
20(7)
Sources and Methods
27(8)
The archaeological Survey of Samarra
27(1)
Air photographs and satellite imagery
27(1)
Evaluation of archaeological methods
28(1)
Textual sources
28(4)
Al-Ya'qubi's account of Samarra
29(1)
The History of al-Tabari
30(1)
Ibn al-Faqih al-Hamadhani
30(1)
The Mu'jam al-Buldan of Yaqut
31(1)
Court poetry
31(1)
Principles for the identification of toponyms
32(3)
The Regional Environment
35(8)
The geomorphology of the region
35(6)
The steppe land
35(2)
The Tigris and its flood-plain
37(1)
The regime of the Tigris
37(1)
The barrage
37(2)
The ancient beds of the Tigris
39(2)
The climate
41(2)
Samarra Before the Abbasid Period
43(38)
Before the Sasanian period
43(6)
The Sasanian period
49(13)
Al-Mahuza --- Area C
49(6)
Shaykh Wali (Karkh Fayruz) --- Area D
55(3)
Jubayriyya (al-Matira) --- Area L
58(1)
Towns to the north of the Nahr al-Rasasi
58(3)
The Christian topography of the Samarra region
61(1)
Other features of the Sasanian Period
62(1)
The construction of the canals
62(19)
The Qatul al-Kisrawi and the Nahrawan
62(10)
Monumental architecture and the Qatul al-Kisrawi
72(7)
The Ishaqi canal system
79(2)
Al-Qadisiyya and the Cities of the Qatul
81(16)
General topography of the area south of the Nahr al-Qa'im
81(1)
The archaeological evidence
81(12)
Area N---Al-Qadisiyya
81(1)
Area O---The Octagon of Husn al-Qadisiyya
82(8)
Area P---Unfinished developments east of the Octagon
90(3)
The textual evidence
93(4)
Surra Man Ra'a: The City of Al-Mu'Tasim
97(36)
The foundation of Surra Man Ra'a and its general layout
97(3)
The site
98(1)
The foundation
98(1)
The expansion of the city
99(1)
The central city and its avenues
100(21)
The layout of the avenues
100(7)
The location of toponyms in the avenues
107(14)
The development of the city
121(12)
The Dar Al-Khilafa
133(18)
Existing research
133(1)
Description of the site
133(2)
The topography of the Palace in the texts
135(9)
The cantonments of the Palace servants
144(7)
The Cantonments of al-Jawsaq (Area X)
144(2)
Area G --- al-Waziriyya
146(5)
Al-Hayr
151(16)
The Game Reserve, al-Dikka, and the general layout
151(1)
The site of al-Hayr
151(1)
Buildings in al-Hayr
152(1)
The Racecourses
152(10)
The archaeological evidence
152(9)
An overall view of the evidence
161(1)
The development of al-Hayr
162(3)
Appendix: Racecourse 4, the point-to-point track
165(2)
The Military Cantonments
167(28)
Composition of the army of Samarra
167(6)
The Turks
167(1)
Al-Ushrusaniyya
168(2)
Al-Faraghina
170(1)
Al-Jund and al-Shakiriyya
170(1)
Al-Maghariba
171(1)
Arabs and Sa'alik
171(1)
The structure of the army
171(2)
The Cantonment Sites
173(18)
The cantonments of al-Karkh (Area F)
173(7)
The cantonments of al-Dur (Area U)
180(3)
The cantonments of al-Jawsaq (Area X)
183(1)
The military cantonments in the Avenues
183(2)
The cantonment of al-Matira (Area K)
185(4)
The cantonment of Balkuwara (Area R)
189(2)
Discussion
191(4)
The Palaces of Al-Mutawakkil
195(16)
The list of the palaces of al-Mutawakkil
195(3)
The major projects
198(9)
Balkuwara
198(2)
Al-Istablat (al--Arus)
200(4)
Al-Musharrahat (al-Shah)
204(3)
Sur Isa (al-Burj)
207(1)
The minor projects
207(4)
Al-Badi
207(1)
Al-Ghard
207(1)
Al-Gharib
207(1)
Al-Ja'fari al-Muhdath or al-Muhdath
207(1)
Al-Jawsaq al-Ibrahimi
208(1)
Al-Jawsaq in Maydan al-Sakhr or Maydan al-Sahn
208(1)
Al-Mukhtar
208(1)
Al-Qalaya and its buildings
208(1)
Al-Tall, upper and lower
208(1)
Al-Wahid
208(1)
Bustan al-Itakhiyya
208(1)
Al-Birka
208(3)
Al-Ja `Fari and Al-Mutawakkiliyya
211(14)
The foundation of al-Mutawakkiliyya
211(1)
The site of al-Mutawakkiliyya
211(9)
Al-Nahr al-Ja'fari
211(2)
The palace of al-Ja'fari
213(3)
The city of al-Mutawakkiliyya
216(4)
Al-Ja'fari and al-Mutawakkiliyya in the textual sources
220(5)
Al-Haruni and the West Bank of the Tigris
225(14)
Al-Haruni
225(2)
The agricultural estates and palaces of the west bank
227(9)
Qubbat al-Sulaybiyya
230(3)
Al-Ashiq (al-Ma'shuq)
233(3)
Industrial activities on the west bank
236(3)
The End of Abbasid Samarra: Samarra in the Medieval and Modern Periods
239(8)
The abandonment of the palaces of al-Mutawakkil
239(1)
The abandonment of the city and the cantonments
240(2)
The Middle Islamic and modern settlements
242(5)
The medieval city of Samarra
242(4)
The Shrine of the Imams (Marqad al-Imamayn)
246(1)
Samarra, Baghdad and Other Islamic Cities
247(14)
BIBLIOGRAPHY
261(6)
Abbreviations
261(1)
Ancient Sources
261(1)
Texts of the Premodern Period
261(1)
Modern Works
262(5)
APPENDICES
267(92)
Appendix A: Al-Ya'qubi's description of Samarra in the Kitab al-Buldan
267(7)
Appendix B: The description of Samarra by Ibn al-Faqih al-Hamadhani
274(2)
Appendix C: Toponyms at Samarra known from texts
276(83)
Glossary of Arabic Terms 359(4)
Source of Figures 363(2)
Photographic Credits 365(2)
Index 367

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