9780375400612

The Histories

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780375400612

  • ISBN10:

    0375400613

  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1997-03-01
  • Publisher: Everyman's Library
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Summary

"The father of history," as Cicero called him, and a writer possessed of remarkable narrative gifts, enormous scope, and considerable charm, Herodotus has always been beloved by readers well-versed in the classics. Compelled by his desire to "prevent the traces of human events from being erased by time," Herotodus recounts the incidents preceding and following the Persian Wars. He gives us much more than military history, though, providing the fullest portrait of the classical world of the 5th and 6th centuries. This readable new translation is supplemented with expansive notes to help the reader appreciate the book in depth.

Author Biography

Herodotus was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, in Asia Minor, in the fifth century B.C. Called the Father of History, he wrote the first comprehensive attempt at secular narrative history, long considered the starting point of Western historical writing. The focus of his Histories is the Persian Wars, but he includes fascinating digressions on the histories of Bablyon, Egypt, and Thrace, as well as studies of the pyramids and various historical events. He was the first writer to evaluate historical, geographical, and archaeological material critically.

Table of Contents

Introduction xxi(15)
A Note on the Translation xxxvi(2)
Select Bibliography xxxviii
Chronology xl
THE FIRST BOOK, ENTITLED CLIO
5
Causes of the war between Greece and Persia
1. Mythic
ch. 1-5
2. Historic - Aggressions of Crocsus - Previous Lydian History
6-25
Conquests of Croesus
26-28
Visit of Solon to the court of Croesus
29-33
Story of Adrastus and Atys
34-45
Preparations of Croesus against Cyrus - Consultation of the oracles
46-55
Croesus seeks a Greek alliance - Hellenes and Pelasgi
56-58
State of Athens under Pisistratus
59-64
Early History of Sparta
65-68
Alliance of Crocsus with Sparta
69-70
Croesus warned
71
Croesus invades Cappadocia - his war with Cyrus
72-85
Danger and deliverance of Crocsus
86, 87
His advice to Cyrus
88, 89
His message to the Delphic oracle
90, 91
His offerings
92
Wonders of Lydia
93
Manners and customs of the Lydians
94
History of Cyrus - Old Assyrian Empire - Revolt of Media
95
Early Median History
96-107
Birth and bringing-up of Cyrus
108-122
Incitements to revolt
123, 124
He sounds the feelings of the Persians - their Ten Tribes
125, 126
Revolt and struggle
127-130
Customs of the Persians
131-140
Cyrus threatens the Ionian Greeks
141
Account of the Greek settlements in Asia
142-151
Sparta interferes to protect the Greeks
152
Sardis revolts and is reduced
153-157
Fate of Pactyas
158-160
Reduction of the Asiatic Greeks
161-170
The Carians, Caunians, and Lycians attacked - their customs - they submit to the Persians
171-176
Conquests of Cyrus in Upper Asia
177
Description of Babylon
178-187
Cyrus marches on Babylon
188-190
Fall of Babylon
191
Description of Babylonia
192, 193
Customs of the Babylonians
194-200
Expedition of Cyrus against the Messagetac
201
The River Araxes
202
The Caspian
203, 204
Tomyris - her offer to Cyrus
205, 206
Advice given by Crocsus, adopted by Cyrus
207, 208
Dream of Cyrus
209-210
Two battles with the Massagetae - Defeat and death of Cyrus
211-214
Manners and customs of the Massagetac
215
THE SECOND BOOK, ENTITLED EUTERPE
118
Accession of Cambyses - he invades Egypt
(I). Description of Egypt - Antiquity
(2). Seats of learning
(3). Inventions, etc.
(4). Description of the country
5-13
Agriculture
14
Boundaries
15-18
The Nile - Causes of the inundation
19-27
Sources
28
The Upper Nile
29-31
The interior of Libya
32
Comparison of the Nile and Ister
33, 34
Customs of the Egyptians - their strangeness
35, 36
Religious customs
37-48
Connection of the religions of Egypt and Greece
49-57
Egyptian Festivals
58-64
Sacred animals
65-67
The Crocodile
68-70
The Hippopotamus
71
Otters, fish, etc.
72
The Phocnix
73
Sacred and winged serpents
74, 75
The Ibis
76
Daily life of the Egyptians
77-80
Dress
81
Divination
82
Oracles
83
Practice of Medicine
84
Funerals
85-90
Worship of Perseus
91
Customs of the marshmen
92-95
Egyptian boats
96
Routes in the flood-time
97
Anthylla and Archandropolis
98
History of Egypt - Men
99
His successors - Nitocris - Moeris
100, 101
Sesostris - his expeditions - his works in Egypt
102-110
His son, Pheron
111
Proteus - story of Helen
112-120
Rhampsinitus
122
Doctrine of metempsychosis
123
Cheops - his pyramid
124-126
Chephren
127, 128
Mycerinus
129-133
His pyramid - history of Rhodopis
134, 135
Asychis
136
Anysis - Sabaco
137-140
Sethos - invasion of Sennacherib
141
Number of the kings
142, 143
Greek and Egyptian notions of the age of the gods
144-146
The Dodecarchy
147-152
Psammetichus
154-157
Neco, his son
158, 159
Psammis, son of Neco
160
Apries, son of Psammis - his deposition
161-169
Tomb of Osiris
170
Egyptian mysteries
171
Reign of Amasis
172-177
His favour to the Greeks
178-182
THE THIRD BOOK, ENTITLED THALIA
223
Causes of quarrel between Persia and Egypt - Nitetis story
1-3
Aid lent by Phanes
4
Passage of the Desert
5-9
Invasion of Egypt - Psammenitus king
10
Murder of the children of Phanes - Battle of Pelusium
11
Egyptian and Persian skulls
12
Siege and capture of Memphis - submission of the Libyans and Cyrenaeans
13
Treatment of Psammenitus
14, 15
Treatment of the body of Amasis
16
Expeditions planned by Cambyses
17, 18
Phocnicians refuse to attack Carthage
19
Embassy to the Ethiopians
20-24
Expedition fails
25
Failure of the expedition against Ammon
26
Severities of Cambyses towards the Egyptians
27-29
His outrageous conduct towards the Persians
30-35
His treatment of Crocsus
36
His madness
37, 38
History of Polycrates - his connection with Amasis
39-43
He sends ships to assist Cambyses
44
Revolt of the crews - Samos attacked
45
Aid sought from Sparta and Corinth
46, 47
Story of Periander
48-53
Siege of Samos
54-56
Fate of the rebels
57-59
Wonders of Samos
60
Revolt of the Magi - usurpation of the Pseudo-Smerdis
61
The news reaches Cambyses - his wound, speech, and death
62-66
Reign of the Magus
67
His detection by Otanes
68-69
Otanes conspires - arrival of Darius
70
Debate of the conspirators
71-73
Fate of Prexaspes
74, 75
Overthrow of the Magi
76-79
Debate on the best form of government
80-82
Decision of Otanes
83
Privileges of the Six
84
Darius obtains the kingdom
85-87
His wives
88
Division of the Empire into twenty Satrapies
89-93
Amount of the tribute
94-97
Customs of the Indians
98-105
Productiveness of the earth's extremities
106-116
The river Aces
117
Fate of Intaphernes
118, 119
Story of Oroetes and Polycrates
120-125
Punishment of Oroetes
126-128
Democedes of Crotona cures Darius
129, 130
His former history
131
His influence - he cures Atossa
132, 133
Atossa at his instigation requests Darius to invade Greece
134
Persians sent to explore the coasts - Democedes escapes
135-138
Persian expedition against Samos to establish Syloson
139-149
Revolt, and reduction of Babylon by the stratagem of Zopyrus
150-158
Punishment of the rebels
159
Reward of Zopyrus
160
THE FOURTH BOOK, ENTITLED MELPOMENE
303
Expedition of Darius against Scythia - its pretext
1
1. Previous history of the Scythians - their war with their slaves
2-4
Traditions of their origin
1. Their own account
5-7
2. Greek version of the same
8-10
3. Account preferred by the author
11, 12
Story of Aristeas
13-16
Description of Scythia
17-20
Neighbouring nations, Sauromatae, Budini, Argippaci, Issedones, and Arimaspi
21-27
Climate of Scythia
28-31
Stories of the Hyperboreans
32-36
Universal geography
1. Description of Asia
37-41
2. Circumnavigation of Libya
42, 43
3. Voyage of Scylax
44
Origin of the names, Europe, Asia, Libya
45
Remarkable features of Scythia - the people
46, 47
The rivers - the Ister and its affluents
48-50
The Tyras
51
The Hypanis
52
The Borysthenes
53
The Panticapes, Hypacyris, Gerrhus, Tanais, etc.
54-58
Religion of the Scyths - Gods
59
Sacrifices
60, 61
Worship of Mars, etc.
62, 63
War-customs
64-66
Soothsayers
67-69
Oaths
70
Burial of the kings, etc.
71-73
Use of hemp
74, 75
Hatred of foreign customs - stories of Anacharsis and Scylas
76-80
Population
81
Marvels
82
Preparations of Darius
83-85
Size of the Euxine, Propontis, etc.
86
March of Darius to the Ister
87-92
Customs of the Thracians
93-96
Darius at the Ister
97, 98
Size and shape of Scythia
99-101
Description of the surrounding nations, Tauri, etc.
102-117
Consultation of the kings
118, 119
Plans of the Scyths
120
March of Darius through Scythia, and return to the Ister
121-140
Passage of the Ister and return to the Hellespont
141, 143
Saying of Megabazus
144
Libyan expedition of Aryandes - Founding of Thera
145-149
Theracans required by the oracle to colonise Libya - two accounts
150-155
Occupation of Platea
156
Settlement at Aziris
157
Colonisation of Cyrene
158
History of Cyrene from its foundation to the death of Arcesilaus III.
159-164
Application of Pheretima to Aryandes
165
Fate of Aryandes
166
Expedition against Barca
167
Account of the Libyan tribes from Egypt to Lake Tritonis
168-181
The three regions of Northern Libya
182-185
Customs of the Libyans
186-190
Contrast of eastern and western Libya
191, 192
Account of the western tribes
193-196
Four nations of Libya
197
Productiveness of Libya
198, 199
Account of the expedition against Barca
200-203
Fate of the Barcacans
204
Death of Pheretima
205
THE FIFTH BOOK, ENTITLED TERPSICHORE
386
Thracian conquests of Megabazus
1, 2
Customs of the Thracians
3-8
Region north of Thrace
9, 10
Coes and Histiaeus rewarded
11
Story of Pigres and Mantyes
12-14
Megabazus reduces the Paconians
15
Customs of the Paconians
16
Submission of Macedonia - story of the ambassadors
17-21
Hellenism of the royal family of Macedon
22
Recall of Histiaeus
23-24
Appointment of Artaphernes and Otanes
25
Conquests of Otanes
26, 27
Troubles arise in Ionia - previous history of Miletus
28, 29
Aristagoras' expedition against Naxos
30-34
Message of Histiacus
35
Revolt of Aristagoras
36
Fate of the tyrants
37-38
Aristagoras goes to Sparta - Recent history of Sparta
39-48
Aristagoras fails to persuade Cleomenes
49-54
He goes to Athens - Recent history of Athens - Murder of Hipparchus - Expulsion of Hippias - Clisthenes - attempts of Sparta. Theban and Eginetan wars, etc.
55-96
Aristagoras obtains aid from Athens
97
Escape of the Paeonians
98
Attack on Sardis, which is taken and burnt
99-101
Retreat and defeat of the Greeks
102
Spread of the revolt to Caria and Caunus
103
Revolt and reduction of Cyprus - Darius and Histiacus
104-115
Persians recover the Hellespont
116, 117
War in Caria
118-121
Persian successes in AEolis and Ionia
122, 123
Aristagoras resolves on flight
124
Advice of Histiaeus
125
Flight and death of Aristagoras
126
THE SIXTH BOOK, ENTITLED ERATO
444
Histiaeus comes down to the coast
1-3
Conspiracy discovered at Sardis
4
Histiaeus sails to the Hellespont
5
Miletus threatened by the Persians - the two fleets - battle of Lade
6-15
Misfortunes of the Chians
16
Dionysius the Phocacan commander
17
Fall of Miletus
18
Punishment of the Milesians
19, 20
Sorrow of Athens
21
Fate of the Samians - seizure of Zancle
22-25
Fate of Histiaeus
26-30
Punishment of the rebels
31, 32
Phoenician fleet ravages the Chersonese
33
Chersonesite kingdom of the Cimonidae
34-40
Flight of Miltiades to Athens
41
New settlement of Ionia by the Persians
42
Expedition of Mardonius fails
43-45
Suspected revolt of Thasos
46, 47
Envoys of Darius demand earth and water - submission of Egina and the islands generally
48, 49
Cleomenes attempts to punish the Eginetans
50
Cleomenes' feud with Demaratus
51
The double royalty at Sparta - descent - privileges of the kings
52-59
Spartan customs
60
Story of Ariston
61-63
Demaratus, deprived of his crown, flies to Persia
64-70
Leotychides made king
71
Fate of Leotychides
72
Eginetans forced to give hostages
73
Fate of Cleomenes
74, 75
Various causes assigned for his insanity
76-84
Eginetans demand back their hostages - story of Glaucus
85, 86
War between Egina and Athens
87-93
Expedition of Datis and Artaphernes
94
Course of the expedition
95-99
Preparations of the Eretrians - siege and surrender of Eretria
100, 101
Persians land at Marathon
102
Account of Miltiades
103, 104
Pheidippides sent to Sparta - appearance of Pan
105, 106
Dream of Hippias
107
Platacans join the Athenians - previous connection of the two nations
108
Division among the Athenian generals - Miltiades and Callimachus
109, 110
Preparations for battle
111
Battle of Marathon
112-114
Attempt to surprise Athens
115, 116
Story of Epizelus
117
Return of the expedition to Asia
118, 119
Spartans visit Marathon
120
Charge made against the Alcmaconidac
121-124
Previous history of the family - favours of Croesus
125
Marriage of Megacles with Agarista
126-130
Descent of Pericles
131
Expedition of Miltiades against Paros
132-135
Trial of Miltiades - his death
136
His capture of Lemnos - previous history of the inhabitants
137-140
THE SEVENTH BOOK, ENTITLED POLYMNIA
506
Preparations of Darius against Greece
(1). His sons dispute the succession
(2). Appointment of Xerxes
(3). Death of Darius
(4). Xerxes urged to attack Greece
(5). Influence of Onomacritus
(6). Reduction of Egypt
(7). Xerxes assembles a council - his speech
(8). Address of Mardonius
(9). Speech of Artabanus
(10). Reply of Xerxes
(11). Xerxes vision
12-14
Colloquy with Artabanus
15, 16
The vision appears to Artabanus
17, 18
Preparations of Xerxes
19
Magnitude of the expedition
20, 21
Canal of Athos - skill of the Phoenicians
22-24
Collection of stores
25
Xerxes' march from Critalla
26
Story of Pythius the Lydian
27-29
Route of the army
30
Xerxes reaches Sardis
31
Heralds sent off
32
Bridge at Abydos
33, 34
Xerxes lashes the Hellespont
35
Construction of the Bridge
36
The army leaves Sardis
37
Treatment of Pythius' son
38, 39
Order of the march
40, 41
Route through Mysia
42
Xerxes at Troy
43
Xerxes views his armament
44, 45
Dialogue with Artabanus
46-52
Xerxes' address to the chief Persians
53
Libation and prayer of Xerxes
54
Passage of the Hellespont
55, 56
Prodigies
57
March from Sestos to Doriscus
58, 59
Numbering of the army
60
Nations enumerated - the Persians - their dress and armature
61
The Medes, Cissians, and Hyrcanians
62
The Assyrians and Chaldaeans
63
The Bactrians and Sacae
64
The Indians
65
The Arians, Parthians, etc.
66
The Caspians, Sarangians, etc.
67
The Utians, etc.
68
The Arabians and the Ethiopians of Libya
69
The Ethiopians of Asia
70
The Libyans
71
The Paphlagonians, Phrygians, and Armenians
72, 73
The Lydians and Thracians
74, 75
The Chalybians, Cabalians, etc.
76, 77
The Moschians, Mares, Colchians, etc.
78, 79
The Islanders
80
Officers and Commanders in chief
81, 82
`Immortals'
83
Nations which furnished cavalry
84-88
Contingents to the fleet
(i). Phoenicians
(ii). Egyptians
89
(iii). Cyprians
90
(iv). Cilicians
(v). Pamphylians
91
(vi). Lycians
(vii). Dorians
(viii). Carians
92, 93
(ix). Ionians
(x). AEolians
(xi). Hellespontians
94, 95
Marines
96
Commanders of the naval force
97, 98
Artemisia
99
Xerxes reviews his forces
100
Consults Demaratus
101
Speech of Demaratus
102
Reply of Xerxes
103
Demaratus' opinion of the Spartans
104
Xerxes leaves Doriscus
105
Mascames and Boges
106, 107
Xerxes' march from Doriscus
108
Passage of the Nestus
109
Thracian tribes along the route
110-112
March through Paconia
113
Passage of the Strymon
114
March to Acanthus
115, 116
Death and funeral of Artachaces
117
Preparations for feeding the army
118, 119
Witty remark of Megacreon
120
Order of the march
121
Passage through the Canal
122
Course of the fleet
123
Arrival in the Thermaic Gulf
124
The camels attacked by lions
125, 126
Xerxes reaches Therma
127
Two entrances into Thessaly
128
Description of Thessaly - the Peneus and its tributaries
129
The way to submerge Thessaly
130
Stay of Xerxes in Pieria
131
Treatment of Persian heralds
132, 133
Story of Sperthias and Bulis
134-137
Alarm of the Greeks
138
Patriotic conduct of the Athenians - the Athenians, the Saviours of Greece
139
Warning of the oracle
140
The second oracle
141, 142
Themistocles
143
Proposal of Themistocles to build a fleet
144
The Greeks make up their quarrels
145
Xerxes' treatment of the Greek spies
146, 147
Greek embassy to Argos - reply of the Argive council
148
Sparta rejects their offer
149
Alliance between Persia and Argos
150-152
Greek embassy to Sicily - ancestry of Gelo
153
History of Gelo
154
Gelo becomes king of Gela
155
Makes Syracuse his capital
156
Speech of the Greek envoys
157
Gelo's answer
158
Indignation of Syagrus
159
Gelo's reply to him
160
Address of the Athenian envoy
161
Gelo's final answer
162
Cadmus sent by Gelo to Delphi
163, 164
Intention of Gelo to help the Greeks - Carthaginians invade Sicily
165
Defeat and disappearance of Hamilcar
166, 167
Promises of the Corcyraeans - their actual conduct
168
Embassy to Crete
169
Mythic history of Minos - greatest known slaughter of Greeks
170
Misfortunes of Crete
171
Greeks occupy the defile of Tempe
172
Reason of their leaving the pass
173, 174
Greeks resolve to defend Artemisium and Thermopylae - description of these places
175-177
Greeks advised to pray to the winds
178
Advance of the Persian fleet
179
First encounter
180-182
Stele placed on the 'Ant'
183
Estimate of the Persian forces
184, 185
Number of the host altogether
186
Rivers insufficient for the supply
187
First storm - loss to the Persian fleet
188, 189
Enrichment of Ameinocles
190
The storm ceases
191
Thanksgiving to Neptune 'the Saviour'
192
Persians advance to Aphetae
193
Greeks take fifteen ships
194
Fate of Aridolis
195
Xerxes' advance through Thessaly
196
Temple of Laphystian Jupiter
197
Description of Malis
198
Pass of Thermopylae
199, 200
Position of the two armies
201
Enumeration of the Greek troops
202, 203
Descent of Leonidas
204
The three hundred
205
Spartans keep the Carneia
206
Panic
207
Mounted spy sent by Xerxes
208
Xerxes questions Demaratus
209
First attack by the Medes
210
Second attack by the `Immortals'
211
Alarm of Xerxes
212
Ephialtes tells of the mountain-path
213, 214
Hydarnes sent with Ephialtes
215
The path described
216
Passage of the Persians
217, 218
Leonidas dismisses the allies
219
Reasons for Leonidas remaining
220, 221
Conduct of the Thespians and Thebans
222
Last conflict - death of Leonidas
223, 224
Struggle over his body
225
Remark of Dieneces
226
Alpheus and Maro
227
Inscriptions
228
Story of Aristodemus
229-231
Conduct and fate of the Thebans
233
Xerxes' colloquy with Demaratus
234, 235
Objection of Achacmenes
236
Reply of Xerxes
237
His treatment of Leonidas' body
238
Gorgo and the waxed tablet
239
THE EIGHTH BOOK, ENTITLED URANIA
609
The Greek Fleet at Artemisium
1
The commander, Eurybiades
2, 3
Proceedings of Themistocles
4, 5
Approach of the Persians
6
Ships sent round Euboca
7
Story of Scyllias the Diver
8
Council of the Greek Captains
9
First battle at Artemisium
10, 11
Terrible storm
12, 13
Second engagement
14
Third engagement
15-18
Stratagem of Themistocles - Oracle of Bacis
19-22
Advance of the Persian fleet
23
Persian sailors visit Thermopylac
24, 25
Deserters from Arcadia
26
Persians invade Phocis - wars of Phocians and Thessalians
27-31
Flight of the Phocians
32
Their towns burnt
33
Division of the Persian forces
34
Attack on Delphi - discomfiture of the Persians
35-39
The Grecian fleet anchors at Salamis
40
The Athenians quit Attica
41
Nations composing the Grecian fleet
42-48
Proposed withdrawal to the Isthmus
49
The Persians reach Athens
50, 51
Attack on the Acropolis
52, 53
Message to Artabanus
54
Prodigy of the sacred olive
55
Greeks resolve to sail to the Isthmus
56
Suggestion of Mnesiphilus
57
Themistocles applies to Eurybiades
58-60
Adeimantus and Themistocles
61, 62
Determination of Eurybiades
63, 64
Omen of the cloud of dust
65
Persian fleet at Phalerum
66
Xerxes consults his captains
67
Speech of Artemisia
68
Satisfaction of the king at it
69
Advance of the Persians
70, 71
Greeks at the Isthmus
72
Inhabitants of the Peloponnese
73
Proceedings at Salamis
74
Stratagem of Themistocles
75
Persians occupy Psyttaleia
76
Truth of prophecies
77
Contention of the Greek captains
78
Arrival of Aristides
79
His conference with Themistocles
80, 81
Preparations for the fight
82, 83
Battle of Salamis
84-89
Position of Xerxes' Seat
90
Rout of the Persians
91
Exploits of Polycritus
92
Conduct of Ameinias
93
Story of Adeimantus' flight
94
Exploit of Aristides
95
Preparations to renew the fight
96
Messenger sent to Persia
97
Persian messengers
98
Effect of the tidings
99
Mardonius' advice to Xerxes
100
Xerxes consults with Artemisia
101
Artemisia's answer
102
Proceedings of Xerxes
103, 104
Story of Hermotimus
105, 106
Persians sail to the Hellespont
107
Proposed pursuit
108
Themistocles' advice
109
His message to the king
110
Siege of Andros
111
Themistocles gathers contributions
112
Line of Persian retreat
113
Satisfaction for the death of Leonidas
114
Xerxes' march to the Hellespont - sufferings of the army
115
Story of a Thracian king
116
Passage to Abydos
117
False account of Xerxes' return
118-120
Grecian offerings to the gods
121, 122
Prize of valour
123
Honours paid to Themistocles
124
Envy of Timodemus
125
Artabazus lays siege to Potidaca
126, 127
Affair of Timoxenus
128
Siege raised
129
Persian fleet at Samos
130
Grecian fleet at Egina
131
Embassy of Herodotus the Chian
132
Mys consults the oracles
133-135
Mission of Alexander, son of Amyntas, to Athens - legend of Perdiccas
136-139
Speech of Alexander
140
Counter speech of Spartan ambassadors
141, 142
Answer of the Athenians to Alexander
143
To the Spartan envoys
144
THE NINTH BOOK, ENTITLED CALLIOPE
671
Mardonius marches against Athens
(1). Advice of the Thebans
(2). Mardonius enters Athens
(3). Mission of Murychides
4, 5
Athenian embassy to Sparta
6
Address of the Athenian envoys
7
Delay of the Ephors
8
Expedition sent out
9, 10
Answer to the envoys
11
Mardonius, warned by the Argives, retreats
12, 13
Furthest point reached by Persians
14
Mardonius encamps on the Asopus
15
Story related by Thersander
16
Danger of the Phocians
17, 18
March of Peloponnesians from the Isthmus
19
First engagement - Masistius slain
20-23
Persian lamentations
24
Greeks move towards Plataea
25
Marshalling of the nations - rival claims of the Tegeans and the Athenians
26, 27
Left wing accorded to the Athenians - array and numbers of the other troops
28, 29
Amount of Greek army
30
Persians marshalled by Mardonius
31, 32
Grecian soothsayer Tisamenus - his history
33-36
Mardonius' soothsayer, Hegesistratus
37
Persians cut off the Greek convoys
38-40
Persians hold a council of war
41, 42
Oracle of Bacis
43
Greeks warned by Alexander of Macedon
44, 45
The Spartans and Athenians change places
46, 47
Mardonius insults the Spartans
48
Persians choke the fountain of Gargaphia
49
Movement to Oeroe
50-52
Obstinacy of Amompharetus
53-55
Retreat of Pausanias
56, 57
Mardonius' speech thereupon
58
Persians pursue the Greeks
59
Battle of Plataea - death of Mardonius
60-65
Conduct of Artabazus
66
Bocotians' struggle with Athenians
67
General flight
68
Second battle at the entrenched camp
69, 70
Prowess of the contending parties
71
Conduct of Callicrates
72
Athenian most distinguished
Sophanes - his conduct and fate
73-75
A lady's appeal to Pausanias
76
Arrival of Mantineans and Eleans
77
Evil counsel of Lampon
78, 79
Disposal of the booty
80
Portions set apart for the gods - distribution of the remainder
81
A Persian and a Spartan supper
82
Wonders of the battle-field
83
Clandestine burial of Mardonius
84
Graves of the slain
85
Siege of Thebes
86-88
Flight of Artabazus
89
Leotychides invited by the Samians
90, 91
Deiphonus and Evenius
92-95
Greeks proceed to Samos - Persian army at Mycale
96
Battle of Mycale
97-103
Fate of the Persians
104
The palm of bravery assigned to the Athenians
105
Greeks sail to the Hellespont
106
Persians retreat to Sardis
107
Intrigues of Xerxes - fate of Masistes
108-113
Athenians lay siege to Sestos - fate of CEobazus - punishment of Artayctes
114-120
Athenians return, bringing with them the shore-cables of Xerxes' bridges
121
Artembares and Cyrus
122
Index 728

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